SC.2.L.17.1

Compare and contrast the basic needs that all living things, including humans, have for survival.
General Information
Subject Area: Science
Grade: 2
Body of Knowledge: Life Science
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Big Idea: Interdependence -

A. Plants and animals, including humans, interact with and depend upon each other and their environment to satisfy their basic needs.

B. Both human activities and natural events can have major impacts on the environment.

C. Energy flows from the sun through producers to consumers.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5020030: Science - Grade Two (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
7720030: Access Science Grade 2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
SC.2.L.17.In.1: Identify the basic needs of living things, including water, food, and air.
SC.2.L.17.Su.1: Recognize that living things have basic needs, including water and food.
SC.2.L.17.Pa.1: Recognize that animals need water.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Lesson Plans

Juvenile Tarpon Reading:

Students will learn about tarpon life cycles and the many different habitats and resources these fish need as they grow. They will create postcards as “tarpon” in different life stages, explaining what their life is like at that point in their life cycle.

Type: Lesson Plan

Tarpon Lesson Plan:

Students will learn how body shape and fin placements make tarpon efficient swimmers and leapers that are well adapted to their environments. They will complete exercises that help them understand the function of each fin, and they will create their own paper tarpon.

Type: Lesson Plan

Gr. 2 Lesson 2-Everglades Seasons:

Students will act out an "alligator hole ecodrama" occurring during the dry season. Each student will play a role of an animal that depends on the alligator hole.

Type: Lesson Plan

Gr. 2 Lesson 1-Don't Feed the Gators!:

Students will read a book on the importance of American alligators and listen to-or act out a play which demonstrates the dangers of feeding wild animals.

This is lesson 1 in a series of 3 lessons. Animals in southern Florida are accustomed to their natural environment. They are wild animals with the ability to exist without human intervention. It is detrimental to the American alligator for humans to feed and/or change their natural environment. In areas of southern Florida where American alligators are found, we occasionally hear about problem gators that have attacked dogs and sometimes people. In most of those cases, it is the people who fed the American alligator that are the problem. The American alligators soon begin to associate people with food. When people feed American alligators, they are actually doing it more harm than good. The American alligator no longer gets the balanced diet it would if it were getting its own food in the natural environment. Also, once the American alligator gets used to being fed by humans, it will no longer be able to find food on its own.

Type: Lesson Plan

Best Vegetable Garden:

The students will make a map of a garden, which will show 5 different kinds of vegetables that could be planted and how many plants of each kind. Then they will change one vegetable plant for two herbal plants and resubmit the map of the garden.

Type: Lesson Plan

Canopy Sloth Enclosures MEA:

In this MEA, students are asked to rank four enclosures for a new sloth exhibit at the city zoo based on a given set of data. Only one enclosure can be chosen to be built for the new exhibit.

Type: Lesson Plan

Natural Resources on Earth:

This lesson introduces students to the natural resources available on Earth that help plants to grow. Students will complete worksheets and create informational booklets to support the topics.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Perils of a Plant: Watering Can - An Engineering Design Challenge:

This Engineering Design Challenge is intended to help students apply the concepts of life cycles from SC.2.L.16.1 (Observe and describe major stages in the life cycles of plants and animals, including beans and butterflies), the understanding that all living things have basic needs from SC.2.L.17.1 (Compare and contrast the basic needs that all living things, including humans, have for survival), a knowledge of habitats from SC.2.L.17.2 (Recognize and explain that living things are found all over Earth, but each is only able to live in habitats that meet its basic needs) and practice working with money (MAFS.2.MD.3.8 solve word problems involving dollar bills, quarters, dimes, nickels, and pennies, using $ and ยข symbols appropriately) as they build and experiment with containers to meet the water needs of bean plants in all stages of their life cycle. It is not intended as an initial introduction to these concepts.

Type: Lesson Plan

Tadpole Habitat - An Engineering Design Challenge:

This engineering design challenge is intended to help students apply the concepts of life cycles from SC.2.L.16.1 (Observe and describe major stages in the life cycles of plants and animals, including beans and butterflies), the understanding that all living things have basic needs from SC.2.L.17.1 (Compare and contrast the basic needs that all living things, including humans, have for survival), build on their knowledge of habitats, and practice working with money as they build structures to meet the needs of a tadpole. It is not intended as an initial introduction to these concepts.

