# MAFS.4.NBT.1.2Archived Standard

Read and write multi-digit whole numbers using base-ten numerals, number names, and expanded form. Compare two multi-digit numbers based on meanings of the digits in each place, using >, =, and < symbols to record the results of comparisons.
General Information
Subject Area: Mathematics
Domain-Subdomain: Number and Operations in Base Ten
Cluster: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Cluster: Generalize place value understanding for multi-digit whole numbers. (Major Cluster) -

Clusters should not be sorted from Major to Supporting and then taught in that order. To do so would strip the coherence of the mathematical ideas and miss the opportunity to enhance the major work of the grade with the supporting clusters.

Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved - Archived
Assessed: Yes
Test Item Specifications

• Assessment Limits :
Given values and item solutions may only be whole numbers between 1 and 1,000,000. Items may compare two multi-digit numbers written in any form.
• Calculator :

No

• Context :

Allowable

Sample Test Items (4)

## Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5012060: Mathematics - Grade Four (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7712050: Access Mathematics Grade 4 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5012055: Grade 3 Accelerated Mathematics (Specifically in versions: 2019 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5012015: Foundational Skills in Mathematics 3-5 (Specifically in versions: 2019 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))

## Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.

## Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

## Educational Game

Flower Power: An Ordering of Rational Numbers Game:

This is a fun and interactive game that helps students practice ordering rational numbers, including decimals, fractions, and percents. You are planting and harvesting flowers for cash. Allow the bee to pollinate, and you can multiply your crops and cash rewards!

Type: Educational Game

## Formative Assessments

Students are asked to read aloud several numbers that are greater than one thousand.

Type: Formative Assessment

Numbers In Expanded Form:

Students are asked to write numbers in both standard form (as base ten numerals) and expanded form.

Type: Formative Assessment

Collections:

Students are asked to compare two numbers in the context of a word problem and write an inequality statement showing the relationship between the numbers.

Type: Formative Assessment

Writing Number Names to a Million:

Students will write the number name (word form) of a number when given the base-ten numeral (standard form).

Type: Formative Assessment

Using Word and Expanded Form:

Students compare two numbers, one given in word form and the other given in expanded form.

Type: Formative Assessment

## Lesson Plans

Just Right Goldilocks’ Café: Temperature & Turbidity:

This is lesson 3 of 3 in the Goldilocks’ Café Just Right unit. This lesson focuses on systematic investigation on getting a cup of coffee to be the “just right” temperature and turbidity level. Students will use both the temperature probe and turbidity sensor and code using ScratchX during their investigation.

Type: Lesson Plan

Just Right Goldilocks’ Café: Turbidity:

This is lesson 2 of 3 in the Just Right Goldilocks’ Café unit. This lesson focuses on systematic investigation on getting a cup of coffee to be the “just right” level of turbidity. Students will use turbidity sensors and code using ScratchX during their investigation.

Type: Lesson Plan

Just Right Goldilocks’ Café: Temperature:

This is lesson 1 of 3 in the Just Right Goldilocks’ Café unit. This lesson focuses on systematic investigation on getting a cup of coffee to be the “just right” temperature. Students will use temperature probes and code using ScratchX during their investigation.

Type: Lesson Plan

Lesson #2 - Moon Phase Unit:

This is lesson 2 of 3 in the Moon Phase unit. This lesson will help students design a flowchart model to find the phase of the Moon by making decisions based on certain conditions. This lesson also gives students insight into working with the design model made earlier and an opportunity to upload/draw costumes of different lunar phases in Scratch.

Type: Lesson Plan

Lesson #1 - Moon Phase Unit :

This is lesson 1 of 3 in the Moon Phase Unit. This lesson introduces students to the eight Moon phases and their names in a counter-clockwise sequential order starting with the New Moon as phase 1. Students will also be introduced to how a flowchart can help make decisions, in this case whether or not the Moon is full.

Type: Lesson Plan

My Digit is Bigger than Your Digit! Comparing Multi-digit Numbers:

In this lesson, the students will explore place value using manipulatives to help them compare multi-digit numbers in the context of the book A Million Dots by Andrew Clements.

Type: Lesson Plan

Planet Hoppers, Inc: A Space Suit Design Company:

Students are asked to evaluate several space suit designs and select the best design based on given data. Students work in collaborative groups to develop a procedure for selecting the best design and share their ideas with the rest of the class. A twist is introduced and the groups are challenged to test the validity of their procedure.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Right Rental:

In this MEA students will have to find the right rental for a client as they use their knowledge of numbers and some reasoning. Students will read and write multi-digit whole numbers using base-ten numerals, number names, and expanded form.

