LAFS.3.RI.1.3Archived Standard

Describe the relationship between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text, using language that pertains to time, sequence, and cause/effect.
General Information
Subject Area: English Language Arts
Grade: 3
Strand: Reading Standards for Informational Text
Idea: Level 3: Strategic Thinking & Complex Reasoning
Date Adopted or Revised: 12/10
Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved - Archived
Assessed: Yes
Test Item Specifications
  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: TM , EBSR , ST , MC item(s)

  • Assessment Limits :
    Items may ask the student to use explicit and implicit details from the text to describe the relationship between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures. Items may ask the student how these affect other events in the text. The items may require the student to identify language in the text used to convey time and/or sequence
  • Text Types :
    The items assessing this standard may be used with one or more grade-appropriate informational texts. Texts may vary in complexity.
  • Response Mechanisms :
    The Enhanced Item Descriptions section on page 3 provides a list of Response Mechanisms that may be used to assess this standard (excluding the Editing Task Choice item type). The Sample Response Mechanisms may include, but are not limited to, the examples below.
  • Task Demand and Sample Response Mechanisms :
    Task Demand

    Describe the relationships between a series of events, ideas or concepts, or steps in a procedure using language that pertains to time.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    Multiple Choice 

    • Requires the student to select a correct relationship between events, concepts, or steps.
    Selectable Text 
    • Requires the student to select either words or phrases from the text that provide details to describe a relationship between events, concepts orsteps. 
    EBSR 
    • Requires the student to select from the choices the correct descriptions about relationships between events, concepts, or steps and to select words or phrases from the text that provide support for these relationships.
    Table Match 
    • Requires the student to complete a table by matching events, ideas, and/or procedures with explanations of their relationships related to time, sequence, and/or cause/effect.

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5020040: Science - Grade Three (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5010010: English for Speakers of Other Languages-Elementary (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (course terminated))
5010020: Basic Skills in Reading-K-2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021, 2021 and beyond (current))
5010030: Functional Basic Skills in Communications-Elementary (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5021050: Social Studies Grade 3 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
5010044: Language Arts - Grade Three (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7720040: Access Science Grade 3 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond)
7710014: Access Language Arts - Grade 3 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022, 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
7721014: Access Social Studies - Grade 3 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Lesson Plans

Gr. 3 Lesson 2-Everglades Habitats Plants of the Everglades:

Students will learn about and become familiar with the different habitats of the Everglades and the plants that live there.

This is lesson 2 in a series of 3 lessons. Students will be able to identify plants of the Everglades using a dichotomous key and identify what causes Everglades habitats to be different.

Type: Lesson Plan

Great American Inventors: Using Nonfiction to Learn About Technology Inventions:

Students use technology every day, but do they ever stop and wonder about the inventors who made certain technology possible? This lesson encourages students to investigate three American inventors-Alexander Graham Bell, George Washington Carver, and Stephanie Kwolek-through research and readings of their biographies. As students read, gather, and present information about Bell, Carver, and Kwolek, they learn how this trio's inventions changed and shaped America's past and influenced the future of technology.

 

Type: Lesson Plan

Fertilizing Fun!:

Students are selected to develop procedures for conducting a study on plant fertilizers. They are given data to determine which fertilizer is best for school gardens based on growth rate, size of vegetables, amount of vegetables, taste, and color. They will reassess these fertilizers during the twist incorporating safety ratings.

Students may arrange the criteria based on their team's interpretation of most important to least important. Students may have to make trade-offs based on these interpretations.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

In Order to Understand, You Must First Understand the Order!:

In this lesson, students will learn how to effectively read a timeline and understand its purpose within a text. Students will also be able to create a timeline by extracting key details from within a grade-level text on a given topic.

Type: Lesson Plan

Changing the State of Water: From Liquid to Vapor:

Students will discover the cycle water goes through as the temperature is raised from cold to hot. They will discover the processes water takes from the solid form to the vapor form.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Cause and Effect of Motion:

In this lesson, students will learn about energy causing motion and change through examining the cause and effect relationships and sequence of events.

Type: Lesson Plan

Using Biographies for Sequencing, Main Idea and Details:

This lesson is a good way to review main idea and details, sequencing, and biographies. It is easy to use as a literacy center after the lesson. Students will read a biography of Amelia Earhart and then create a timeline of the major events of her life using the information in the book. They will also complete a biography report which will help them summarize the important information. Finally, they will use the timeline and report to make a main idea book about the important events in her life. After completing these activities students will choose another biography of a different person and repeat the steps. Students will be exposed to nonfiction text through many different biographies.

Type: Lesson Plan

Exploring Cause and Effect Using Expository Texts About Natural Disasters:

This lesson helps students explore the nature and structure of expository texts that focus on cause and effect. Students begin by activating prior knowledge about cause and effect; the teacher then models discovering these relationships in a text and recording findings in a graphic organizer. Students work in small groups to apply what they learned using related books and then write paragraphs outlining the cause-and-effect relationships they have found.

Type: Lesson Plan

Changing the State of Water: Freezing:

This lesson plan provides students with real life and hands on experience to the freezing process. Students learn what temperature water freezes at and how freezing can affect the environment.

Type: Lesson Plan

Matter, Matter Everywhere!:

Students will learn about compare and contrast by studying the states of matter!

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorial

Exploring Sequencing in Text:

Learn how to identify the sequence of events or ideas in a text and make connections between the events or ideas.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Student Center Activities

Comprehension: Cause and Effect Match:

In this activity, students will match causes and effects. NOTE: This is an introductory level activity. It will need to be extended using grade-appropriate text to meet the complexity of the aligned standards.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Cause and Effect Organizer:

In this activity, students will identify cause and effect relationships in text and record them on a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Cause and Effect Roll:

In this activity, students will identify the relationship between cause and effect. NOTE: This is an introductory level activity. It will need to be extended using grade-appropriate text to meet the complexity of the aligned standards.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Text Structure Reflection:

In this activity, students will identify text structures and complete corresponding graphic organizers. Multiple graphic organizers are provided, and a reference sheet is also provided that includes an explanation, signal words, and graphic organizer templates for each text structure.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Text Structure Sort:

In this activity, students will sort sentences based on their text structures. As an extension activity, students can write about a topic using each text structure.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Write Cause or Effect:

In this activity, students will identify the relationship between cause and effect. NOTE: This is an introductory activity for cause and effect. Students will need to extend their learning using text containing a cause/effect text structure to fully meet the expectations of the aligned standards.

Type: Student Center Activity

Text Resource

Plants Responding to Different Factors:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. This article is a description of how a plant responds to light, gravity, and heat.

Type: Text Resource

STEM Lessons - Model Eliciting Activity

Fertilizing Fun!:

Students are selected to develop procedures for conducting a study on plant fertilizers. They are given data to determine which fertilizer is best for school gardens based on growth rate, size of vegetables, amount of vegetables, taste, and color. They will reassess these fertilizers during the twist incorporating safety ratings.

Students may arrange the criteria based on their team's interpretation of most important to least important. Students may have to make trade-offs based on these interpretations.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Original Student Tutorials for Language Arts - Grades K-5

Exploring Sequencing in Text:

Learn how to identify the sequence of events or ideas in a text and make connections between the events or ideas.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorial

Exploring Sequencing in Text:

Learn how to identify the sequence of events or ideas in a text and make connections between the events or ideas.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.