Benchmark Instructional Guide
Connecting Benchmarks/Horizontal Alignment
Terms from the K-12 Glossary
Purpose and Instructional Strategies
The purpose of this benchmark is to use data sets as real-world context for doing arithmetic with whole numbers, fractions and decimals beyond finding measures of center and spread.
- Instruction includes having students solve one- and two-step problems from a given data set or by comparing two data sets in the same units.
- Instruction includes problems that involve addition, subtraction, multiplication or
- This benchmark should be taught with MA.4.DP.1.1 and MA.4.DP.1.2 (collecting and
representing data). Students should have a strong command of creating and interpreting line plots and stem-and-leaf plots to be successful with the interpretation these data displays.
Common Misconceptions or Errors
- Students can make errors when writing equations used to solve problems with numerical data. During instruction, expect students to justify their equations and solutions.
Strategies to Support Tiered Instruction
- Instruction includes visualizing word problems. The Three-Reads Protocol is a strategy to help students conceptualize what the question is asking. Students draw pictures or models to represent what is happening in the word problem. These pictures and models are used to help students write equations for the problem they are solving.
- Instruction includes breaking down word problems into smaller parts. Students use a highlighter to emphasize the important information in the word problem. Also, students paraphrase the word problem so the teacher can determine if the student understands what the question is asking.
Instructional Task 1 (MTR.7.1)
Collect 10 used pencils from people in your class. Measure the length of each pencil to the nearest
inch and record the lengths on a line plot. What is the difference in length of the
longest pencil and the shortest pencil?
Instructional Item 1
The last 5 putt lengths, in feet, for the 18th hole of a golf tournament are shown below.
What is the sum of the 5 putt lengths?
- a. 8 feet
- b. 9 feet
- c. 12 feet
- d. 15 feet
*The strategies, tasks and items included in the B1G-M are examples and should not be considered comprehensive.