LAFS.8.L.1.1

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
  1. Explain the function of verbals (gerunds, participles, infinitives) in general and their function in particular sentences.
  2. Form and use verbs in the active and passive voice.
  3. Form and use verbs in the indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional, and subjunctive mood.
  4. Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb voice and mood.
General Information
Subject Area: English Language Arts
Grade: 8
Strand: Language Standards
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Date Adopted or Revised: 12/10
Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes
Test Item Specifications
  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: ETC , ET item(s)
  • Assessed with: LAFS.8.L.1.2
  • Assessment Limits :
    Items may ask the student to evaluate and correct errors that focus on grammar and usage or capitalization, punctuation, and spelling. Items should assess on-grade-level errors; however, once a Language Standard is introduced, grade-appropriate items may be written to assess continued mastery of standard conventions of English.
  • Text Types :
    Items assessing these standards will be used with a three- or fourparagraph text containing possible errors in capitalization, usage, grammar, spelling, and punctuation. The editing task will be similar to a student’s essay in quality and difficulty. The text should be accessible for the grade and should assess the student’s knowledge of grammar, usage, and language conventions. Texts will be between 200 and 250 words.
  • Response Mechanisms :
    These standards will be assessed using the Editing Task Choice and Editing Task Item types. Descriptions of these item types can be found in the Technology-Enhanced Item Descriptions section on pages 3 and 4.
  • Task Demand and Sample Response Mechanisms :

    Task Demand

    Apply standard English grammar and usage.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    Editing Task Choice

    • Requires the student to select the appropriate replacement for an ungrammatical word or phrase. 
    • Requires the student to select the correct version of a word or phrase to be used in a sentence. 

    Editing Task

    • Requires the student to replace an incorrect word or phrase by typing in a corrected response.

    Task Demand

    Apply standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    Editing Task Choice

    • Requires the student to select the appropriate usage of grade-appropriate conventions.
    • Requires the student to select the correct spelling of a word. 

    Editing Task

    • Requires the student to replace a word or phrase with the correct spelling of the word by typing it in a text box.

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
0500020: M/J Personal, Career, and School Development Skills 3 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
0500022: M/J Personal, Career, School Development Skills 3 & Career Planning (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2019, 2019 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
1000000: M/J Intensive Language Arts (MC) (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
1001070: M/J Language Arts 3 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
1001080: M/J Language Arts 3 Advanced (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
1002020: M/J Language Arts 3 Through ESOL (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
1007020: M/J Speech and Debate 3 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2019, 2019 - 2021, 2021 and beyond (current))
1009020: M/J Creative Writing 3 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
1700020: M/J Research 3 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
7810013: Access M/J Language Arts 3 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
1009050: M/J Writing 3 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
1006020: M/J Journalism 3 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
1010000: M/J Literacy through Film & Literature (Specifically in versions: 2016 and beyond (current))
1010010: M/J Literacy through World Literature (Specifically in versions: 2016 and beyond (current))
1010020: M/J Literacy through Philosophy (Specifically in versions: 2016 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
LAFS.8.L.1.AP.1a: Use active and passive verbs in writing.
LAFS.8.L.1.AP.1b: Use verbs in indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional and/or subjunctive mood in writing.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorials

It's No Myth -- Part Two: Changing Sentences from Passive to Active Voice:

Practice changing sentences from passive to active voice in this interactive tutorial about mythical creatures.

This is Part Two in a two-part series. Make sure to complete Part One first! Click HERE to launch "It's No Myth -- Part One: Distinguishing Between Passive and Active Voice."  

Type: Original Student Tutorial

It's No Myth -- Part One: Distinguishing Between Passive and Active Voice:

Learn to distinguish between passive and active voice with this interactive tutorial about mythical creatures.

This is Part One of a two-part series. Click HERE to launch "It's No Myth -- Part Two: Changing Sentences from Passive to Active Voice."

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Gerunds -- Part One: Identifying Gerunds and Gerund Phrases as Subjects:

Learn about gerunds and gerund phrases in this two-part tutorial.

By the end of Part One, you should be able to identify a gerund or gerund phrase as the subject of a sentence. At the end of Part One, you'll also practice creating a sentence using a gerund as the subject and a sentence using a gerund phrase as the subject. 

Make sure to complete both parts! Click HERE to launch "Gerunds -- Part Two: Identifying Gerunds and Gerund Phrases as Subject Complements."

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Gerunds -- Part Two: Identifying Gerunds and Gerund Phrases as Subject Complements:

Learn about gerunds and gerund phrases in Part Two of this two-part series. By the end of this tutorial, you should be able to identify a gerund or gerund phrase as a subject complement. At the end of this tutorial, you'll practice creating sentences of your own with a gerund phrase as the subject and a gerund phrase as a subject complement.

Make sure to complete Part One before beginning Part Two. Click HERE to launch "Gerunds -- Part One: Identifying Gerunds and Gerund Phrases as Subjects."

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Language Wizard: Active & Passive Voice:

Learn to define and explain active and passive voice in this wizard-themed interactive tutorial. You'll also learn how to transform passive voice to active voice to make your writing stronger.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Teaching Idea

A Lesson in Proofing:

Secondary students learn to use Microsoft Word's Find/Replace feature to check written work, increase accuracy, and improve written assignments. This introductory lesson teaches students how to self or peer edit by using basic keyboarding functions.

