Standard #: SS.912.A.6.13


This document was generated on CPALMS - www.cpalms.org



Analyze significant foreign policy events during the Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon administrations.


Clarifications


Examples may include, but are not limited to, the Domino Theory, Sputnik, space race, Korean Conflict, Vietnam Conflict, U-2 and Gary Powers, Bay of Pigs invasion, Cuban Missile Crisis, Berlin Wall, Ping Pong Diplomacy, opening of China.

This benchmark is annually evaluated on the United States History End-of-Course Assessment. For more information on how this benchmark is evaluated view the United States History End-of-Course Assessment Test Item Specifications pages 45-46. Additional resources may be found on the FLDOE End-of-Course (EOC) Assessments webpage and the FLDOE Social Studies webpage.

Related Courses

Course Number1111 Course Title222
2100320: United States History Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2100390: Visions and Countervisions: Europe, the U.S. and the World from 1848 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018 (course terminated))
2100400: The History of The Vietnam War (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
2100480: Visions and Countervisions: Europe, U.S. and the World from 1848 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2100310: United States History (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7921025: Access United States History (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond)
2100315: United States History for Credit Recovery (Specifically in versions: 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))


Related Access Points

Access Point Number Access Point Title
SS.912.A.6.In.m Identify results of significant foreign policy events, such as the Cuban missile crisis, the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution—Vietnam, and relations with China.
SS.912.A.6.Su.m Recognize the results of a significant foreign policy event, such as the Cuban missile crisis, the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution—Vietnam, or relations with China.
SS.912.A.6.Pa.m Recognize that the United States is involved with other nations.


Related Resources

Assessments

Name Description
Quiz: 1970s America

Test your knowledge of 1970s America in this 14-question quiz provided by Khan Academy.

Quiz: 1960s America

Try this 14-question multiple choice quiz to see how much you know about America in the 1960s. Foreign and domestic policy are both included in these questions.

Lesson Plans

Name Description
Reading Like a Historian: Guatemala

In this lesson, students analyze primary and secondary source documents in an effort to answer the central historical question: How and why did the U.S. fight the Cold War in Guatemala? The teacher begins by explaining how covert actions were part of the Cold War. Students read 2 brief accounts of the CIA takeover from recent textbooks. Students answer questions in pairs. Class discussion: Why does each textbook include details the other leaves out? Students then read a declassified CIA document-an assassination list with names deleted-and discuss: how does this document challenge the textbook accounts? A final class discussion attempts to place this incident in the larger context of what students have learned about the Cold War.

Reading Like a Historian: Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

In this lesson, students analyze primary source documents in an effort to answer the central historical question: Was the U.S. planning to go war with North Vietnam before the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution? The teacher begins by showing a map of Vietnam (PowerPoint) and giving students extensive background information-and a timeline-about U.S. involvement in the conflict. Students then review 4 documents: 1) the text of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, 2) a memo from McGeorge Bundy to LBJ, 3) a telegram from State Secretary Rusk to the Vietnamese embassy, and 4) the transcript of a phone conversation between Bundy and LBJ. Students answer extensive guiding questions for all documents and write a paragraph-length response to the central question, corroborating all that they have learned. A final class discussion evaluates the evidence.

Reading Like a Historian: Truman and MacArthur

In this lesson, students analyze primary source documents in an effort to answer the central historical question: How did Americans respond to President Truman's decision to fire General MacArthur? The teacher begins by explaining how MacArthur wanted to invade China to resolve the Korean War stalemate in 1951 and why Truman fired him for insubordination. Students are asked to make a prediction: what do you think the reaction was to the firing of this popular general? Students then analyze 3 documents: 1) a memo to Truman tabulating the letters he received after the firing (pro vs. con), 2) a letter by AMVETS supporting the firing, and 3) a very critical letter from a woman in Texas. For the last 2, students answer questions on a graphic organizer in groups. A whole group discussion follows and a quick debriefing on the impacts of the war's conclusion are presented.

