B. Matter can be changed physically or chemically.
Clarification for grades K-5: The target understanding for students in the elementary grades should focus on Big Ideas A and B.
Clarification for Grades 6-8: The target understanding for students in middle grades should begin to transition the focus to: C. When matter changes chemically, a rearrangement of bonds between the atoms occurs. This results in new substances with new properties.
In this science-integrated reading lesson, kindergarten students will learn about physical changes to matter. Students will then create an informational text recording their observation of changing the physical properties of an object of their own choosing.
Students will explore how the shape of modelling clay can be changed by cutting, tearing, crumpling, smashing, or rolling. They will mold clay into the shape of a bald eagle and discuss how their clay model is a representation of a bald eagle that shows its major features. The class will discuss the bald eagle as a symbol of the United States in this integrated lesson.
This lesson provides the opportunity for students to practice changing matter by cutting, tearing, and/or rearranging materials in order to make an object that can defy gravity over moving air. This lesson incorporates design challenge aspects at a level that is appropriate for young students who are just beginning their formal education.