### Clarifications

*Clarification 1:*Instruction includes giving a number verbally or with a written numeral.

**Subject Area:**Mathematics (B.E.S.T.)

**Grade:**K

**Strand:**Number Sense and Operations

**Date Adopted or Revised:**08/20

**Status:**State Board Approved

## Benchmark Instructional Guide

### Connecting Benchmarks/Horizontal Alignment

### Terms from the K-12 Glossary

- Cardinality Principle
- Whole Number

### Vertical Alignment

Previous Benchmarks

Next Benchmarks

### Purpose and Instructional Strategies

The purpose of this benchmark is to help students further develop the concept that counting gives the number of objects in a set and to reinforce the counting sequence. Students should count out a given number of objects, and if the counted set is rearranged or moved, students should restate the number of objects without counting.- Instruction includes the use of manipulatives and pictorial representations.
- Instruction may use ten-frames or similar organizers to help students organize their counting (MTR.5.1).
- Instruction includes context to provide a purpose for counting (MTR.7.1).

### Common Misconceptions or Errors

- Students may skip or repeat numbers when counting out objects.
- For example, a student may say "14, 15, 17."

- Students may lose track of which objects have been counted.

### Strategies to Support Tiered Instruction

- Instruction includes modeling of a given target number to produce a set of objects beginning with quantities 0-5. The container holding the objects should contain a quantity greater than the target number so that students can demonstrate producing an exact set without going over the target number. Students must be able to identify the target number, what quantity that number represents, and where the target number is in relation to other numbers.
- Examples may include the following statements and questions to elicit student understanding:
- “What number is this?”
- “When you are counting, how will you know when to stop?”
- “Can you show me how many counters make this number?”
- “How can you keep track of how many you counted?”

- Examples may include the following statements and questions to elicit student understanding:
- Instruction includes presenting students with number cards to 5 for matching quantities of counters to each number card.
- Example:

- Teacher includes tasks for students exploring various containers to find which one contains the quantity of the target number card and match the remaining cards to their containers. Use five or ten frames to keep track of each quantity being counted.
- Example:

### Instructional Tasks

*Instructional Task 1 *

*Instructional Task 2 *

### Instructional Items

*Instructional Item 1 *

**The strategies, tasks and items included in the B1G-M are examples and should not be considered comprehensive.*

## Related Courses

## Related Access Points

## Related Resources

## Formative Assessments

## Lesson Plans

## Original Student Tutorials

## Perspectives Video: Teaching Idea

## Teaching Idea

## MFAS Formative Assessments

## Original Student Tutorials Mathematics - Grades K-5

Help Lucy the dog recognize and write number 4. She will also learn to count up to 4 objects using a ten frame and number line in this interactive tutorial.

Help Gabriella and Olivia count groups of objects from 0 to 5 in this interactive tutorial.

Learn to how to recognize and write the number 5 and count up to 5 objects using 10 frames and number lines as you help Lucy the dog plan a party in this interactive tutorial.

## Student Resources

## Original Student Tutorials

Learn to how to recognize and write the number 5 and count up to 5 objects using 10 frames and number lines as you help Lucy the dog plan a party in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Lucy the dog recognize and write number 4. She will also learn to count up to 4 objects using a ten frame and number line in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Gabriella and Olivia count groups of objects from 0 to 5 in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial