SS.4.CG.2.1

Identify and describe how citizens work with local and state governments to solve problems.

Clarifications

Clarification 1: Students will explain how public issues, such as taxation, roads, zoning and schools, impact citizens’ daily lives.

Clarification 2: Students will describe how citizens can help solve community and state problems (e.g., attending government meetings, communicating with their elected representatives).

General Information
Subject Area: Social Studies
Grade: 4
Strand: Civics and Government (Starting 2023-2024)
Date Adopted or Revised: 05/24
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5021060: Social Studies Grade 4 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))
7721015: Access Social Studies - Grade 4 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
SS.4.CG.2.AP.1: Recognize how citizens work with government to solve community problems.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Lesson Plans

Florida Tackles Invasive Species: Lesson 3:

Students will use their pseudocode from lesson 2 to create code in the Scratch program that informs viewers about an invasive species in Florida and what citizens can do to help. Finally, students will complete a digital gallery walk to interact with their peers’ projects and take notes on different invasive species.  This is the final lesson in a 3 lesson integrated computer science and civics mini-unit. 

Type: Lesson Plan

Florida Tackles Invasive Species: Lesson 2:

Students will use their lesson one research on an invasive species in Florida to plan an interactive Scratch program. The animation will include at least one option for citizens to control the issue. Students will learn about pseudocoding and how to plan a coding project. This is lesson 2 in a 3-part integrated computer science and civics mini-unit on invasive species.

Type: Lesson Plan

Making Cents of Taxes Part 1:

In this lesson plan, students will apply addition and subtraction skills with decimal values and multiplication of whole numbers to explore how taxes may impact citizens’ daily lives.

Type: Lesson Plan

Florida Tackles Invasive Species: Lesson 1:

In this integrated lesson, students will research invasive species and the solutions that Florida citizens can participate in to mitigate the issues associated with them. Students will interact with an example Scratch simulation that illustrates how Lionfish spread.  This is lesson 1 in a 3 part-integrated computer science and civics series to help students understand the invasive species of Florida and how citizens can participate in solving this issue. 

Type: Lesson Plan

Zoning with Area and Perimeter Part 3:

This is Part 3 of the Zoning with Area and Perimeter lesson. Students will be asked to increase the area of each zone they created in Parts 1 and 2. They will then determine the perimeter of each zone based on its new area measurements.

Type: Lesson Plan

Zoning with Area and Perimeter Part 2:

This is Part 2 of the Zoning with Area and Perimeter unit. Students will be asked to place and zone three schools to serve the students of the community. They will be provided the perimeters of each school and will need to maximize its area in this integrated lesson plan.

Type: Lesson Plan

Florida: Florida Needs Me:

In lesson 3 of the integrated civics unit on the book Florida by Tamra Orr students will learn the key vocabulary terms public service and volunteerism. Students will use central idea and relevant details from the text to complete a graphic organizer with features of Florida, related needs & problems, related public service roles, and volunteer opportunities.

This resource uses a book that is on the Florida Department of Education's reading list. This book is not provided with this resource.

Type: Lesson Plan

Order_in_the_School_Zone_Part_3:

Students will work in pairs or small groups. They will be provided with a “school district” and zones. The groups will be tasked with assigning each zone to a school, while respecting the school's enrollment caps and the zone's proximity to the school.  Once the zones are assigned, the students will calculate the approximate busing costs.  Then, the groups will pair off and compare how they determined zoning for each school.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Civil Rights Movement in Florida Part 2:

In this lesson, students will prepare for and participate in a Socratic Seminar to discuss ways citizens can solve problems in their communities as well as identify Florida’s role in the civil rights movement. They will utilize the texts and primary source documents they analyzed in the previous lesson to answer and generate their own questions to be able to discuss their opinions and make claims based on logical reasoning and text/document evidence. This is lesson 2 of 3 in a mini unit integrating civics and social studies.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Civil Rights Movement in Florida Part 1:

In this lesson, students will analyze primary and secondary sources to learn about Florida’s role in the civil rights movement. They will utilize a cause-and-effect graphic organizer to identify ways everyday citizens interact with governments to solve problems. This is lesson 1 of 3 in a mini unit integrating civics and social studies.

Type: Lesson Plan

Zoning with Area and Perimeter Part 1:

Students will hold a town hall meeting to zone a new community. They will assign a different area measurement to each zone and then determine the zone’s perimeter. Students will explore how rectangles with the same area can have different perimeters in this integrated lesson plan.    

Type: Lesson Plan

Eroding the Future - Lesson 3:

Using knowledge from the previous lessons, students will write a letter to a state senator or representative explaining the process of coastal erosion, the impacts of coastal erosion on the citizens of the State of Florida and requesting their support for a recommendation of how to address the problems created by coastal erosion.

