LAFS.3.RI.1.2Archived Standard

Determine the main idea of a text; recount the key details and explain how they support the main idea.
General Information
Subject Area: English Language Arts
Grade: 3
Strand: Reading Standards for Informational Text
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Date Adopted or Revised: 12/10
Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved - Archived
Assessed: Yes
Test Item Specifications
  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: TM , EBSR , ST , MC item(s)

  • Assessment Limits :
    Items may ask the student to use details from a text to determine a main idea. These may be explicitly or implicitly stated. Items may ask the student to identify key details and to explain how they support the main idea.
  • Text Types :
    The items assessing this standard may be used with one or more grade-appropriate informational texts. Texts may vary in complexity.
  • Response Mechanisms :
    The Enhanced Item Descriptions section on page 3 provides a list of Response Mechanisms that may be used to assess this standard (excluding the Editing Task Choice item type). The Sample Response Mechanisms may include, but are not limited to, the examples below
  • Task Demand and Sample Response Mechanisms :
    Task Demand

    Determine the main idea of a text.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    Selectable Text 

    •  Requires the student to select words or phrases from the text that explicitly state the main idea.
    • Requires the student to select the main idea and then to identify textual evidence that supports it. 
    EBSR 

     

    • Requires the student to select the main idea and then to select words or phrases from the text to support that choice. 
    Multiple Choice 

     

    • Requires the student to select the main idea.
    Task Demand

    Recount key details and explain how they support the main idea.

     

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    EBSR 

    • Requires the student to select the details to be included in a recounting of the text and then to select an explanation for how the details support the main idea. 
    Selectable Text 
    • Requires the student to select the details from excerpted text that should be included in a recounting of the text and then to select an explanation for how the details support the main idea. 
    Table Match 
    • Requires the student to complete a table by matching key details with explanations for how the details support the main idea.

     

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5010010: English for Speakers of Other Languages-Elementary (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (course terminated))
5010020: Basic Skills in Reading-K-2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021, 2021 and beyond (current))
5010030: Functional Basic Skills in Communications-Elementary (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5021050: Social Studies Grade 3 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
5010044: Language Arts - Grade Three (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7710014: Access Language Arts - Grade 3 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022, 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
7721014: Access Social Studies - Grade 3 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
5011030: Library Skills/Information Literacy Grade 3 (Specifically in versions: 2016 - 2022, 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
5010103: Introduction to Debate Grade 3 (Specifically in versions: 2020 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Lesson Plans

Amazing Dolphins:

In this close reading lesson, students will explore vocabulary, answer text-dependent questions, and identify the key details and main idea of an informational text about dolphins. They will then compare the text, "Dolphins" with the text, "Winter's Tail." The students will write an informative essay to explain the similarities and differences between the two texts.

Type: Lesson Plan

Choose the Best Basketball Coach:

This 3rd grade MEA asks students to work as a team to figure out which candidate is the best possible choice for the 8th grade boys' basketball coach. They will have to analyze data, decide on a procedure, and create a ranking system to choose the best candidate. They are also given multiplication and division problems based on the data.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Close Reading: Comparing and Contrasting Washington and Lincoln:

In this close reading lesson, students will identify the key details and main idea of two informational texts about George Washington and Abraham Lincoln. They will then compare and contrast the two presidents using a graphic organizer and write an informative essay to explain the presidents' similarities and differences.

Type: Lesson Plan

"The Most Interesting Animal" Campaign:

Students will analyze the text "Extreme Animals," identifying key details, main ideas, and author's claims. After learning about select animals within the text, students will choose one animal to present as "The Most Interesting Animal." The facts from the text will be used to prepare a campaign poster to advertise why their chosen animal is the most interesting.

Type: Lesson Plan

Our United States Government: What's the Main Idea?:

In this lesson, students will learn to determine the main idea by identifying the main topic and key details of informational text. They will use that information to create trading cards about the three levels of government and write an informative paragraph summarizing what they've learned.

Type: Lesson Plan

Main Idea -Think About Three Questions:

Students use a variety of texts to find key details that lead them to the main idea. Students will use a graphic organizer that will guide them in learning that the key details within a text will lead them to determining the main idea.

Type: Lesson Plan

I-SPY Something Important:

This lesson is designed to help students identify the main idea and details of a text using the topic of inventions.

Type: Lesson Plan

Our Amazing World – Informational Reading:

Students will use the Book Hottest, Coldest, Highest, Deepest by Steve Jenkins to explore our amazing world. Students will be involved in a series of vocabulary development and review activities to aid in the understanding of an informational text. Students will also practice writing and answering text dependent questions.

Type: Lesson Plan

Adding Up to the Main Idea:

In this lesson, students will use non-fiction books on the subject of spiders to find key details in the text that lead them to the main idea. Students will use a graphic organizer that shows the concept as a math problem in which the key details from the text are added up to find the main idea. At the end of the lesson, students will create a poster utilizing key details and main idea from a book about an arachnid.

Type: Lesson Plan

Turn Up the Heat:

Students will learn about heat through a video, a kinesthetic activity and summarizing informational text. This lesson can be completed in two 40 minute time period or over two days. Students will be able to demonstrate and explain the way heat moves from one object to another.

Type: Lesson Plan

Light the Way:

Students will learn about some of the behaviors of light, specifically refraction, through a video, a kinesthetic activity and summarizing informational text. Students will be able explain what causes a shadow by understanding the way light travels as well as explain refraction of light. This lesson can be completed in two 40 minute time periods or over two days.

