Air Force: Aerospace Science 1   (#1800300)

Version for Academic Year:

Course Standards

General Course Information and Notes

General Notes

The purpose of this course is to enable students to develop knowledge of the historical development of flight and the role of the military in history. Students also develop knowledge of the AFJROTC, individual self-control, citizenship, wellness, health, and fitness. Students practice basic drill techniques and conduct military ceremonies.

Special Notes:
Instructional Practices:
Teaching from a well-written, grade-level textbook enhances students' content area knowledge and also strengthens their ability to comprehend longer, complex reading passages on any topic for any reason. Using the following instructional practices also helps student learning:
  1. Reading assignments from longer text passages as well as shorter ones when text is extremely complex.
  2. Making close reading and rereading of texts central to lessons.
  3. Asking high-level, text-specific questions and requiring high-level, complex tasks and assignments.
  4. Requiring students to support answers with evidence from the text.
  5. Providing extensive text-based research and writing opportunities (claims and evidence).
Additional Benchmarks Related to Career and Technical Education:
(Aerospace Technologies Program):

18.0 Demonstrate an understanding of the history and development of aviation and space transportation.
18.01 Describe early attempts at flight prior to the Wright Brothers flight in 1902.
18.02 Outline the early attempts at heavier than air powered flight.
18.03 Describe the affect of air power on the outcome of world conflict.
18.05 Outline the beginnings of commercial aviation.
18.06 Identify the early research centers for aeronautics in the United States.

General Information

Course Number: 1800300
Abbreviated Title: AF AERO SCI 1
Course Length: Year (Y)
Course Level: 2
Course Status: Course Approved
Grade Level(s): 9,10,11,12

Educator Certifications

One of these educator certification options is required to teach this course.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this course.

Original Student Tutorials

Metaphors and Imagery in E.B. White's "Once More to the Lake":

Explore the effect of literary devices in this interactive English Language Arts tutorial. Specifically, you will explore the effect of metaphors and imagery on a text. First, you’ll determine when an author uses these devices in a text, and then you’ll examine how they contribute to the meaning and beauty of the text.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

What Is an American? Evaluating the Structure of an Argument – Part Three:

Examine what it means to be an American by analyzing a speech delivered by the U.S. Secretary of the Interior, Harold L. Ickes, in 1941. This tutorial is Part Three of a three-part series. In this tutorial, you will read more excerpts from Ickes’ speech, and then you will evaluate the effectiveness of his argument's structure. 

Make sure to complete Part One and Part Two before beginning Part Three.

  • Click HERE for Part One.
  • Click HERE for Part Two. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

What Is an American? Evaluating the Structure of an Argument – Part Two:

Examine what it means to be an American by analyzing a speech delivered by the U.S. Secretary of the Interior, Harold L. Ickes, in 1941. This tutorial is Part Two of a three-part series. In this tutorial, you will read excerpts from Ickes’ speech, and then you will identify his use of rhetorical appeals and analyze the structure of his argument. 

Make sure to complete Part One before beginning Part Two. Click HERE for Part One.

Make sure to complete all three parts! Click HERE for Part Three.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Analyzing Connotative Meaning in Annie Dillard's "Total Eclipse":

Examine a first person perspective on what it's like to witness a total solar eclipse. In this tutorial, you will study excerpts from “Total Eclipse,” an essay written by Annie Dillard. Your overarching goal will be to analyze Dillard’s word choices throughout a portion of her essay that focuses on the fear of the unknown. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

What Is an American? Evaluating the Structure of an Argument – Part One:

Examine what it means to be an American by analyzing a speech delivered by the U.S. Secretary of the Interior, Harold L. Ickes, in 1941. This tutorial is Part One of a three-part series. In this tutorial, you will read excerpts from the opening sections of Ickes’ speech. Then, you will work on determining his purpose, point of view, and important claims in these sections.  

Make sure to complete all three parts! Click HERE to view Part Two. Click HERE to view Part Three.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Bermuda Triangle: Full of Mysterious Words! (Part Two):

Determine the meaning of unknown words and phrases in an informational text about the Bermuda Triangle in this three-part, interactive tutorial. In Part 2, you'll practice determining the meaning of unknown vocabulary using context clues and dictionary skills.

Click below to complete all three parts!

