MAFS.K.G.2.4Archived Standard

Analyze and compare two- and three-dimensional shapes, in different sizes and orientations, using informal language to describe their similarities, differences, parts (e.g., number of sides and vertices/“corners”) and other attributes (e.g., having sides of equal length).
General Information
Subject Area: Mathematics
Grade: K
Domain-Subdomain: Geometry
Cluster: Level 3: Strategic Thinking & Complex Reasoning
Cluster: Analyze, compare, create, and compose shapes. (Supporting Cluster) -

Clusters should not be sorted from Major to Supporting and then taught in that order. To do so would strip the coherence of the mathematical ideas and miss the opportunity to enhance the major work of the grade with the supporting clusters.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/14
Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved - Archived

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5012020: Grade Kindergarten Mathematics (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7712015: Access Mathematics - Grade Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5001010: Art – Grade Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2019, 2019 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5020070: STEM Lab Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2016 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7701020: Access Art Grade Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2018 - 2019, 2019 and beyond (current))
5012005: Foundational Skills in Mathematics K-2 (Specifically in versions: 2019 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Educational Game

Shape & Solid Exploration:

In this game, learners use clues to identify mystery shapes. Use everyday objects (like from the pantry) as the shapes. It is important for learners to be able to describe a shape with correct math vocabulary and to be able to visualize a shape in their head.

Type: Educational Game

Formative Assessments

How Are These Shapes Alike?:

Students compare and contrast two shapes based on their attributes.

Type: Formative Assessment

Cubes and Prisms:

Students compare a cube to a rectangular prism and discuss the similarities and differences.

Type: Formative Assessment

Compare Rectangles and Triangles:

Students compare a triangle to a rectangle based on attributes of these figures.

Type: Formative Assessment

Compare Hexagons:

Students compare two hexagons and describe how they are alike and how they are different.

Type: Formative Assessment

Lesson Plans

Creating Shapes in Our World:

In this lesson, students will work with 3-Dimensional shapes identifying attributes of the shapes and recreating them. Students will create, identify and describe 3-Dimensional shapes as part of the assessment process.

Type: Lesson Plan

Eating Shapes (Exploring 3D Shapes):

This lesson is an introduction to 3-dimensional shapes. The lessons uses food to help students explore the attributes of those shapes. Then, of course, the students get to eat them!

Type: Lesson Plan

Hide and Seek those Shapes:

In this lesson, students will discover the names of different two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes and their attributes through activities such as singing shape songs, playing "Hide and Seek" with shapes, and playing "Hot and Cold" to find shapes in the classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

What am I? (An Exploration of 3D Shapes):

Students work together to build and identify three-dimensional shapes and their attributes.

Type: Lesson Plan

Shape Up!:

In this lesson students will compare two and three dimensional shapes (circle, square, triangle, rectangle, cone, cylinder, sphere, cube) by differentiating them according to attributes. Students explain attributes of shapes by exploring real world objects.

Type: Lesson Plan

3D Shape Shifters:

This is a hands-on lesson that introduces and allows students to identify and build three-dimensional figures including rectangular prisms, square pyramids, and cubes. The students will also gain an understanding of what a vertex is, and how many vertices a given shape has.

Type: Lesson Plan

Going On a Shape Hunt: Integrating Math and Literacy :

Integrating mathematics and literacy allows students to develop an understanding of the place of mathematics in their world. Students are introduced to the idea of shapes through a read-aloud session with an appropriate book. They then use models to learn the names of shapes, work together and individually to locate shapes in their real-world environment, practice spelling out the names of shapes they locate, and reflect in writing on the process. This lesson provides opportunities to engage students using many different learning modalities.

Type: Lesson Plan

Lesson Study Resource Kit

Geometry Lesson Study Resource Kit - Kindergarten:

This lesson study resource kit can be used to guide and support teams of kindergarten teachers as they engage in lesson study focused on the academic standards in the Geometry domain.

Type: Lesson Study Resource Kit

Original Student Tutorials

Sorting Shapes:

Learn to sort and identify two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes in this carnival-themed interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Search for Shapes: Recognizing Rectangles and Squares:

Identify and name rectangles and squares based on their defining attributes, even if they have different sizes or positions. Join King Geo and his scout, Quad, as they search for rectangles and squares in this interactive tutorial. 

This is part of a series on the defining attributes of shapes. Click the links below.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Briana's Shape Playground:

Learn how to identify the similarities and differences in the number of sides of two-dimensional shapes in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Teaching Ideas

String Shapes:

In this activity, learners work together to make polygons with string. Learners explore making different kinds of triangles, quadrilaterals, and other polygons. Through teacher-led questioning and discussion, students can analyze and compare two dimensional shapes in different sizes and orientations, as well as similarities, differences, and attributes. (Please note: the understanding of concave & convex polygons are not part of kindergarten geometry standards.)

Type: Teaching Idea

Shape Hunt:

To give students opportunities to recognize, describe, build, and explore shapes in many different contexts.

Type: Teaching Idea

Virtual Manipulative

Shape Tool:

This virtual manipulative allows you to create, color, enlarge, shrink, rotate, reflect, slice, and glue geometric shapes, such as: squares, triangles, rhombi, trapezoids and hexagons.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

MFAS Formative Assessments

Compare Hexagons:

Students compare two hexagons and describe how they are alike and how they are different.

Compare Rectangles and Triangles:

Students compare a triangle to a rectangle based on attributes of these figures.

Cubes and Prisms:

Students compare a cube to a rectangular prism and discuss the similarities and differences.

How Are These Shapes Alike?:

Students compare and contrast two shapes based on their attributes.

Original Student Tutorials Mathematics - Grades K-5

Briana's Shape Playground:

Learn how to identify the similarities and differences in the number of sides of two-dimensional shapes in this interactive tutorial.

Sorting Shapes:

Learn to sort and identify two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes in this carnival-themed interactive tutorial.

The Search for Shapes: Recognizing Rectangles and Squares:

Identify and name rectangles and squares based on their defining attributes, even if they have different sizes or positions. Join King Geo and his scout, Quad, as they search for rectangles and squares in this interactive tutorial. 

This is part of a series on the defining attributes of shapes. Click the links below.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorials

Sorting Shapes:

Learn to sort and identify two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes in this carnival-themed interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Search for Shapes: Recognizing Rectangles and Squares:

Identify and name rectangles and squares based on their defining attributes, even if they have different sizes or positions. Join King Geo and his scout, Quad, as they search for rectangles and squares in this interactive tutorial. 

This is part of a series on the defining attributes of shapes. Click the links below.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Briana's Shape Playground:

Learn how to identify the similarities and differences in the number of sides of two-dimensional shapes in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Virtual Manipulative

Shape Tool:

This virtual manipulative allows you to create, color, enlarge, shrink, rotate, reflect, slice, and glue geometric shapes, such as: squares, triangles, rhombi, trapezoids and hexagons.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Virtual Manipulative

Shape Tool:

This virtual manipulative allows you to create, color, enlarge, shrink, rotate, reflect, slice, and glue geometric shapes, such as: squares, triangles, rhombi, trapezoids and hexagons.

Type: Virtual Manipulative