Type: Lesson Plan

Which Bank is Consumer Friendly?:

This MEA is a student's exploration of banking. In the first task, they will create a model that will rank banks from most consumer friendly to least consumer friendly. In the second task, they will need to modify their models to address additional banks and additional criteria. Students can then test their models while researching real banks and determining their level of consumer friendliness.

Type: Lesson Plan

Help Me Build a Roller Coaster:

Students will evaluate different factors for building the right roller coaster.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. MEAs resemble engineering problems and encourage students to create solutions in the form of mathematical and scientific models. Students work in teams to apply their knowledge of science and mathematics to solve an open-ended problem, while considering constraints and tradeoffs. Students integrate their ELA skills into MEAs as they are asked to clearly document their thought process. MEAs follow a problem-based, student centered approach to learning, where students are encouraged to grapple with the problem while the teacher acts as a facilitator. To learn more about MEA’s visit: https://www.cpalms.org/cpalms/mea.aspx

Type: Lesson Plan

Let's Make a Movie:

Students will add and subtract multi-digit whole numbers (through the millions) to compare and contrast movie genres.

Type: Lesson Plan

Best Baseball Player?:

In this 4th grade MEA, students will use data to compare which baseball player they think is the best hitter using actual stats.

Type: Lesson Plan

Cars for Sale MEA:

Students will compare multi-digit numbers to create a procedure for choosing the best car for Edward Easy to buy for his driving school. They will have to weigh quantitative and qualitative factors to determine the best car to purchase. Students will present their recommendations and the steps to the procedure they created in writing and orally.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. MEAs resemble engineering problems and encourage students to create solutions in the form of mathematical and scientific models. Students work in teams to apply their knowledge of science and mathematics to solve an open-ended problem, while considering constraints and tradeoffs. Students integrate their ELA skills into MEAs as they are asked to clearly document their thought process. MEAs follow a problem-based, student centered approach to learning, where students are encouraged to grapple with the problem while the teacher acts as a facilitator. To learn more about MEA’s visit: https://www.cpalms.org/cpalms/mea.aspx

Type: Lesson Plan

The Street Where Place Value Lives:

Students will apply their place value knowledge to connect place value to the millions by relating it to their communities. Students can discuss and write about place value, using their connections.

Type: Lesson Plan

Oh Where, Oh Where, Should I Put You?:

This highly engaging game is played after the unit on place value has been taught. It is designed to allow the student to think about the placement of a number before writing it down, in order to write the largest and/or smallest number.

Type: Lesson Plan

## Original Student Tutorials

Who's Top Dog, Now? Comparing Numbers:

Learn how to compare numbers using the greater than and less than symbols in this interactive tutorial that compares some pretty cool things!

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Candy Engineer: Place Value:

Read and write multi-digit whole numbers using base-ten numerals and number names using the Base 10 place value system in this interactive tutorial.

Note: this tutorial exceeds the number limits of the benchmark.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Candy Sales Are Booming! Expanded Notation:

Learn how to write numbers using place value in different forms like standard, word, and expanded notation in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Ordering 4-digit numbers:

It is common for students to compare multi-digit numbers just by comparing the first digit, then the second digit, and so on. This task includes three-digit numbers with large hundreds digits and four-digit numbers with small thousands digits so that students must infer the presence of a 0 in the thousands place in order to compare. It also includes numbers with strategically placed zeros and an unusual request to order them from greatest to least in addition to the more traditional least to greatest.

## Tutorials

Regrouping Numbers: 4,500 = 3 thousands + ? hundreds:

In this tutorial, you will look at regrouping a number by different place values.

Type: Tutorial

How to use an abacus (to represent multi-digit numbers):

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, learn to use an abacus to represent multi-digit numbers. This video will explain how the beads on an abacus can each represent ten times the value of the bead to its right.

Type: Tutorial

## STEM Lessons - Model Eliciting Activity

Best Baseball Player?:

In this 4th grade MEA, students will use data to compare which baseball player they think is the best hitter using actual stats.

Cars for Sale MEA:

Students will compare multi-digit numbers to create a procedure for choosing the best car for Edward Easy to buy for his driving school. They will have to weigh quantitative and qualitative factors to determine the best car to purchase. Students will present their recommendations and the steps to the procedure they created in writing and orally.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. MEAs resemble engineering problems and encourage students to create solutions in the form of mathematical and scientific models. Students work in teams to apply their knowledge of science and mathematics to solve an open-ended problem, while considering constraints and tradeoffs. Students integrate their ELA skills into MEAs as they are asked to clearly document their thought process. MEAs follow a problem-based, student centered approach to learning, where students are encouraged to grapple with the problem while the teacher acts as a facilitator. To learn more about MEA’s visit: https://www.cpalms.org/cpalms/mea.aspx

