LAFS.5.RI.4.10Archived Standard

By the end of the year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, at the high end of the grades 4–5 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
General Information
Subject Area: English Language Arts
Grade: 5
Strand: Reading Standards for Informational Text
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Date Adopted or Revised: 12/10
Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved - Archived

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5020060: Science - Grade Five (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5010010: English for Speakers of Other Languages-Elementary (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (course terminated))
5010020: Basic Skills in Reading-K-2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021, 2021 and beyond (current))
5021070: Social Studies Grade 5 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
5010046: Language Arts - Grade Five (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7720060: Access Science Grade 5 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond)
7710016: Access Language Arts - Grade 5 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022, 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
7721016: Access Social Studies - Grade 5 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Lesson Plans

Making It Rain:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. In this lesson, students will analyze an informational text that addresses how different types of precipitation are formed. The lesson plan includes a note-taking guide, text-dependent questions, a writing prompt, answer keys, and a writing rubric. Options to extend the lesson are also included.

Type: Lesson Plan

Banana Bonanza:

The students have been hired as consultants to analyze data and recommend a new farm location for a fruit company. The students will learn about climate, weather changes, and develop a proposal for the Organic Inc. company.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Calling all Kid Presidents:

In this lesson, students will observe a speaker (Kid President) and analyze a piece of informational text (an excerpt from Bill Clinton"s 1993 Inaugural Address) to further develop their knowledge of summarizing, identifying main ideas and supporting details, and identifying claims and supporting reasons with evidence. Students will then play the role of Kid President and create their own opinion writing on a topic they think would be important to kids, why they would be a good candidate for president, or how they might motivate other kids. At the conclusion of the lesson, students will present their opinion writing to the class. A graphic organizer, student handouts, and rubrics are provided for the writing and speaking activities.

Type: Lesson Plan

Solar Cooking:

This is a 5th grade MEA designed to have students compare different types of solar cookers based on temperature, cook time, dimensions, weight, and customer reviews.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

We Learned About the Challenger:

Students will have an opportunity to read the speech President Reagan presented on the evening of the Challenger Space Shuttle explosion. Students will answer text-dependent questions individually, with partners, and in small groups and then write an expository essay.

Type: Lesson Plan

Close Reading of the National Geographic article "Animal Farm":

In this lesson, students will complete a close reading of "Animal Farm," a nonfiction article found online at National Geographic that describes the incredible work one man accomplished as he turned a cattle ranch in Costa Rica into a national wildlife refuge. The students will conduct three close readings of the article, each time for a different purpose. The students will create vocabulary charts and find evidence in the article to answer a set of text-dependent questions. Students will then write an informative essay where they explain how the work of Jack Ewing changed this land. Sample responses are provided along with a writing response rubric.

Type: Lesson Plan

Close Reading: The Great Chicago Fire:

This close reading lesson will engage students in discussions that involve how two authors in different genres describe the same event. These short texts, the poem "The Great Chicago Fire" and the informational text "Chicago," will require students to analyze text, make inferences based on text evidence, and defend their understandings through discussion and close reads. Students will use context clues to determine word meaning and unfamiliar phrasing in both texts. Students will participate in partner and small group work throughout the lesson. For the summative assessment, students will write an explanatory essay about the main ideas and key details of each text, as well as analyze the similarities in how each author describes the Chicago fire. 

Type: Lesson Plan

Close Reading of the Article "A Well-Kept Secret":

In this lesson, students will complete a close reading of "A Well-Kept Secret," a nonfiction article found online at ReadWorks.org. The students will work to determine the meaning of selected vocabulary from the article and find evidence in the passage to answer a set of text-dependent questions. Students will also use key details to identify main ideas and summarize the article. Sample responses are provided along with a rubric for the summative assessment.

Type: Lesson Plan

Student Center Activities

Comprehension: Plenty of Predictions:

In this activity, students will make and confirm predictions before, during, and after reading teacher-selected text (narrative or expository) using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Monitor and Mend:

In this activity, students will use multiple reading strategies to comprehend text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Read and Respond:

In this activity, students will use multiple reading strategies (predicting, questioning, clarifying, and summarizing) to comprehend text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Strategies Game:

In this activity, students will use multiple reading strategies to answer questions and comprehend text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Question Creation:

In this activity, students will generate and answer questions while they read to comprehend text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Stop and Ask:

In this activity, students will answer teacher-generated questions while reading to comprehend text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Question Cards:

