Standard #: SC.912.L.15.8


This document was generated on CPALMS - www.cpalms.org



Describe the scientific explanations of the origin of life on Earth.


General Information

Subject Area: Science
Grade: 912
Body of Knowledge: Life Science
Standard: Diversity and Evolution of Living Organisms -

A. The scientific theory of evolution is the fundamental concept underlying all of biology.

B. The scientific theory of evolution is supported by multiple forms of scientific evidence.

C. Organisms are classified based on their evolutionary history.

D. Natural selection is a primary mechanism leading to evolutionary change.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes

Test Item Specifications

    Also Assesses:

    SC.912.N.1.3
    Recognize that the strength or usefulness of a scientific claim is evaluated through scientific argumentation, which depends on critical and logical thinking, and the active consideration of alternative scientific explanations to explain the data presented.

    SC.912.N.1.4 Identify sources of information and assess their reliability according to the strict standards of scientific investigation.

    SC.912.N.2.1 Identify what is science, what clearly is not science, and what superficially resembles science (but fails to meet the criteria for science).

    Clarification :

    Students will describe scientific explanations of the origin of life on Earth.

     Students will identify situations or conditions contributing to the origin of life on Earth.

    Students will identify ways in which a scientific claim is evaluated (e.g., through scientific argumentation, critical and logical thinking, and consideration of alternative explanations).

    Students will assess the reliability of sources of information according to scientific standards.

    Students will identify what is science, what is not science, and what resembles but fails to meet the criteria for science.

    Content Limits :

    Items may address the conditions required for the origin of life on Earth but may not require specific knowledge of the age of Earth or its eras, periods, or epochs.

    Items may assess how contributions of scientists such as Pasteur, Oparin, Miller and Urey, Margulis, or Fox aided in the development of the scientific explanation of the origin of life but will not assess what each scientist contributed.

    Items assessing the origin of organic molecules, chemical evolution, and/or eukaryotic cells should be conceptual.

    Items may refer to the endosymbiotic theory but may not assess the term in isolation.

    Items assessing a scientific claim are limited to the scientific explanations of the origins of life on Earth.

    Stimulus Attributes :
    None specified
    Response Attributes :
    None specified
    Prior Knowledge :
    Items may require the student to apply scientific knowledge described in the NGSSS from lower grades. This benchmark requires prerequisite knowledge of SC.8.L.18.1, SC.7.E.6.3, SC.7.E.6.4, SC.6.E.7.9, SC.6.N.2.1, SC.6.N.2.2, SC.7.N.1.7, SC.7.N.2.1, SC.8.N.2.1, and SC.8.N.2.2.


Sample Test Items (1)

Test Item # Question Difficulty Type
Sample Item 1 One of the accepted scientific theories describing the origin of life on Earth is known as chemical evolution. According to this theory, which of the following events would need to occur first for life to evolve? N/A MC: Multiple Choice


Related Courses

Course Number1111 Course Title222
2000310: Biology 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000320: Biology 1 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000330: Biology 2 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000430: Biology Technology (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
3027010: Biotechnology 1 (Specifically in versions: 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2001310: Earth/Space Science (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2001320: Earth/Space Science Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000440: Genetics Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2002400: Integrated Science 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2002410: Integrated Science 1 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2002420: Integrated Science 2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2002450: Integrated Science 3 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000800: Florida's Preinternational Baccalaureate Biology 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7920015: Access Biology 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
7920020: Access Earth/Space Science (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
7920025: Access Integrated Science 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
2000315: Biology 1 for Credit Recovery (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2002405: Integrated Science 1 for Credit Recovery (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2020 (course terminated))
2002425: Integrated Science 2 for Credit Recovery (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2020 (course terminated))
7920035: Fundamental Integrated Science 2 (Specifically in versions: 2013 - 2015, 2015 - 2017 (course terminated))


Related Access Points

Access Point Number Access Point Title
SC.912.L.15.Pa.1 Recognize that plants and animals change as they age.
SC.912.L.15.In.3 Identify that there are scientific explanations of the origin of life on Earth.
SC.912.L.15.Su.3 Recognize that there are scientific explanations of how life began.