Reading Like a Historian: Korean War

In this lesson, students analyze secondary source documents in an effort to answer the central historical question: Who started the Korean War? The teacher begins by first explaining that textbooks can be biased sources and then uses a brief PowerPoint to show the geography of Korea and why/when war began there. Students then form pairs and read 2 accounts of the war: one from a South Korean textbook and another from a North Korean book. For both, students not only summarize and answer questions, but they must identify which source is which (North or South Korea?) and use textual details to prove it. In a class discussion, students share their answers. If time remains, the class may corroborate these sources with their own class textbook.

Reading Like a Historian: Cuban Missile Crisis

In this lesson, students analyze primary source documents in an effort to answer the central historical question: Why did the Russians pull their missiles out of Cuba? The teacher begins by recapping the Cold War and the presence of missiles in Cuba and streams a video clip from Discovery Education about the Crisis and the negotiations that ended it. *Please see note in reviewer public remark below about this video. Students then analyze, in pairs, 3 documents: 1) a letter from Chairman Khrushchev to President Kennedy, 2) a letter from Kennedy to Khrushchev, and 3) a cable from Soviet ambassador Dobrynin to his foreign ministry. For each, they answer guiding questions. A final class discussion addresses the documents: What kind of a deal was struck? Why was it secret? Does the class textbook mention it?

Original Student Tutorials

Name Description
Shoot for the Moon: The Space Race -- Part Three (of Three)

Blast into space with this interactive, three-part tutorial series about the Space Race.  In Part Three, you'll learn about Apollo missions 11 through 17. Six of these crewed missions enabled twelve astronauts to walk on the Moon's surface.

  • CLICK HERE to launch Part One about America's first two Space Race programs: Project Mercury and Project Gemini.
  • CLICK HERE to launch Part Two about Project Apollo, mission 1 and missions 7 through 10.
Shoot for the Moon: The Space Race -- Part Two (of Three)

Blast into space with this interactive, three-part tutorial series about the Space Race.  In Part Two, you'll explore mission 1 and missions 7 through 10 of Project Apollo, America's final Space Race program. The sacrifices and achievements of these lesser-known missions paved the way for later Apollo missions to the Moon's surface.

  • CLICK HERE to launch Part One about America's first two Space Race programs: Project Mercury and Project Gemini.
  • CLICK HERE to launch Part Three about Project Apollo, missions 11 through 17, including the six crewed missions that enabled twelve astronauts to walk on the surface of the Moon.
Shoot for the Moon: The Space Race -- Part One (of Three)

Blast into space with this interactive, three-part tutorial series about the Space Race. In Part One, you'll learn how the Space Race developed out of the Cold War tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union. You'll also learn about America's first two Space Race programs: Project Mercury and Project Gemini.

  • CLICK HERE to launch Part Two about Project Apollo, mission 1 and missions 7 through 10.
  • CLICK HERE to launch Part Three about Project Apollo, missions 11 through 17, including the six crewed missions that enabled twelve astronauts to walk on the surface of the Moon.
From World War to Cold War: Part 2

Explore the beginnings of the Cold War from 1945 to 1953. In this interactive tutorial, you'll learn why this rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union was a unique conflict in our nation's history and how the U.S. assumed the role of world leader after World War II.  Finally, you'll learn how the Korean War was a proxy war in the larger context of the Cold War.  

This is part 2 in a two-part series. CLICK HERE to open Part 1. 

From World War to Cold War: Part 1 (of 2)

In Parts 1 and 2 of this interactive tutorial series, explore the beginnings of the Cold War from 1945 to 1953.  You'll learn why this rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union was a unique conflict in our nation's history, and how the U.S. assumed the role of world leader after World War II.  Finally, you'll learn how the Korean War was a proxy war in the larger context of the Cold War.  

CLICK HERE to open Part 2.

