MAFS.K.G.1.1Archived Standard

Describe objects in the environment using names of shapes, and describe the relative positions of these objects using terms such as above, below, beside, in front of, behind, and next to.
General Information
Subject Area: Mathematics
Grade: K
Domain-Subdomain: Geometry
Cluster: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Cluster: Identify and describe shapes (squares, circles, triangles, rectangles, hexagons, cubes, cones, cylinders, and spheres). (Additional Cluster) -

Clusters should not be sorted from Major to Supporting and then taught in that order. To do so would strip the coherence of the mathematical ideas and miss the opportunity to enhance the major work of the grade with the supporting clusters.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/14
Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved - Archived

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5012020: Grade Kindergarten Mathematics (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5015000: Elementary Adaptive Physical Education IEP or 504 Plan (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5015020: Physical Education - Grade Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7712015: Access Mathematics - Grade Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5001010: Art – Grade Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2019, 2019 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5020070: STEM Lab Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2016 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7701020: Access Art Grade Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2018 - 2019, 2019 and beyond (current))
7715020: Access Physical Education Grade Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2018 and beyond (current))
5012005: Foundational Skills in Mathematics K-2 (Specifically in versions: 2019 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Formative Assessments

What Shape?:

Students name two-dimensional shapes given pictures on a worksheet.

Type: Formative Assessment

Where is the Sphere?:

Students describe the position of a sphere in relationship to other objects.

Type: Formative Assessment

Shapes In A Classroom:

Students examine two photographs taken in a classroom and identify and name shapes they see.

Type: Formative Assessment

Locations of Shapes:

Students examine two photographs taken in a classroom and identify and name shapes whose locations are described with words.

Type: Formative Assessment

Changing Position:

Students move a linking cube to different positions based on teacher instructions.

Type: Formative Assessment

Lesson Plans

Hide and Seek those Shapes:

In this lesson, students will discover the names of different two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes and their attributes through activities such as singing shape songs, playing "Hide and Seek" with shapes, and playing "Hot and Cold" to find shapes in the classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Shape Detective:

The students will identify and describe shapes (squares, circles, triangles, rectangles, and hexagons). The students will also be able to correctly name shapes regardless of their orientations or overall size by becoming detectives and going in a "hunt" to find the needed shapes.

Type: Lesson Plan

Where's that shape? Where am I?:

The lesson focus will be a kinesthetic approach to understanding relative positions in the environment. The lesson begins with a critical input experience, as students move around their surrounding, looking for shapes around them. Basic shapes include circle, square, triangle and rectangle. Students will learn the concept of "flat" and "solid" shapes in the real world setting. As the lesson progresses, students will learn the relative positions of their own bodies, including but not limited to above, below, beside, in front of, behind, between, and next to. The lesson will be followed by guided instruction portion using hands-on manipulatives and then paper and crayons to transfer learned skills. The learning sequence will conclude with an informal assessment of student understanding.

Type: Lesson Plan

Listen to a Shape:

The student identifies basic shapes (circle, square, rectangle, triangle) and describes the attributes of each shape.

Type: Lesson Plan

Going On a Shape Hunt: Integrating Math and Literacy :

Integrating mathematics and literacy allows students to develop an understanding of the place of mathematics in their world. Students are introduced to the idea of shapes through a read-aloud session with an appropriate book. They then use models to learn the names of shapes, work together and individually to locate shapes in their real-world environment, practice spelling out the names of shapes they locate, and reflect in writing on the process. This lesson provides opportunities to engage students using many different learning modalities.

Type: Lesson Plan

Shape Hunt:

Students will go on a shape hunt in the classroom or designated area. During the shape hunt, students will draw pictures of the shapes they find and the object that it is found by, in order to show the position of the shape. After the shape hunt, students will use Timed-Pair-Share to explain to peers what shapes they found and their relative positions.

Type: Lesson Plan

Lesson Study Resource Kit

Geometry Lesson Study Resource Kit - Kindergarten:

This lesson study resource kit can be used to guide and support teams of kindergarten teachers as they engage in lesson study focused on the academic standards in the Geometry domain.

Type: Lesson Study Resource Kit

Original Student Tutorial

Farm Baby Rescue Part 1: Up and Down Positions:

Relative positions include up and down, top and bottom, over, on, and under, and above and below. Learn different types of up and down positions to rescue eight chicks in this farm-themed, interactive tutorial. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Teaching Ideas

Shapes of Africa:

In this lesson plan, students learn how to find shapes in their world using the children's book, A Triangle for Adaora by Ifeoma Onyefulu.

Type: Teaching Idea

Shape Hunt:

To give students opportunities to recognize, describe, build, and explore shapes in many different contexts.

Type: Teaching Idea

Video/Audio/Animation

3D Shapes Video:

This upbeat music video reviews 3D shapes including the sphere, cylinder, cube, cone, and pyramid. As each 3D shape is presented, examples of things we see every day that have the same shape are also shown for reinforcement.

(Length: 3:02)

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

MFAS Formative Assessments

Changing Position:

Students move a linking cube to different positions based on teacher instructions.

Locations of Shapes:

Students examine two photographs taken in a classroom and identify and name shapes whose locations are described with words.

Shapes In A Classroom:

Students examine two photographs taken in a classroom and identify and name shapes they see.

What Shape?:

Students name two-dimensional shapes given pictures on a worksheet.

Where is the Sphere?:

Students describe the position of a sphere in relationship to other objects.

Original Student Tutorials Mathematics - Grades K-5

Farm Baby Rescue Part 1: Up and Down Positions:

Relative positions include up and down, top and bottom, over, on, and under, and above and below. Learn different types of up and down positions to rescue eight chicks in this farm-themed, interactive tutorial. 

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorial

Farm Baby Rescue Part 1: Up and Down Positions:

Relative positions include up and down, top and bottom, over, on, and under, and above and below. Learn different types of up and down positions to rescue eight chicks in this farm-themed, interactive tutorial. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Video/Audio/Animation

3D Shapes Video:

This upbeat music video reviews 3D shapes including the sphere, cylinder, cube, cone, and pyramid. As each 3D shape is presented, examples of things we see every day that have the same shape are also shown for reinforcement.

(Length: 3:02)

Type: Video/Audio/Animation