SC.912.L.14.3

Compare and contrast the general structures of plant and animal cells. Compare and contrast the general structures of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
General Information
Subject Area: Science
Grade: 912
Body of Knowledge: Life Science
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Standard: Organization and Development of Living Organisms -

A. Cells have characteristic structures and functions that make them distinctive.

B. Processes in a cell can be classified broadly as growth, maintenance, reproduction, and homeostasis.

C. Life can be organized in a functional and structural hierarchy ranging from cells to the biosphere.

D. Most multicellular organisms are composed of organ systems whose structures reflect their particular function.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes
Test Item Specifications
    Also Assesses:

    SC.912.L.14.2
    Relate structure to function for the components of plant and animal cells. Explain the role of cell membranes as a highly selective barrier (passive and active transport).

  • Clarification :

    Students will compare and/or contrast the structures found in plant cells and in animal cells.

    Students will compare and/or contrast the structures found in prokaryotic cells and in eukaryotic cells.

    Students will describe how structures in cells are directly related to their function in the cell.

    Students will explain the role of the cell membrane during active and passive transport.

  • Content Limits :

    Items will not address protists or fungi or assess cellular structures unique to protists or fungi.

    Items referring to prokaryotic structures are limited to the cell wall, cell membrane (plasma membrane), cytoplasm, plasmid, ribosomes, and flagella.

    Items referring to eukaryotic structures are limited to the cell wall, cell membrane (plasma membrane), cytoplasm, nucleus, nuclear envelope, nucleolus, chromatin, ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum, microtubules, microfilaments, vacuoles, mitochondria, Golgi apparatus, chloroplasts, lysosomes, cilia, and flagella.

    Items referring to the role of the cell membrane may address hypotonic, hypertonic, and/or isotonic solutions; however, the assessment should be on processes and not terminology.

  • Stimulus Attributes :
    None specified
  • Response Attributes :
    None specified
  • Prior Knowledge :
    Items may require the student to apply scientific knowledge described in the NGSSS from lower grades. This benchmark requires prerequisite knowledge of SC.6.L.14.3 and SC.6.L.14.4.
Sample Test Items (1)
  • Test Item #: Sample Item 1
  • Question: There are some similarities between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Which of the following structures is found in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?
  • Difficulty: N/A
  • Type: MC: Multiple Choice

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
2002050: M/J Comprehensive Science 1, Advanced (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000310: Biology 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000320: Biology 1 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000430: Biology Technology (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
3027010: Biotechnology 1 (Specifically in versions: 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
3027020: Biotechnology 2 (Specifically in versions: 2015 and beyond (current))
2000370: Botany (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2002400: Integrated Science 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000020: M/J Life Science, Advanced (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000800: Florida's Preinternational Baccalaureate Biology 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7920015: Access Biology 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
7920025: Access Integrated Science 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
2002055: M/J Comprehensive Science 1 Accelerated Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000315: Biology 1 for Credit Recovery (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000500: Bioscience 1 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
2002405: Integrated Science 1 for Credit Recovery (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2020 (course terminated))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
SC.912.L.14.Pa.1: Match parts of common living things to their functions.
SC.912.L.14.In.2: Identify the major parts of plant and animal cells, including the cell membrane, nucleus, and cytoplasm, and their basic functions.
SC.912.L.14.Su.2: Recognize that cells have different parts and each has a function.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Educational Game

Cell Structure Crossword Puzzle:

This cell structure crossword puzzle uses vocabulary from CELLS alive! If you have trouble and need a hint, use the "Search this Site" engine in the lefthand menu. Good Luck!

Type: Educational Game

Lesson Plans

Eukaryotic Cells: The Factories of Life:

Students will be able to identify the main parts of a cell and to describe the basic function of each part. The students will match parts of a cell to parts of a city that have functions that are analogous to each cell part. They will then develop their own analogy and present it to the class. Finally, they will practice their knowledge using a computer-based review game.

Type: Lesson Plan

Social Cells:

This is an interactive activity for the students to learn about the different types of cells and which cell parts exist in them. It will develop the students' ability to identify similarities and differences between the various types of cells by engaging all three learning styles: visual, auditory, and tactile.