Type: Lesson Plan

To Squish or Not to Squish the Ant:

This MEA teaches students how to collaborate with their classmates to solve the problem of removing ants from their playground. They have the opportunity to analyze and compare data sets to clarify, explain and defend their findings in a written letter to the client. In addition, the lesson provides an opportunity to reinforce respect for all living things.

Type: Lesson Plan

Pet For A Day!:

This lesson integrates science and reading utilizing authentic text to teach headings, comparing and contrasting basic needs of animals as well as observing needs of animals.

Type: Lesson Plan

How Does Your Garden Grow?:

This lesson is a fun way to introduce factors that influence the growth of living things. The students read The Garden by Arnold Lobel. Then the students plant seeds to discover what makes them grow.

Type: Lesson Plan

A Home for Humphrey:

This model eliciting activity is based on the book The World According to Humphrey by Betty G. Birney. In the story, Mrs. Brisbane's class spends a fun filled school year with their class pet, a hamster named Humphrey. In this MEA, Mrs. Brisbane needs the students' help getting Humphrey ready for the summer. First, the students need to design a cage for Humphrey and create a shopping list of all the supplies he will need to make it through the summer months. Then they need to sort through all of the applications Mrs. Brisbane receives to choose the best summer home for Humphrey the hamster.

Type: Lesson Plan

Lesson Study Resource Kit

Diversity and Evolution grades K-2:

This resource kit is designed to facilitate K-2 teachers in the development of a unit of instruction that is focused on diversity, adaptation, and classification of living things. Complete with background information for teachers as well as engaging activities and lessons for students, this kit contains exemplary materials that align with Florida's NGSSS for science and includes recommendations for informational texts that align with Florida Standards for English language arts.

Type: Lesson Study Resource Kit

Original Student Tutorial

What Do Living Things Need To Survive?:

Explore the needs of living things, including plants and animals, as you complete this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Resource Collection

BioEd Online K-2 Educational Resources for Educators, Students, and Parents:

Biology lesson plans for a Living Things Unit of study.

Type: Resource Collection

Teaching Ideas

A Shrimpy Home-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

In this activity, students will demonstrate how changes in an environment can affect the survival of an animal.

Type: Teaching Idea

Antarctic Food Chain Song-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

In this activity, students describe an antarctic food chain through the use of song.

Type: Teaching Idea

A Dolphin's Day-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

In this activity, the students will use number and listening skills as they reinforce their understanding of dolphin behavior using echolocation. As the students listen to the teacher read a story about a dolphin's adventure they can either connect dots or plot points on a graph to figure out what the dolphin gets to eat at the end of the story.

Type: Teaching Idea

STEM Lessons - Model Eliciting Activity

A Home for Humphrey:

This model eliciting activity is based on the book The World According to Humphrey by Betty G. Birney. In the story, Mrs. Brisbane's class spends a fun filled school year with their class pet, a hamster named Humphrey. In this MEA, Mrs. Brisbane needs the students' help getting Humphrey ready for the summer. First, the students need to design a cage for Humphrey and create a shopping list of all the supplies he will need to make it through the summer months. Then they need to sort through all of the applications Mrs. Brisbane receives to choose the best summer home for Humphrey the hamster.

Best Vegetable Garden:

The students will make a map of a garden, which will show 5 different kinds of vegetables that could be planted and how many plants of each kind. Then they will change one vegetable plant for two herbal plants and resubmit the map of the garden.

Canopy Sloth Enclosures MEA:

In this MEA, students are asked to rank four enclosures for a new sloth exhibit at the city zoo based on a given set of data. Only one enclosure can be chosen to be built for the new exhibit.

To Squish or Not to Squish the Ant:

This MEA teaches students how to collaborate with their classmates to solve the problem of removing ants from their playground. They have the opportunity to analyze and compare data sets to clarify, explain and defend their findings in a written letter to the client. In addition, the lesson provides an opportunity to reinforce respect for all living things.

Original Student Tutorials Science - Grades K-8

What Do Living Things Need To Survive?:

Explore the needs of living things, including plants and animals, as you complete this interactive tutorial.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorial

What Do Living Things Need To Survive?:

Explore the needs of living things, including plants and animals, as you complete this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Resource Collection

BioEd Online K-2 Educational Resources for Educators, Students, and Parents:

Biology lesson plans for a Living Things Unit of study.

Type: Resource Collection