MA.4.NSO.2.4

Divide a whole number up to four digits by a one-digit whole number with procedural reliability. Represent remainders as fractional parts of the divisor.

Clarifications

Clarification 1: Instruction focuses on helping a student choose a method they can use reliably.

Clarification 2: Instruction includes the use of models based on place value, properties of operations or the relationship between multiplication and division.

General Information
Subject Area: Mathematics (B.E.S.T.)
Grade: 4
Strand: Number Sense and Operations
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5012060: Mathematics - Grade Four (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7712050: Access Mathematics Grade 4 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5012065: Grade 4 Accelerated Mathematics (Specifically in versions: 2019 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5012015: Foundational Skills in Mathematics 3-5 (Specifically in versions: 2019 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
MA.4.NSO.2.AP.4: Explore division of two whole numbers up to two digits by one digit with and without remainders. Represent remainders as whole numbers.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Educational Software / Tool

Arithmetic Quiz:

In this activity, students solve arithmetic problems involving whole numbers, integers, addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. This activity allows students to track their progress in learning how to perform arithmetic on whole numbers and integers. This activity includes supplemental materials, including background information about the topics covered, a description of how to use the application, and exploration questions for use with the java applet.

Type: Educational Software / Tool

Formative Assessments

Dividing Using an Area Model:

Students are asked to interpret a division problem with a one-digit divisor that has been completed using an area model. If the student is successful, he or she is asked to complete a division problem with a one-digit divisor using an area model.

Type: Formative Assessment

Book Drive:

Students are asked to solve a division problem using a strategy based on place value.

Type: Formative Assessment

Interpreting Division:

Students are asked to analyze and explain another student’s division work in terms of a partial quotients strategy and to apply this strategy to another division problem.

Type: Formative Assessment

Dividing Using Place Value:

Students are asked to complete a division problem using place value.

Type: Formative Assessment

Lesson Plans

New Puppy's Pen:

The purpose of this lesson is to help students find the missing side's length for rectangular area problems, when the total area and one side's length is given. The use of square tiles, then graph paper and equations are used throughout the lesson to help students progress from conceptual to procedural knowledge.

Type: Lesson Plan

Dividing for Equal Groups:

This lesson is meant to help solidify division understanding before teaching the standard algorithm.  Given a situational story, students will use base 10 blocks to model division in order to solve problems. It may be used for 4th or 5th grade depending on the size of the divisor.  

Type: Lesson Plan

I Love Leftovers!:

In this lesson, students will explore situational problems that address the different ways to interpret the remainder.

Type: Lesson Plan

I See! Division with the Distributive Property:

In this lesson, students will use visual models to represent division using the distributive property as a strategy. Students will have an understanding of how to decompose numbers in the context of division problems using an area model.

Type: Lesson Plan

Slither Not in the Everglades! Python MEA:

This MEA will ask students to work in teams to help their client, The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, to decide which Burmese python traps manufacturing company to buy traps from. The traps will be placed along the Florida Keys and the Everglades to help prevent the growth of invasive Burmese Python population. The students will implement their knowledge of how plants, animals, and humans impact the environment, use mathematical and analytical problem-solving strategies, and be able report their finding in an organized, descriptive manner.

Type: Lesson Plan

Cookies and Treats:

Fourth graders will help Cookies and Treats find cost-effective and eco-friendly packaging for its cookies. Students will organize data and compare prices using decimal notation in order to develop a procedure for choosing packaging for cookies.  Students will use multiplication and division of whole numbers to plan for how many packages to order.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Share and Share Alike:

This lesson is an introduction to division and does not include a procedural recording for division. The student will be able to physically model the division of 2-, 3-, and 4-digit dividends with 1-digit divisors using objects and base ten blocks and explain the meaning of a remainder. 

 

Type: Lesson Plan

What Are They Thinking? Understanding Division:

This lesson uses a discovery approach to exploring the meaning of division. The students will utilize math practice standards as they analyze math solutions and explain their own solutions. Since the lesson analyzes division, it is a sound lesson to use to check student understanding before introducing efficient division algorithms.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorials

CPALMS Aquarium: Part 3 Division with Larger Numbers:

Learn more about division with larger numbers in this aquarium-themed, interactive tutorial. 

