Describe the basic differences between physical weathering (breaking down of rock by wind, water, ice, temperature change, and plants) and erosion (movement of rock by gravity, wind, water, and ice).
Subject Area: Science
Grade: 4
Body of Knowledge: Earth and Space Science
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Big Idea: Earth Structures - Humans continue to explore the composition and structure of the surface of Earth. External sources of energy have continuously altered the features of Earth by means of both constructive and destructive forces. All life, including human civilization, is dependent on Earth’s water and natural resources.
Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes


Annually assessed on Grade 5 Science FCAT 2.0.


  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: MC item(s)

  • Clarification :
    Students will identify and/or describe the processes of physical weathering and/or erosion.

    Students will compare and contrast the agents and/or the processes of physical weathering and erosion.
  • Content Limits :
    Items may address but will not assess specific landforms resulting from physical weathering and erosion.
  • Stimulus Attributes :
    None specified
  • Response Attributes :
    None specified
  • Prior Knowledge :
    Items may require the student to apply science knowledge described in the NGSSS from lower grades. This benchmark requires prerequisite knowledge from SC.1.E.6.1, SC.1.E.6.3, and SC.2.E.6.1.


  • Test Item #: Sample Item 1
  • Question: Earth has a great variety of surface features that are caused by weathering and erosion. Which of the following describes a change due to weathering?
  • Difficulty: N/A
  • Type: MC: Multiple Choice