SC.4.E.5.3

Recognize that Earth revolves around the Sun in a year and rotates on its axis in a 24-hour day.
General Information
Subject Area: Science
Grade: 4
Body of Knowledge: Earth and Space Science
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Big Idea: Earth in Space and Time - Humans continue to explore Earth's place in space. Gravity and energy influence the formation of galaxies, including our own Milky Way Galaxy, stars, the Solar System, and Earth. Humankind's need to explore continues to lead to the development of knowledge and understanding of our Solar System.
Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5020050: Science - Grade Four (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7720050: Access Science Grade 4 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
SC.4.E.5.In.3: Recognize that Earth revolves around the Sun.
SC.4.E.5.Su.3: Recognize that Earth is always turning (rotating).
SC.4.E.5.Pa.3: Identify morning, noon, and night.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Educational Games

Astro Adventure (Earth, Space and Beyond):

This is a series of interactive modules on Engineering Interact, a free resource developed by the University of Cambridge Engineering department. It is a great whole group, small group, or individual interactive activity to explain a variety of concepts related to the solar system, including the rotation of the earth, what gives us our calendar, what causes the changes in seasons, how the planets are classified, and the phases of the moon.

Type: Educational Game

Taking a Voyage Away from Home:

In this printable lesson, K-2 Students create a model of the Sun and Earth. They also put together a simple puzzle of the solar system.

Type: Educational Game

Lesson Plans

What Makes Day and Night? The Earth's Rotation:

In part one of this activity, students are introduced to day and night through a whole class reading. In the second part of this lesson, a kinesthetic modeling of day and night allows students to experience the spinning Earth and the day/night cycle.

Type: Lesson Plan

How do Earth's Rotation and Revolution Work?:

This lesson demonstrates how the earth rotates creating nights and days. It also demonstrates the revolution of the earth around the sun. The earth and the sun's movements are connected.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorials

Earth In Motion Part2: Rotation:

Explore how Earth rotates (spins) on its axis as it moves through space in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Earth in Motion Part 1: Revolution:

Explore how Earth revolves around the Sun in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 1 in a two-part series. Click  to open Part 2.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Text Resource

Interesting Earth Questions and Answers:

In this resource scientist Dr. Marc answers 6 interesting questions about space technology, the Earth and the Moon. There is an option to have Dr. Marc read the answers by simply clicking on the speaker icon beside each question.

Type: Text Resource

Virtual Manipulative

Earth in Motion: Seasons:

Seasons, the periodic climate changes that occur throughout the year, are the result of Earth orbiting around the Sun, and the tilt of its axis. A variety of climate changes occur throughout the world; some have extreme changes in temperature, while others have rainy and dry seasons, yet little change in temperature.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Original Student Tutorials Science - Grades K-8

Earth in Motion Part 1: Revolution:

Explore how Earth revolves around the Sun in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 1 in a two-part series. Click  to open Part 2.

Earth In Motion Part2: Rotation:

Explore how Earth rotates (spins) on its axis as it moves through space in this interactive tutorial.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorials

Earth In Motion Part2: Rotation:

Explore how Earth rotates (spins) on its axis as it moves through space in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Earth in Motion Part 1: Revolution:

Explore how Earth revolves around the Sun in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 1 in a two-part series. Click  to open Part 2.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Text Resource

Interesting Earth Questions and Answers:

In this resource scientist Dr. Marc answers 6 interesting questions about space technology, the Earth and the Moon. There is an option to have Dr. Marc read the answers by simply clicking on the speaker icon beside each question.

Type: Text Resource

Virtual Manipulative

Earth in Motion: Seasons:

Seasons, the periodic climate changes that occur throughout the year, are the result of Earth orbiting around the Sun, and the tilt of its axis. A variety of climate changes occur throughout the world; some have extreme changes in temperature, while others have rainy and dry seasons, yet little change in temperature.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Educational Game

Astro Adventure (Earth, Space and Beyond):

This is a series of interactive modules on Engineering Interact, a free resource developed by the University of Cambridge Engineering department. It is a great whole group, small group, or individual interactive activity to explain a variety of concepts related to the solar system, including the rotation of the earth, what gives us our calendar, what causes the changes in seasons, how the planets are classified, and the phases of the moon.

Type: Educational Game