The Cold War Turns Hot: Remembering the Korean War

In this interactive tutorial, learn about some of the causes of the Korean War and the major factors that led to America’s involvement in the war.  You will also learn about America’s role in the course of this conflict, and the consequences that resulted because of the war.

America and the Vietnam War

In this interactive tutorial, learn about the major factors that led to America's involvement in the war in Vietnam.  You'll also learn about America's role during the war, how the war affected the American public, and the resulting consequences of the war.

Presentation/Slideshow

Name Description
The Vietnam War

This PowerPoint-style presentation covers American involvement in Vietnam and its legacy.

Resource Collections

Name Description
Commemorating the Vietnam War

This website, commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Vietnam War, provides a wealth of resources that educators can use to teach their students about this important era in American history. Resources include an interactive historical timeline from 1945 to 1975, fact sheets detailing each branch of the U.S. military's involvement in the war, maps, and links to numerous primary source documents. The site also provides printable PDF posters that highlight different roles in the war, including the role of women and African Americans, as well posters that outline America's increasing involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1965, and posters that display service patches for each branch of the military.

American Experience: Harry Truman

This full-length video is a complete biography of Harry Truman, 33rd President of the United States. Topics touched on include the atomic bombing of Japan, the Cold War, and the Korean War. Teachers should find the video an excellent resource to review or learn more about this time period.

The webpage also includes numerous shorter videos, articles, and primary sources about Truman and this time period in history, as well as a teacher's guide for using the film in class.

American Experience: Lyndon B. Johnson

This full-length video is a complete biography of Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th President of the United States. Topics touched on include the Great Society, the Civil Rights movement, and the Vietnam War. Teachers should find the video an excellent resource to review or learn more about this time period.

The webpage also includes numerous shorter videos, articles, and primary sources about LBJ, as well as a teacher's guide for using the film in class.

Teaching Idea

Name Description
Source Analysis: Presidential Views on U.S. Involvement in Vietnam

In this activity intended for the debate classroom, students will access the Library of Congress and National Archives’ online resource portals to research and gather the unique perspectives of Presidents Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, and Ford on America’s involvement in the Vietnam War.

Students will then present orally the comparative and contrasting political and philosophical viewpoints.

Text Resource

Name Description
Sputnik: The Little Metal Ball That Fueled the Cold War

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the Social Studies content area. It is most appropriate for 11th-12th grade students enrolled in a U.S. History class. In this article, the author, a professor of aeronautics, reflects on the Soviet launch of the Sputnik satellite and how it inspired both Cold War paranoia and a national commitment to scientific education. Sputnik, he concludes, was a true historical turning point.

Tutorials

Name Description
U.S. History Overview: WWII to Vietnam

Learn about key events in American history from World War II to the Vietnam War in this tutorial video provided by Khan Academy. In this brief historical overview, topics include the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Cold War, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Korean War, and the Space Race.

Bay of Pigs Invasion

Learn about the Bay of Pigs Invasion, which was a failed military invasion of Cuba conducted a few short months after John F. Kennedy became president, in this short tutorial video provided by Khan Academy.

The Vietnam War: Overview

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, you'll learn about the causes, course, and consequences of the Vietnam War.

60-Second Presidents: Richard M. Nixon

View a brief, funny video about the 37th President, Richard M. Nixon, who re-established relations with China and wound down America's involvement in Vietnam... before resigning his office in disgrace following the Watergate scandal.

60-Second Presidents: Lyndon B. Johnson

View a brief, funny video about the 36th President, Lyndon B. Johnson. Learn about the ways he helped advance the Civil Rights Movement, his dream of a Great Society, and his approach towards the war in Vietnam.

60-Second Presidents: John F. Kennedy

View a brief video about our 35th President, John F. Kennedy. His assassination while in office helped turn Kennedy into a legend, best remembered for telling Americans to "ask what you can do for your country."

