# MA.4.FR.1.2

Use decimal notation to represent fractions with denominators of 10 or 100, including mixed numbers and fractions greater than 1, and use fractional notation with denominators of 10 or 100 to represent decimals.

### Clarifications

Clarification 1: Instruction emphasizes conceptual understanding through the use of manipulatives visual models, number lines or equations.

Clarification 2: Instruction includes the understanding that a decimal and fraction that are equivalent represent the same point on the number line and that fractions with denominators of 10 or powers of 10 may be called decimal fractions.

General Information
Subject Area: Mathematics (B.E.S.T.)
Strand: Fractions
Status: State Board Approved

## Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5012060: Mathematics - Grade Four (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7712050: Access Mathematics Grade 4 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5012065: Grade 4 Accelerated Mathematics (Specifically in versions: 2019 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5012015: Foundational Skills in Mathematics 3-5 (Specifically in versions: 2019 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))

## Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
MA.4.FR.1.AP.2: Use decimal notation to represent fractions less than one with denominators of 10 or 100 and use fractional notation with denominators of 10 or 100 to represent decimals less than one.

## Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

## Educational Games

Flower Power: An Ordering of Rational Numbers Game:

This is a fun and interactive game that helps students practice ordering rational numbers, including decimals, fractions, and percents. You are planting and harvesting flowers for cash. Allow the bee to pollinate, and you can multiply your crops and cash rewards!

Type: Educational Game

Fraction Quiz:

Test your fraction skills by answering questions on this site. This quiz asks you to simplify fractions, convert fractions to decimals and percentages, and answer algebra questions involving fractions. You can even choose difficulty level, question types, and time limit.

Type: Educational Game

## Formative Assessments

Using Benchmark Decimals on a Number Line:

Students are asked to use benchmark decimals to place four fractions on a number line.

Type: Formative Assessment

Fractions to Decimals:

Students are given four fractions and asked to write each in decimal form.

Type: Formative Assessment

Using Benchmark Fractions on a Number Line:

Students are asked to use benchmark fractions to place four decimals on a number line.

Type: Formative Assessment

Decimals to Fractions:

Students are given four decimals and asked to write each as a fraction.

Type: Formative Assessment

## Lesson Plans

Wondrous Water Parks:

This activity requires students to apply their knowledge of unit conversions, speed calculation, and comparing fractions to solve the problem of which water park their class should choose to go on for their 5th grade class trip.

Type: Lesson Plan

Fourth graders will help Cookies and Treats find cost-effective and eco-friendly packaging for its cookies. Students will organize data and compare prices using decimal notation in order to develop a procedure for choosing packaging for cookies.  Students will use multiplication and division of whole numbers to plan for how many packages to order.

Type: Lesson Plan

Equivalency Detectives: Fractions and Decimals!:

This is a lesson intended to reinforce students' ability to find equivalent fractions and decimals. The lesson requires prior essential vocabulary knowledge, and a basic understanding of converting fractions to decimals and decimals to fractions  (tenths and hundredths).

Type: Lesson Plan

Fractions Undercover!:

Students will correctly model and discover fractions and their decimal equivalents through the use of decimal grids and base ten blocks.

Type: Lesson Plan

Dynamic Decimals, Fractions and Money!:

This lesson is a practice lesson for student’s knowledge on connecting decimals, money and fractions.

Type: Lesson Plan

Happy Hundredths (Lesson 2 of 2):

In this lesson, students will work with math manipulatives to understand that it takes 100 hundredths of something to make one whole. They will use manipulatives with money (pennies and dollars), fractions (one hundredth pieces and one whole pieces), and base ten blocks (units and wholes) to show different values. They will express values with combinations of the given manipulatives and draw their solutions.

This lesson 2 of 2 in a unit on fraction and decimal concepts

Type: Lesson Plan

Terrific Tenths (Lesson 1 of 2):

Students will work with math manipulatives to understand that it takes 10 tenths to make one whole. They will use manipulatives with money (dimes), fractions (one tenth pieces), and base ten blocks (rods) to show different values. They will use decimal notation to record these tenths.

This is lesson one in a two part lesson unit. Lesson two (HAPPY HUNDREDTHS) deals with hundredths.

Type: Lesson Plan

## Original Student Tutorials

Learn how to locate decimals on a number line and compare decimals to save the Decis from a wizard's spell in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Deci Land Escape:

Help Rich escape Deci Land by learning how to write decimals that are related to fractions with denominators of 10 and 100 in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

How Many Tenths and Hundredths?:

The purpose of this task is for students to finish the equations to make true statements. Parts (a) and (b) have the same solution, which emphasizes that the order in which we add doesn't matter (because addition is commutative), while parts (c) and (d) emphasize that the position of a digit in a decimal number is critical. The student must really think to encode the quantity in positional notation. In parts (e), (f), and (g), the base-ten units in 14 hundredths are bundled in different ways. In part (e), "hundredths" are thought of as units: 14 things = 10 things + 4 things. Part (h) addresses the notion of equivalence between hundredths and tenths.

Expanded Fractions and Decimals:

The purpose of this task is for students to show they understand the connection between fraction and decimal notation by writing the same numbers both ways. Comparing and contrasting the two solutions shown below shows why decimal notation can be confusing. The first solution shows the briefest way to represent each number, and the second solution makes all the zeros explicit.

Dimes and Pennies:

The purpose of this task is to help students gain a better understanding of fractions through the use of dimes and pennies.

## Tutorials

Decimals as Words:

In this Khan Academy video decimals are written and spoken in words.