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Bermuda Triangle: Full of Mysterious Words! (Part Three):

Determine the meaning of unknown words and phrases in an informational text about the Bermuda Triangle in this three-part, interactive tutorial. In Part 3, you'll practice determining the meaning of unknown vocabulary using context clues and dictionary skills.

Click below to complete the first two parts.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Bermuda Triangle: Full of Mysterious Words! (Part One):

Determine the meaning of unknown words and phrases in an informational text about the Bermuda Triangle in this three-part, interactive tutorial. In Part 1, you'll practice determining the meaning of unknown vocabulary using context clues and dictionary skills.

Click below to complete all three parts!

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Playing with Words: Changing Word Forms:

Learn how to turn words into other words in this interactive tutorial. You'll learn tips for transforming nouns into verbs, verbs into adjectives, adjectives into adverbs, and much more!

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The War at Home: World War II Poster Propaganda:

Analyze dozens of World War II propaganda posters in order to understand how Americans on the home front experienced the war years. The U.S. government commissioned propaganda to convince Americans to support the war in a variety of ways. You'll learn how these posters reveal U.S. domestic policy during the 1940s, as well as how the government tried to expand the involvement of different groups of Americans, including minorities, during WWII.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Vocabulary Mastery :

Acquire new vocabulary through this interactive tutorial. You'll learn definitions for 15 new words, as well as their parts of speech, their synonyms and antonyms, and you'll practice using them in context.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 2:

Learn what happened after the guns of the Civil War fell silent, the beginning of the Reconstruction era, in this 2-part interactive tutorial. You'll learn about Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, Radical Republicans, and the impeachment of a president!

After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 1 can be found here.

The related tutorial, Deconstructing Reconstruction can be found here.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

War and Peace? (Part 2 of 2):

Experience the end of World War I and the Paris Peace Conference that followed, from the point of view of the United States and President Woodrow Wilson.  In part 2 of this two-part, interactive tutorial, you'll also learn about the Treaty of Versailles that ended the war with Germany, about the League of Nations, and about Wilson's failure to make the U.S. a part of the newly created international organization.  

Click below to open Part 1.

War and Peace? (Part 1)

Type: Original Student Tutorial

War and Peace? (Part 1 of 2):

Learn about the end of World War I and the Paris Peace Conference that followed, from the point of view of the United States and President Woodrow Wilson. In part one of this two-part, interactive tutorial, you'll also learn about the Treaty of Versailles that ended the war with Germany, about the League of Nations, and about Wilson's failure to make the U.S. a part of the newly created international organization.  

Click below to open Part 2

War and Peace? (Part 2)

Type: Original Student Tutorial

After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 1:

Learn what happened after the guns of the Civil War fell silent, the beginning of the Reconstruction era, in this 2-part interactive tutorial. You'll learn about Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, Radical Republicans, and the impeachment of a president!

After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 2 can be found here.

The related tutorial, Deconstructing Reconstruction can be found here.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Understanding the Holocaust (Part 2 of 2):

Learn about one of the darkest chapters in human history, the Holocaust, in this interactive 2-part tutorial.  You'll learn how Adolf Hitler rose to power in Nazi Germany and made the murder of 6 million Jews and 5 million others the official policy of the Third Reich during World War II.  You'll learn how the Holocaust ended and contemplate its impact on humanity.  

Click below to open part 1.

Understanding the Holocaust (Part 1)

 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Over Here: Americans at Home in World War I (Part 2 of 2):

Learn how Americans on the home front experienced World War 1 while helping the U.S.A win the war.  In this 2-part interactive tutorial series, you'll learn about war bonds and the changes WWI brought to America's economy.  You'll also learn how propaganda and new laws against wartime dissent curbed Americans' civil liberties.  Finally, you'll learn how the war lead to increased opportunities for women and African Americans. 

Click below to open Part 1.

Check out the companion series, "Over There: Americans at War in World War I." Click below to open parts 1 and 2.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Over Here: Americans at Home in World War I (Part 1 of 2):

Learn how Americans on the home front experienced World War 1 while helping the U.S.A win the war.  In this 2-part interactive tutorial series, you'll learn about war bonds and the changes WWI brought to America's economy.  You'll also learn how propaganda and new laws against wartime dissent curbed Americans' civil liberties.  Finally, you'll learn how the war lead to increased opportunities for women and African Americans.  

Click below to open Part 2.