Type: Lesson Plan

Spirillum, Dandelions, and Koalas, OH MY!:

This lesson allows students to create a science center display showing their knowledge of the general structures of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells and the structures and functions for the components of plant and animal cells. At the end of this lesson, students will be assessed by participating in a gallery walk that displays their design for a local science center.

This lesson is a STEM project-based learning opportunity.

Type: Lesson Plan

Cell Structure :

This lesson will cover the cell structures of both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.

Type: Lesson Plan

How are Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells Alike and Different?:

This lesson will help students to understand the structural differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Students will independently read to gain background knowledge of the two types of cells. The class will be divided into groups to complete a poster that compares and contrasts prokaryotes and eukaryotes.

Type: Lesson Plan

Touring the Cell:

In this lesson the students will provide detailed explanations of cell structures and their functions, produce an artifact that highlights how prokaryote and eukaryote cells differ, how plant and animal cells differ, and how structure relates to function. Students will also design and conduct a lab exploring cells and/or their structures.

Type: Lesson Plan

Prokaryote and Eukaryote Microscope Activity:

This activity incorporates the use of microscopes to show actual cells that are examples of both eukaryotes and prokaryotes.

Type: Lesson Plan

Animal vs. Plant & Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic Cells:

This lesson will develop students' ability to identify similarities and differences between animal and plant cells as well as prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.

Type: Lesson Plan

Building and Identifying Cells:

These activities were designed to help students recognize which organelles belong in plant and animal cells, as well as to differentiate between real-life examples of plant, animal, and prokaryotic cells.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorial

Cell Types:

Learn how to classify cells as prokaryotic or eukaryotic and distinguish eukaryotic cells as plant or animal.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Perspectives Video: Expert

Rapid Genetic Testing of Seafood:

Dr. Mahmood Shivji explains how information contained in the DNA of seafood species is used for identification in the marketplace.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Type: Perspectives Video: Expert

Tutorials

Parts of the Cell:

This Khan Academy tutorial describes the differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. It then goes on to discuss in detail the structures and their functions found in the eukaryotic cell.

Type: Tutorial

Bacteria:

This video from the Khan Academy introduces the symbiotic relationship between the many bacteria that live inside the human body. The basics of bacteria structure, reproduction, and bacterial infections are discussed.

Type: Tutorial

Prokaryotes, Eukaryotes, & Viruses Tutorial:

This a mostly text resource that provides accurate, straight-forward descriptions of prokaryotes, eukaryotes, and viruses. It could be a great tool to help students compare and contrast organisms with each other and viruses, or a good review passage.

Type: Tutorial

Video/Audio/Animation

A Tour of the Cell:

Paul Anderson takes you on a tour of the cell. He starts by explaining the difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. He also explains why cells are small but not infinitely small. He also explains how the organelles work together in a similar fashion.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Virtual Manipulative

Plant, Animal and Bacteria Cell Models:

Living cells are divided into two types - procaryotic and eucaryotic. This division is based on internal complexity. This website provides interactive graphic roadmaps to the organization of both of these cell types. It also shows distinctions between plant and animal cells.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Original Student Tutorials Science - Grades 9-12

Cell Types:

Learn how to classify cells as prokaryotic or eukaryotic and distinguish eukaryotic cells as plant or animal.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorial

Cell Types:

Learn how to classify cells as prokaryotic or eukaryotic and distinguish eukaryotic cells as plant or animal.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Educational Game

Cell Structure Crossword Puzzle:

This cell structure crossword puzzle uses vocabulary from CELLS alive! If you have trouble and need a hint, use the "Search this Site" engine in the lefthand menu. Good Luck!

Type: Educational Game

Tutorials

Parts of the Cell:

This Khan Academy tutorial describes the differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. It then goes on to discuss in detail the structures and their functions found in the eukaryotic cell.

Type: Tutorial

Bacteria:

This video from the Khan Academy introduces the symbiotic relationship between the many bacteria that live inside the human body. The basics of bacteria structure, reproduction, and bacterial infections are discussed.

Type: Tutorial

Prokaryotes, Eukaryotes, & Viruses Tutorial:

This a mostly text resource that provides accurate, straight-forward descriptions of prokaryotes, eukaryotes, and viruses. It could be a great tool to help students compare and contrast organisms with each other and viruses, or a good review passage.

Type: Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.