Related Resources

Lesson Plans

Name Description
Origins of Life

Students will develop a scientific explanation for the origin of life on Earth and present the information that they find to the class through song, rap, story-telling, play-acting, or another creative method approved by the instructor.

Searching for the Recipe: Polypeptides & the Origins of Life

In this lesson, students will analyze an informational text that addresses a new method of producing polypeptides from only amino and hydroxy acids, with no biological catalysts necessary. Researchers at Georgia Tech have been able to produce polypeptides by subjecting amino and hydroxy acids through a wet and dry cycle. This allows for prebiotic molecules to be formed on land, without large amounts of water or extreme boiling temperatures. This method also allows for the breakdown and reassembly of organic materials to form random sequences that could lead to the variation needed for life. This lesson plan is intended to support reading in the content area; it includes a note-taking guide, text-dependent questions, a writing prompt, answer keys, and a writing rubric. 

Lesson Study Resource Kits

Name Description
Diversity and Evolution: A biology toolkit for grades 9-12

This toolkit supports the development of an instructional unit on diversity and evolution and aligns with academic standards for science, English language arts, and mathematics for students in grades 9-12. The elements of this toolkit were assembled based upon their suitability for constructing a multi-day instructional unit on hominid evolution that corresponds with the 5E Learning Cycle of engage, explore, explain, elaborate, and evaluate. Your task as a lesson study team is to analyze the materials that are included in this toolkit and evaluate how they can be incorporated in a 5-E instructional unit plan that complies with the academic standards for science, English language arts, and mathematics. As you study these resources it is important to make note of any deficiencies or gaps that will need to be addressed and make modifications in the lesson resources and activities where needed.

Exploring Diversity and Evolution: A Lesson Study Resource Kit for grades 9-12 This lesson study resource kit is designed to support lesson study teams in developing a unit of instruction for students in grades 9-12 on the topic of diversity and evolution.

Original Student Tutorial

Name Description
Earliest Beginnings

Learn how to identify and describe the leading scientific explanations of the origin of life on Earth.

Text Resources

Name Description
Finding the Origins of Life in a Drying Puddle

This text resource is designed to support reading in the content area. The article describes how researchers at Georgia Tech have discovered that polypeptides, which are the main component of proteins, can be formed by mixing amino and hydroxyl acids, and then simply putting them through wet and dry cycles. This would be a more plausible way for early prebiotic molecules to form. Previously, the only way to produce polypeptides involved boiling temperatures, which are not conducive to life.

Meteorites May Have Sparked Life on Earth

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. Scientists have formulated and tested another theory to explain how life began on Earth: meteorites crashing into the surface of the ancient planet brought with them the elements of life's building blocks. The results of the scientists' simulations are promising.

Tutorial

Name Description
Endosymbiosis

The theory of endosymbiosis suggests that mitochondria and chloroplasts were once free-living, small prokaryotes that were taken up by larger prokaryotes. It also describes how a large host cell and ingested bacteria could easily become dependent on one another for survival, resulting in a permanent relationship. This tutorial will help the learners to understand the process of endosymbiosis.

Student Resources

Original Student Tutorial

Name Description
Earliest Beginnings :

Learn how to identify and describe the leading scientific explanations of the origin of life on Earth.

Tutorial

Name Description
Endosymbiosis:

The theory of endosymbiosis suggests that mitochondria and chloroplasts were once free-living, small prokaryotes that were taken up by larger prokaryotes. It also describes how a large host cell and ingested bacteria could easily become dependent on one another for survival, resulting in a permanent relationship. This tutorial will help the learners to understand the process of endosymbiosis.



Printed On:11/29/2022 11:32:24 PM
Print Page | Close this window