SS.912.A.2.1

Review causes and consequences of the Civil War.

Clarifications

Examples may include, but are not limited to, slavery, states' rights, territorial claims, abolitionist movement, regional differences, Reconstruction, 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments.

This benchmark is annually evaluated on the United States History End-of-Course Assessment. For more information on how this benchmark is assessed view the United States History End-of-Course Assessment Test Item Specifications pages 19-21. Additional resources may be found on the FLDOE End-of-Course (EOC) Assessments webpage and the FLDOE Social Studies webpage.
General Information
Subject Area: Social Studies
Grade: 912
Strand: American History
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
2100320: United States History Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2100340: African-American History (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
2100350: Florida History (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
2100380: Visions and Their Pursuits:An American Tradition-U.S.History to 1920 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
2100390: Visions and Countervisions: Europe, the U.S. and the World from 1848 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018 (course terminated))
2100470: Visions & Their Pursuits:An AmerTrad-U.S. Hist to 1920 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
2100480: Visions and Countervisions: Europe, U.S. and the World from 1848 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
1800300: Aerospace Science 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
1800350: Aerospace Science 4:Transportation (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
1802300: Naval Science 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
2100310: United States History (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7921025: Access United States History (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond)
2100315: United States History for Credit Recovery (Specifically in versions: 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2100335: African-American History (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
2100336: African-American History Honors (Specifically in versions: 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
2106410: Humane Letters 1 History (Specifically in versions: 2019 - 2022, 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
2106415: Humane Letters 1 History Honors (Specifically in versions: 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
SS.912.A.2.In.a: Identify the major causes and consequences of the Civil War.
SS.912.A.2.Su.a: Recognize the major causes and consequences of the Civil War.
SS.912.A.2.Pa.a: Recognize characteristics of life during the Civil War.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Lesson Plans

Reading Like a Historian: Emancipation Proclamation:

In this lesson, students analyze primary source documents in an effort to answer the central historical question: Did Lincoln free the slaves or did the slaves free themselves? The teacher may use background information (provided) to set up the topic. Students then examine 2 documents: 1) Lincoln's text of the Proclamation itself and 2) an 1881 recollection by Frederick Douglass on a meeting with Lincoln. For each, students answer worksheet questions in pairs and then fill out a graphic organizer to reach a conclusion. A final class discussion ends the lesson.

Type: Lesson Plan

Reading Like a Historian: John Brown:

In this lesson, students analyze several primary source documents in an effort to answer the central historical question: Was John Brown a "misguided fanatic?" The teacher may use a PowerPoint and/or timeline (both are included) to set up the topic. Students then examine 2-3 documents (note: 3 are included, but the third is optional and guiding questions for it are not included): 1) Brown's last letter, written on the day of his death sentence, 2) an 1881 recollection by Frederick Douglass, and 3) a letter by Brown admirer L. Maria Child. Students answer sourcing and contextualization questions for each, and a final class discussion address Brown's fanaticism or lack of it.

Type: Lesson Plan

Reading Like a Historian: Radical Reconstruction:

In this lesson, students analyze primary source documents in an effort to answer the central historical question: Why was the Radical Republican plan for Reconstruction considered "radical?" The teacher first uses a PowerPoint to review the Civil War and introduce the challenges of Reconstruction. Students then analyze and answer guiding questions about 3 documents: a speech by Thaddeus Stevens, a Radical, and 2 speeches by President Andrew Johnson. A final class discussion evaluates the Radicals' plan and compares it to Johnson's approach: Which was more likely to unite the country?

Type: Lesson Plan

Reading Like a Historian: Thomas Nast’s Political Cartoons:

In this lesson, students analyze the political cartoons of Thomas Nast in an effort to answer the central historical question: How did Northern attitudes toward freed African Americans change during Reconstruction? The teacher first shows students a contemporary political cartoon (not included) and explains how cartoons can teach us about the context of their time. Students then answer sourcing questions about Nast and analyze 2 of his cartoons: 1 from 1865 (in favor of black suffrage) and another from 1874 (dubious of the same). A final class discussion synthesizes students' opinions.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorials

After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 2 (of 2):

In Parts 1 and 2 of this interactive tutorial series, learn what happened after the guns of the Civil War fell silent: the beginning of the Reconstruction era. You'll learn about Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, Radical Republicans, and the impeachment of a president!

CLICK HERE to open After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 1.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 1 (of 2):

In Parts 1 and 2 of this interactive tutorial series, learn what happened after the guns of the Civil War fell silent:  the beginning of the Reconstruction era. You'll learn about Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, Radical Republicans, and the impeachment of a president!

CLICK HERE to open After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 2.

