Learning Objectives: Students will learn the basic concepts of cancer biology, namely: how cancer is caused by mutations that accumulate over time in cells' DNA; how the genes mutated in cancer are involved in normal cell growth & division; how different types of mutations affect the functions of the genes; how these mutations can occur in both the maternal & paternal versions of a gene (or just in one version of the gene).
Prerequisite Knowledge: It would be helpful (but not necessary) if the students already know:
- DNA is composed of four bases (A, C, T, G), and it encodes all RNAs & proteins in a cell.
- DNA can be changed in the context of cancer, and the effects of these mutations are carried over from DNA to RNA to protein.
- Each human has two versions of every piece of DNA in their genome, one version from their mom and one version from their dad. Thus 50% of the DNA of a child comes from the mom, and 50% from the dad.
Source and Access Information
Name of Author/Source: MIT BLOSSOMS
District/Organization of Contributor(s): Massachusettes Institute of Technology
Is this Resource freely Available? Yes
Access Privileges: Public
* Please note that examples of resources are not intended as complete curriculum.