60-Second Presidents: Dwight D. Eisenhower

View a brief, funny video about the 34th President, Dwight D. Eisenhower, a president who brought about the interstate highway system and forever changed the way in which Americans travel!

We Shall Overcome

In this webisode brought to you by PBS, you will explore key events that took place in American history from 1963-1968, including the Vietnam War and the Civil Rights Movement. In this resource you can examine primary source documents and photographs, listen to segments of key speeches, examine a timeline and glossary, take a quiz, and explore additional resources connected to this era. Enjoy this journey into American history!

Let Freedom Ring

In this tutorial, you will explore key events that took place in American history from 1955-1963, including the rise of the Civil Rights Movement and early events in the Cold War. Through this interactive tutorial, you can examine primary source documents and photographs, listen to key speeches, and interact with a wealth of information during this webisode brought to you by PBS. The webisode even includes a timeline, glossary, quiz, and additional resources that you can examine to further explore this era. Enjoy this journey into American history!

Crash Course U.S. History: The Cold War in Asia

In this tutorial video, you'll take a whirlwind journey through key events of the Cold War in Asia. The United States' struggle against communist expansion led to full-blown, boots-on-the ground wars in both Korea and Vietnam. Enjoy this "crash course" in U.S. History!

Video/Audio/Animation

Name Description
The Cuban Missile Crisis

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, you'll view a brief video about the Cuban Missile Crisis. This Cold War-era crisis pitted the United States against the Soviet Union and threatened to ignite a nuclear World War III.

Student Resources

Original Student Tutorials

Name Description
Shoot for the Moon: The Space Race -- Part Three (of Three):

Blast into space with this interactive, three-part tutorial series about the Space Race.  In Part Three, you'll learn about Apollo missions 11 through 17. Six of these crewed missions enabled twelve astronauts to walk on the Moon's surface.

  • CLICK HERE to launch Part One about America's first two Space Race programs: Project Mercury and Project Gemini.
  • CLICK HERE to launch Part Two about Project Apollo, mission 1 and missions 7 through 10.
Shoot for the Moon: The Space Race -- Part Two (of Three):

Blast into space with this interactive, three-part tutorial series about the Space Race.  In Part Two, you'll explore mission 1 and missions 7 through 10 of Project Apollo, America's final Space Race program. The sacrifices and achievements of these lesser-known missions paved the way for later Apollo missions to the Moon's surface.

  • CLICK HERE to launch Part One about America's first two Space Race programs: Project Mercury and Project Gemini.
  • CLICK HERE to launch Part Three about Project Apollo, missions 11 through 17, including the six crewed missions that enabled twelve astronauts to walk on the surface of the Moon.
Shoot for the Moon: The Space Race -- Part One (of Three):

Blast into space with this interactive, three-part tutorial series about the Space Race. In Part One, you'll learn how the Space Race developed out of the Cold War tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union. You'll also learn about America's first two Space Race programs: Project Mercury and Project Gemini.

  • CLICK HERE to launch Part Two about Project Apollo, mission 1 and missions 7 through 10.
  • CLICK HERE to launch Part Three about Project Apollo, missions 11 through 17, including the six crewed missions that enabled twelve astronauts to walk on the surface of the Moon.
From World War to Cold War: Part 2:

Explore the beginnings of the Cold War from 1945 to 1953. In this interactive tutorial, you'll learn why this rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union was a unique conflict in our nation's history and how the U.S. assumed the role of world leader after World War II.  Finally, you'll learn how the Korean War was a proxy war in the larger context of the Cold War.  

This is part 2 in a two-part series. CLICK HERE to open Part 1. 

From World War to Cold War: Part 1 (of 2):

In Parts 1 and 2 of this interactive tutorial series, explore the beginnings of the Cold War from 1945 to 1953.  You'll learn why this rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union was a unique conflict in our nation's history, and how the U.S. assumed the role of world leader after World War II.  Finally, you'll learn how the Korean War was a proxy war in the larger context of the Cold War.  