 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Power of Words: Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address:

Practice analyzing an informational text using President Abraham Lincoln's 2nd Inaugural Address. In this interactive tutorial, you'll determine Lincoln's purpose in this historical speech. You'll also analyze how his specific word choice and use of parallel structure help support his purpose.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Civil War's Legacy:

In this interactive tutorial, learn how and why the Civil War came to an end, and learn what the war's consequences were for Americans in the North and South, as well as future generations.  You'll also learn about the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution and how they form an important legacy of the Civil War.   

Type: Original Student Tutorial

What Caused the Civil War?:

In this interactive tutorial, explore the central causes of America's bloodiest conflict: the Civil War.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Text Resources

Has Gettysburg Kicked Its Kitsch Factor?:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the Social Studies content area. It is most appropriate for 11th-12th grade students enrolled in a U.S. History class. In this article, the author revisits the once-tacky Gettysburg battlefield to report on its rehabilitation by the National Park Service and its current status as a serious gathering place for students and re-enactors of history.

Type: Text Resource

Misplaced Honor:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the Social Studies content area. It is most appropriate for 11th-12th grade students enrolled in a U.S. History class.

This editorial suggests that military bases named after Confederate generals should be more properly renamed after those who "actually performed in the defense of the United States." With a military composed of 20% African Americans, the author argues, it is inappropriate to ask soldiers to serve in bases which honor those who fought to preserve a "racist slavocracy."

Type: Text Resource

Tutorials

History of the Republican Party:

Learn about the history of the Republican Party, the party of Lincoln, Hoover, Eisenhower, and Reagan, in this tutorial video by Khan Academy. From its early roots tied to Alexander Hamilton to the present day, the Republican Party has played an integral role in shaping the government, policies and history of America.

Type: Tutorial

The Origins of Jim Crow: Introduction:

Learn about the origins of Jim Crow segregation, a system of legalized segregation that took place in the American South from 1877-1954, in this tutorial video provided by Khan Academy.

Type: Tutorial

A House Divided:

Learn how divisions over slavery set the stage for the American Civil War. Abraham Lincoln famously referred to the United States before the Civil War as a "house divided" and warned that it "can not stand." This video clip is an excerpt form Ken Burns' epic series The Civil War.

Type: Tutorial

Appomattox:

Learn about the end of the Civil War, when Robert E. Lee surrendered his army to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia. This short film is an excerpt from Ken Burns' epic series The Civil War.

Type: Tutorial

Bottom Rail on Top: African-American Soldiers in the Civil War:

Learn about the experience of the African American soldiers who enlisted in the Union Army after the Emancipation Proclamation. The 54th Massachusetts regiment would go on to be the subject of the movie Glory. This short video is an excerpt from Ken Burns' epic series The Civil War.

Type: Tutorial

60-Second Presidents: Abraham Lincoln:

View a brief, funny video about our 16th President, Abraham Lincoln, who led the United States through the Civil War!

Type: Tutorial

Crash Course U.S. History: The Election of 1860 :

In this tutorial video, you'll take a whirlwind journey through the events that led up to the controversial Election of 1860. Abraham Lincoln's election, combined with growing tensions between the North and South, would ultimately lead to the secession of several Southern states and the beginning of the Civil War. Enjoy this "crash course" in U.S. history!

Type: Tutorial

Crash Course U.S. History: Civil War Part 2:

In this tutorial video, you'll take a whirlwind journey through the consequences and legacies of the Civil War. The video explores how the Civil War truly transformed America, with repercussions for the present. You may want to view this after checking out the Part 1 video for a full review. Enjoy this "crash course" in U.S. history!

Type: Tutorial

Crash Course U.S. History: Civil War Part I:

In this tutorial video, you'll take a whirlwind journey through the events that led up to and took place during the Civil War. This video reviews the major events, causes, and strategies. Be sure to watch the Part 2 video, as well, for a full review. Enjoy this "crash course" in U.S. history!

Type: Tutorial

Crash Course U.S. History: Reconstruction:

In this tutorial video, you will take a whirlwind journey through the period of Reconstruction in American History. As you may know, Reconstruction was a critical time in America of rebuilding and reinventing the South in the years after the Civil War. You'll learn about its successes and failures. Enjoy this "crash course" review!

