MA.7.NSO.2.1

Solve mathematical problems using multi-step order of operations with rational numbers including grouping symbols, whole-number exponents and absolute value.

Clarifications

Clarification 1: Multi-step expressions are limited to 6 or fewer steps.
General Information
Subject Area: Mathematics (B.E.S.T.)
Grade: 7
Strand: Number Sense and Operations
Date Adopted or Revised: 08/20
Status: State Board Approved

Benchmark Instructional Guide

Connecting Benchmarks/Horizontal Alignment

 

Terms from the K-12 Glossary

  • Absolute Value
  • Exponent
  • Order of Operations

 

Vertical Alignment

Previous Benchmarks

Next Benchmarks

 

Purpose and Instructional Strategies

In grade 6, students evaluated algebraic expressions using substitution and order of operations with integers, including use of absolute value and natural number exponents. In grade 7, students move to multi-step order of operations with rational numbers including grouping symbols, whole-number exponents and absolute value. In grade 8, students will solve problems involving order of operations involving radicals. 
  • Number sense and properties of operations should be emphasized during instruction as this benchmark is the completion of operations with rational numbers.
  • Remind students that subtraction is addition of an opposite and division is multiplication by a reciprocal when working with order of operations (MTR.3.1).
  • Avoid mnemonics, such as PEMDAS, that do not account for other grouping symbols and do not exercise proper number sense that allows for calculating accurately in a different order.
  • Instruction includes the use of technology to help emphasize the proper use of grouping symbols for order of operations.
  • With the completion of operations with rational numbers in grade 7, students should have experience using technology with decimals and fractions as they occur in the real world. This experience will help to prepare students working with irrational numbers in grade 8.

 

Common Misconceptions or Errors

  • Students may confuse when parentheses are used for grouping or multiplication.
  • Some students may incorrectly apply the order of operations. In order to support students in moving beyond this misconception, be sure to review operations with rational numbers and order of operations.

 

Strategies to Support Tiered Instruction

  • Instruction includes the use of colors to highlight each step of the process used to evaluate an expression.
  • Teacher co-creates a graphic organizer for different grouping symbols and provides examples when the grouping symbols indicate operator symbols.
    • For example, students can be given the expressions below and discuss similarities and differences.
      (46 + 9) + 87 (46 + 9) 87 (46 + 9) −87
      (46 + 9) (+87) (46 + 9) (87) (46 + 9) (−87)
  • Instruction includes reviewing operations with rational numbers and order of operations.

 

Instructional Tasks

Instructional Task 1 (MTR.4.1, MTR.5.1)

Part A. Using the integers −6 to 6 at most once, fill in the boxes to create an expression with the lowest value.

Fill the boxes

Part B. Compare your value with those in your group. Who has the lowest value? Explain why this value was less than the others.

Instructional Task 2 (MTR.3.1, MTR.4.1)
Part A. Evaluate the expression .
Part B. Compare your strategy with a partner.

 

Instructional Items

Instructional Item 1
What is the value of the expression (12−|8−5|)³36 ?

Instructional Item 2
What is the value of the expression 12(3² −4) + |7− 16|?

Instructional Item 3
Evaluate the expression 18 − 3(4.12 + 7.6 ÷ 2).

 

*The strategies, tasks and items included in the B1G-M are examples and should not be considered comprehensive.

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
1205020: M/J Accelerated Mathematics Grade 6 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2020, 2020 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
1205040: M/J Grade 7 Mathematics (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
1204000: M/J Foundational Skills in Mathematics 6-8 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7812020: Access M/J Grade 7 Mathematics (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2019, 2019 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
MA.7.NSO.2.AP.1: Solve mathematical problems, using no more than four operations, with rational numbers including grouping symbols, whole-number exponents and absolute value.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Formative Assessment

A Rational Number Expression:

Students are given a numerical expression to evaluate.

Type: Formative Assessment

Lesson Plans

Method to My Mathness:

In this lesson, students will complete proof tables to justify the steps taken to solve multi-step equations. Justifications include mathematical properties and definitions..

Type: Lesson Plan

Math in Mishaps:

Students will explore how percentages, proportions, and solving for unknowns are used in important jobs. This interactive activity will open their minds and address the question, "When is this ever used in real life?"

Type: Lesson Plan

Justly Justifying:

Students will review the properties used in solving simple equations through a quiz-quiz-trade activity. As a class, they will then associate these properties with individual steps in solving equations. The students will then participate in a Simultaneous Round Table to practice their justifications. Finish the lesson with a discussion on the different methods that students could use to acquire the correct answer. The following day, students will take a short quiz to identify misconceptions.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorials

Order of Operations with Rational Numbers Part 2: Decimals:

Evaluate numerical expressions with rational numbers expressed as decimals using the order of operations and properties of operations in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Order of Operations with Rational Numbers Part 1: Fractions:

Evaluate numerical expressions with rational numbers expressed as fractions using the order of operations and properties of operations in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 1 in a two-part series. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Perspectives Video: Teaching Idea

Absolute Value Progression:

Unlock an effective teaching strategy for making connections with absolute values to graphing in this Teacher Perspectives video for educators.

Type: Perspectives Video: Teaching Idea

Tutorial

Order of Operations Example (No Exponents):

In this video, you will work through an example to correctly use the order of operations.

Type: Tutorial

MFAS Formative Assessments

A Rational Number Expression:

Students are given a numerical expression to evaluate.

Original Student Tutorials Mathematics - Grades 6-8

Order of Operations with Rational Numbers Part 1: Fractions:

Evaluate numerical expressions with rational numbers expressed as fractions using the order of operations and properties of operations in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 1 in a two-part series. 

Order of Operations with Rational Numbers Part 2: Decimals:

Evaluate numerical expressions with rational numbers expressed as decimals using the order of operations and properties of operations in this interactive tutorial.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorials

Order of Operations with Rational Numbers Part 2: Decimals:

Evaluate numerical expressions with rational numbers expressed as decimals using the order of operations and properties of operations in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Order of Operations with Rational Numbers Part 1: Fractions:

Evaluate numerical expressions with rational numbers expressed as fractions using the order of operations and properties of operations in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 1 in a two-part series. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Tutorial

Order of Operations Example (No Exponents):

In this video, you will work through an example to correctly use the order of operations.

Type: Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.