This is part 3 of in a three-part series. Click below to learn different strategies to help you become more efficient with division.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

CPALMS Aquarium Part 2: Division Strategies:

Learn to solve division challenges using the partial quotients strategy with this interactive tutorial.

This is the second tutorial is a series on division strategies.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

CPALMS Aquarium: Connecting Multiplication and Division: Part 1:

Learn how multiplication connects to division to help understand what division is in this aquarium-themed, interactive tutorial.  

This is part 1 of a two-part series. Click to open Part 2, Division Strategies.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Tutorials

Division: The importance of place value:

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, learn about the importance of place value when dividing. The tutorial uses place value up to thousands to help students think about division.

Type: Tutorial

Division: Intro to remainders:

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, you will get an introduction to the meaning of remainders.

Type: Tutorial

STEM Lessons - Model Eliciting Activity

Cookies and Treats:

Fourth graders will help Cookies and Treats find cost-effective and eco-friendly packaging for its cookies. Students will organize data and compare prices using decimal notation in order to develop a procedure for choosing packaging for cookies.  Students will use multiplication and division of whole numbers to plan for how many packages to order.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Slither Not in the Everglades! Python MEA:

This MEA will ask students to work in teams to help their client, The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, to decide which Burmese python traps manufacturing company to buy traps from. The traps will be placed along the Florida Keys and the Everglades to help prevent the growth of invasive Burmese Python population. The students will implement their knowledge of how plants, animals, and humans impact the environment, use mathematical and analytical problem-solving strategies, and be able report their finding in an organized, descriptive manner.

MFAS Formative Assessments

Book Drive:

Students are asked to solve a division problem using a strategy based on place value.

Dividing Using an Area Model:

Students are asked to interpret a division problem with a one-digit divisor that has been completed using an area model. If the student is successful, he or she is asked to complete a division problem with a one-digit divisor using an area model.

Dividing Using Place Value:

Students are asked to complete a division problem using place value.

Interpreting Division:

Students are asked to analyze and explain another student’s division work in terms of a partial quotients strategy and to apply this strategy to another division problem.

Original Student Tutorials Mathematics - Grades K-5

CPALMS Aquarium Part 2: Division Strategies:

Learn to solve division challenges using the partial quotients strategy with this interactive tutorial.

This is the second tutorial is a series on division strategies.

CPALMS Aquarium: Connecting Multiplication and Division: Part 1:

Learn how multiplication connects to division to help understand what division is in this aquarium-themed, interactive tutorial.  

This is part 1 of a two-part series. Click to open Part 2, Division Strategies.

CPALMS Aquarium: Part 3 Division with Larger Numbers:

Learn more about division with larger numbers in this aquarium-themed, interactive tutorial. 

This is part 3 of in a three-part series. Click below to learn different strategies to help you become more efficient with division.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorials

CPALMS Aquarium: Part 3 Division with Larger Numbers:

Learn more about division with larger numbers in this aquarium-themed, interactive tutorial. 

This is part 3 of in a three-part series. Click below to learn different strategies to help you become more efficient with division.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

CPALMS Aquarium Part 2: Division Strategies:

Learn to solve division challenges using the partial quotients strategy with this interactive tutorial.

This is the second tutorial is a series on division strategies.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

CPALMS Aquarium: Connecting Multiplication and Division: Part 1:

Learn how multiplication connects to division to help understand what division is in this aquarium-themed, interactive tutorial.  

This is part 1 of a two-part series. Click to open Part 2, Division Strategies.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Educational Software / Tool

Arithmetic Quiz:

In this activity, students solve arithmetic problems involving whole numbers, integers, addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. This activity allows students to track their progress in learning how to perform arithmetic on whole numbers and integers. This activity includes supplemental materials, including background information about the topics covered, a description of how to use the application, and exploration questions for use with the java applet.

Type: Educational Software / Tool

Tutorials

Division: The importance of place value:

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, learn about the importance of place value when dividing. The tutorial uses place value up to thousands to help students think about division.

Type: Tutorial

Division: Intro to remainders:

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, you will get an introduction to the meaning of remainders.

Type: Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Tutorials

Division: The importance of place value:

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, learn about the importance of place value when dividing. The tutorial uses place value up to thousands to help students think about division.

Type: Tutorial

Division: Intro to remainders:

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, you will get an introduction to the meaning of remainders.

Type: Tutorial