MA.K.AR.1.3

Solve addition and subtraction real-world problems using objects, drawings or equations to represent the problem.

Clarifications

Clarification 1: Instruction includes understanding the context of the problem, as well as the quantities within the problem. 
Clarification 2: Students are not expected to independently read word problems.

Clarification 3: Addition and subtraction are limited to sums within 10 and related subtraction facts. Refer to Situations Involving Operations with Numbers (Appendix A).

General Information
Subject Area: Mathematics (B.E.S.T.)
Grade: K
Strand: Algebraic Reasoning
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5012020: Grade Kindergarten Mathematics (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7712015: Access Mathematics - Grade Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5012005: Foundational Skills in Mathematics K-2 (Specifically in versions: 2019 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
MA.K.AR.1.AP.3: Solve addition and subtraction real-world problems within 5 using objects, drawings or equations to represent the problem.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Formative Assessments

More Fun with Numbers:

Students solve an Add To (Result Unknown) word problem.

Type: Formative Assessment

Two Tables:

Students are challenged to find all the different ways to sort six toys into two different groups.

Type: Formative Assessment

Writing an Equation:

Students are asked to pick an equation that matches addition and subtraction word problems.

Type: Formative Assessment

Modeling Addition and Subtraction:

Students model an addition and a subtraction problem with manipulatives, drawings, fingers, or by acting out the story in the problem.

Type: Formative Assessment

Lizards on a Rock:

Students solve an addition and a subtraction word problem using manipulatives or pencil and paper.

Type: Formative Assessment

Writing Center:

Students model an addition problem using manipulatives, their fingers, drawings, or by acting out.

Type: Formative Assessment

Cats and Dogs Word Problem:

Students are given a subtraction word problem and asked to solve the problem by drawing a picture or using manipulatives.

Type: Formative Assessment

Carly’s Sleepover Party:

Students model the action in a subtraction problem.

Type: Formative Assessment

Bowl of Apples Word Problem:

Students are asked to solve an addition word problem by drawing a picture or using manipulatives.

Type: Formative Assessment

Lesson Plans

Decomposition with Cheerios:

In this lesson, students will use Cheerios as manipulatives for decomposing numbers 5-10. Students will be encouraged to decompose numbers in as many different ways as possible. Students will also record their decompositions as addition equations.

Type: Lesson Plan

Monster Math - Composing and Decomposing the Number 10:

This activity will have students finding ways to make ten. Students use two colors of linking cubes to make and record equations of ten.

Type: Lesson Plan

Tutorial

Result Unknown - Subtraction Word Problem Within 10:

In this tutorial, you will learn how to solve a result unknown word problems: 10 - 2 = ?.

Type: Tutorial

MFAS Formative Assessments

Bowl of Apples Word Problem:

Students are asked to solve an addition word problem by drawing a picture or using manipulatives.

Carly’s Sleepover Party:

Students model the action in a subtraction problem.

Cats and Dogs Word Problem:

Students are given a subtraction word problem and asked to solve the problem by drawing a picture or using manipulatives.

Lizards on a Rock:

Students solve an addition and a subtraction word problem using manipulatives or pencil and paper.

Modeling Addition and Subtraction:

Students model an addition and a subtraction problem with manipulatives, drawings, fingers, or by acting out the story in the problem.

More Fun with Numbers:

Students solve an Add To (Result Unknown) word problem.

Two Tables:

Students are challenged to find all the different ways to sort six toys into two different groups.

Writing an Equation:

Students are asked to pick an equation that matches addition and subtraction word problems.

Writing Center:

Students model an addition problem using manipulatives, their fingers, drawings, or by acting out.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Tutorial

Result Unknown - Subtraction Word Problem Within 10:

In this tutorial, you will learn how to solve a result unknown word problems: 10 - 2 = ?.

Type: Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Tutorial

Result Unknown - Subtraction Word Problem Within 10:

In this tutorial, you will learn how to solve a result unknown word problems: 10 - 2 = ?.

Type: Tutorial