ELA.K.R.1.1

Describe the main character(s), setting, and important events in a story.

Clarifications

Clarification 1: In describing the main character, students can describe appearance, actions, feelings, and thoughts of the character. Students will explain what in the text their description is based on. 
Clarification 2: For setting, students will discuss where the events of the story are happening. The time element of setting should only be addressed in texts where it is explicitly indicated. 
Clarification 3: Descriptions can be oral, either in response to a question or through discussion.
General Information
Subject Area: English Language Arts (B.E.S.T.)
Grade: K
Strand: Reading
Date Adopted or Revised: 08/20
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5010020: Basic Skills in Reading-K-2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021, 2021 and beyond (current))
5010030: Functional Basic Skills in Communications-Elementary (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5010041: Language Arts - Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021, 2021 and beyond (current))
7710011: Access Language Arts - Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5011000: Library Skills/Information Literacy Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2016 - 2022, 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
5010022: Functional Reading Skills K-2 (Specifically in versions: 2021 and beyond)
5010026: Functional Reading Skills 3-5 (Specifically in versions: 2021 and beyond)
5010100: Introduction to Debate Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2020 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5010011: English for Speakers of Other Languages Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2021 and beyond)

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
ELA.K.R.1.AP.1: Identify a character, a setting and an event in a story.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Lesson Plans

Monkey Business: A Problem:

In this close reading lesson, the teacher will read aloud Caps for Sale by Esphyr Slobodkina. Students will answer text-dependent questions and explain the meaning of new vocabulary. They will identify sight words and choral read repetitive parts of the text. Students will identify the setting, characters, and important events (including the problem and solution) and record these on a story map. They will retell the story and create a tri-fold book with illustrations and sentences explaining the beginning, middle, and end of the story. After analyzing the text, students will draw and dictate or write to explain the problem and solution in the text.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Kissing Hand and A Pocket Full of Kisses: Compare and Contrast:

In this close reading lesson, students will compare and contrast the actions of the characters in two of Audrey Penn's beloved books, The Kissing Hand and A Pocket Full of Kisses. They will answer text-dependent questions, and they will describe and sequence story elements as they analyze the two books. Students will truly enjoy interacting with these two delightful stories!

Type: Lesson Plan

Five Little Monkeys: Comparing and Contrasting:

In this close reading lesson, students will compare and contrast the actions of the characters in two of Eileen Christelow's beloved books, Five Little Monkeys Jumping on the Bed and Five Little Monkeys Sitting in a Tree. They will answer text-dependent questions and describe story elements as they analyze the two books. Students will truly enjoy interacting with these two delightful stories!

Type: Lesson Plan

If You Give a Mouse a Cookie and Take Him to School: Comparing and Contrasting:

In this close reading lesson, students will compare and contrast the actions of the characters in two of Laura Numeroff's beloved books, If You Give a Mouse a Cookie and If You Take a Mouse to School. They will answer text-dependent questions, and they will describe and sequence story elements as they analyze the two books. Students will truly enjoy interacting with these two delightful stories!

Type: Lesson Plan

Speechless for Breakfast:

In this lesson, students will work together to "read" Pancakes for Breakfast, a wordless picture book by Tomie dePaola which shows the sequence of events the main character follows in preparing her own breakfast. Students will identify the story elements in the book based on its illustrations and retell the story by sequencing the important events. They will then create their own wordless picture book depicting their breakfast routine, presenting their routine and illustrations orally using complete sentences.

Type: Lesson Plan

Sequential Story Tellers:

In this lesson, students will become story sequencers as they participate in whole group, partner, and independent activities. Students will recall important events from the story The Little Red Hen and help generate a class story to demonstrate their understanding of beginning, middle, and end before completing their summative assessment. At the end of the lesson students will become authors of their own narrative when they write a sequential story of a special event. They will use suggestions and revisions from their peers and teacher to create a final draft of their narrative that will be shared with the class.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Grouchy Ladybug and The Mixed-Up Chameleon:

In this multi-day lesson, students will engage in a variety of literacy activities while reading The Grouchy Ladybug and The Mixed-Up Chameleon by Eric Carle. Students will answer text-dependent questions as they describe the characters, setting, and important events in the story. They will complete a story map and story sequence organizer and use them to retell what happened at the beginning, middle, and end of each story. Finally, they will use the two graphic organizers to plan their own narrative about what happens next to one of the characters.

