Standard #: SC.7.E.6.2


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Identify the patterns within the rock cycle and relate them to surface events (weathering and erosion) and sub-surface events (plate tectonics and mountain building).


General Information

Subject Area: Science
Grade: 7
Body of Knowledge: Earth and Space Science
Idea: Level 3: Strategic Thinking & Complex Reasoning
Big Idea: Earth Structures - Over geologic time, internal and external sources of energy have continuously altered the features of Earth by means of both constructive and destructive forces. All life, including human civilization, is dependent on Earth's internal and external energy and material resources.
Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes

Test Item Specifications

    Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: MC item(s)
    Also Assesses
    SC.6.E.6.1 Describe and give examples of ways in which Earth’s surface is built up and torn down by physical and chemical weathering, erosion, and deposition.

    SC.6.E.6.2 Recognize that there are a variety of different landforms on Earth’s surface such as coastlines, dunes, rivers, mountains, glaciers, deltas, and lakes and relate these landforms as they apply to Florida.

    SC.7.E.6.6 Identify the impact that humans have had on Earth, such as deforestation, urbanization, desertification, erosion, air and water quality, changing the flow of water.

    Clarification :
    Students will identify and/or describe steps of the rock cycle and relate them to surface and sub-surface events.

    Students will describe and/or explain how Earth’s surface is built up and torn down through the processes of physical and chemical weathering, erosion, and deposition.

    Students will identify different types of landforms commonly found on Earth.

    Students will describe similarities and/or differences among landforms found in Florida and those found outside of Florida.

    Students will identify and/or describe the impact that humans have had on Earth.
    Content Limits :
    Items may use the context of plate tectonics to assess the rock cycle but will not directly assess plate tectonics.

    Items will not assess the role of plate tectonics in landform formation.

    Items may assess the features of karst topography, such as aquifers, caverns, and/or sinkholes, but will not use the term karst topography.
    Stimulus Attributes :
    None specified
    Response Attributes :
    None specified
    Prior Knowledge :
    Items may require the student to apply science knowledge described in the NGSSS from lower grades. This benchmark requires prerequisite knowledge from SC.4.E.6.1, SC.4.E.6.2, SC.4.E.6.3, SC.4.E.6.4, and SC.4.E.6.6.


Sample Test Items (1)

Test Item # Question Difficulty Type
Sample Item 1 Deforestation occurs when large areas of trees are cut down. Which of the following impacts on the environment would result from deforestation? N/A MC: Multiple Choice


Related Courses

Course Number1111 Course Title222
2002070: M/J Comprehensive Science 2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2002080: M/J Comprehensive Science 2, Advanced (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2001010: M/J Earth/Space Science (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2001020: M/J Earth/Space Science, Advanced (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7820016: Access M/J Comprehensive Science 2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
2002085: M/J Comprehensive Science 2 Accelerated Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))


Related Access Points

Access Point Number Access Point Title
SC.7.E.6.In.2 Recognize that slow changes, such as mountain-building, and fast changes, such as volcanic eruptions, are caused by shifts below Earth’s surface.
SC.7.E.6.Su.2 Recognize that mountains change size and shape over a long period of time.
SC.7.E.6.Pa.2 Discriminate between surface features of ground on Earth, such as rocky/sandy, flat/hilly, rough/smooth, or solid/liquid.


Related Resources

Lesson Plans

Name Description
Bling Builders: Diamonds and the Rock Cycle

This is a 2-3+ day unit lesson plan that uses Diamonds as a case study into the Rock Cycle, and also incorporates other concepts from Geology and Physics.

Medium Needed

In this MEA, groups of students will evaluate the media for growing plants hydroponically in order to help restore some native species of the Everglades. Students will learn about hydroponics as an alternative agricultural practice, the rock cycle, types of landforms in Florida, and will use different methods to analyze data and arrive to conclusions, as well as present them in a detailed description of procedures and conclusions, including justification and evidence for each decision.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Rocks Makin' Rocks: Rock Cycle Simulation

Students will participate in a simulation model of the rock cycle. Collecting data by throwing die, students will develop an understanding of the movement of atoms and rock particles through the rock cycle.

A Rocky Adventure

Rocks are continually changing. Forces inside the earth bring them closer to the surface and forces on the earth sink them back down.

Journey through the Rock Cycle

Students will understand how a rock can travel through the rock cycle by actively documenting their rock's journey.

Weathering and Erosion Photo Safari

Students will observe examples of weathering and erosion and relate these surface events to the rock cycle. Students should be able to identify which part of the rock cycle is represented by these events, and predict long-term changes to Earth's surface.

Original Student Tutorial

Name Description
Weathering, Erosion, and the Rock Cycle

Learn how to sequence surface events that lead to the formation of sedimentary rock in this interactive tutorial.

Perspectives Video: Expert

Name Description
Karst Geology

Geologist Harley Means discusses the characteristics of karst geology.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Perspectives Video: Professional/Enthusiasts

Name Description
Solving Systems of Equations, Oceans & Climate

Angela Dial discusses how she solves systems of equations to determine how the composition of ocean floor sediment has changed over 65 million years to help reveal more information regarding climate change.

Unit Rate and Florida Cave Formation

How long does it take to form speleothems in the caves at Florida Caverns State Parks?

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Resource Collection

Name Description
The Geography Site: Physical Geography

An educator, David Robinson, created this website to supply high quality materials dealing with various aspects of physical geography to educators and students. The website provides extensive information for five main categories: earthquakes, plate tectonics and continental drift, volcanoes and volcanics, glaciers and glaciation, and a physical geography glossary. Examples of the topics covered include an examination of the Mount St. Helens eruption, an introduction to predicting earthquakes, and the glacial formations of corries. Although the content was created primarily for twelve- to sixteen-year-old students, much of the material is applicable to all introductory earth science courses and can prove very beneficial for all interested in physical geography.

Video/Audio/Animation

Name Description
Plate Tectonics

Graphic 1 min video showing the layers of the earth and magma convection and it's effects on the surface of the earth.

Virtual Manipulative

Name Description
Rock Cycle Interactive Animation

Rock Cycle

Student Resources

Original Student Tutorial

Name Description
Weathering, Erosion, and the Rock Cycle:

Learn how to sequence surface events that lead to the formation of sedimentary rock in this interactive tutorial.



Parent Resources

Resource Collection

Name Description
The Geography Site: Physical Geography:

An educator, David Robinson, created this website to supply high quality materials dealing with various aspects of physical geography to educators and students. The website provides extensive information for five main categories: earthquakes, plate tectonics and continental drift, volcanoes and volcanics, glaciers and glaciation, and a physical geography glossary. Examples of the topics covered include an examination of the Mount St. Helens eruption, an introduction to predicting earthquakes, and the glacial formations of corries. Although the content was created primarily for twelve- to sixteen-year-old students, much of the material is applicable to all introductory earth science courses and can prove very beneficial for all interested in physical geography.



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