LAFS.1.RL.1.2

Retell stories, including key details, and demonstrate understanding of their central message or lesson.
General Information
Subject Area: English Language Arts
Grade: 1
Strand: Reading Standards for Literature
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Date Adopted or Revised: 12/10
Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
7713010: Music: K-5 (Specifically in versions: 2013 - 2015, 2015 - 2019 (course terminated))
5010010: English for Speakers of Other Languages-Elementary (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (course terminated))
5010020: Basic Skills in Reading-K-2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021, 2021 and beyond (current))
5010030: Functional Basic Skills in Communications-Elementary (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
5010042: Language Arts - Grade One (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021, 2021 and beyond (current))
7710012: Access Language Arts - Grade 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
5003020: Dance - Grade 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
5010210: Theatre - Grade 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2020 (course terminated))
5001020: Art - Grade 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2019, 2019 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
5011010: Library Skills/Information Literacy Grade 1 (Specifically in versions: 2016 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
7701025: Access Art Grade 1 (Specifically in versions: 2018 - 2019, 2019 and beyond (current))
5004210: Theatre Grade 1 (Specifically in versions: 2020 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
LAFS.1.RL.1.AP.2a: Retell a favorite text, including key details.
LAFS.1.RL.1.AP.2b: Use details to tell what happened in a story.
LAFS.1.RL.1.AP.2c: Retell the sequence of events in a story.
LAFS.1.RL.1.AP.2d: Retell stories and demonstrate understanding of their central message or lesson.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Lesson Plans

Getting to Know Andy and His Yellow Frisbee:

This lesson introduces students to a young boy, Andy, who has autism. Students learn about common characteristics of autism and how to act when they want to make friends with a child who has a disability. The literacy standards that are included in this lesson are: asking and answering questions about text, retelling stories, demonstrating understanding of the lesson in the story, describing story elements using text and illustrations, and writing an informative piece.

Type: Lesson Plan

Be Good to Eddie Lee:

This close reading lesson addresses both literacy standards and the topic of disability awareness. Using the text, Be Good to Eddie Lee by Virginia Fleming, this lesson helps children understand why they shouldn't use hurtful words when talking about a child with a disability. It shows how children can learn important things from children with disabilities. Finally, it addresses the following literacy standards: asking and answering questions about text, retelling a story, determining the lesson learned in a story, identifying story elements, and writing an opinion piece.

Type: Lesson Plan

Close Reading: The Little Red Hen:

In this close reading lesson, students will analyze the classic folk tale, The Little Red Hen. They will first use vocabulary strategies to help them determine the meaning of unknown words. Students will then complete a story element graphic organizer describing the characters, setting and major events of the story. Students will also complete a sequencing organizer by retelling events from The Little Red Hen. Students will then use their story element graphic organizer and sequencing organizer to help them write a narrative retelling the story including the central message. The teacher will evaluate the narrative writing using a narrative rubric.

Type: Lesson Plan

Close Reading: Koala Lou by Mem Fox:

In this close reading lesson students will be analyzing story elements using the engaging book Koala Lou by Mem Fox. Through several readings the students will increase their comprehension of the text by identifying and describing story elements, answering text-dependent questions, and making connections. They will determine the central message of the story and rewrite the ending of the story to demonstrate an understanding of the story and its elements.

Type: Lesson Plan

What’s the Argument in "The Quarrel"?:

Students will listen to the poem "The Quarrel" by Maxine Kumin. They will analyze the story it tells, comparing and contrasting the characters' opinions and recording their findings on graphic organizers. They will write a paragraph retelling the story and explaining the moral or lesson.

Type: Lesson Plan

Close Reading: Chrysanthemum:

During this close reading lesson, students will analyze the text Chrysanthemum by Kevin Henkes. The students will determine the central message and gain insight from valuable lessons that enhance the character development throughout the story. The students will be encouraged to ask and answer open-ended and text-dependent questions. The students will also have opportunities in this lesson to practice other comprehension strategies such as making predictions and inferences, determining importance, and making connections to characters and text. To apply the concepts learned the students will use evidence from the text to write an opinion paragraph explaining the lesson learned and then proving that lesson's importance in the characters' lives.

Type: Lesson Plan

Howard B. Wigglebottom Learns to Listen by Howard Binkow Close Reading Lesson:

In this lesson, students will engage in a close reading of Howard B. Wigglebottom Learns to Listen. They will complete a story map, a character analysis, and text-dependent questions. Students will be lead to understand the change that the character makes and write to respond to an essential question while demonstrating a command of first grade level grammar and conventions.

