SC.5.P.9.1

Investigate and describe that many physical and chemical changes are affected by temperature.
General Information
Subject Area: Science
Grade: 5
Body of Knowledge: Physical Science
Idea: Level 3: Strategic Thinking & Complex Reasoning
Big Idea: Changes in Matter - A. Matter can undergo a variety of changes.

B. Matter can be changed physically or chemically.

Clarification for grades K-5: The target understanding for students in the elementary grades should focus on Big Ideas A and B.

Clarification for Grades 6-8: The target understanding for students in the middle grades should begin to transition the focus to: C. When matter changes chemically, a rearrangement of bonds between the atoms occurs. This results in new substances with new properties.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes
Test Item Specifications
  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: MC item(s)
  • Also Assesses
    SC.3.P.9.1
    Describe the changes water undergoes when it changes state through heating and cooling by using familiar scientific terms such as melting, freezing, boiling, evaporation, and condensation.

    SC.4.P.9.1 Identify some familiar changes in materials that result in other materials with different characteristics, such as decaying animal or plant matter, burning, rusting, and cooking.

  • Clarification :
    Students will describe how physical and/or chemical changes are affected by temperature.

    Students will describe the physical changes water undergoes as it is heated and/or cooled.

    Students will describe how some familiar changes in materials result in other materials with different characteristics.
  • Content Limits :
    Items will not assess particle motion in changes of states of matter.
  • Stimulus Attributes :
    None specified
  • Response Attributes :
    None specified
  • Prior Knowledge :
    Items may require the student to apply science knowledge described in the NGSSS from lower grades. This benchmark requires prerequisite knowledge from SC.K.P.9.1 and SC.2.P.9.1.
Sample Test Items (1)
  • Test Item #: Sample Item 1
  • Question: One morning, Ryan noticed there were tiny drops of water on the grass as he walked to school. That afternoon, he did not see any drops of water on the grass when he returned home. Which of the following best explains what happened to the drops of water?
  • Difficulty: N/A
  • Type: MC: Multiple Choice

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5020060: Science - Grade Five (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7720060: Access Science Grade 5 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
5020120: STEM Lab Grade 5 (Specifically in versions: 2016 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
SC.5.P.9.In.1: Observe and identify that heating and cooling can change the properties of materials.
SC.5.P.9.Su.1: Recognize changes in properties of materials caused by heating or cooling.
SC.5.P.9.Pa.1: Recognize that freezing changes water to ice.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Lesson Plans

Weather: How Does Temperature Affect Air?:

In this lesson students will perform experiments and collect data to gather empirical evidence about how air molecules behave when heated and cooled. This is the 4th lesson in the 5th grade unit and  uses sensors and computer science skills to learn about weather.

Type: Lesson Plan

Transfer The Heat:

This lesson introduces how heat transfers to different substances using an electrical device. The electrical device used create thermal energy changes a substance’s state of matter. This lesson contains a lab experiment that tests the timing at which butter changes to its melting point while using a lamp. This lab questions whether using a different electric device will conclude the same results. 

This is lesson 3 in the Detecting Electrical and Thermal Energy Unit.

Type: Lesson Plan

Check The Temperature:

This lesson introduces the different states of matter for any substance. For this lesson students will be allowed to observe the changes water makes during the following states: solid, liquid, and gas. Students will engage in discussion to predict the temperature when a substance changes from solid to liquid and liquid to gas. Lastly, students will learn the advantages of using a line graph to analyze the relationship between two variables.

This is lesson 2 in a Unit on Detecting Thermal & Electrical Energy. 

Type: Lesson Plan

Be Efficient:

This lesson discusses the efficiency of gathering and storing information manually vs using resourceful technology. For this lesson students will test and collect data using ice cubes.  Students will write code to make a program that shows the changes in states of matter when using a temperature probe to relay the data. This lesson gives examples of different technologies that are more efficient for gathering and storing information for later use. This is the final lesson in the Unit on Detecting Electrical and Thermal Energy.

Type: Lesson Plan

Weather: How Does Air Warm Up?:

This experiment will model how sunlight striking the Earth’s surface warms the air around us. Students will investigate how surfaces of differing reflectivity determine how much sunlight is absorbed and converted to heat which in turn serves to warm the adjacent air.

This is lesson 3 in the fifth grade unit on weather. The lesson uses weather sensors and connects computer science concepts within the lesson.

Type: Lesson Plan

Heatin' It Up or Coolin' It Down:

Many chemical reactions are accompanied by a change in temperature. Whether it is extreme or barely noticeable, the temperature may go up or it may go down. Investigate these two chemical reactions described in this lesson to experience two different kinds of temperature change.

 

Type: Lesson Plan

Rava's Florida Fusion Catering:

In this MEA students will be presented with a catering company looking to add a new recipe using molecular gastronomy techniques. These recipes/techniques transform food into different states of matter.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Shady Day MEA:

This Model Eliciting Activity (MEA) is written at a 5th grade level. The Shady Day MEA provides students with an engineering problem in which they must work as a team to design a procedure to select the best beach umbrella for certain situations.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Cooking in the Chemical Kitchen:

Changes in matter are explored both physically and chemically through a variety of experiments.

Type: Lesson Plan

Project

Chemical Changes:

This is an excellent resource for teachers and students. It offers countless lab ideas for teaching chemical and physical changes and is geared for fifth through eighth grade. It also gives interactive web addresses for students and includes PowerPoint presentations on this topic.

Type: Project

Teaching Ideas

Exploring A Decomposition Community:

In this classroom lab setting, students will construct Decomposition Columns from two-liter plastic bottles. Students will gather organic material and observe activity in the column. Students will record observations and construction steps in their science notebook.

Type: Teaching Idea

Investigating Changes In Matter:

In this chemistry lab, students will observe a variety of physical and chemical changes in matter.

Type: Teaching Idea

Unit/Lesson Sequences

Substances Dealing With Heat:

The students will conduct an experiment with water so they can see H2O in all three of its states of matter. The students will conduct another experiment to see the effects temperature has on the decomposition process of an organism. They will also learn how heat speeds up the molecules in an object causing it to become hot. Students will experiment to see the effects heat will have on calcium.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Mysterious M&Ms | Molecules in Motion | Inquiry in Action:

In this unit, students will investigate M&Ms in water by posing questions, designing and conducting experiments to answer these questions, and developing explanations based on their observations. Students will investigate the effects of variables, such as temperature, on the rate at which the colored coating of M&Ms dissolves.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Video/Audio/Animation

A Sense of Scale: Absolute Zero:

  • Learn about the known temperature range from absolute zero to absolute hot
  • Learn about processes related to some temperatures
  • Explore the coldest and warmest spots observed on Earth

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

STEM Lessons - Model Eliciting Activity

Rava's Florida Fusion Catering:

In this MEA students will be presented with a catering company looking to add a new recipe using molecular gastronomy techniques. These recipes/techniques transform food into different states of matter.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Shady Day MEA:

This Model Eliciting Activity (MEA) is written at a 5th grade level. The Shady Day MEA provides students with an engineering problem in which they must work as a team to design a procedure to select the best beach umbrella for certain situations.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Video/Audio/Animation

A Sense of Scale: Absolute Zero:

  • Learn about the known temperature range from absolute zero to absolute hot
  • Learn about processes related to some temperatures
  • Explore the coldest and warmest spots observed on Earth

Type: Video/Audio/Animation