# MA.2.M.2.1

Using analog and digital clocks, tell and write time to the nearest five minutes using a.m. and p.m. appropriately. Express portions of an hour using the fractional terms half an hour, half past, quarter of an hour, quarter after and quarter til.

### Clarifications

Clarification 1: Instruction includes the connection to partitioning of circles and to the number line.

Clarification 2: Within this benchmark, the expectation is not to understand military time.

General Information
Subject Area: Mathematics (B.E.S.T.)
Strand: Measurement
Status: State Board Approved

## Benchmark Instructional Guide

• NA

### Vertical Alignment

Previous Benchmarks

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### Purpose and Instructional Strategies

The purpose of this benchmark is to build on the work of grade 1 by telling and writing time to a more precise measurement in increments of 5 minutes. Instruction at this grade level also makes a connection to fractional terms to express portions of an hour.
• Instruction includes the purpose of the minute and hour hand in analog clocks.
• Instruction includes the understanding that a.m. is used to reference the time from 12:00 midnight to 12:00 noon, and p.m. is used to reference the time from 12:00 noon to 12:00 midnight.
• Instruction includes the reinforcement of a time line and its connection to a number line.

### Common Misconceptions or Errors

• Students may incorrectly identify the minute and the hour hand.
• Students may think that when the hour hand is pointing between two numbers, the hour corresponds to the larger number.
• Students may incorrectly skip count by 5s.
• Students may have difficulty identifying the time when the hour hand is approaching the next hour.

### Strategies to Support Tiered Instruction

• Teacher provides a blank clock for students to draw and label the parts and use visual supports to help remember the names of each part.
• For example, students label the inside of the minute and hour hand as shown to provide a mental picture. It may be helpful to show this illustration with the minute and hour hands in various positions.

•  Instruction includes the teacher removing the minute hand from a clock and guides students to notice if the hour hand is pointing before, on, or after a number encouraging students to use approximations such as, “It’s just past 2 o’clock” when pointing after the 2, or “It’s almost 4 o’clock” when pointing before the 4.
• Instruction includes relating counting minutes on a clock to skip counting sets of 5 by using manipulatives or representations, noting each group of five as a set. Teacher makes connections to the number line and how this relates to the way a clock is like a circular number line.
• For example, groups of 5 can be made using twelve 1 by 5 grid paper arrays. Teacher arranges the arrays in a horizontal line, having students color every other array, skip counting the rows aloud, and recording the skip counts below each array. Number each set of 5 with a number above the end of each array.

• Students arrange the 12 sets of 1 by 5 arrays into a circular pattern, labeling each set and skip count. Teacher guides students to notice how the units of time are represented on a real clock and on their skip count model; each square is 1 minute, each array is 5 minutes, and all 12 arrays together make 1 hour.

Provide students with individual clocks and various times. [Teacher note: Examples provided should include opportunities for students to rename given times using fractional terms as necessary.]
• Part A. Using the clock provided, show and tell the given time to the nearest five minutes.

• Part B. Using the clock provided, what are all of the ways you can say the time shown?

### Instructional Items

Instructional Item 1

Which of the following is another way to express the time shown on the clock?

• a. Twelve minutes past the hour
• b. Half past twelve
• c. Quarter past twelve
• d. Quarter till one

*The strategies, tasks and items included in the B1G-M are examples and should not be considered comprehensive.

## Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5012040: Mathematics - Grade Two (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7712030: Access Mathematics Grade 2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5012005: Foundational Skills in Mathematics K-2 (Specifically in versions: 2019 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))

## Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
MA.2.M.2.AP.1: Using analog and digital clocks, express the time in hours and half hours. Explore the concept of a.m. and p.m.

## Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

## Formative Assessments

Tell Time:

Students are asked to read time on an analog clock to the nearest five minutes.

Type: Formative Assessment

The Clock Says:

Students are asked to write time shown on analog clocks to the nearest 5 minutes.

Type: Formative Assessment

Writing Times on Digital Clocks:

Students are read three times to the nearest five minutes and asked to write the times on digital clocks.

Type: Formative Assessment

## Lesson Plans

Telling Time to the 5 Minute Mark:

In this activity, students will then learn about telling time to the nearest five minutes.

Type: Lesson Plan

Time to 5 Minutes:

In this lesson, students will tell and write time displayed at the multiples of 5 minute marks on an analog clock. The lesson begins by identifying and labeling 5-minute intervals. Students arrange themselves in a circle to make a human clock. Students also learn to distinguish a.m. from p.m.

Type: Lesson Plan

Counting on the Clock:

In this lesson students make analog clocks and use them to set times at the five-minute marks. Students view analog clocks and tell the times set at multiples of 5 minutes. Students make distinctions between a.m. and p.m.

Type: Lesson Plan

Telling Time With "Ana Log" and "Dig Ital" Clock:

In this lesson, students will read and represent times on a digital and analog clock to the nearest 5 minutes as well as determine if those times are a.m. or p.m.

Type: Lesson Plan

Time Matters:

The students will demonstrate an understanding of telling time to the nearest five minutes by creating a matching card game. Then the students will create a four question assessment to be shared with their peers.

Type: Lesson Plan

Excuse Me! Can you please give me the time?:

In this lesson, the students will work together to create story problems that will allow them to tell and write time to the nearest five minutes.

Type: Lesson Plan

How do you know it is time to go?:

Students will learn how to tell time on an analog clock as well as draw in hands on a faceless clock indicating the correct time. They will learn half an hour, half past, quarter of an hour, quarter til, and quarter after.

Type: Lesson Plan

Is 5 Minutes Up?:

This is lesson 1 of a 2 part lesson. Lesson #2 ID # 48709 and is an application of the skill of telling time. This lesson teaches students the concrete, even counting of minutes on a clock. It focuses on the concept of 5 minute increments around the face (1=5minutes, 2=10 minutes, etc.) This is the foundation for Lesson #2.

Type: Lesson Plan

Time! Time! Time!:

This lesson allows students to apply their knowledge of a linear number line to telling time on an analog clock.

Type: Lesson Plan

## Original Student Tutorial

Telling Time with Tomás:

Come tell time with Tomás in 5 minute intervals on a digital and analog clock in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

## Perspectives Video: Teaching Idea

One Handed Clocks:

Unlock an effective teaching strategy for using one-handed clocks to help students learn to tell time in this Teacher Perspectives video for educators.

Type: Perspectives Video: Teaching Idea

## Tutorials

Telling Time Examples #2:

Demonstrates how to tell time on unlabeled analog clocks to the nearest five minutes.

Type: Tutorial

Telling Time Examples #1:

Tell time on a labeled analog clock to the nearest five minutes.

Type: Tutorial

## MFAS Formative Assessments

Tell Time:

Students are asked to read time on an analog clock to the nearest five minutes.

The Clock Says:

Students are asked to write time shown on analog clocks to the nearest 5 minutes.

Writing Times on Digital Clocks:

Students are read three times to the nearest five minutes and asked to write the times on digital clocks.

## Original Student Tutorials Mathematics - Grades K-5

Telling Time with Tomás:

Come tell time with Tomás in 5 minute intervals on a digital and analog clock in this interactive tutorial.

## Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

## Original Student Tutorial

Telling Time with Tomás:

Come tell time with Tomás in 5 minute intervals on a digital and analog clock in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

## Tutorials

Telling Time Examples #2:

Demonstrates how to tell time on unlabeled analog clocks to the nearest five minutes.

Type: Tutorial

Telling Time Examples #1:

Tell time on a labeled analog clock to the nearest five minutes.

Type: Tutorial

## Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.