Check out the companion series, Over There: Americans at War in World War I. Click below to open parts 1 and 2.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Understanding the Holocaust (Part 1 of 2):

Learn about one of the darkest chapters in human history, the Holocaust, in this interactive 2-part tutorial.  You'll learn how Adolf Hitler rose to power in Nazi Germany and made the murder of 6 million Jews and 5 million others the official policy of the Third Reich during World War II.  You'll learn how the Holocaust ended and contemplate its impact on humanity.  

Click below to open Part 2.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Over There: Americans at War in World War I (Part 2 of 2):

Learn about the experiences of Americans who served "over there" in Europe during World War I in this 2-part interactive tutorial. Learn about doughboys, trench warfare, and some of the WWI veterans who would go to become famous Americans!

Click below to open Part 1.

Check out the companion series, "Over Here: Americans at Home in World War I." Click below to open parts 1 and 2.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Winning World War II (Part 2 of 2):

Learn how the United States and its Allies defeated the Axis Powers to win World War II in part 2 of this interactive tutorial.  You'll learn about battles and military campaigns, including D-Day, in both the European and Pacific theaters of war.  And you'll learn how atomic weapons brought the war to an end but changed the postwar world forever.  

Click below to open part 1.

Winning World War II (Part 1)

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Over There: Americans at War in World War I (Part 1 of 2):

Learn about the experiences of Americans who served "over there" in Europe during World War I in this 2-part interactive tutorial. Learn about doughboys, trench warfare, and some of the WWI veterans who would go to become famous Americans!

Click below to open Part 2.

Check out the companion series, "Over Here: Americans at Home in World War I." Click below to open parts 1 and 2.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

World War II Begins (Part 2 of 2):

Learn how World War II began in Europe and Asia in Part 2 of this interactive tutorial.  You'll learn about the aggression of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan that threatened world peace, and you'll learn how the United States responded with isolationism...until the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 caused America to join the Allies.  

Click below to open Part 1.

World War II Begins (Part 1)

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Winning World War II (Part 1 of 2):

Learn how the United States and its Allies defeated the Axis Powers to win World War II in part 1 of this interactive tutorial.  You'll learn about battles and military campaigns, including D-Day, in both the European and Pacific theaters of war.  And you'll learn how atomic weapons brought the war to an end but changed the postwar world forever.  

Click below to open Part 2.

Winning World War II (Part 2)

Type: Original Student Tutorial

World War II Begins (Part 1 of 2):

Learn how World War II began in Europe and Asia in Part 1 of this interactive tutorial. You'll learn about the aggression of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan that threatened world peace, and you'll learn how the United States responded with isolationism...until the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 caused America to join the Allies.  

Click below to open Part 2.

World War II Begins (Part 2)

Type: Original Student Tutorial

From World War to Cold War (Part 2 of 2):

Explore the beginnings of the Cold War from 1945 to 1953 in Part 2 of this interactive tutorial.  You'll learn why this rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union was a unique conflict in our nation's history, and how the U.S. assumed the role of world leader after World War II.  Finally, you'll learn how the Korean War was a proxy war in the larger context of the Cold War.  

This is the second part of a 2-part tutorial!  Make sure to complete part by clicking below. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

America Joins the Great War: Part 2:

Learn how World War I--the Great War--began in Part 2 of this interactive tutorial. You'll also learn why the U.S.A. joined the side of the Allies after years of attempted neutrality.

America Joins the Great War: Part 1 can be found here.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

From World War to Cold War (Part 1 of 2):

Explore the beginnings of the Cold War from 1945 to 1953 in Part 1 of this interactive tutorial.  You'll learn why this rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union was a unique conflict in our nation's history, and how the U.S. assumed the role of world leader after World War II.  Finally, you'll learn how the Korean War was a proxy war in the larger context of the Cold War.  

Click below to open part 2.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

America Joins the Great War: Part 1:

Learn how World War I--the Great War--began in Part 1 of this interactive tutorial. You'll also learn why the U.S.A. joined the side of the Allies after years of attempted neutrality.

America Joins the Great War: Part 2 can be found here.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Power of Words: Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address:

Examine a famous speech by President Abraham Lincoln, his 2nd Inaugural Address. This speech, given a month before his assassination, is considered by many to be one of his most eloquent and moving speeches. By the end of this tutorial you should be able to determine Lincoln's purpose for his 2nd Inaugural Address, analyze his word choice, and identify his use of parallel structure. Finally, you should be able to put all of these things together to analyze how Lincoln's word choice and use of parallel structure contributed to the purpose for his speech.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Deconstructing Reconstruction:

Learn about the successes and failures of Reconstruction, one of the most controversial periods of American history, in this interactive tutorial. After the rise of the Ku Klux Klan and "Redeemer" resistance, this remarkably progressive period ended with the Election of 1876.

