With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, and editing.
General Information
Subject Area: English Language Arts
Grade: 4
Strand: Writing Standards
Idea: Level 3: Strategic Thinking & Complex Reasoning
Date Adopted or Revised: 12/10
Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5010010: English for Speakers of Other Languages-Elementary (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (course terminated))
5010030: Functional Basic Skills in Communications-Elementary (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
5021060: Social Studies Grade 4 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
5010045: Language Arts - Grade Four (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
7710015: Access Language Arts - Grade 4 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
7721015: Access Social Studies - Grade 4 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
5010104: Introduction to Debate Grade 4 (Specifically in versions: 2020 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
LAFS.4.W.2.AP.5a: With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop a plan for writing that is appropriate to the topic, task and purpose.
LAFS.4.W.2.AP.5b: With guidance and support from peers and adults, strengthen writing by revising for clarity of meaning (e.g., review product, strengthening story, adding precise language).
LAFS.4.W.2.AP.5c: With guidance and support from peers and adults, strengthen writing by editing (e.g., capitalization, spelling, punctuation).

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Lesson Plans


Students will use their knowledge of minerals and the rock cycle to analyze the rocks on three available sites for a new skate park. After analyzing each rock site, they will write a one page recommendation that will explain the classification of the rock and why it is the best for option for building. In addition, they will create a product plan that contains information on the rocks, their history and their uses. Student groups will present to fellow group members then each student will evaluate the products.

Type: Lesson Plan

If Animals Could Talk: Writing Fables:

In this lesson, students will analyze and discuss the characteristics and story lines of two different fables, "The Owl and The Grasshopper" and "The Town Mouse and The Country Mouse," and then write a fable of their own.

Type: Lesson Plan

Motivating Students to Write for an Authentic Audience:

In this lesson, students will brainstorm survival tips for future fourth graders and incorporate these tips into a "how-to" essay. Students will use an online tool for creating an outline, and a graphic organizer and proofreading checklist are also included to help students edit their writing. A rubric is provided in this resource.

Type: Lesson Plan

Power of Perception!:

During the lesson, students will listen to the story, The Frog Prince, in order to understand that someone may be wonderful on the inside even if they don't look quite as handsome or beautiful on the outside. The students are set to the task of writing a persuasive essay using critical and creative thinking as well as practicing the skills of peer editing. The students will have an opportunity to share their persuasive writings with classmates.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Chocolate Miracle:

In this lesson, students will learn about the Berlin Airlift following World War II and then read a story, Mercedes and the Chocolate Pilot (850L) by Patricia A. Pierce. Students will then create a narrative story in which the students will write as a pilot, dispersing their favorite candy or gum over a different town or country. Students will utilize a story elements graphic organizer, peer editing checklist, and a narrative rubric to assist them in the writing process.

Type: Lesson Plan

Owl Moon: Similies and Metaphors:

In this lesson, students will be able to identify similes and metaphors within a piece of literature. Students will be able to determine the literal meaning of similes and metaphors and also develop their own non-literal meaning. The students will be able to then use their understanding of similes and metaphors to apply them to their own narrative writing.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Heart of a Lion:

In this lesson, the students delve into the world of main characters. Students hear familiar and funny dialogue from the lion in The Wizard of Oz in a video clip to gain their initial attention. Additionally, the students begin to develop a deeper understanding of main characters as the class delineates minor characters from major characters and further investigates protagonist and antagonistic characters. In the final assessment, students will develop characters from picture form to written form to build understanding and deeper meaning of characters. Students will draw a storyboard that allows for five to six pictures of a main character with an accompanying storyline that is organized with a clear beginning, middle, and end.

Type: Lesson Plan

Commanding Better Conventions in Writing:

In this lesson, the teacher will use the humorous book, Twenty-Odd Ducks: Why, Every Punctuation Mark Counts! by Lynne Truss, to help students understand how inserting or removing punctuation marks can totally change the meaning of sentences.
Students will participate in small group activities such as a Convention Relay and a Punctuation Performance to improve their command of conventions of Standard English. Students will also apply their knowledge of conventions to edit and improve their own writing.

Type: Lesson Plan

"The Day Jimmy's Boa Ate the Wash"; Using Text Structure to formulate a Narrative:

In this lesson, students will create their own original narrative using the text structure (cause/effect) that author Trinka Hakes Nobles uses in the book The Day Jimmy's Boa Ate the Wash. The students are expected to use strong verbs and descriptive adjectives to strengthen their writing. Students will use Microsoft Word to publish their writing and share with the class. This lesson uses the gradual release model so students will receive practice at writing the narrative with teacher support as a whole class and with teacher support in small groups before writing a narrative on their own.

Type: Lesson Plan

EXplode A Moment - Using Sensory Details in Writing to Zoom in on a Short Period of Time:

Exploding a moment is magnifying an event much like a film maker does when he zooms in on the action using slow motion. Through the use of mentor texts and video, students will become familiar with this skill and use it to improve their writing.

Type: Lesson Plan

Teaching Idea

Comics in the Classroom as an Introduction to Narrative Structure:

In this lesson, students will use a comic-strip format for pre-writing to reinforce plot structure and create their own personal narratives. Students will learn to differentiate between random or background events and events that are significant to the plot of the story. Handouts and a virtual manipulative are included in this lesson.

Type: Teaching Idea

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Parent Resources

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