CLICK HERE to open Part 2.

The Cold War Turns Hot: Remembering the Korean War:

In this interactive tutorial, learn about some of the causes of the Korean War and the major factors that led to America’s involvement in the war.  You will also learn about America’s role in the course of this conflict, and the consequences that resulted because of the war.

America and the Vietnam War:

In this interactive tutorial, learn about the major factors that led to America's involvement in the war in Vietnam.  You'll also learn about America's role during the war, how the war affected the American public, and the resulting consequences of the war.

Assessments

Name Description
Quiz: 1970s America :

Test your knowledge of 1970s America in this 14-question quiz provided by Khan Academy.

Quiz: 1960s America :

Try this 14-question multiple choice quiz to see how much you know about America in the 1960s. Foreign and domestic policy are both included in these questions.

Presentation/Slideshow

Name Description
The Vietnam War:

This PowerPoint-style presentation covers American involvement in Vietnam and its legacy.

Tutorials

Name Description
U.S. History Overview: WWII to Vietnam:

Learn about key events in American history from World War II to the Vietnam War in this tutorial video provided by Khan Academy. In this brief historical overview, topics include the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Cold War, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Korean War, and the Space Race.

Bay of Pigs Invasion:

Learn about the Bay of Pigs Invasion, which was a failed military invasion of Cuba conducted a few short months after John F. Kennedy became president, in this short tutorial video provided by Khan Academy.

The Vietnam War: Overview:

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, you'll learn about the causes, course, and consequences of the Vietnam War.

60-Second Presidents: Richard M. Nixon:

View a brief, funny video about the 37th President, Richard M. Nixon, who re-established relations with China and wound down America's involvement in Vietnam... before resigning his office in disgrace following the Watergate scandal.

60-Second Presidents: Lyndon B. Johnson:

View a brief, funny video about the 36th President, Lyndon B. Johnson. Learn about the ways he helped advance the Civil Rights Movement, his dream of a Great Society, and his approach towards the war in Vietnam.

60-Second Presidents: John F. Kennedy:

View a brief video about our 35th President, John F. Kennedy. His assassination while in office helped turn Kennedy into a legend, best remembered for telling Americans to "ask what you can do for your country."

60-Second Presidents: Dwight D. Eisenhower:

View a brief, funny video about the 34th President, Dwight D. Eisenhower, a president who brought about the interstate highway system and forever changed the way in which Americans travel!

We Shall Overcome:

In this webisode brought to you by PBS, you will explore key events that took place in American history from 1963-1968, including the Vietnam War and the Civil Rights Movement. In this resource you can examine primary source documents and photographs, listen to segments of key speeches, examine a timeline and glossary, take a quiz, and explore additional resources connected to this era. Enjoy this journey into American history!

Let Freedom Ring:

In this tutorial, you will explore key events that took place in American history from 1955-1963, including the rise of the Civil Rights Movement and early events in the Cold War. Through this interactive tutorial, you can examine primary source documents and photographs, listen to key speeches, and interact with a wealth of information during this webisode brought to you by PBS. The webisode even includes a timeline, glossary, quiz, and additional resources that you can examine to further explore this era. Enjoy this journey into American history!

Crash Course U.S. History: The Cold War in Asia:

In this tutorial video, you'll take a whirlwind journey through key events of the Cold War in Asia. The United States' struggle against communist expansion led to full-blown, boots-on-the ground wars in both Korea and Vietnam. Enjoy this "crash course" in U.S. History!

Video/Audio/Animation

Name Description
The Cuban Missile Crisis:

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, you'll view a brief video about the Cuban Missile Crisis. This Cold War-era crisis pitted the United States against the Soviet Union and threatened to ignite a nuclear World War III.



Printed On:11/29/2022 6:49:30 PM
Print Page | Close this window