LAFS.4.RI.2.6

Compare and contrast a firsthand and secondhand account of the same event or topic; describe the differences in focus and the information provided.
General Information
Subject Area: English Language Arts
Grade: 4
Strand: Reading Standards for Informational Text
Idea: Level 3: Strategic Thinking & Complex Reasoning
Date Adopted or Revised: 12/10
Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes
Test Item Specifications
  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: TM , EBSR , MS , ST , MC item(s)

  • Assessment Limits :
    Items may require the student to compare and/or contrast firsthand and secondhand accounts within the same text. Items may ask the student to compare and/or contrast firsthand and secondhand accounts in multiple texts. Items may ask the student to identify the differences in focus and information provided by a firsthand and a secondhand account of the same event or topic.
  • Text Types :
    The items assessing this standard may be used with one or more grade-appropriate informational texts. Texts may vary in complexity.
  • Response Mechanisms :
    The Enhanced Item Descriptions section on page 3 provides a list of Response Mechanisms that may be used to assess this standard (excluding the Editing Task Choice item type). The Sample Response Mechanisms may include, but are not limited to, the examples below.
  • Task Demand and Sample Response Mechanisms :

    Task Demand

    Determine similarities and/or differences between firsthand and secondhand accounts of the same event or topic.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    Selectable Text

    • Requires the student to select details from each text that show a similarity or difference between the firsthand and secondhand accounts of the same event or topic. 
    EBSR
    • Requires the student to select a description of the similarities or differences between firsthand and secondhand accounts of the same event or topic and then to select details from one or more texts that support that description. 
    Multiple Choice
    • Requires the student to select a description of the similarities or differences between firsthand and secondhand accounts of the same event or topic. 
    Multiselect
    • Requires the student to select multiple similarities or differences between the firsthand and secondhand accounts of the same event or topic.
    Table Match
    • Requires the student to complete a table by comparing firsthand and secondhand accounts of the same event or topic.
    Task Demand

    Describe the differences in focus of or information provided by a firsthand and a secondhand account of the same event or topic.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    Selectable Text 

    • Requires the student to select details from each text that show a difference in the focus of or information provided by firsthand and secondhand accounts of the same event or topic.

    EBSR

    • Requires the student to select a description of the difference in the focus of or information provided by firsthand and secondhand accounts of the same event or topic and then to select details from one or more texts that support that description. 
    Multiple Choice
    • Requires the student to select a difference in the focus of or information provided by firsthand and secondhand accounts of the same event or topic. 
    Multiselect
    • Requires the student to select multiple differences in the focus of or information provided by firsthand and secondhand accounts of the same event or topic.
    Table Match
    • Requires the student to complete a table by contrasting the focus of or information provided by a firsthand and secondhand account of the same event or topic.

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5010010: English for Speakers of Other Languages-Elementary (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (course terminated))
5010020: Basic Skills in Reading-K-2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021, 2021 and beyond (current))
5021060: Social Studies Grade 4 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
5010045: Language Arts - Grade Four (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
7710015: Access Language Arts - Grade 4 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
7721015: Access Social Studies - Grade 4 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
5011040: Library Skills/Information Literacy 4 (Specifically in versions: 2016 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
5010104: Introduction to Debate Grade 4 (Specifically in versions: 2020 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
LAFS.4.RI.2.AP.6a: Determine if information in a text is firsthand or secondhand.
LAFS.4.RI.2.AP.6b: Compare and contrast a firsthand and secondhand account of the same event or topic.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Lesson Plan

Mary McLeod Bethune: Primary and Secondary Sources:

In this lesson, students will examine documents and decide which are primary sources and which are secondary sources. This lesson is intended to give students an introduction to the concept of primary versus secondary sources and to prepare them for future study using more complex documents.

The documents referenced in this lesson plan are from the Daniel M. Williams Papers, held by the State Archives of Florida. Williams collected various documents and photographs in order to write a biography of Mary McLeod Bethune.

Type: Lesson Plan

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Parent Resources

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