Type: Lesson Plan

Do You Like Green Eggs and Ham?:

In this 5-day lesson, students will engage in a variety of activities using the beloved Dr. Seuss books, Green Eggs and Ham and Wacky Wednesday. Students will explain the roles of the author and illustrator of a story. They will identify rhyming words in the stories and produce additional words that rhyme. Students will answer text-dependent questions to complete a story map and sequencing graphic organizer about each story. Using the graphic organizers, students will retell the stories. Finally, students will choose their favorite Dr. Seuss book and write an opinion statement telling why the book is their favorite.

Type: Lesson Plan

Wild about Authors and Illustrators:

In this lesson, students learn about the roles of authors and illustrators through read-alouds, charades, and book-writing. Students will have an opportunity to act out the roles of illustrators and authors. They will learn how to describe the relationship between illustrations and the text in a story. Students will also identify the beginning, middle, and end in popular picture books and will write and illustrate a simple narrative with a partner.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorials

Playground Fun: Storybooks and Poems:

Identify the elements of storybooks (characters, setting, and events) and poems (lines and rhymes) and recognize their differences with this interactive tutorial. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Once Upon a Retelling:

Identify and retell the main elements of a story in this interactive tutorial. Join Walter Wolf to find the characters, setting, and major events in his favorite story, The Three Little Pigs, and retell what happened at the beginning, middle, and end of the story. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Sweet Details:

Identify story elements by answering who, what, where, and when questions in this interactive tutorial. Help Red Riding Hood find her friends Hansel and Gretel by answering questions about the key details in their story.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

"Beary" Good Details:

Join Baby Bear to answer questions about key details in his favorite stories with this interactive tutorial. Learn about characters, setting, and events as you answer who, where, and what questions.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Describe That Character:

Describe characters using key details in a story in this interactive tutorial. Join Police Officer Smith and the Gingerbread Man as they describe characters' appearances, feelings, and actions.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Original Student Tutorials for Language Arts - Grades K-5

"Beary" Good Details:

Join Baby Bear to answer questions about key details in his favorite stories with this interactive tutorial. Learn about characters, setting, and events as you answer who, where, and what questions.

Describe That Character:

Describe characters using key details in a story in this interactive tutorial. Join Police Officer Smith and the Gingerbread Man as they describe characters' appearances, feelings, and actions.

Once Upon a Retelling:

Identify and retell the main elements of a story in this interactive tutorial. Join Walter Wolf to find the characters, setting, and major events in his favorite story, The Three Little Pigs, and retell what happened at the beginning, middle, and end of the story. 

Playground Fun: Storybooks and Poems:

Identify the elements of storybooks (characters, setting, and events) and poems (lines and rhymes) and recognize their differences with this interactive tutorial. 

Sweet Details:

Identify story elements by answering who, what, where, and when questions in this interactive tutorial. Help Red Riding Hood find her friends Hansel and Gretel by answering questions about the key details in their story.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorials

Playground Fun: Storybooks and Poems:

Identify the elements of storybooks (characters, setting, and events) and poems (lines and rhymes) and recognize their differences with this interactive tutorial. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Once Upon a Retelling:

Identify and retell the main elements of a story in this interactive tutorial. Join Walter Wolf to find the characters, setting, and major events in his favorite story, The Three Little Pigs, and retell what happened at the beginning, middle, and end of the story. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Sweet Details:

Identify story elements by answering who, what, where, and when questions in this interactive tutorial. Help Red Riding Hood find her friends Hansel and Gretel by answering questions about the key details in their story.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

"Beary" Good Details:

Join Baby Bear to answer questions about key details in his favorite stories with this interactive tutorial. Learn about characters, setting, and events as you answer who, where, and what questions.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Describe That Character:

Describe characters using key details in a story in this interactive tutorial. Join Police Officer Smith and the Gingerbread Man as they describe characters' appearances, feelings, and actions.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.