LAFS.3.RI.2.4

Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 3 topic or subject area.
General Information
Subject Area: English Language Arts
Grade: 3
Strand: Reading Standards for Informational Text
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Date Adopted or Revised: 12/10
Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes
Test Item Specifications
  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: EBSR , MS , ST , MC item(s)
  • Assessed with: LAFS.3.L.2.3, LAFS.3.L.3.4, LAFS.3.L.3.5
    Also assesses: LAFS,3,RF.3.3 and LAFS.3.RF.4.4

  • Assessment Limits :
    Items may ask the student to use the text to determine the meanings of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases using context, affixes, or root words as clues. Items should ask the student to consider literal and nonliteral meanings of words. Items may also ask the student to determine the meaning of unknown words and phrases or words and phrases with multiple meanings. The student may also have to demonstrate an understanding of the relationships between words and nuances of meaning. Items may ask the student to choose words or phrases for effect. Items should focus on words and phrases that are central to the meaning of the text. Items should not exclusively ask the student to determine the meanings of basic, everyday words and phrases that commonly appear in spoken language.
  • Text Types :
    The items assessing these standards may be used with one or more grade-appropriate informational texts. Texts may vary in complexity.
  • Response Mechanisms :
    The Enhanced Item Descriptions section on page 3 provides a list of Response Mechanisms that may be used to assess this standard (excluding the Editing Task Choice item type). The Sample Response Mechanisms may include, but are not limited to, the examples below.
  • Task Demand and Sample Response Mechanisms :
    Task Demand

    Use context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    Selectable Text 

    • Requires the student to select words or phrases from the text that show the meaning of words used in the text. 
    • Requires the student to correctly identify the meaning of a word or phrase and then to select words or phrases from the text that provide clues to the meaning of that word.
     Multiple Choice 
    • Requires the student to select the meaning of a word or phrase used in the text. 
    EBSR 
    • Requires the student to select the meaning of a word or phrase and to select words or phrases from the text that support the correct meaning. 
    Multiselect 
    • Requires the student to select words, phrases, or direct quotations that show the meaning of words used in the text.
    Task Demand

    Determine the meaning of the new word formed when a known affix is added to a known word.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    Multiple Choice 

    • Requires the student to select the meaning of a word used in the text that has an affix.
    Multiselect 
    • Requires the student to select an affix that shows the meaning of words used in the text.
    Task Demand

    Use a known root word as a clue to the meaning of an unknown word with the same root.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    Multiple Choice 

    • Requires the student to select the meaning of a word from the text by using a known root word as a clue. 
    Multiselect 
    • Requires the student to select a root word that shows the meaning of words used in the text.
    Task Demand

    Distinguish the literal and nonliteral meanings of words and phrases in context.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    Multiple Choice 

    • Requires the student to select the correct meaning of literal and nonliteral words and phrases based on the text. 
    Selectable Text 
    • Requires the student to select the correct meaning of literal or nonliteral words or phrases and then to select words or phrases from the text to support the meaning.

     Task Demand

    Distinguish shades of meaning among related words that describe states of mind or degrees of certainty.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    Selectable Text 

    • Requires the student to select the correct word from a list of words that are related and then to select words or phrases from the text that support the answer. 
    Multiple Choice 
    • Requires the student to select the correct word from a list of words that are related. 
    Task Demand

    Choose words or phrases for effect.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    Selectable Text 

    • Requires the student to select the correct word or phrase for a desired effect and then to select words or phrases from the text that support the answer.
     Multiple Choice 
    • Requires the student to select the correct word from a list of words for a desired effect.

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5020040: Science - Grade Three (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
5010010: English for Speakers of Other Languages-Elementary (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (course terminated))
5010020: Basic Skills in Reading-K-2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021, 2021 and beyond (current))
5010030: Functional Basic Skills in Communications-Elementary (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
5013010: Elementary Chorus (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
5013020: Elementary Band (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
5013030: Elementary Orchestra (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
5021050: Social Studies Grade 3 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
5010044: Language Arts - Grade Three (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
7720040: Access Science Grade 3 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
7710014: Access Language Arts - Grade 3 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
7721014: Access Social Studies - Grade 3 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
5013035: Elementary Special Ensemble (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
5011030: Library Skills/Information Literacy Grade 3 (Specifically in versions: 2016 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
5010103: Introduction to Debate Grade 3 (Specifically in versions: 2020 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
LAFS.3.RI.2.AP.4a: Determine the meaning of general academic words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 3 topic or subject area.
LAFS.3.RI.2.AP.4b: Determine the meaning of domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 3 topic or subject area.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Assessments

State Interim Assessment for Third Grade - Yesterday's Typewriters:

This is a State Interim Assessment for third grade.

Type: Assessment

State Interim Assessment for Third Grade - They Wore What?:

This is a State Interim Assessment for third grade.