Check out our other tutorials about the Reconstruction era:

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Exploring and Gathering Vocabulary:

Learn several ways to gather knowledge about an unknown word in order to determine its meaning, ways that include context clues, word parts, and dictionary skills. Determining the meaning of unknown words will help you increase your understanding of texts that you read, and it will also help you use words more accurately in your own writing. The text passages used in this interactive tutorial provide vivid descriptions of Florida.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Captains of Industry: The Second Industrial Revolution:

Learn some of the differences between the First and Second Industrial Revolutions, as well as key developments that drove the Second Industrial Revolution with this interactive tutorial. You will also learn about some of the leaders of industry during this era, including John D. Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie, and J.P. Morgan, and examine how their development of major industries and business practices affected America’s economy during the Second Industrial Revolution.

Check out the related tutorial: The Power of Innovation: Inventors of the Industrial Revolution

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Civil War's Legacy:

Learn how and why the Civil War came to an end, and what its consequences were for Americans in the North and South, as well as future generations.  In this interactive tutorial, you'll also learn about the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments to the Constitution and how they form an important legacy of the war.   

Type: Original Student Tutorial

What Caused the Civil War?:

Explore the central causes of America's bloodiest conflict: the Civil War in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Analyzing Words and Phrases with the Gettysburg Address:

Review vocabulary strategies to use when you are unsure about the meaning of words in a text. We will also review the literary term tone. By the end of this tutorial you should be able to apply your skills to determine the meaning of unknown words in Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address. You should also be able to analyze the words and phrases that Lincoln uses in order to determine his tone in the Gettysburg Address.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Understanding and Using Context Clues with the Help of Patrick Henry:

Learn how to identify explicit evidence and understand implicit meaning in a text.

In this tutorial, you will be working with excerpts from Patrick Henry’s “Speech to the Virginia Convention.”  You should also be able to use dictionary entries to discover additional word meanings and confirm your predictions of what words mean. Finally, you should be able to examine a passage and use all of these strategies to determine the meanings of the words so that you can understand what Patrick Henry was trying to say to his fellow revolutionaries and statesmen.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Assessments

Quiz: The Second World War:

Test your knowledge of World War II with this 12-question multiple choice quiz provided by Khan Academy. Good luck!

Type: Assessment

Quiz: The Gilded Age :

Test your knowledge of the Gilded Age with this 10-question multiple choice quiz!

Type: Assessment

Quiz: Reconstruction:

Test your knowledge of the Reconstruction era with this 13-question multiple choice quiz!

Type: Assessment

Perspectives Video: Expert

Mathematically Exploring the Wakulla Caves:

The tide is high!  How can we statistically prove there is a relationship between the tides on the Gulf Coast and in a fresh water spring 20 miles from each other?

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Type: Perspectives Video: Expert

Problem-Solving Tasks

Speed Trap:

The purpose of this task is to allow students to demonstrate an ability to construct boxplots and to use boxplots as the basis for comparing distributions.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

Haircut Costs:

This problem could be used as an introductory lesson to introduce group comparisons and to engage students in a question they may find amusing and interesting.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

Text Resource

Supreme Court Landmark Case: Korematsu v. United States (1944):

Learn more about the 1944 landmark Supreme Court decision Korematsu v. U.S. In this case, the Supreme Court considered the issue of domestic internment of Japanese Americans during World War II. The Court's ruling remains one of its most controversial decisions ever.

Type: Text Resource

Tutorials

1941: Axis Momentum Accelerates in WWII:

Learn about the ways in which the Axis gained momentum in 1941 during World War II in this tutorial video provided by Khan Academy. The last few minutes of the video also begin to examine the entrance of the United States into the war.

Type: Tutorial

World War II: American Progress in the Pacific in 1944:

Learn about American progress in 1944 to get within bombing range of Japan in this tutorial video about World War II provided by Khan Academy.

Type: Tutorial

World War II: Allies Advance Further in Europe - 1944:

Learn about Allied advancement in 1944 in this tutorial video provided by Khan Academy. The video describes the liberation of Rome, Italy; Athens, Greece; and Paris, France, as well as the Allied invasion of Normandy and the Battle of the Bulge.