Help Me Build a Roller Coaster:

Students will evaluate different factors for building the right roller coaster.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. MEAs resemble engineering problems and encourage students to create solutions in the form of mathematical and scientific models. Students work in teams to apply their knowledge of science and mathematics to solve an open-ended problem, while considering constraints and tradeoffs. Students integrate their ELA skills into MEAs as they are asked to clearly document their thought process. MEAs follow a problem-based, student centered approach to learning, where students are encouraged to grapple with the problem while the teacher acts as a facilitator. To learn more about MEA’s visit: https://www.cpalms.org/cpalms/mea.aspx

Let's Make a Movie:

Students will add and subtract multi-digit whole numbers (through the millions) to compare and contrast movie genres.

Planet Hoppers, Inc: A Space Suit Design Company:

Students are asked to evaluate several space suit designs and select the best design based on given data. Students work in collaborative groups to develop a procedure for selecting the best design and share their ideas with the rest of the class. A twist is introduced and the groups are challenged to test the validity of their procedure.

The Right Rental:

In this MEA students will have to find the right rental for a client as they use their knowledge of numbers and some reasoning. Students will read and write multi-digit whole numbers using base-ten numerals, number names, and expanded form.

Which Bank is Consumer Friendly?:

This MEA is a student's exploration of banking. In the first task, they will create a model that will rank banks from most consumer friendly to least consumer friendly. In the second task, they will need to modify their models to address additional banks and additional criteria. Students can then test their models while researching real banks and determining their level of consumer friendliness.

## MFAS Formative Assessments

Collections:

Students are asked to compare two numbers in the context of a word problem and write an inequality statement showing the relationship between the numbers.

Numbers In Expanded Form:

Students are asked to write numbers in both standard form (as base ten numerals) and expanded form.

Students are asked to read aloud several numbers that are greater than one thousand.

Using Word and Expanded Form:

Students compare two numbers, one given in word form and the other given in expanded form.

Writing Number Names to a Million:

Students will write the number name (word form) of a number when given the base-ten numeral (standard form).

## Original Student Tutorials Mathematics - Grades K-5

Candy Engineer: Place Value:

Read and write multi-digit whole numbers using base-ten numerals and number names using the Base 10 place value system in this interactive tutorial.

Note: this tutorial exceeds the number limits of the benchmark.

Candy Sales Are Booming! Expanded Notation:

Learn how to write numbers using place value in different forms like standard, word, and expanded notation in this interactive tutorial.

Who's Top Dog, Now? Comparing Numbers:

Learn how to compare numbers using the greater than and less than symbols in this interactive tutorial that compares some pretty cool things!

## Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

## Original Student Tutorials

Who's Top Dog, Now? Comparing Numbers:

Learn how to compare numbers using the greater than and less than symbols in this interactive tutorial that compares some pretty cool things!

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Candy Engineer: Place Value:

Read and write multi-digit whole numbers using base-ten numerals and number names using the Base 10 place value system in this interactive tutorial.

Note: this tutorial exceeds the number limits of the benchmark.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Candy Sales Are Booming! Expanded Notation:

Learn how to write numbers using place value in different forms like standard, word, and expanded notation in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

## Educational Game

Flower Power: An Ordering of Rational Numbers Game:

This is a fun and interactive game that helps students practice ordering rational numbers, including decimals, fractions, and percents. You are planting and harvesting flowers for cash. Allow the bee to pollinate, and you can multiply your crops and cash rewards!

Type: Educational Game

Ordering 4-digit numbers:

It is common for students to compare multi-digit numbers just by comparing the first digit, then the second digit, and so on. This task includes three-digit numbers with large hundreds digits and four-digit numbers with small thousands digits so that students must infer the presence of a 0 in the thousands place in order to compare. It also includes numbers with strategically placed zeros and an unusual request to order them from greatest to least in addition to the more traditional least to greatest.

## Tutorials

Regrouping Numbers: 4,500 = 3 thousands + ? hundreds:

In this tutorial, you will look at regrouping a number by different place values.

Type: Tutorial

How to use an abacus (to represent multi-digit numbers):

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, learn to use an abacus to represent multi-digit numbers. This video will explain how the beads on an abacus can each represent ten times the value of the bead to its right.

Type: Tutorial

## Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Ordering 4-digit numbers:

It is common for students to compare multi-digit numbers just by comparing the first digit, then the second digit, and so on. This task includes three-digit numbers with large hundreds digits and four-digit numbers with small thousands digits so that students must infer the presence of a 0 in the thousands place in order to compare. It also includes numbers with strategically placed zeros and an unusual request to order them from greatest to least in addition to the more traditional least to greatest.