Type: Lesson Plan

What Do You Think About Cats and Dogs?:

In this lesson, the teacher uses the story Cat Stories that Dogs Tell by Robert G. Moons to help students focus on essential ideas of a story. Through pictorial reading and making predictions about the end of the story, students are given the opportunity to form their opinions about characters based on details given. The teacher uses sentence frames as scaffolded activities (activities to assist students initially so they can be gradually released to independence) to help students write their opinions.

Type: Lesson Plan

Close Reading of Tikki Tikki Tembo:

Enjoy sharing this enchanting Asian folktale while introducing your primary students to close reading. This story is filled with rich vocabulary and detailed describing words that allow students to interact with context clues and text-evidence to produce a character comparison. Students will be excited about the multi-tiered activities and extensions that will keep their interest throughout the entire lesson.

Type: Lesson Plan

Close Reading: The Relatives Came:

This lesson allows the students to retell a story and determine the central message and key details in a text using the book The Relatives Came by Cynthia Rylant. Through several readings, the students will increase their comprehension of the text by focusing on the story elements, using key details, and making connections. The students will be encouraged to answer and discuss higher order questions to develop a better understanding of the text. Finally, the students will have an opportunity to write their own personal narrative.

Type: Lesson Plan

A Close Reading of Little Bear’s Friend:

In this lesson, the teacher will guide the students through a close reading of Little Bear's Friend. Through separate readings of the book, students will identify vocabulary, practice identifying story elements, and analyze characters in the story. For independent practice, students will write a letter responding to the letter written to Emily in the story.

Type: Lesson Plan

Possum Magic's Close Read Aloud:

Your primary students will love this magical adventure into close reading with Possum Magic by Mem Fox. This wonderful Australian folktale shares delicious academic vocabulary that allows students to interact with context clues and text-evidence throughout the story. Students and teachers alike will be charmed by multi-tiered activities and extensions that will keep their interest throughout the entire lesson.

Type: Lesson Plan

Close Reading of Are You My Mother? by P. D. Eastman:

This close reading lesson uses the book Are You My Mother? by P. D. Eastman. A series of text-dependent questions are provided along with independent practice on identifying characters, setting, and major events.

Type: Lesson Plan

First Grade Close Reading of Mouse Soup:

In this lesson, the teacher will guide the students through a close reading of Mouse Soup by Arnold Lobel. This will be done as a read-aloud. During multiple readings of the book, students will practice identifying story elements and will analyze characters in the story. For independent practice, students will write a narrative offering a different solution to the problem.

Type: Lesson Plan

Close Reading of Unlovable by Dan Yaccarino:

In this lesson, students will be lead through a series of three close readings to complete a story map and answer text-dependent questions. Students will be lead to infer the story's lesson, be exposed to Tier 2 vocabulary, and be asked for written responses to text-dependent questions while demonstrating a command of first grade level grammar and conventions.

Type: Lesson Plan

A Close Reading of The Little Red Hen:

In this lesson, the students will listen to the teacher read aloud the folk tale "The Little Red Hen." The students will collaborate with their teacher and peers during a close reading in order to determine the central message or lesson of the folk tale. They will also analyze the text to determine the meaning of selected vocabulary words, as well as identify story elements and character traits.

Type: Lesson Plan

It’s Mine! Close Reading Lesson on Central Message:

In this lesson students will use the key details from It's Mine! by Leo Lionni to describe story elements, determine unknown words, and understand the central message of the text with teacher support, in pairs, and independently. Students will work to complete a Think-Write-Pair-Share, Vocabulary Graphic Organizer, an inside-outside circle to answer text dependent questions, and an independent opinion writing to show their understanding of the story's key details, characters, and central message.

Type: Lesson Plan

Sheila Rae, the Brave: A Close Reading:

In this close reading lesson, students will identify and describe story elements, determine the meaning of unknown words using context clues, and retell the major events in the story Sheila Rae, the Brave by Kevin Henkes. They will identify the central message in the story and write an opinion paragraph about the main characters as they explore the concept of bravery.

Type: Lesson Plan

Close Reading: Katy No-Pocket by Emmy Payne:

In this lesson, the teacher will guide the students through a series of close reads of Katy No-Pocket by Emmy Payne. This will be done as a read-aloud. Through separate readings of the book, students will identify vocabulary, practice identifying story elements, and analyze characters in the story. For independent practice, students will retell the story and write a narrative that offers a different solution to the main character's problem.

