Determine and explain whether equations involving addition and subtraction are true or false.


The equation 27+13=26+14 can be determined to be true because 26 is one less than 27 and 14 is one more than 13.


Clarification 1: Instruction focuses on understanding of the equal sign.

Clarification 2: Problem types are limited to an equation with three or four terms. The sum or difference can be on either side of the equal sign.

Clarification 3: Addition and subtraction are limited to sums up to 100 and related differences.

General Information
Subject Area: Mathematics (B.E.S.T.)
Grade: 2
Strand: Algebraic Reasoning
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5012040: Mathematics - Grade Two (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7712030: Access Mathematics Grade 2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5012005: Foundational Skills in Mathematics K-2 (Specifically in versions: 2019 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
MA.2.AR.2.AP.1: Determine if addition or subtraction equations with no more than three terms are true or false. Sums may not exceed 20 and their related subtraction facts.

Related Resources

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Lesson Plan

Odds and Evens:

This resource helps students identify numbers as odd or even using a variety of methods including creating pairs, skip counting by two’s, using number lines, and arrays. It also leads them to understand that all even numbers can be written as a sum of equal addends and odds can be written as the sum of equal addends plus one.

This resource can be conducted as one lesson or can be spread over multiple mini sessions if needed as noted within this resource as Lesson 1 and Lesson 2.


Type: Lesson Plan

Student Resources

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