SC.2.N.1.5

Distinguish between empirical observation (what you see, hear, feel, smell, or taste) and ideas or inferences (what you think).
General Information
Subject Area: Science
Grade: 2
Body of Knowledge: Nature of Science
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Big Idea: The Practice of Science -

A: Scientific inquiry is a multifaceted activity; The processes of science include the formulation of scientifically investigable questions, construction of investigations into those questions, the collection of appropriate data, the evaluation of the meaning of those data, and the communication of this evaluation.

B: The processes of science frequently do not correspond to the traditional portrayal of "the scientific method."

C: Scientific argumentation is a necessary part of scientific inquiry and plays an important role in the generation and validation of scientific knowledge.

D: Scientific knowledge is based on observation and inference; it is important to recognize that these are very different things. Not only does science require creativity in its methods and processes, but also in its questions and explanations.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5020030: Science - Grade Two (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5010043: Language Arts - Grade Two (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021, 2021 and beyond (current))
7720030: Access Science Grade 2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
7710013: Access Language Arts - Grade 2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5001030: Art - Grade 2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2019, 2019 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5020090: STEM Lab Grade 2 (Specifically in versions: 2016 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7701030: Access Art Grade 2 (Specifically in versions: 2018 - 2019, 2019 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
SC.2.N.1.In.2: Identify information about objects based on observation.
SC.2.N.1.Su.2: Identify characteristics of objects based on observation.
SC.2.N.1.Pa.2: Use senses to recognize objects.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Lesson Plan

Effect of Shape on Volume:

The students will learn that volume is not affected by a container's shape.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorial

On the River: Observations and Inferences:

Learn to make observations and inferences as you take a virtual kayak trip down the beautiful Suwannee River with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Resource Collection

Air and Weather - FOSS Module:

The Air and Weather Module consists of four sequential investigations, each designed to introduce concepts in earth science. The investigations provide opportunities for young students to explore the natural world by using simple tools to observe and monitor change.

Type: Resource Collection

Unit/Lesson Sequences

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Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

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Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

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This unit builds on the previous lessons about rocks to explore soil. Different types of soil samples are observed, classified by various attributes, and manipulated by adding water. Finally, the "Cement" lesson involves synthesis of information learned from previous lessons in an engineering design lab that asks students to build a wall from their own mortar mixture creation that will withstand the force of a rolling ball.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Original Student Tutorials Science - Grades K-8

On the River: Observations and Inferences:

Learn to make observations and inferences as you take a virtual kayak trip down the beautiful Suwannee River with this interactive tutorial.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorial

On the River: Observations and Inferences:

Learn to make observations and inferences as you take a virtual kayak trip down the beautiful Suwannee River with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Resource Collection

Air and Weather - FOSS Module:

The Air and Weather Module consists of four sequential investigations, each designed to introduce concepts in earth science. The investigations provide opportunities for young students to explore the natural world by using simple tools to observe and monitor change.

Type: Resource Collection