Type: Lesson Plan

Circuit Circus:

Students will be able to identify characteristics of electrical energy. This lesson can be completed in one 80 minute time period or over two days. Students will learn about electrical energy, circuits, conductors and insulators through video, a hands on exploration and summarizing informational text.

Type: Lesson Plan

Non-Fiction with Mammals:

In this lesson, students will learn about mammals using the book Mammals by Melissa Stewart. Through this book, the students will practice identifying and using text features to understand the text, as well as determine key details and main idea. The students will then create a newspaper article about a mammal of their choice using the main ideas, key details, and text features from Mammals.

Type: Lesson Plan

Gravity: A Comprehension Instructional Sequence (CIS) Lesson Plan:

In this lesson tied to academic standards for English/Language Arts, students receive support as they read a complex informational text about gravity. The teacher facilitates a close reading and writing a response-to-text. This lesson accompanies the CPALMS Lesson "Stop the Drop - An Engineering Design Challenge."

Type: Lesson Plan

Non-fiction with Reptiles:

In this lesson, the students will identify and use text features to learn about reptiles while reading the book REPTILES by Melissa Stewart. As the students practice identifying and using text features, they will also identify key details in the text. Using the text features and key details, students will work to identify main idea. The students will then create a Reptile Poster using the main ideas, key details, and text features.

Type: Lesson Plan

Get to Work! (Using Books about Jobs to Teach Main Idea/Details and Text Features):

This lesson uses an assortment of books about jobs to review main idea, details, and nonfiction text features.

Type: Lesson Plan

Going Batty! (Using Informational Text about Bats to teach Main Idea/Details and Text Features):

This lesson is a good review of main idea and details. It uses informational books about bats in the lesson. Students will use informational text features to help find the main idea and details. They will also use the knowledge of main idea/details and informational text features to complete a simple research sheet and/or book.

Type: Lesson Plan

What's the Big Idea?:

Using a main idea and details graphic organizer, students will identify the main idea, key details, and explain how the details support the main idea about different forms of energy.

Type: Lesson Plan

Energetic Main Idea:

In this lesson, students will learn about different forms of energy and how to find the main idea and key details in informational text. Included with the lesson is an anticipation guide to assess prior knowledge, plus a rubric to score the students' summative assessment. Also present is a list of books to choose from so that teachers can use the books that fit their students best.

Type: Lesson Plan

Using Biographies for Sequencing, Main Idea and Details:

This lesson is a good way to review main idea and details, sequencing, and biographies. It is easy to use as a literacy center after the lesson. Students will read a biography of Amelia Earhart and then create a timeline of the major events of her life using the information in the book. They will also complete a biography report which will help them summarize the important information. Finally, they will use the timeline and report to make a main idea book about the important events in her life. After completing these activities students will choose another biography of a different person and repeat the steps. Students will be exposed to nonfiction text through many different biographies.

Type: Lesson Plan

Animain Idea (Animal Main Idea):

In this lesson, the students will use key details to identify the main idea of informational text about vertebrates.

Type: Lesson Plan

Landmark Main Idea:

In this lesson, students will use key details to determine the main idea of informational text about landmarks. For the summative assessment, students will work in small groups to read an informational text about landmarks, fill out a Main Idea Pyramid Graphic Organizer, and then create a poster in the shape of the landmark they read about. Students will utilize the information on their graphic organizer when creating their poster.

Type: Lesson Plan

Pitch Me A Sound:

Students will be able to identify characteristics of sound energy, such as pitch and volume. This lesson can be completed in one 45 minute time period or over two days. Students will learn about sound through video, a hands on project and summarizing informational text.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorial

Exploring the Main Idea:

Learn how to identify explicit evidence and understand implicit meaning in a text, supporting details in informational text and explain how the details support the main idea.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Student Center Activities

Comprehension: Classic Classifying:

In this activity, students will record key words/phrases in categories on a graphic organizer to generate main idea statements.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Distinguishing Details:

In this activity, students will identify significant and minor details in text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Expository Exploration:

In this activity, students will identify the main topic, supporting details, and main idea(s) in text using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Keys to the Main Idea:

In this activity, students will identify supporting details and the main idea in text using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Main Idea Highlights:

In this activity, students will identify details and main idea(s) in text by highlighting key words/phrases pertaining to the topic.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Main Idea Mania:

In this activity, students will identify supporting details and main ideas in expository text and record them on a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Simple Summary:

In this activity, students will summarize text using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Sum Summary!:

In this activity, students will summarize text (narrative and expository) using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Super Summary:

In this activity, students will summarize expository text using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: What's the Big Idea?:

In this activity, students will identify supporting details and main ideas in expository text and record them on a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

STEM Lessons - Model Eliciting Activity

Choose the Best Basketball Coach:

This 3rd grade MEA asks students to work as a team to figure out which candidate is the best possible choice for the 8th grade boys' basketball coach. They will have to analyze data, decide on a procedure, and create a ranking system to choose the best candidate. They are also given multiplication and division problems based on the data.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Original Student Tutorials for Language Arts - Grades K-5

Exploring the Main Idea:

Learn how to identify explicit evidence and understand implicit meaning in a text, supporting details in informational text and explain how the details support the main idea.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorial

Exploring the Main Idea:

Learn how to identify explicit evidence and understand implicit meaning in a text, supporting details in informational text and explain how the details support the main idea.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.