# MA.K.AR.1.3 Export Print
Solve addition and subtraction real-world problems using objects, drawings or equations to represent the problem.

### Clarifications

Clarification 1: Instruction includes understanding the context of the problem, as well as the quantities within the problem.
Clarification 2: Students are not expected to independently read word problems.

Clarification 3: Addition and subtraction are limited to sums within 10 and related subtraction facts. Refer to Situations Involving Operations with Numbers (Appendix A).

General Information
Subject Area: Mathematics (B.E.S.T.)
Strand: Algebraic Reasoning
Status: State Board Approved

## Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5012020: Grade Kindergarten Mathematics (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7712015: Access Mathematics - Grade Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5012005: Foundational Skills in Mathematics K-2 (Specifically in versions: 2019 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))

## Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
MA.K.AR.1.AP.3: Solve addition and subtraction real-world problems within 5 using objects, drawings or equations to represent the problem.

## Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

## Formative Assessments

More Fun with Numbers:

Students solve an Add To (Result Unknown) word problem.

Type: Formative Assessment

Two Tables:

Students are challenged to find all the different ways to sort six toys into two different groups.

Type: Formative Assessment

Writing an Equation:

Students are asked to pick an equation that matches addition and subtraction word problems.

Type: Formative Assessment

Students model an addition and a subtraction problem with manipulatives, drawings, fingers, or by acting out the story in the problem.

Type: Formative Assessment

Lizards on a Rock:

Students solve an addition and a subtraction word problem using manipulatives or pencil and paper.

Type: Formative Assessment

Writing Center:

Students model an addition problem using manipulatives, their fingers, drawings, or by acting out.

Type: Formative Assessment

Cats and Dogs Word Problem:

Students are given a subtraction word problem and asked to solve the problem by drawing a picture or using manipulatives.

Type: Formative Assessment

Carly’s Sleepover Party:

Students model the action in a subtraction problem.

Type: Formative Assessment

Bowl of Apples Word Problem:

Students are asked to solve an addition word problem by drawing a picture or using manipulatives.

Type: Formative Assessment

## Lesson Plans

Decomposition with Cheerios:

In this lesson, students will use Cheerios as manipulatives for decomposing numbers 5-10. Students will be encouraged to decompose numbers in as many different ways as possible. Students will also record their decompositions as addition equations.

Type: Lesson Plan

Monster Math - Composing and Decomposing the Number 10:

This activity will have students finding ways to make ten. Students use two colors of linking cubes to make and record equations of ten.

Type: Lesson Plan

## Tutorial

Result Unknown - Subtraction Word Problem Within 10:

In this tutorial, you will learn how to solve a result unknown word problems: 10 - 2 = ?.

Type: Tutorial

## MFAS Formative Assessments

Bowl of Apples Word Problem:

Students are asked to solve an addition word problem by drawing a picture or using manipulatives.

Carly’s Sleepover Party:

Students model the action in a subtraction problem.

Cats and Dogs Word Problem:

Students are given a subtraction word problem and asked to solve the problem by drawing a picture or using manipulatives.

Lizards on a Rock:

Students solve an addition and a subtraction word problem using manipulatives or pencil and paper.

Students model an addition and a subtraction problem with manipulatives, drawings, fingers, or by acting out the story in the problem.

More Fun with Numbers:

Students solve an Add To (Result Unknown) word problem.

Two Tables:

Students are challenged to find all the different ways to sort six toys into two different groups.

Writing an Equation:

Students are asked to pick an equation that matches addition and subtraction word problems.

Writing Center:

Students model an addition problem using manipulatives, their fingers, drawings, or by acting out.

## Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

## Tutorial

Result Unknown - Subtraction Word Problem Within 10:

In this tutorial, you will learn how to solve a result unknown word problems: 10 - 2 = ?.

Type: Tutorial

## Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

## Tutorial

Result Unknown - Subtraction Word Problem Within 10:

In this tutorial, you will learn how to solve a result unknown word problems: 10 - 2 = ?.

Type: Tutorial