Type: Lesson Plan

Mr. Duck Means Business: Literature Close Reading and Writing Lesson:

In this lesson, students will work independently, in pairs, in small groups, and with the teacher to practice close reading of the adorably illustrated and written children's book, Mr. Duck Means Business. Through separate close readings of this story, students will practice analyzing text, determine the meanings of unfamiliar words, analyze text features, and determine the evolution of the main character, Mr. Duck. Students will show their understanding of these standards through various activities, including, but not limited to, student discourse, graphic organizers, routine writing tasks, and analytical writing. Included in this lesson are graphic organizers, thinking maps, differentiated routine writing tasks, and suggested answer keys. Your students will love this story and will have fun learning about character change, text features, and more!

Type: Lesson Plan

A Close Reading Activity for The Tortoise and the Hare:

In this lesson, the students will listen to the teacher read aloud the fable "The Tortoise and the Hare." The students will collaborate with the teacher and their peers during a close reading in order to determine the central message/lesson of the fable as well as analyze the text for word meaning of selected vocabulary and story elements.

Type: Lesson Plan

Caps For Sale, Come and Get Them!:

In this lesson, students will work with the text Caps for Sale by Esphyr Slobodkina. They will identify and describe the characters, settings, and major events by using key details and illustrations. The students will retell the story using sequence and key details. They will also be able to identify the main idea or central message of the text. Finally, the students will write a narrative of the text using their own words and key details from the text.

Type: Lesson Plan

Close Reading: Wilfrid Gordon McDonald Partridge:

This lesson allows the students to retell a story and determine the main idea and details in a text using the book Wilfrid Gordon McDonald Partridge by Mem Fox. Through several readings, the students will increase their comprehension of the text and the central message: the significance of memories and the importance of friendship. The students will be encouraged to answer and discuss higher order questions and later develop their own opinion of the text.

Type: Lesson Plan

A Closer Look at Characterization Utilizing Chrysanthemum by Kevin Henkes:

In this lesson, students will examine character development by analyzing the events of the book Chrysanthemum (460L). They will develop questions before, during, and after they read and will participate in a close reading activity in which they will analyze the illustrations, the text, and make inferences based on both. They will also examine how the events of the story impacted the main character's feelings and will write a journal entry retelling a portion of the story and describing the author's message.

Type: Lesson Plan

Central Message - Jamaica and Brianna:

This is the second lesson of a two-lesson unit utilizing the book Jamaica and Brianna (390L) by Juanita Havill. In this lesson, students will ask and answer questions about the text through a game, and will then write a letter from the perspective of Brianna, retelling important events in the story and describing the central message.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorials

Once Upon a Retelling:

Identify and retell the main elements of a story in this interactive tutorial. Join Walter Wolf to find the characters, setting, and major events in his favorite story, The Three Little Pigs, and retell what happened at the beginning, middle, and end of the story. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Exploring Fables:

Recount the important details using story elements and determine the central message, lesson, or moral of the fable in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Student Center Activities

Comprehension: Story Book:

In this activity, students will sequence events in a story using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Story Line-Up:

In this activity, students will sequence events in a story.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Retell Recap:

In this activity, students will retell or summarize a story.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Retell Review:

In this activity, students will retell or summarize a story.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Retell Ring:

In this activity, students will retell a story using story question cards.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Retell Wheel:

In this activity, students will retell a story using a question retell wheel.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Sequence-A-Story:

In this activity, students will sequence events in a story.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Story Question Cube:

In this activity, students will discuss and record the elements of a story using a question cube.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Story Sequence Organizer:

In this activity, students will write the main events of a story in sequential order using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Sum It Up:

In this activity, students will summarize text using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: The Main Events:

In this activity, students will sequence events in a story using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Original Student Tutorials for Language Arts - Grades K-5

Exploring Fables:

Recount the important details using story elements and determine the central message, lesson, or moral of the fable in this interactive tutorial.

Once Upon a Retelling:

Identify and retell the main elements of a story in this interactive tutorial. Join Walter Wolf to find the characters, setting, and major events in his favorite story, The Three Little Pigs, and retell what happened at the beginning, middle, and end of the story. 

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorials

Once Upon a Retelling:

Identify and retell the main elements of a story in this interactive tutorial. Join Walter Wolf to find the characters, setting, and major events in his favorite story, The Three Little Pigs, and retell what happened at the beginning, middle, and end of the story. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Exploring Fables:

Recount the important details using story elements and determine the central message, lesson, or moral of the fable in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.