SS.912.CG.3.7

Analyze the structures, functions and processes of the judicial branch as described in Article III of the U.S. Constitution.. 

Clarifications

Clarification 1: Students will examine the role of the judicial branch in terms of its relationship with the legislative and executive branches of the government.

Clarification 2: Students will describe the role of the Supreme Court and lesser federal courts.

Clarification 3: Students will explain what Article III says about judicial tenure, appointment and salaries.

Clarification 4: Students will describe the powers delegated to the courts by Article III including, but not limited to, treason, jurisdiction and trial by jury.

General Information
Subject Area: Social Studies
Grade: 912
Strand: Civics and Government (Starting 2023-2024)
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
2100380: Visions and Their Pursuits:An American Tradition-U.S.History to 1920 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))
2100470: Visions & Their Pursuits:An AmerTrad-U.S. Hist to 1920 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))
2106310: United States Government (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2019, 2019 - 2022, 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))
2106320: United States Government Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))
2106340: Political Science (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))
2106350: Law Studies (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))
2106355: International Law (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))
2106360: Comparative Political Systems (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))
2106370: Comprehensive Law Studies (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))
2106375: Comprehensive Law Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))
2106380: Legal Systems and Concepts (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))
2106390: Court Procedures (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))
2106460: The American Political System: Process and Power Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))
2106468: Constitutional Law Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))
2106800: Florida's Preinternational Baccalaureate United States Government (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))
7921015: Access United States Government  (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))
2106315: United States Government for Credit Recovery (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))
2106410: Humane Letters 1 History (Specifically in versions: 2019 - 2022, 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))
2106415: Humane Letters 1 History Honors (Specifically in versions: 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
SS.912.CG.3.AP.7: Identify the structures, functions and processes of the judicial branch as described in Article III of the U.S. Constitution.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Lesson Plans

Out of Order: Stories from the History of the Supreme Court: Riding the Circuit:

In this lesson for Out of Order: Stories from the History of the Supreme Court, students will review the research presented in the text to explain the roles of the Supreme and Lesser courts.

There are three lessons that can be used to complement a study of Out of Order: Stories from the History of the Supreme Court and allow students to take a new perspective by merging ELA skills with civics knowledge.

This resource uses a book that is on the Florida Department of Education's reading list. This book is not provided with this resource.

Type: Lesson Plan

Out of Order: Stories from the History of the Supreme Court: Wanted: Supreme Court Judges:

Students will read portions of Out of Order: Stories from the History of the Supreme Court by Sandra Day O'Connor. After having interactive discussions regarding the manner, in which the text described how judges were appointed, their tenure, and salaries, students will demonstrate their new knowledge by creating a “Supreme Jobs” job announcement.

There are three lessons that can be used to complement a study of Out of Order: Stories from the History of the Supreme Court and help students take a new perspective by merging ELA skills with civics knowledge.

This resource uses a book that is on the Florida Department of Education's reading list. This book is not provided with this resource.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Three Branches of Government and James Madison :

Students will become familiar with James Madison's influence on the creation of a three-branch government system in the United States. 

Type: Lesson Plan

The Judicial Branch Tic Tac Toe:

In this lesson plan, students will have the opportunity to demonstrate their understanding of the establishment of the judicial branch, the responsibilities of the court system, and key landmark cases that have impacted the United States. This lesson should be taught after students have had the chance to explore basics about the structures, functions, and processes of the judicial branch as described in Article III of the U.S. Constitution.

 

Type: Lesson Plan

The Judicial Branch: Student Reference Guide :

This lesson will introduce students to the U.S. federal judicial branch. The Supreme Court's power, limitations, and structure are presented in a student-guided presentation. 

Type: Lesson Plan

Judicial Branch:

In this lesson, students will use the U.S. Constitution Article III, and primary sources, Federalist Papers and Anti-Federalist Papers, to analyze the structures, functions and processes of the judicial branch.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Judicial Branch in Action:

In this lesson, students will learn about the relationship between state and federal courts and why federal courts, including the U.S. Supreme Court, have supreme authority under the Constitution.  Students then research and learn about the implications of 3 landmark cases that originated in the state of Florida.

Type: Lesson Plan

Judicial Review :

In this lesson plan, students examine the roles that federal district courts, the courts of appeals, and the U.S. Supreme Court play in the judicial review process. Students will explain the relationship between the concept of judicial review and the language of the Supremacy Clause in Article VI of the U.S. Constitution. 

Type: Lesson Plan

Teaching Idea

Grades 9-12 Civics Family Guide: Standard 3:

This Grades 9-12 Civics Family Guide provides some ideas and activities to support civics education when at home, out and about, and in the community. The activities provided align to the civics learning benchmarks within Standard 3 at these grade levels.

Type: Teaching Idea

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Teaching Idea

Grades 9-12 Civics Family Guide: Standard 3:

This Grades 9-12 Civics Family Guide provides some ideas and activities to support civics education when at home, out and about, and in the community. The activities provided align to the civics learning benchmarks within Standard 3 at these grade levels.

Type: Teaching Idea