Lesson Plan Template: General Lesson Plan
Learning Objectives: What should students know and be able to do as a result of this lesson?
The students will be able to describe the basic forms of energy and explain their relationship in terms of energy transfers.
Prior Knowledge: What prior knowledge should students have for this lesson?
Students should be able to identify different forms of energy and understand the definition of energy.
Guiding Questions: What are the guiding questions for this lesson?
What changes can energy cause?
- What are some examples of different types of energy?
- Can an object have more than one form of energy?
- How do you know?
Teaching Phase: How will the teacher present the concept or skill to students?
Administer a pretest to the class (Attachment #1).
- Display the word "energy" on the board. Give each student an index card and ask students to draw or write the first thing that comes to mind when they hear the word "energy." Go around the room and have students share what they wrote.
- Ask students to move around the room and classify themselves into categories according to what they wrote or drew on the cards. For example, if one student drew a plug and another drew a TV, they can group themselves together. Have students discuss why they think they belong together and ask each group to choose a category or title for their group. (The TV and plug can be categorized as "electricity").
Discuss groupings and different kinds of energy, use index cards to create a graphic organizer on a bulletin board or chart paper with the word "energy" in the middle. (ATTACHMENT #3- sample)
Guided Practice: What activities or exercises will the students complete with teacher guidance?
Take students on an "energy" scavenger hunt around your school. Point out any object or machine that runs on energy and ask students the following questions.
- What is it?
- What is it used for?
- What kind of energy does it use?
For example you can stop by an Air Conditioning unit. Students would identify it; say that it is for cooling rooms, and that it uses electrical energy. Prompt students into telling you what other kinds of energy it uses. (examples: thermal, sound, mechanical).
Point out examples of potential and kinetic energy. For example, if you see someone mowing the lawn, students may see kinetic energy. Make sure to ask where the kinetic energy comes from (electrical from the machine, chemical or motion from the person pushing the lawn mower.
Continue to walk and challenge students to identify other objects on our walk that use energy.
Independent Practice: What activities or exercises will students complete to reinforce the concepts and skills developed in the lesson?
Divide students into pairs (shoulder or face partner, group students with special needs with students that understand the subject matter ).
Hand out a picture card to each group (Attachment #4). Have groups identify the item and explain what energy transfers/transformations are happening. (Example- TV- electrical to heat, to light to sound). As groups share, ask students if they agree or disagree with each other's assessments. Ask students to suggest types of energy that they think also apply to the object.
Hand out an Energy Transfer worksheet (ATTACHMENT #5) for students to complete independently.
Go over answers as a class.
Closure: How will the teacher assist students in organizing the knowledge gained in the lesson?
Review the definition of energy and the different forms of energy.
Watch Mr. Parr's You Tube video on Conservation of Energy to review lesson () or if your school has You Tube blocked you can use the following link: http://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?video_id=166926
For homework, ask students to find a picture of an object that uses energy. They can find pictures online, use magazines or newspapers, or take pictures. (For example- a person mowing the lawn, a TV, ...) Magazines should be available in class if a student does not have access to them.
Watch Mr. Parr's You Tube video on "Conservation of Matter" to review energy. (or teacher tube video)
Pair students with shoulder or face partner and have them share the picture they brought in with their partners. Provide construction paper for students to glue pictures onto and have them work together to write down the transfers of energy happening in the picture. Groups will share their pictures with classmates and teacher will collect pictures and create a class book.
Students will complete a 5-question post test (ATTACHMENT #2) to be collected by teacher.
Teacher will administer a post-test (ATTACHMENT #2) and compare it to the pre-test results.
The teacher will give a 5-question pretest to students to gauge their prior knowledge (ATTACHMENT#1) the day before the lesson is taught. After the pretest, the teacher should do an item analysis to determine what the students already know and what needs to be taught.
Feedback to Students
Students will work together for part of the activity and then share their work with the class. Classmates will have the opportunity to give constructive feedback to each other after sharing during class discussion.