Type: Tutorial

U.S. History Overview: WWII to Vietnam:

Learn about key events in American history from World War II to the Vietnam War in this tutorial video provided by Khan Academy. In this brief historical overview, topics include the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Cold War, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Korean War, and the Space Race.

Type: Tutorial

U.S. History Overview: Reconstruction to the Great Depression:

Learn about key events in American history from the Reconstruction Era to the start of the Great Depression in this tutorial video provided by Khan Academy. The video touches on the Reconstruction Amendments, Jim Crow laws, the Coinage Act and the Panic of 1873, the Spanish-American War, World War I, and the 18th and 19th Amendments.

Type: Tutorial

History of the Democratic Party:

Learn about the history of the Democratic Party, the party of Jackson, Wilson, FDR, and LBJ, in this tutorial video by Khan Academy. From its early roots in the era of Thomas Jefferson to the present day, the Democratic Party has played an integral role in shaping the government, policies and history of America.

Type: Tutorial

History of the Republican Party:

Learn about the history of the Republican Party, the party of Lincoln, Hoover, Eisenhower, and Reagan, in this tutorial video by Khan Academy. From its early roots tied to Alexander Hamilton to the present day, the Republican Party has played an integral role in shaping the government, policies and history of America.

Type: Tutorial

The Origins of Jim Crow: Introduction:

Learn about the origins of Jim Crow segregation, a system of legalized segregation that took place in the American South from 1877-1954, in this tutorial video provided by Khan Academy.

Type: Tutorial

The Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty of Versailles:

Learn about the Treaty of Versailles, which officially made peace with Germany and ended World War I, in this short video tutorial provided by Khan Academy. The treaty formed new alliances among countries and changed the map of Europe forever.

Type: Tutorial

The U.S. Enters World War I:

Learn how and why the United States joined the Allies of World War I in this short tutorial video provided by Khan Academy. Germany's unrestricted submarine warfare, the interception of the Zimmermann Telegram, and various other factors led President Woodrow Wilson to ask Congress for a war declaration.

Type: Tutorial

The Gilded Age: Part 2:

Learn about the Second Industrial Revolution and the expansion of railroads across America, new inventions like the elevator and telephone, and the rise of captains of industry like Andrew Carnegie in a short video by Khan Academy. Helpful graphics illustrate the content. Enjoy this journey back to the Gilded Age!

Type: Tutorial

The Gilded Age: Part 1:

Receive an introduction to the Gilded Age in this short video provided by Khan Academy. The Gilded Age, which fell between the end of the Civil War and the beginning of the Progressive era, was a time of intense industrialization that saw the rise of captains of industry like John D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie. Enjoy this quick trip through American history!

Type: Tutorial

A House Divided:

Learn how divisions over slavery set the stage for the American Civil War. Abraham Lincoln famously referred to the United States before the Civil War as a "house divided" and warned that it "can not stand." This video clip is an excerpt form Ken Burns' epic series The Civil War.

Type: Tutorial

Appomattox:

Learn about the end of the Civil War, when Robert E. Lee surrendered his army to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia. This short film is an excerpt from Ken Burns' epic series The Civil War.

Type: Tutorial

Bottom Rail on Top: African-American Soldiers in the Civil War:

Learn about the experience of the African American soldiers who enlisted in the Union Army after the Emancipation Proclamation. The 54th Massachusetts regiment would go on to be the subject of the movie Glory. This short video is an excerpt from Ken Burns' epic series The Civil War.

Type: Tutorial

Reconstruction and the 13th Amendment:

This short video provided by Khan Academy features 2 historians reviewing the early years of Reconstruction and the ratification of the 13th Amendment, which ended slavery in the United States. Helpful graphics illustrate the content. Enjoy!

Type: Tutorial

What is Freedom?:

Explore the era of Reconstruction and its aftermath in this webisode from PBS. Learn about the struggles of rebuilding the South and uniting the Union in the years that immediately followed the Civil War, and explore the rise of Jim Crow laws after Reconstruction was abandoned. This webisode provides primary source documents including photographs and excerpts from speeches, a timeline, glossary, and quizzes you can take to test your knowledge.

Type: Tutorial

60-Second Presidents: Franklin D. Roosevelt:

View a brief, funny video about the 32nd President, Franklin D. Roosevelt, a man who ushered the U.S. out of the Great Depression and into World War II. Enjoy this quick trip through American history!