Type: Tutorial

Unit/Lesson Sequence

Close Reading Exemplar: The Gettysburg Address:

This unit exemplar from Student Achievement Partner web resources has been developed to guide students and instructors in a close reading of Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. The activities and actions follow a carefully developed set of steps that assist students in increasing their familiarity and understanding of Lincoln's speech through a series of text dependent tasks and questions that ultimately develop college and career ready skills identified in the Florida State Standards. This unit can be broken down into three sections of instruction and reflection on the part of students and their teachers, which is followed by additional activities, some designed for history/social studies and some for ELA classrooms.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Video/Audio/Animations

Uncle Tom's Cabin: Reception & Significance:

In this video from Khan Academy, you'll learn about the reception and cultural significance surrounding Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin. The publication of this novel is considered one of the causes of the Civil War.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Uncle Tom's Cabin: The Influence of the Fugitive Slave Act:

In this video from Khan Academy, you'll learn about the political and cultural issues that inspired the writing of Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin. These include the compromise of 1850 and the Fugitive Slave Act. The publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin is considered one of the causes of the Civil War.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Battling Over Slavery in the Mid-1800s:

Learn about one of the main causes of the Civil War in this short video from Khan Academy. The politics of slavery threatened the unity of the United States in the mid 1800s, especially after the Compromise of 1850 introduced the controversial Fugitive Slave Act.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Slavery and the Missouri Compromise:

Learn about one of the main causes of the Civil War in this short video from Khan Academy. The politics of slavery threatened the unity of the United States in the early 1800s, leading to the Missouri Compromise.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Start of the Civil War: Secession & Fort Sumter:

Learn about the beginning of the Civil War in this short video from Khan Academy. After the 1860 election of Abraham Lincoln, Southern states began to secede from the Union to form their own nation. War would soon begin after the bombardment of Fort Sumter.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

The Emancipation Proclamation:

Learn about one of the main consequences of the Civil War--the Emancipation Proclamation--in this short video from Khan Academy. President Abraham Lincoln's executive order ending slavery in the rebellious Southern states was the beginning of the end of slavery... although not necessarily in the way that many people realize.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

U.S. History Overview: Jamestown to the Civil War:

Learn about key events in American history from the colonial era to the end of the Civil War in this tutorial video provided by Khan Academy. The video touches on the American Revolution, the Constitution, the War of 1812, western expansion, the Mexican-American War, the Civil War, and the end of slavery.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Original Student Tutorials for Language Arts - Grades 6-12

The Power of Words: Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address:

Practice analyzing an informational text using President Abraham Lincoln's 2nd Inaugural Address. In this interactive tutorial, you'll determine Lincoln's purpose in this historical speech. You'll also analyze how his specific word choice and use of parallel structure help support his purpose.

Original Student Tutorials Social Studies - U.S. History - Grades 9-12

After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 1 (of 2):

In Parts 1 and 2 of this interactive tutorial series, learn what happened after the guns of the Civil War fell silent:  the beginning of the Reconstruction era. You'll learn about Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, Radical Republicans, and the impeachment of a president!

CLICK HERE to open After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 2.

 

After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 2 (of 2):

In Parts 1 and 2 of this interactive tutorial series, learn what happened after the guns of the Civil War fell silent: the beginning of the Reconstruction era. You'll learn about Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, Radical Republicans, and the impeachment of a president!

CLICK HERE to open After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 1.

The Civil War's Legacy:

In this interactive tutorial, learn how and why the Civil War came to an end, and learn what the war's consequences were for Americans in the North and South, as well as future generations.  You'll also learn about the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution and how they form an important legacy of the Civil War.   

What Caused the Civil War?:

In this interactive tutorial, explore the central causes of America's bloodiest conflict: the Civil War.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorials

After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 2 (of 2):

In Parts 1 and 2 of this interactive tutorial series, learn what happened after the guns of the Civil War fell silent: the beginning of the Reconstruction era. You'll learn about Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, Radical Republicans, and the impeachment of a president!

CLICK HERE to open After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 1.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 1 (of 2):

In Parts 1 and 2 of this interactive tutorial series, learn what happened after the guns of the Civil War fell silent:  the beginning of the Reconstruction era. You'll learn about Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, Radical Republicans, and the impeachment of a president!

CLICK HERE to open After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 2.

 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Power of Words: Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address:

Practice analyzing an informational text using President Abraham Lincoln's 2nd Inaugural Address. In this interactive tutorial, you'll determine Lincoln's purpose in this historical speech. You'll also analyze how his specific word choice and use of parallel structure help support his purpose.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Civil War's Legacy:

In this interactive tutorial, learn how and why the Civil War came to an end, and learn what the war's consequences were for Americans in the North and South, as well as future generations.  You'll also learn about the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution and how they form an important legacy of the Civil War.   