In this activity, students will answer questions to comprehend text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Agree to Disagree:

In this activity, students will read teacher-generated statements about a text prior to reading the text and agree or disagree based on prior knowledge. Then, students will read the text and confirm or change their initial choice based on text evidence.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Background Check:

In this activity, students will write words, phrases, and ideas associated with a topic prior to reading. During and after reading, they will add words and phrases from the text. As an extension, students can create a concept map that is organized by categories by grouping related words and phrases.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Anticipation Sort:

In this activity, students will predict if text-related statements are true or false, then confirm their predictions after reading the text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Ask and Answer:

In this activity, students will generate and answer questions to comprehend text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Fiction and Nonfiction Find:

In this activity, students will identify the genres of fiction and nonfiction text and provide a reason to support their decision.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Precise Predictions:

In this activity, students will make and confirm predictions before, during, and after reading teacher-selected text (narrative or informational) using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Reading Repair:

In this activity, students will use multiple strategies to monitor their comprehension of text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Show-U-Know:

In this activity, students will use multiple strategies to monitor their comprehension of text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Strategic Strategies:

In this activity, students will use multiple strategies (e.g., prior knowledge, ask and answer questions, make and confirm predictions, summarize) to comprehend narrative or expository text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Strategy Success:

In this activity, students will evaluate their use of multiple reading strategies by completing a self-monitoring chart.

Type: Student Center Activity

Teaching Idea

A Dolphin's Day-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

In this activity, the students will use number and listening skills as they reinforce their understanding of dolphin behavior using echolocation. As the students listen to the teacher read a story about a dolphin's adventure they can either connect dots or plot points on a graph to figure out what the dolphin gets to eat at the end of the story.

Type: Teaching Idea

Text Resources

What Makes it Rain?:

This informational text is intended to support reading in the content area. The text informs readers about how several types of precipitation are formed in the atmosphere, including rain, hail, freezing rain, and snow.

Type: Text Resource

Why Amazonian Butterflies Hover over Yellow-Spotted Turtles:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. The text details the intriguing relationship between turtles and butterflies in the Amazon rainforest: butterflies drink the turtles' tears to get their sodium fix! The article also explores how both organisms are affected by this relationship.

Type: Text Resource

Sleet and Freezing Rain: What's the Difference?:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. The article and graphics explain the atmospheric conditions needed to form different types of precipitation: snow, freezing rain, and sleet.

Type: Text Resource

Your Amazing Brain:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. This National Geographic article describes the amazing attributes of the human brain, comparing its features to everyday objects like a light bulb or a computer.

Type: Text Resource

Sea Horses and How They Use Their Heads:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. The article describes how the dwarf seahorse's head shape allows it to be a better predator.

Type: Text Resource

Carniverous Plants Say 'Cheese':

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. The article describes how, through high-speed video, scientists are able to see how bladderworts (carnivorous plants) trap small animals very quickly.

Type: Text Resource

A Matter of Mixing:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. This article describes properties of items as hyrdophobic or hyrdophilic and how they work.

Type: Text Resource

The Comet that Came in from the Cold:

This resource is intended to support reading in the content area. The comet ISON, believed to originate from the frozen Oort cloud, has been studied in order to make predictions about its destiny – will it be destroyed by, or slung around, the sun?

Type: Text Resource

The Water Cycle Adventure:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. The article walks the reader through the water cycle, from the point of view of a drop of water.

Type: Text Resource

Water Cycle:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. This article discusses the steps in the water cycle.

Type: Text Resource

Restoring a Sense of Touch:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. This text explores the possibility of creating a prosthesis (artificial limb) that can feel things.

Type: Text Resource

The Bad Breath Defense:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. The article describes the ability of the hornworm caterpillar to defend itself against predators using its food source.

Type: Text Resource

Caught in the Act:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. The article discusses the study of a population's ability to adapt to the environment. The section of focus is on the cichlid population in Lake Victoria.

Type: Text Resource

Secrets of the World's Extreme Divers:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. "Secrets of the World's Extreme Divers" explores the reason sea mammals are able to hold their breath for long periods of time.

Type: Text Resource

STEM Lessons - Model Eliciting Activity

Banana Bonanza:

The students have been hired as consultants to analyze data and recommend a new farm location for a fruit company. The students will learn about climate, weather changes, and develop a proposal for the Organic Inc. company.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Solar Cooking:

This is a 5th grade MEA designed to have students compare different types of solar cookers based on temperature, cook time, dimensions, weight, and customer reviews.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.