Type: Tutorial

60-Second Presidents: Rutherford B. Hayes:

View this brief, funny video about our 19th President, Rutherford B. Hayes, whose controversial election brought about the end of Reconstruction!

Type: Tutorial

Freedom of the Press: New York Times v. United States:

View a documentary about the First Amendment protections of freedom of speech and freedom of the press. You'll review the historic origins of these rights and then go into detail about the Supreme Court's landmark ruling in New York Times v. United States, the Pentagon Papers case. Enjoy!

Type: Tutorial

60-Second Presidents: Andrew Johnson:

View a brief, funny video about our 17th President, Andrew Johnson, the first president ever to be impeached!

Type: Tutorial

60-Second Presidents: Ulysses S. Grant:

View a brief, funny video about our 18th President, Ulysses S. Grant, the former general who reunited North and South during Reconstruction!

Type: Tutorial

60-Second Presidents: Abraham Lincoln:

View a brief, funny video about our 16th President, Abraham Lincoln, who led the United States through the Civil War!

Type: Tutorial

Remembering Pearl Harbor: Attack Map:

In this tutorial, you'll interact with a chronological map of the attacks on Pearl Harbor. Trace the timeline of events as you listen to, read, and explore the devastating sneak attack that brought the U.S. into World War II on December 7, 1941.

Type: Tutorial

World War II: Theaters of War:

In this tutorial, you'll use maps to explore the various theaters of war during World War II. Pick a region to learn how the Axis first dominated--and then fell to--the Allies. The resource contains other activities that will help you learn about WWII.

Type: Tutorial

Safe for Democracy:

In this webisode brought to you by PBS, you will explore key events that took place in American history from 1903-1927. Topics include the Wright Brothers, World War I, women's suffrage, Prohibition, jazz, Hollywood in the 1920s, and Charles Lindbergh. In this resource you can examine primary source documents and photographs, a timeline and glossary, take a quiz, and explore additional resources. Enjoy this journey into American history!

Type: Tutorial

Depression and War:

In this webisode brought to you by PBS, you will explore key events that took place leading up to and during the Great Depression and World War II. You can explore primary source documents and photographs, a timeline and a glossary, take a quiz, and investigate additional resources to learn more about these eras. Enjoy this journey into American history!

Type: Tutorial

Crash Course U.S. History: World War II - Part 2:

In this tutorial video, you'll take a whirlwind journey through the changes Americans experienced during World War II. During the war years, the roles of women and African-Americans changed drastically, and the government and economy greatly expanded. America exited the war in its new position as the world's leading superpower. Enjoy this "crash course" in U.S. History!

Type: Tutorial

Crash Course U.S. History: World War II - Part 1:

In this tutorial video, you'll take a whirlwind journey through the events that led the U.S.A. to join and win World War II. You'll learn about the European and Pacific theaters of war and the fateful decision to use the first atomic weapons on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Enjoy this "crash course" in U.S. History!

Type: Tutorial

Crash Course U.S. History: America in World War I:

In this tutorial video, you'll take a whirlwind journey through the events that led America from isolation to intervention in World War I. You'll learn how WWI affected Americans on the home front as well, increasing the size of the government and curtailing civil liberties. Enjoy this "crash course" in U.S. History!

Type: Tutorial

Crash Course U.S. History: The Election of 1860 :

In this tutorial video, you'll take a whirlwind journey through the events that led up to the controversial Election of 1860. Abraham Lincoln's election, combined with growing tensions between the North and South, would ultimately lead to the secession of several Southern states and the beginning of the Civil War. Enjoy this "crash course" in U.S. history!

Type: Tutorial

Crash Course U.S. History: Civil War Part 2:

In this tutorial video, you'll take a whirlwind journey through the consequences and legacies of the Civil War. The video explores how the Civil War truly transformed America, with repercussions for the present. You may want to view this after checking out the Part 1 video for a full review. Enjoy this "crash course" in U.S. history!

Type: Tutorial

Crash Course U.S. History: Civil War Part I:

In this tutorial video, you'll take a whirlwind journey through the events that led up to and took place during the Civil War. This video reviews the major events, causes, and strategies. Be sure to watch the Part 2 video, as well, for a full review. Enjoy this "crash course" in U.S. history!