 

This is lesson 3 of 3 in a mini-unit integrating civics and science.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Civil Rights Movement in Florida: Part 3:

In this lesson, students will work individually or in pairs to design an infographic on paper or digitally to demonstrate their knowledge of Florida’s role in the civil rights movement. This is lesson 3 of 3 in a mini-unit integrating civics and social studies.

Type: Lesson Plan

Eroding the Future - Lesson 2:

In this lesson, students will evaluate the direct and indirect impacts of erosion on citizens. Additionally, they will describe how citizens can help solve community problems and identify their state elected officials.

 

This is lesson 2 of 3 in a mini-unit integrating civics and science.

Type: Lesson Plan

Eroding the Future - Lesson 1:

In this lesson, students will complete an inquiry activity on erosion in order to be able to describe the process of erosion and differentiate it from weathering. Through the inquiry activity, students will recognize how models can be used to demonstrate processes and test solutions. Additionally, students will evaluate how citizens can work with their state government to solve the problems created by erosion, as a public issue.

This is lesson 1 of 3 in a mini-unit integrating civics and science.

Type: Lesson Plan

Order_in_the_School_Zone_Part_2:

Students will determine the number of students from each zone that would need buses to get to their new schools. Then they will determine the total cost of transportation per week, per month and per school year. Students will discuss the possibility of adding portable classrooms instead of rezoning and comparing the cost. They will discuss how this cost increase could affect the school budgets and how the students and families could work with the school board on alternative solutions, in this integrated lesson plan.

Type: Lesson Plan

Who Represents Us? Part 3:

Students will present their representative campaigns created in Scratch to the class. They will take notes during each presentation. A mini-voting session will take place after all campaigns have been reviewed.  This is the third and final part of an integrated computer science and civics mini-unit. 

Type: Lesson Plan

Who Represents Us? Part 2:

Students will think of themselves as representatives of their schools and design a campaign for student body president using Scratch. This lesson follows research about state senators and representatives. This is the second lesson in a three-part integrated computer science and civics mini-unit.  

Type: Lesson Plan

3-COURSE Meal Mini Lesson Money Matter Part 3:

This lesson aims to enhance students' problem-solving skills while fostering their understanding of how public issues impact citizens' daily lives. Students will use a grocery store ad and purchase multiple items to complete a 3-course meal for them and a few friends. Students will be challenged to stay within a budget to complete the task. They will add and subtract decimals to the hundredth, applying place value strategies while using money in this integrated lesson plan.  

Type: Lesson Plan

3-COURSE MEAL Mini Unit Money Matters Part 2 :

In this lesson students purchased supplies to build a bird house and had to stick to a budget when doing so 

Type: Lesson Plan

3-Course Meal Mini Unit Money Matters Part 1:

In this lesson of the unit students will learn how to add and subtract decimals to the tenth and hundredth place value. Students will apply place value strategies while using money in this integrated math/civis lesson plan. 

Type: Lesson Plan

Order in the School Zone:

Students will learn about school zones, calculate enrollment for a school that is “overcrowded”, and discuss ideas for rezoning to balance enrollments by looking at vacancies in other schools in this integrated lesson plan.

Type: Lesson Plan

Making Improvements Through Progress: Then and Now:

In this lesson plan, students will learn how citizens can work with local government to solve problems.  They will also learn how technological advances in the 1800s affected Florida.  They will work in groups to brainstorm ideas of modern-day problems and historical problems that government and citizens may need to solve. 

Type: Lesson Plan

Florida: My Florida:

This lesson is #2 of an integrated unit using the text, Florida, by Tamra Orr. Using chapter 1 of the text, Florida, by Tamra Orr issues specific to Florida are explored. Students work in groups to identify issues that could become problems. Students then brainstorm ways that citizens could help and begin making connections with volunteerism and working with state and local government officials to resolve issues.

This resource uses a book that is on the Florida Department of Education's reading list. This book is not provided with this resource.

Type: Lesson Plan

Protecting Florida's Resources: Water: Part 1:

Students will deepen their knowledge on Florida’s renewable resource of water. They will learn about why it is an important resource to our state, consider problems the resource may face and ways they can work with state and local government to address issues involving Florida’s waters. 

Type: Lesson Plan

Civics Community Problem Project:

Students will use their knowledge of how citizens and the government can work together to solve issues in the community together through a problem-based learning research project.

Type: Lesson Plan

Florida: What's Up, Citizens?:

This lesson is the first in a unit using the text Florida, by Tamra Orr. Students focus on understanding and using key concepts such as citizen, public issue, and taxation. Students then make connections to the impact that public issues such as taxation, transportation, schools, etc. have on their own lives, such as hurricane damage, non-native species, endangered and protected species, beach erosion, and so forth.

This resource uses a book that is on the Florida Department of Education's reading list. This book is not provided with this resource.