Type: Teaching Idea

Text Resource

Grammar and Usage: The Garden of Phrases:

This text resource provides information and examples of the following types of phrases: noun phrase, prepositional phrase, appositive phrase, absolute phrase, infinitive phrase, gerund phrase, and participial phrase.

 

Type: Text Resource

Tutorials

Grammar Bytes! Exercise 4: Recognizing Sentence Fragment Types:

This fun and interactive exercise will give you practice in recognizing sentence fragments types. For each practice item, you must identify the type of fragment being presented. After every response, you will get immediate feedback. Explanations of each correct answer are also provided. There's also an explanation of the rules of proper sentence structure for you to study, simply click the hyperlinked word "rules."

Type: Tutorial

Guide to Grammar and Writing: Verbs and Verbals:

This is a comprehensive guide to verbs and verbals. Numerous interactive quizzes are provided.

Type: Tutorial

Original Student Tutorials for Language Arts - Grades 6-12

Gerunds -- Part One: Identifying Gerunds and Gerund Phrases as Subjects:

Learn about gerunds and gerund phrases in this two-part tutorial.

By the end of Part One, you should be able to identify a gerund or gerund phrase as the subject of a sentence. At the end of Part One, you'll also practice creating a sentence using a gerund as the subject and a sentence using a gerund phrase as the subject. 

Make sure to complete both parts! Click HERE to launch "Gerunds -- Part Two: Identifying Gerunds and Gerund Phrases as Subject Complements."

Gerunds -- Part Two: Identifying Gerunds and Gerund Phrases as Subject Complements:

Learn about gerunds and gerund phrases in Part Two of this two-part series. By the end of this tutorial, you should be able to identify a gerund or gerund phrase as a subject complement. At the end of this tutorial, you'll practice creating sentences of your own with a gerund phrase as the subject and a gerund phrase as a subject complement.

Make sure to complete Part One before beginning Part Two. Click HERE to launch "Gerunds -- Part One: Identifying Gerunds and Gerund Phrases as Subjects."

It's No Myth -- Part One: Distinguishing Between Passive and Active Voice:

Learn to distinguish between passive and active voice with this interactive tutorial about mythical creatures.

This is Part One of a two-part series. Click HERE to launch "It's No Myth -- Part Two: Changing Sentences from Passive to Active Voice."

It's No Myth -- Part Two: Changing Sentences from Passive to Active Voice:

Practice changing sentences from passive to active voice in this interactive tutorial about mythical creatures.

This is Part Two in a two-part series. Make sure to complete Part One first! Click HERE to launch "It's No Myth -- Part One: Distinguishing Between Passive and Active Voice."  

Language Wizard: Active & Passive Voice:

Learn to define and explain active and passive voice in this wizard-themed interactive tutorial. You'll also learn how to transform passive voice to active voice to make your writing stronger.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorials

It's No Myth -- Part Two: Changing Sentences from Passive to Active Voice:

Practice changing sentences from passive to active voice in this interactive tutorial about mythical creatures.

This is Part Two in a two-part series. Make sure to complete Part One first! Click HERE to launch "It's No Myth -- Part One: Distinguishing Between Passive and Active Voice."  

Type: Original Student Tutorial

It's No Myth -- Part One: Distinguishing Between Passive and Active Voice:

Learn to distinguish between passive and active voice with this interactive tutorial about mythical creatures.

This is Part One of a two-part series. Click HERE to launch "It's No Myth -- Part Two: Changing Sentences from Passive to Active Voice."

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Gerunds -- Part One: Identifying Gerunds and Gerund Phrases as Subjects:

Learn about gerunds and gerund phrases in this two-part tutorial.

By the end of Part One, you should be able to identify a gerund or gerund phrase as the subject of a sentence. At the end of Part One, you'll also practice creating a sentence using a gerund as the subject and a sentence using a gerund phrase as the subject. 

Make sure to complete both parts! Click HERE to launch "Gerunds -- Part Two: Identifying Gerunds and Gerund Phrases as Subject Complements."

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Gerunds -- Part Two: Identifying Gerunds and Gerund Phrases as Subject Complements:

Learn about gerunds and gerund phrases in Part Two of this two-part series. By the end of this tutorial, you should be able to identify a gerund or gerund phrase as a subject complement. At the end of this tutorial, you'll practice creating sentences of your own with a gerund phrase as the subject and a gerund phrase as a subject complement.

Make sure to complete Part One before beginning Part Two. Click HERE to launch "Gerunds -- Part One: Identifying Gerunds and Gerund Phrases as Subjects."

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Language Wizard: Active & Passive Voice:

Learn to define and explain active and passive voice in this wizard-themed interactive tutorial. You'll also learn how to transform passive voice to active voice to make your writing stronger.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Tutorials

Grammar Bytes! Exercise 4: Recognizing Sentence Fragment Types:

This fun and interactive exercise will give you practice in recognizing sentence fragments types. For each practice item, you must identify the type of fragment being presented. After every response, you will get immediate feedback. Explanations of each correct answer are also provided. There's also an explanation of the rules of proper sentence structure for you to study, simply click the hyperlinked word "rules."

Type: Tutorial

Guide to Grammar and Writing: Verbs and Verbals:

This is a comprehensive guide to verbs and verbals. Numerous interactive quizzes are provided.

Type: Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.