Type: Assessment

State Interim Assessment for Third Grade - Ansel Adams:

This is the State Interim Assessment for third grade.

Type: Assessment

State Interim Assessment for Third Grade - Defense Drives Design:

This is a State Interim Assessment for Third Grade.

Type: Assessment

Lesson Plans

Who's at the Zoo? A Reptile and Mammal Lesson:

Have you ever wondered what makes a reptile a reptile or a mammal a mammal? In this lesson, students will learn the physical and behavioral characteristics that represent reptiles and mammals. Students will be able to organize new information on a T-Chart, sort reptile and mammal picture clue cards, and complete a Venn diagram demonstrating their understanding of what represents reptiles and mammals. This lesson intentionally only covers mammals and reptiles, the other animal groups will need to be covered for full mastery of the aligned science standard.

Type: Lesson Plan

Our Amazing World – Informational Reading:

Students will use the Book Hottest, Coldest, Highest, Deepest by Steve Jenkins to explore our amazing world. Students will be involved in a series of vocabulary development and review activities to aid in the understanding of an informational text. Students will also practice writing and answering text dependent questions.

Type: Lesson Plan

Turn Up the Heat:

Students will learn about heat through a video, a kinesthetic activity and summarizing informational text. This lesson can be completed in two 40 minute time period or over two days. Students will be able to demonstrate and explain the way heat moves from one object to another.

Type: Lesson Plan

Can You Find a Clue?:

Students sometimes erroneously think that to be a "good reader" it means they should know ALL the words in the text they are reading. However, students need to know that good readers often encounter words that are unknown or unfamiliar to them in any fiction or nonfiction text that they are reading.

Context Clues are hints that the author gives to help define a difficult, unfamiliar, or unusual word. The clue or clues may appear within the same sentence as the word to which it refers, or it may be in preceding or following sentences. Since a large percentage of a student's new vocabulary is acquired through reading, it is important that they are able to recognize and use context clues effectively as they read.

Type: Lesson Plan

Light the Way:

Students will learn about some of the behaviors of light, specifically refraction, through a video, a kinesthetic activity and summarizing informational text. Students will be able explain what causes a shadow by understanding the way light travels as well as explain refraction of light. This lesson can be completed in two 40 minute time periods or over two days.

Type: Lesson Plan

Circuit Circus:

Students will be able to identify characteristics of electrical energy. This lesson can be completed in one 80 minute time period or over two days. Students will learn about electrical energy, circuits, conductors and insulators through video, a hands on exploration and summarizing informational text.

Type: Lesson Plan

Classifying Plants:

In this lesson students watch an introductory video, read an essay and identify appropriate vocabulary words" meaning within context, and complete an activity on plant classification. During the activity, students will cut out pictures of plants from magazines, classify them, and identify similarities and differences between them.

Type: Lesson Plan

Gravity: A Comprehension Instructional Sequence (CIS) Lesson Plan:

In this lesson tied to Florida Standards for English/Language Arts, students receive support as they read a complex informational text about gravity. The teacher facilitates a close reading and writing a response-to-text. This lesson accompanies the CPALMS Lesson "Stop the Drop - An Engineering Design Challenge."

Type: Lesson Plan

Do not disturb! A lesson on hibernating and migration:

Have you ever wondered why animals hibernate or why they migrate? Have you also ever wondered which animals do? In this lesson, students will learn which common animals hibernate and which ones migrate. They will also learn the importance of hibernation and migration on animals during the winter season. Students will be able to write down their learning, sort picture cards, and complete a Compare and Contrast Chart demonstrating their understanding of hibernation and migration.

Type: Lesson Plan

Changing the State of Water: Freezing:

This lesson plan provides students with real life and hands on experience to the freezing process. Students learn what temperature water freezes at and how freezing can affect the environment.

Type: Lesson Plan

Pitch Me A Sound:

Students will be able to identify characteristics of sound energy, such as pitch and volume. This lesson can be completed in one 45 minute time period or over two days. Students will learn about sound through video, a hands on project and summarizing informational text.

Type: Lesson Plan

Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Word Wrap:

In this activity, students will describe a target word using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Teaching Idea

Taking a Stand:

This web resource provides an introduction to the discrimination and segregation that triggered the Civil Rights movement, through the eyes of some of the youngest activists at the time.

This teaching idea supports the exploration of the purpose of rules and laws in society, as well as some of the basic tenets of the Constitution that address equal rights for all citizens. Also included are ideas on how to help students examine historical examples of segregation to consider their impact and analyze how civil rights activists responded to segregation laws to promote change.

Type: Teaching Idea

Text Resources

Plants Responding to Different Factors:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. This article is a description of how a plant responds to light, gravity, and heat.

Type: Text Resource

Parts of a Plant:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. This article describes the function of the different parts of a plant.

Type: Text Resource

Can You Read a Tree?:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. The article explains how tree rings are used to determine the Earth's climate many years ago.

Type: Text Resource

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.