Type: Tutorial

Crash Course U.S. History: Reconstruction:

In this tutorial video, you will take a whirlwind journey through the period of Reconstruction in American History. As you may know, Reconstruction was a critical time in America of rebuilding and reinventing the South in the years after the Civil War. You'll learn about its successes and failures. Enjoy this "crash course" review!

Type: Tutorial

Crash Course U.S History: The Industrial Economy:

In this tutorial video, you will take a whirlwind tour of America during the Industrial Revolution. After the Civil War, many changes in technology and ideas gave rise to a new industrialism. You'll learn about industry leaders of the time, such as Vanderbilt, Carnegie, Rockefeller, and Morgan. Enjoy this "crash course" review about trusts, combinations, and how the government responded to these new business practices!

Type: Tutorial

Reconstruction: A Statistical Look at Southern Recovery:

In this tutorial you'll be able to interactively explore a timeline of events and various maps to strengthen your understanding of the challenges the South faced during the Reconstruction and Recovery period in American History. Enjoy this journey!

Type: Tutorial

Refraction of Light:

This resource explores the electromagnetic spectrum and waves by allowing the learner to observe the refraction of light as it passes from one medium to another, study the relation between refraction of light and the refractive index of the medium, select from a list of materials with different refractive indicecs, and change the light beam from white to monochromatic and observe the difference.

Type: Tutorial

Human Eye Accommodation:

  • Observe how the eye's muscles change the shape of the lens in accordance with the distance to the object being viewed
  • Indicate the parts of the eye that are responsible for vision
  • View how images are formed in the eye

Type: Tutorial

Concave Spherical Mirrors:

  • Learn how a concave spherical mirror generates an image
  • Observe how the size and position of the image changes with the object distance from the mirror
  • Learn the difference between a real image and a virtual image
  • Learn some applications of concave mirrors

Type: Tutorial

Convex Spherical Mirrors:

  • Learn how a convex mirror forms the image of an object
  • Understand why convex mirrors form small virtual images
  • Observe the change in size and position of the image with the change in object's distance from the mirror
  • Learn some practical applications of convex mirrors

Type: Tutorial

Color Temperature in a Virtual Radiator:

  • Observe the change of color of a black body radiator upon changes in temperature
  • Understand that at 0 Kelvin or Absolute Zero there is no molecular motion

Type: Tutorial

Solar Cell Operation:

This resource explains how a solar cell converts light energy into electrical energy. The user will also learn about the different components of the solar cell and observe the relationship between photon intensity and the amount of electrical energy produced.

Type: Tutorial

Electromagnetic Wave Propagation:

  • Observe that light is composed of oscillating electric and magnetic waves
  • Explore the propagation of an electromagnetic wave through its electric and magnetic field vectors
  • Observe the difference in propagation of light of different wavelengths

Type: Tutorial

Basic Electromagnetic Wave Properties:

  • Explore the relationship between wavelength, frequency, amplitude and energy of an electromagnetic wave
  • Compare the characteristics of waves of different wavelengths

Type: Tutorial

Geometrical Construction of Ray Diagrams:

  • Learn to trace the path of propagating light waves using geometrical optics
  • Observe the effect of changing parameters such as focal length, object dimensions and position on image properties
  • Learn the equations used in determining the size and locations of images formed by thin lenses

Type: Tutorial

The Beginning of World War II:

Learn about the beginning of World War II in this tutorial video by Khan Academy. This introductory video provides an overview of the beginning of World War II by examining what took place in Asia and Europe in the 1930s.

Type: Tutorial

1940: The Axis Gains Momentum in World War II:

Learn about the ways in which the Axis Powers gained momentum in 1940 during the early stages of World War II in this tutorial video by Khan Academy. You'll learn about the countries that comprised the Axis Powers in 1940 and the countries they invaded throughout Europe, Africa, and Asia during this year.

Type: Tutorial

World War II in the Pacific: 1942:

Learn about the early stages of World War II in the Pacific Theater in this tutorial video by Khan Academy. The video includes information about the famous Doolittle Raid--the first air strike on the Japanese home islands--as well as the Battle of the Coral Sea, the Battle of Midway, and the Battle of Guadalcanal.

Type: Tutorial

1945: The End of World War II:

Learn about the end of World War II in this tutorial video provided by Khan Academy.