Type: Original Student Tutorial

What Caused the Civil War?:

In this interactive tutorial, explore the central causes of America's bloodiest conflict: the Civil War.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Tutorials

History of the Republican Party:

Learn about the history of the Republican Party, the party of Lincoln, Hoover, Eisenhower, and Reagan, in this tutorial video by Khan Academy. From its early roots tied to Alexander Hamilton to the present day, the Republican Party has played an integral role in shaping the government, policies and history of America.

Type: Tutorial

The Origins of Jim Crow: Introduction:

Learn about the origins of Jim Crow segregation, a system of legalized segregation that took place in the American South from 1877-1954, in this tutorial video provided by Khan Academy.

Type: Tutorial

A House Divided:

Learn how divisions over slavery set the stage for the American Civil War. Abraham Lincoln famously referred to the United States before the Civil War as a "house divided" and warned that it "can not stand." This video clip is an excerpt form Ken Burns' epic series The Civil War.

Type: Tutorial

Appomattox:

Learn about the end of the Civil War, when Robert E. Lee surrendered his army to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia. This short film is an excerpt from Ken Burns' epic series The Civil War.

Type: Tutorial

Bottom Rail on Top: African-American Soldiers in the Civil War:

Learn about the experience of the African American soldiers who enlisted in the Union Army after the Emancipation Proclamation. The 54th Massachusetts regiment would go on to be the subject of the movie Glory. This short video is an excerpt from Ken Burns' epic series The Civil War.

Type: Tutorial

60-Second Presidents: Abraham Lincoln:

View a brief, funny video about our 16th President, Abraham Lincoln, who led the United States through the Civil War!

Type: Tutorial

Crash Course U.S. History: The Election of 1860 :

In this tutorial video, you'll take a whirlwind journey through the events that led up to the controversial Election of 1860. Abraham Lincoln's election, combined with growing tensions between the North and South, would ultimately lead to the secession of several Southern states and the beginning of the Civil War. Enjoy this "crash course" in U.S. history!

Type: Tutorial

Crash Course U.S. History: Civil War Part 2:

In this tutorial video, you'll take a whirlwind journey through the consequences and legacies of the Civil War. The video explores how the Civil War truly transformed America, with repercussions for the present. You may want to view this after checking out the Part 1 video for a full review. Enjoy this "crash course" in U.S. history!

Type: Tutorial

Crash Course U.S. History: Civil War Part I:

In this tutorial video, you'll take a whirlwind journey through the events that led up to and took place during the Civil War. This video reviews the major events, causes, and strategies. Be sure to watch the Part 2 video, as well, for a full review. Enjoy this "crash course" in U.S. history!

Type: Tutorial

Crash Course U.S. History: Reconstruction:

In this tutorial video, you will take a whirlwind journey through the period of Reconstruction in American History. As you may know, Reconstruction was a critical time in America of rebuilding and reinventing the South in the years after the Civil War. You'll learn about its successes and failures. Enjoy this "crash course" review!

Type: Tutorial

Video/Audio/Animations

Uncle Tom's Cabin: Reception & Significance:

In this video from Khan Academy, you'll learn about the reception and cultural significance surrounding Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin. The publication of this novel is considered one of the causes of the Civil War.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Uncle Tom's Cabin: The Influence of the Fugitive Slave Act:

In this video from Khan Academy, you'll learn about the political and cultural issues that inspired the writing of Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin. These include the compromise of 1850 and the Fugitive Slave Act. The publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin is considered one of the causes of the Civil War.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Battling Over Slavery in the Mid-1800s:

Learn about one of the main causes of the Civil War in this short video from Khan Academy. The politics of slavery threatened the unity of the United States in the mid 1800s, especially after the Compromise of 1850 introduced the controversial Fugitive Slave Act.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Slavery and the Missouri Compromise:

Learn about one of the main causes of the Civil War in this short video from Khan Academy. The politics of slavery threatened the unity of the United States in the early 1800s, leading to the Missouri Compromise.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Start of the Civil War: Secession & Fort Sumter:

Learn about the beginning of the Civil War in this short video from Khan Academy. After the 1860 election of Abraham Lincoln, Southern states began to secede from the Union to form their own nation. War would soon begin after the bombardment of Fort Sumter.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

The Emancipation Proclamation:

Learn about one of the main consequences of the Civil War--the Emancipation Proclamation--in this short video from Khan Academy. President Abraham Lincoln's executive order ending slavery in the rebellious Southern states was the beginning of the end of slavery... although not necessarily in the way that many people realize.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

U.S. History Overview: Jamestown to the Civil War:

Learn about key events in American history from the colonial era to the end of the Civil War in this tutorial video provided by Khan Academy. The video touches on the American Revolution, the Constitution, the War of 1812, western expansion, the Mexican-American War, the Civil War, and the end of slavery.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.