SC.7.P.10.1

Illustrate that the sun's energy arrives as radiation with a wide range of wavelengths, including infrared, visible, and ultraviolet, and that white light is made up of a spectrum of many different colors.
General Information
Subject Area: Science
Grade: 7
Body of Knowledge: Physical Science
Idea: Level 1: Recall
Big Idea: Forms of Energy -

A. Energy is involved in all physical processes and is a unifying concept in many areas of science.

B. Energy exists in many forms and has the ability to do work or cause a change.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Content Complexity Rating: Level 1: Recall - More Information
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes
Test Item Specifications
  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: MC item(s)
  • Also Assesses
    SC.8.E.5.11
    Identify and compare characteristics of the electromagnetic spectrum such as wavelength, frequency, use, and hazards and recognize its application to an understanding of planetary images and satellite photographs.

  • Clarification :
    Students will identify, compare and/or contrast the variety of types of radiation present in radiation from the Sun.

    Students will identify and/or compare characteristics of the electromagnetic spectrum.

    Students will identify common uses and/or applications of electromagnetic waves.
  • Content Limits :
    Items may assess relative order of frequencies and wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum but will not require memorization of specific frequencies and wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation.

    Items will not address hazards of electromagnetic radiation.

    Items will address only electromagnetic waves and the electromagnetic spectrum.

    Items will not require calculations.
  • Stimulus Attributes :
    None specified
  • Response Attributes :
    None specified
  • Prior Knowledge :
    This benchmark grouping is foundational. These concepts have not been introduced in the NGSSS prior to this grade-level grouping.
Sample Test Items (1)
  • Test Item #: Sample Item 1
  • Question: Sunlight is composed of energy that is visible to humans and energy that is not visible to humans. Which statement describes how the visible energy from the Sun is different from the nonvisible energy?
  • Difficulty: N/A
  • Type: MC: Multiple Choice

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
2002070: M/J Comprehensive Science 2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2002080: M/J Comprehensive Science 2, Advanced (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2003010: M/J Physical Science (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2003020: M/J Physical Science, Advanced (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7820016: Access M/J Comprehensive Science 2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
2002085: M/J Comprehensive Science 2 Accelerated Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2003030: M/J STEM Physical Science (Specifically in versions: 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
SC.7.P.10.In.1: Identify that white (visible) light has many colors, such as when viewed with a prism.
SC.7.P.10.Su.1: Recognize that white (visible) light contains many colors, such as viewed with a prism or rainbow.
SC.7.P.10.Pa.1: Recognize primary colors of a rainbow.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Lesson Plans

Wave after Wave: The Properties and Applications of Electromagnetic Radiation:

Students will explore the range of wavelengths that comprise the electromagnetic spectrum of radiation from the sun and associate wavelength with frequency and energy. Students will also be able to identify common uses of Electromagnetic Radiation.

Type: Lesson Plan

Colors of Color:

Students will use a spectroscope to observe the color spectrum of different colors of light. They will observe white, red, blue, yellow, purple, orange and green lights by placing a colored film (which absorbs other colors of white light from the flashlight and transmits light the color of the filter) in front of a strong white flashlight bulb.

Type: Lesson Plan

Basement in the Night:

This lesson focuses on the standards that require students to understand:

  • What is light and how does it travel?
  • What is color and how do we see specific colors?

In this lesson students will participate in an observation activity that involves the teacher becoming the boogie man and wearing a specific colored cape. The students will observe the boogie man ( the teacher ) in the room without any sunlight or light from other sources on. Then class will complete a formative assessment using four corners and end the class with a exit slip as a summative.

Type: Lesson Plan

Visible Light in the EM Spectrum:

This is a lesson to address the visible light portion of the Electromagnetic Spectrum. Students will construct and test prisms, identify the visible light spectrum created from prisms, as well as read informational text, summarize, and share with peers.

Type: Lesson Plan

Cars and Waves MEA:

In this MEA, students will analyze data to determine which type of wave in a lab setting is best suited to power a toy car. Then students will analyze a set of data using data from going outside and using electromagnetic waves from the sun.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Stations of Light:

Student groups rotate through four stations to examine light energy behavior: refraction, magnification, prisms and polarization.

Type: Lesson Plan

Radiation: The Sun's Energy:

Students learn about the electromagnetic spectrum.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Colors of Light:

The students will compare/contrast the colors that make up white light in terms of their arrangement in the visible light section of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Content statements:

  • White light is made up of all the colors of light and they are organized in the visible light section of the electromagnetic spectrum according to their wavelengths.
  • Red has the longest wavelengths and violet has the shortest.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Electromagnetic Spectrum:

The students will identify the various types of radiation that come from the Sun and compare/contrast the types of radiation in terms of their arrangement in the electromagnetic spectrum.

Content statements:

  • The waves that come from the Sun are organized in the electromagnetic spectrum according to their wavelengths.
  • Radio waves have the longest wavelengths and gamma rays have the shortest.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorial

Solar Radiation Components:

Explore the components of solar radiation by examining infrared, visible, and ultraviolet light in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Text Resources

Discovery of Infrared Light:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. The article outlines the scientific mindset that led William Herschel to arrive at the discovery of infrared light, an unexpected consequence of an experiment he was conducting. More generally, the article demonstrates the scientific process, from hypothesis to observation and from inference to conclusion.

Type: Text Resource

NASA Electromagnetic Spectrum:

This is a very interesting web site about the electromagnetic spectrum. It gives great background information and examples on the different types of waves.

Type: Text Resource

Tutorials

Primary Additive Colors:

This resource helps the user learn the three primary colors that are fundamental to human vision, learn the different colors in the visible spectrum, observe the resulting colors when two colors are added, and learn what white light is. A combination of text and a virtual manipulative allows the user to explore these concepts in multiple ways.

Type: Tutorial

Primary Subtractive Colors:

The user will learn the three primary subtractive colors in the visible spectrum, explore the resulting colors when two subtractive colors interact with each other and explore the formation of black color.

Type: Tutorial

Virtual Manipulative

Color Vision:

The students will combine the colors red, blue, and green to make colors from all across the color spectrum.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

STEM Lessons - Model Eliciting Activity

Cars and Waves MEA:

In this MEA, students will analyze data to determine which type of wave in a lab setting is best suited to power a toy car. Then students will analyze a set of data using data from going outside and using electromagnetic waves from the sun.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Original Student Tutorials Science - Grades K-8

Solar Radiation Components:

Explore the components of solar radiation by examining infrared, visible, and ultraviolet light in this interactive tutorial.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorial

Solar Radiation Components:

Explore the components of solar radiation by examining infrared, visible, and ultraviolet light in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Tutorials

Primary Additive Colors:

This resource helps the user learn the three primary colors that are fundamental to human vision, learn the different colors in the visible spectrum, observe the resulting colors when two colors are added, and learn what white light is. A combination of text and a virtual manipulative allows the user to explore these concepts in multiple ways.

Type: Tutorial

Primary Subtractive Colors:

The user will learn the three primary subtractive colors in the visible spectrum, explore the resulting colors when two subtractive colors interact with each other and explore the formation of black color.

Type: Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.