Type: Tutorial

Video/Audio/Animations

Uncle Tom's Cabin: Reception & Significance:

In this video from Khan Academy, you'll learn about the reception and cultural significance surrounding Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin. The publication of this novel is considered one of the causes of the Civil War.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Uncle Tom's Cabin: The Influence of the Fugitive Slave Act:

In this video from Khan Academy, you'll learn about the political and cultural issues that inspired the writing of Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin. These include the compromise of 1850 and the Fugitive Slave Act. The publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin is considered one of the causes of the Civil War.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Battling Over Slavery in the Mid-1800s:

Learn about one of the main causes of the Civil War in this short video from Khan Academy. The politics of slavery threatened the unity of the United States in the mid 1800s, especially after the Compromise of 1850 introduced the controversial Fugitive Slave Act.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Slavery and the Missouri Compromise:

Learn about one of the main causes of the Civil War in this short video from Khan Academy. The politics of slavery threatened the unity of the United States in the early 1800s, leading to the Missouri Compromise.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Start of the Civil War: Secession & Fort Sumter:

Learn about the beginning of the Civil War in this short video from Khan Academy. After the 1860 election of Abraham Lincoln, Southern states began to secede from the Union to form their own nation. War would soon begin after the bombardment of Fort Sumter.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

The Emancipation Proclamation:

Learn about one of the main consequences of the Civil War--the Emancipation Proclamation--in this short video from Khan Academy. President Abraham Lincoln's executive order ending slavery in the rebellious Southern states was the beginning of the end of slavery... although not necessarily in the way that many people realize.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

U.S. History Overview: Jamestown to the Civil War:

Learn about key events in American history from the colonial era to the end of the Civil War in this tutorial video provided by Khan Academy. The video touches on the American Revolution, the Constitution, the War of 1812, western expansion, the Mexican-American War, the Civil War, and the end of slavery.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

1943: The Axis Losing in Europe - World War II:

Learn about the crucial events of 1943 in World War II in this tutorial video by Khan Academy. The video includes information on the Allies' campaigns in Italy and North Africa, as well as the continued fighting in the Soviet Union and the Nazis' loss at Stalingrad.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

1942: The Tide Turns in Europe:

Learn about the crucial events of 1942 in World War II in this tutorial video by Khan Academy. The video includes information on the Allies' campaign in North Africa, as well as the Axis offense in the Soviet Union and the dramatic Battle of Stalingrad.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points:

Analyze President Woodrow Wilson's plan for world peace in this tutorial video provided by Khan Academy. During a special joint session of Congress in 1918, President Wilson announced the Fourteen Points that would shape the peace negotiations that ended World War I.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

World War I: Blockades, U-Boats, and the Sinking of the Lusitania :

Learn about the events that drew the U.S. into World War I in this Khan Academy video. You'll learn about submarine warfare, naval blockades, the sinking of the ocean liner Lusitania, and President Woodrow Wilson's response to these events.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

The Zimmermann Telegram:

Learn about a World War I event in this Khan Academy video. The Zimmermann Telegram was an invitation from Germany to Mexico to declare war on the United States--an unsuccessful ploy by Germany to keep America out of the war in Europe.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Virtual Manipulatives

Advanced Fire Simulator - Shodor:

In this online activity, students burn a simulated forest and adjust the probability that the fire spreads from one tree to the other. This simulation also records data for each trial including the burn probability, where the fire started, the percent of trees burned, and how long the fire lasted. This activity allows students to explore the idea of chaos in a simulation of a realistic scenario. Supplemental materials, including background information about the topics covered, a description of how to use the application, and exploration questions for use with the java applet are linked to the applet.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Simple Monty Hall:

In this activity, students select one of three doors in an attempt to find a prize that is hidden behind one of them. After their first selection, one of the doors that doesn't have the prize behind it is revealed and the student has to decide whether to switch to the one remaining door or stay on the door of their first choice. This situation, referred to as the Monty Hall problem, was made famous on the show "Let's Make A Deal" with host Monty Hall. This activity allows students to explore the idea of conditional probability as well as unexpected probability. This activity includes supplemental materials, including background information about the topics covered, a description of how to use the application, and exploration questions for use with the java applet.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Multi Bar Graph:

This activity allows the user to graph data sets in multiple bar graphs. The color, thickness, and scale of the graph are adjustable which may produce graphs that are misleading. Users may input their own data, or use or alter pre-made data sets. This activity includes supplemental materials, including background information about the topics covered, a description of how to use the application, and exploration questions for use with the java applet.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this course.