LAFS.4.RI.3.9

Integrate information from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.
General Information
Subject Area: English Language Arts
Grade: 4
Strand: Reading Standards for Informational Text
Idea: Level 3: Strategic Thinking & Complex Reasoning
Date Adopted or Revised: 12/10
Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes
Test Item Specifications
  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: TM , MC item(s)

  • Assessment Limits :

    Items may ask the student to synthesize information from two texts on the same topic. Items may require the student to understand connections between texts that are implicitly or explicitly stated. Items should be used with text sets and should not ask about a single informational text.

  • Text Types :

    The items assessing this standard may be used with two or more grade-appropriate informational texts. Texts may vary in complexity.

  • Response Mechanisms :

    The Enhanced Item Descriptions section on page 3 provides a list of Response Mechanisms that may be used to assess this standard (excluding the Editing Task Choice item type). The Sample Response Mechanisms may include, but are not limited to, the examples below.

  • Task Demand and Sample Response Mechanisms :

    Task Demand

    Synthesize information from two texts on the same topic.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    Table Match

    • Requires the student to complete a table by matching information from two texts on the same topic. 
    Multiple Choice
    • Requires the student to select a description of how information from two texts are integrated.

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5010010: English for Speakers of Other Languages-Elementary (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (course terminated))
5010020: Basic Skills in Reading-K-2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021, 2021 and beyond (current))
5021060: Social Studies Grade 4 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
5010045: Language Arts - Grade Four (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
7710015: Access Language Arts - Grade 4 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
7721015: Access Social Studies - Grade 4 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
5011040: Library Skills/Information Literacy 4 (Specifically in versions: 2016 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
LAFS.4.RI.3.AP.9a: Report out about two or more texts on the same self-selected topic.
LAFS.4.RI.3.AP.9b: Identify the most important information about a topic gathered from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Lesson Plans

Florida During the Spanish-American War of 1898: The Rough Riders in Tampa:

The Rough Riders went to Tampa at the end of May. On June 13, they left Tampa to fight in Cuba. Two years after the end of the war, Roosevelt went on to become the 26th president of the United States. In this lesson students analyze photographs to learn about the Rough Riders in Florida.

Type: Lesson Plan

Florida During the Spanish-American War of 1898: The Buffalo Soldiers in the Spanish-American War:

The most famous of the African-American soldiers to fight in the Spanish-American War were known as the "Buffalo Soldiers." They were the first peacetime all-black regiments in the regular U.S. Army. The four regiments, the 9th and 10th Cavalries and the 24th and 25th Infantries, were created by Congress just after the American Civil War. Students will learn about "Buffalo Soldiers" through analysis of photographs.

Type: Lesson Plan

Florida in the Civil War: Risking Their Lives for Salt:

With the seemingly limitless supply of salt available to us today, it is hard to imagine the hardship imposed by its lack. The Confederate army's meat supply was preserved with salt. With the Union blockade in place, the Confederate states turned to local sources for this important mineral. Salt production became a crucial endeavor for citizens of Florida. In this lesson students will compare Confederate and Union perspectives of the salt works using an illustration, a letter and an excerpt from a memoir.

Type: Lesson Plan

Replaced Pitcher:

The students will use mathematical skills and problem solving skills to recommend which current starting pitcher will be replaced once one of the pitchers is back on the active roster for the Miami Marlins. They will write a letter on the computer and print it out to respond to the assistant coach's letter.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Civil Rights for All: Women and the Fight for Voting Rights:

In this lesson, students will learn about the history of the women's suffrage movement and what it took for women in America to get the right to vote. Throughout the lesson, the teacher and students will look at primary sources such as pictures and original documents, as well as videos about the movement and a PowerPoint to help build students' background knowledge. Then students and the teacher will work through a Reader's Theatre script called "Failure is Impossible" that describes the evolution of the Women's Suffrage Movement. Text-dependent questions for the script have been included. At the end of the lesson, students will work in groups to complete a timeline (an answer key is included) and then individually write an opinion piece on this topic. A rubric is provided to help teachers assess students' writing.

Type: Lesson Plan

Everglades Adventure:

Students will learn about text features, note taking, and informational writing using a series of short videos about the Everglades. As a final product, students will practice their expository writing by creating an informational brochure about the Everglades.

Type: Lesson Plan

Snapshot Sleuths:

Students will learn how to analyze primary documents and discover facets of Native American life by analyzing images of a variety of Native American villages. After careful analysis, students will write an expository paragraph based on a text-dependent question.

Type: Lesson Plan

What Makes 'Em Move: By Water or Air:

In this lesson, 4th grade students read and discuss to determine differences and similarities between machines that transfer energy from renewable natural resources: water (hydro) and air (wind). This lesson also includes independent access point for this standard.

Type: Lesson Plan

Sparkling Speeches:

Sparkling is the word! In this lesson, students will investigate transforming an exciting student-created expository into an engaging and quality speech using resources from the classroom and the school media center. Students will listen to a remarkable Martin Luther King speech provided by YouTube, confer with classmates on speech construction, and use a variety of easy to access materials (included with this lesson) during the construction of their speech.

The lesson allows for in-depth trials and experiments with expository writing and speech writing. In one exciting option, students may use a "Speech Forum" to safely practice their unique speeches in front of a small non-assessing audience of fellow students. A complete exploration and comprehension of introductions, main ideas with support details, and an engaging conclusion transformed into a student speech with a written exam are the final assessments for this memorable lesson.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorial

Integrating Information: Rocking and Writing:

Analyze information in non-fiction passages about rocks. In this interactive tutorial, you’ll integrate information from two texts to write about the subject. It’s going to rock!

Type: Original Student Tutorial

STEM Lessons - Model Eliciting Activity

Replaced Pitcher:

The students will use mathematical skills and problem solving skills to recommend which current starting pitcher will be replaced once one of the pitchers is back on the active roster for the Miami Marlins. They will write a letter on the computer and print it out to respond to the assistant coach's letter.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Original Student Tutorials for Language Arts - Grades K-5

Integrating Information: Rocking and Writing:

Analyze information in non-fiction passages about rocks. In this interactive tutorial, you’ll integrate information from two texts to write about the subject. It’s going to rock!

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorial

Integrating Information: Rocking and Writing:

Analyze information in non-fiction passages about rocks. In this interactive tutorial, you’ll integrate information from two texts to write about the subject. It’s going to rock!

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.