ELA.9.R.1.1

Explain how key elements enhance or add layers of meaning and/or style in a literary text.

Clarifications

Clarification 1: Key elements of a literary text are setting, plot, characterization, conflict, point of view, theme, and tone.

Clarification 2: For layers of meaning, any methodology or model may be used as long as students understand that text may have multiple layers and that authors use techniques to achieve those layers. A very workable model for looking at layers of meaning is that of I.A. Richards: Layer 1) the literal level, what the words actually mean Layer 2) mood, those feelings that are evoked in the reader Layer 3) tone, the author’s attitude Layer 4) author’s purpose (interpretation of author’s purpose as it is often inferred)

Clarification 3: Style is the way in which the writer uses techniques for effect. It is distinct from meaning but can be used to make the author’s message more effective. The components of style are diction, syntax, grammar, and use of figurative language. Style helps to create the author’s voice.

General Information
Subject Area: English Language Arts (B.E.S.T.)
Grade: 9
Strand: Reading
Date Adopted or Revised: 08/20
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
1001320: English Honors 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
1001800: Florida's Preinternational Baccalaureate English 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
1002300: English 1 Through ESOL (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
1005300: World Literature (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021, 2021 and beyond (current))
1009300: Writing 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
1009320: Creative Writing 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021, 2021 and beyond (current))
1001310: English 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
1001315: English 1 for Credit Recovery (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
1002381: Developmental Language Arts Through ESOL (Reading) (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
1005345: Humane Letters 1 Literature (Specifically in versions: 2019 - 2022, 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
1000412: Intensive Reading 1 (Specifically in versions: 2021 and beyond)
1005346: Humane Letters 1 Literature Honors (Specifically in versions: 2020 - 2022, 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
ELA.9.R.1.AP.1: Identify how key elements increase understanding of literary text and/or style.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorials

Narrative Techniques: Creating Tension & Suspense (Part Two):

In Part Two of this two-part series, you'll continue reading excerpts from the classic short story "The Most Dangerous Game." You'll learn about another narrative technique authors use to create suspense— the manipulation of time. You'll also analyze how the author uses various narrative techniques to build suspense in this story.

Be sure to complete all three parts! 

Click HERE to launch Part One.

Click HERE to launch Part Three. [COMING SOON]

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Narrative Techniques: Creating Tension & Suspense (Part One):

In this three-part series, you'll read excerpts from the classic short story "The Most Dangerous Game." You'll learn how authors create tension and suspense to keep readers on the edge of their seats. You'll specifically analyze how authors create tension and suspense by using these four narrative techniques: exposition, foreshadowing, pacing, and the manipulation of time.

In Part One, we'll just cover exposition, foreshadowing, and pacing. Make sure to complete all three parts!

Click HERE to launch Part Two.

Click HERE to launch Part Three. [COMING SOON]

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Its all about Mood: Bradbury's "Zero Hour":

Learn how authors create mood in a story through this interactive tutorial. You'll read a science fiction short story by author Ray Bradbury and analyze how he uses images, sound, dialogue, setting, and characters' actions to create different moods. This tutorial is Part One in a two-part series. In Part Two, you'll use Bradbury's story to help you create a Found Poem that conveys multiple moods.

When you've completed Part One, click HERE to launch Part Two.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Teaching Idea

Resources to Support the Study of Harrison Bergeron :

Are your students having trouble understanding Kurt Vonnegut's short story "Harrison Bergeron"? Use this resource from EDSITEment! to select videos that describe Vonnegut's America, dig into the character of Harrison Bergeron, and examine the satire in the story. Discussion questions are included for extended analysis.

Type: Teaching Idea

Original Student Tutorials for Language Arts - Grades 6-12

Its all about Mood: Bradbury's "Zero Hour":

Learn how authors create mood in a story through this interactive tutorial. You'll read a science fiction short story by author Ray Bradbury and analyze how he uses images, sound, dialogue, setting, and characters' actions to create different moods. This tutorial is Part One in a two-part series. In Part Two, you'll use Bradbury's story to help you create a Found Poem that conveys multiple moods.

When you've completed Part One, click HERE to launch Part Two.

Narrative Techniques: Creating Tension & Suspense (Part One):

In this three-part series, you'll read excerpts from the classic short story "The Most Dangerous Game." You'll learn how authors create tension and suspense to keep readers on the edge of their seats. You'll specifically analyze how authors create tension and suspense by using these four narrative techniques: exposition, foreshadowing, pacing, and the manipulation of time.

In Part One, we'll just cover exposition, foreshadowing, and pacing. Make sure to complete all three parts!

Click HERE to launch Part Two.

Click HERE to launch Part Three. [COMING SOON]

Narrative Techniques: Creating Tension & Suspense (Part Two):

In Part Two of this two-part series, you'll continue reading excerpts from the classic short story "The Most Dangerous Game." You'll learn about another narrative technique authors use to create suspense— the manipulation of time. You'll also analyze how the author uses various narrative techniques to build suspense in this story.

Be sure to complete all three parts! 

Click HERE to launch Part One.

Click HERE to launch Part Three. [COMING SOON]

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorials

Narrative Techniques: Creating Tension & Suspense (Part Two):

In Part Two of this two-part series, you'll continue reading excerpts from the classic short story "The Most Dangerous Game." You'll learn about another narrative technique authors use to create suspense— the manipulation of time. You'll also analyze how the author uses various narrative techniques to build suspense in this story.

Be sure to complete all three parts! 

Click HERE to launch Part One.

Click HERE to launch Part Three. [COMING SOON]

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Narrative Techniques: Creating Tension & Suspense (Part One):

In this three-part series, you'll read excerpts from the classic short story "The Most Dangerous Game." You'll learn how authors create tension and suspense to keep readers on the edge of their seats. You'll specifically analyze how authors create tension and suspense by using these four narrative techniques: exposition, foreshadowing, pacing, and the manipulation of time.

In Part One, we'll just cover exposition, foreshadowing, and pacing. Make sure to complete all three parts!

Click HERE to launch Part Two.

Click HERE to launch Part Three. [COMING SOON]

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Its all about Mood: Bradbury's "Zero Hour":

Learn how authors create mood in a story through this interactive tutorial. You'll read a science fiction short story by author Ray Bradbury and analyze how he uses images, sound, dialogue, setting, and characters' actions to create different moods. This tutorial is Part One in a two-part series. In Part Two, you'll use Bradbury's story to help you create a Found Poem that conveys multiple moods.

When you've completed Part One, click HERE to launch Part Two.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.