Read grade-level texts with accuracy, automaticity, and appropriate prosody or expression.
: See Fluency Norms
for grade-level norms. Norms are expressed as words correct per minute (WCPM), a measure that combines accuracy with rate.
Clarification 2: Appropriate prosody refers to pausing patterns during oral reading that reflect the punctuation and meaning of a text. See Sample Oral Reading Fluency Rubrics for prosody.
Clarification 3: Grade-level texts, for the purposes of fluency, are those within the grade band on quantitative text complexity measures and appropriate in content and qualitative measures.