Type: Lesson Plan

Emergency Savings:

Students will use their multiplication skills to explore the importance of taxes and how the government uses tax revenues to save for unforeseen emergencies, in this integrated lesson plan.

Type: Lesson Plan

Lessen the Litter:

Students will calculate the total amount of trash at different locations in the community to determine which location has the most trash and explore ways a community can work together to prevent future trash buildup in this integrated lesson plan.

Type: Lesson Plan

Putting a Lid on Plastics: Marine Debris PSA:

Students explore the problem of marine debris and microplastics as well as the ways that citizens and the government can help, then create their own public service announcement or educational short video in this integrated lesson plan.

Type: Lesson Plan

Putting a Lid on Plastics: Marine Debris:

Students discover how marine debris gets into the oceans and some of the problems it causes, then analyze the abundance of waterways within the state of Florida that contribute to the marine debris issue. They will explore the problem of marine debris and ways that citizens can work alongside government to reduce the impact of plastic pollution in this integrated lesson plan.

Type: Lesson Plan

Plastic Footprint Lesson Plan:

Students explore the problem of marine debris and ways that citizens can work alongside government to reduce the impact of plastic pollution. They calculate their plastic footprint by estimating the number of common single-use plastics they use in one year, then calculate how much plastic waste could be eliminated by cutting down on their use of single-use plastics in this integrated lesson plan.

Type: Lesson Plan

Ocean Heroes:

Students will learn ways to help keep the ocean clean by recycling and write letters to lobby government officials to support recycling programs. They will decide which materials are most important to recycle by looking at several characteristics of the materials including whether they are renewable or nonrenewable, if the material will decompose, and the amount of the materials currently being recycled in this MEA.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations.  Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

United We Divide:

In this lesson plan, students will solve problems with division, including interpreting remainders, as they identify how citizens can help solve local and state problems.

Type: Lesson Plan

Excavate and Relocate: Preserving the Gopher Tortoise Species:

Students will learn about a Florida keystone species, the gopher tortoise, and the steps that must be taken to safely excavate and relocate gopher tortoises found on development sites based on Florida laws. Students will explore how citizens work with local and state government organizations, such as the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, to solve problems in this model eliciting activity.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Motion for Speed:

Students will investigate the relationships between the initial speed of a car and the distance required for it to stop.  Students will record their results onto a student guide to determine how a car moving faster or slower affects its ability to stop.  Finally, students will investigate why we have different speed limits on different roads in this integrated lesson plan.

Type: Lesson Plan

Making Cents of Taxes Part 2:

In this lesson plan, students will apply addition and subtraction skills with decimal values while exploring how taxes may impact citizen’s daily lives.

Type: Lesson Plan

Park Planning:

Students are asked to plan a playground for a new park within a given budget and area limit. They will analyze the best use of playground equipment using a data table of area requirements and cost. Students will convert units within a single measurement system, calculate the area of a rectangle, and perform addition/subtraction calculations involving money using decimal notation.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorials

Working Together to Protect the Gopher Tortoise:

Explore how the Gopher Tortoise, a keystone species in Florida, is at risk due to human impact on the environment and learn what is being done to help the Gopher Tortoise with this interactive tutorial

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Making Cents of Taxes:

Learn about sales tax as Malik tries to buy his favorite candy from the store in this short video.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Teaching Idea

Grade 4 Civics Family Guide: Standard 2:

This Grade 4 Civics Family Guide provides some ideas and activities to support civics education when at home, out and about, and in the community. The activities provided align to the civics learning benchmarks within Standard 2 at this grade level.

Type: Teaching Idea

STEM Lessons - Model Eliciting Activity

Park Planning:

Students are asked to plan a playground for a new park within a given budget and area limit. They will analyze the best use of playground equipment using a data table of area requirements and cost. Students will convert units within a single measurement system, calculate the area of a rectangle, and perform addition/subtraction calculations involving money using decimal notation.

STEM Civics Tutorials and Videos - Grades K-12

Making Cents of Taxes:

Learn about sales tax as Malik tries to buy his favorite candy from the store in this short video.

Working Together to Protect the Gopher Tortoise:

Explore how the Gopher Tortoise, a keystone species in Florida, is at risk due to human impact on the environment and learn what is being done to help the Gopher Tortoise with this interactive tutorial

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorials

Working Together to Protect the Gopher Tortoise:

Explore how the Gopher Tortoise, a keystone species in Florida, is at risk due to human impact on the environment and learn what is being done to help the Gopher Tortoise with this interactive tutorial

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Making Cents of Taxes:

Learn about sales tax as Malik tries to buy his favorite candy from the store in this short video.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Teaching Idea

Grade 4 Civics Family Guide: Standard 2:

This Grade 4 Civics Family Guide provides some ideas and activities to support civics education when at home, out and about, and in the community. The activities provided align to the civics learning benchmarks within Standard 2 at this grade level.

Type: Teaching Idea