Type: Tutorial

Decimals and Fractions from Grid and Number-Line Representations:

The Khan Academy video uses grid diagrams and number-line representations to say and write equivalent decimals and fractions.

Type: Tutorial

Grid Representations of Decimals:

The Khan Academy video illustrates how to determine and write the decimal represented by shaded grids.

Type: Tutorial

Introduction to Decimals:

This tutorial for student audiences will provide a basic introduction to decimals. The tutorial presents a decimal as another way to represent a fraction. Students will be able to navigate the teaching portion of the tutorial at their own pace and test their understanding after each step of the lesson with a "Try This" section. The "Try This" section will monitor students answers and self-check by a right answer gaining an orange circle and a wrong answer graying out. Some "Try This" sections will read the decimal to the students as well.

Type: Tutorial

## STEM Lessons - Model Eliciting Activity

Fourth graders will help Cookies and Treats find cost-effective and eco-friendly packaging for its cookies. Students will organize data and compare prices using decimal notation in order to develop a procedure for choosing packaging for cookies.  Students will use multiplication and division of whole numbers to plan for how many packages to order.

Wondrous Water Parks:

This activity requires students to apply their knowledge of unit conversions, speed calculation, and comparing fractions to solve the problem of which water park their class should choose to go on for their 5th grade class trip.

## MFAS Formative Assessments

Decimals to Fractions:

Students are given four decimals and asked to write each as a fraction.

Fractions to Decimals:

Students are given four fractions and asked to write each in decimal form.

Using Benchmark Decimals on a Number Line:

Students are asked to use benchmark decimals to place four fractions on a number line.

Using Benchmark Fractions on a Number Line:

Students are asked to use benchmark fractions to place four decimals on a number line.

## Original Student Tutorials Mathematics - Grades K-5

Deci Land Escape:

Help Rich escape Deci Land by learning how to write decimals that are related to fractions with denominators of 10 and 100 in this interactive tutorial.

Learn how to locate decimals on a number line and compare decimals to save the Decis from a wizard's spell in this interactive tutorial.

## Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

## Original Student Tutorials

Learn how to locate decimals on a number line and compare decimals to save the Decis from a wizard's spell in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Deci Land Escape:

Help Rich escape Deci Land by learning how to write decimals that are related to fractions with denominators of 10 and 100 in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

## Educational Games

Flower Power: An Ordering of Rational Numbers Game:

This is a fun and interactive game that helps students practice ordering rational numbers, including decimals, fractions, and percents. You are planting and harvesting flowers for cash. Allow the bee to pollinate, and you can multiply your crops and cash rewards!

Type: Educational Game

Fraction Quiz:

Test your fraction skills by answering questions on this site. This quiz asks you to simplify fractions, convert fractions to decimals and percentages, and answer algebra questions involving fractions. You can even choose difficulty level, question types, and time limit.

Type: Educational Game

How Many Tenths and Hundredths?:

The purpose of this task is for students to finish the equations to make true statements. Parts (a) and (b) have the same solution, which emphasizes that the order in which we add doesn't matter (because addition is commutative), while parts (c) and (d) emphasize that the position of a digit in a decimal number is critical. The student must really think to encode the quantity in positional notation. In parts (e), (f), and (g), the base-ten units in 14 hundredths are bundled in different ways. In part (e), "hundredths" are thought of as units: 14 things = 10 things + 4 things. Part (h) addresses the notion of equivalence between hundredths and tenths.

Expanded Fractions and Decimals:

The purpose of this task is for students to show they understand the connection between fraction and decimal notation by writing the same numbers both ways. Comparing and contrasting the two solutions shown below shows why decimal notation can be confusing. The first solution shows the briefest way to represent each number, and the second solution makes all the zeros explicit.

Dimes and Pennies:

The purpose of this task is to help students gain a better understanding of fractions through the use of dimes and pennies.

## Tutorials

Decimals as Words:

In this Khan Academy video decimals are written and spoken in words.

Type: Tutorial

Decimals and Fractions from Grid and Number-Line Representations:

The Khan Academy video uses grid diagrams and number-line representations to say and write equivalent decimals and fractions.

Type: Tutorial

Grid Representations of Decimals:

The Khan Academy video illustrates how to determine and write the decimal represented by shaded grids.

Type: Tutorial

Introduction to Decimals:

This tutorial for student audiences will provide a basic introduction to decimals. The tutorial presents a decimal as another way to represent a fraction. Students will be able to navigate the teaching portion of the tutorial at their own pace and test their understanding after each step of the lesson with a "Try This" section. The "Try This" section will monitor students answers and self-check by a right answer gaining an orange circle and a wrong answer graying out. Some "Try This" sections will read the decimal to the students as well.

Type: Tutorial

## Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

How Many Tenths and Hundredths?:

The purpose of this task is for students to finish the equations to make true statements. Parts (a) and (b) have the same solution, which emphasizes that the order in which we add doesn't matter (because addition is commutative), while parts (c) and (d) emphasize that the position of a digit in a decimal number is critical. The student must really think to encode the quantity in positional notation. In parts (e), (f), and (g), the base-ten units in 14 hundredths are bundled in different ways. In part (e), "hundredths" are thought of as units: 14 things = 10 things + 4 things. Part (h) addresses the notion of equivalence between hundredths and tenths.

Expanded Fractions and Decimals:

The purpose of this task is for students to show they understand the connection between fraction and decimal notation by writing the same numbers both ways. Comparing and contrasting the two solutions shown below shows why decimal notation can be confusing. The first solution shows the briefest way to represent each number, and the second solution makes all the zeros explicit.

Dimes and Pennies:

The purpose of this task is to help students gain a better understanding of fractions through the use of dimes and pennies.