### General Information

**Subject Area:**Mathematics (B.E.S.T.)

**Grade:**3

**Strand:**Number Sense and Operations

**Date Adopted or Revised:**08/20

**Status:**State Board Approved

Explore multiplication of two whole numbers with products from 0 to 144, and related division facts.

*Clarification 2:* Within the benchmark, it is the expectation that one problem can be represented in multiple ways and understanding how the different representations are related to each other.

*Clarification 3:* Factors and divisors are limited to up to 12.

Course Number1111 |
Course Title222 |

5012050: | Grade Three Mathematics (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current)) |

7712040: | Access Mathematics Grade 3 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current)) |

5012055: | Grade 3 Accelerated Mathematics (Specifically in versions: 2019 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current)) |

5012015: | Foundational Skills in Mathematics 3-5 (Specifically in versions: 2019 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current)) |

Access Point Number |
Access Point Title |

MA.3.NSO.2.AP.2 | Explore the concept of multiplication of two single-digit whole numbers using objects. |

Name |
Description |

Kate and Her Doll | Students are given a context for a multiplicative comparison and asked to explain the comparison. |

Pet Snakes | Students discuss the relationship between the lengths of two snakes in a multiplicative comparison problem that includes an equation. |

Writing an Equation to Match a Word Problem | Students write an equation to match a given word problem. |

Animal Photographs | Students read a multiplicative comparison word problem and are asked to write an equation that matches the problem. |

Using A Number Line to Solve a Division Problem | Students are asked to explain how to use a number line for dividing, in the context of a word problem. |

Interpreting Division | Students are asked to illustrate a division problem and write a corresponding equation. |

Writing Multiplication Word Problems | Students are asked to write multiplication word problems prompted by pictures and then to write both an addition and a multiplication expression that can be used to solve the problem. |

Multiplication on the Number Line | Students are asked to explain how to use a number line for multiplying, in the context of a word problem. |

Interpreting Multiplication | Students are asked to explain what 5 x 7 means and to provide a real-world context for 5 x 7. |

Name |
Description |

Zero on a Hero (Exploring the Zero Property of Multiplication) | Students will explore the Zero Property of Multiplication using array and equal-group models for multiplication. Students will model story problems, translate problems into multiplication facts, and identify patterns in a set of multiplication facts to develop understanding of the Zero Property of Multiplication. |

One with a Bun (Exploring the Multiplicative Identity Property of 1) | In this lesson students will explore the Multiplicative Identity Property of 1, using array and equal-group models for multiplication. Students will model story problems, translate problems into multiplication equations, and identify patterns in a set of multiplication facts to develop understanding of the Multiplicative Identity Property of 1. |

Let's Multiply using Groups and Arrays | In this lesson, students will use pictures in arrays and groups to write multiplication story problems, write an equation, solve the problem, and identify the factors and products. |

Product Productions | The lesson uses a movie making theme to teach the characteristics and purpose of arrays, as well as the vocabulary, factor and product. |

Just Group It | Students will be able to use counters to create equal groups and write multiplication equations to represent these representations. |

Multiply by Multiples of 10 with Number Cubes | In this lesson students will use various strategies to multiply one-digit numbers by multiples of 10 within the range of 10-90. The strategies will encompass the Distributive, Commutative, and Associative properties, place value, number lines, base-ten blocks, diagrams, hundreds chart. Students will play a game with number cubes to practice this multiplication. |

Arrays Show the Way to the Multiplication Chart | This is an introductory lesson to explore the use of arrays to solve multiplication problems. Students build arrays and save the arrays in a class Multiplication Chart. They learn to use arrays to find products and factors, and by placing them in the Multiplication Chart, they learn how to read the chart. They learn how to write equations to represent situations that are modeled with arrays. An overall theme is the organization of the multiplication chart and how it includes arrays within. |

Hungry Zero | The definition of the Zero Property of Multiplication will be analyzed, modeled and practiced. |

Giddy Up, Round Up: Relating Division to Multiplication | In this lesson, students will learn to solve division problems by relating them to multiplication facts. Practice materials focus on the 6's and 8's multiplication facts. |

Efficient Multiplication | Students will engage with questions to evaluate the students' abilities to select and apply multiplication strategies with fluency and efficiency. The focus of the lesson is decomposing numbers to multiply using the Distributive property and understanding and applying the Commutative property. Then, students will reinforce decomposing of factors while playing Decomposition of Factors. The lesson concludes with a real world application problem on an Exit Slip. |

Pet Store Partitive Division | In this lesson students will model partitive division through the real-world activity of a pet store owner. |

Chip Chip Array! | Students work together to create arrays to represent given numbers. |

Array to Multiply | In this lesson, students will understand the concept of arrays and will be able to create/draw an array for multiplication sentences. Engaging center game is used to help students with concrete visual representation of multiplication sentences. |

Tasty Algebra: Using toasted O cereal to find the missing factor in a multiplication equation. | In this lesson students will use Cheerios to solve multiplication equations relating 3 whole numbers from word problems that include missing factors ranging from one through ten. Students will also argue the validity of multiplication equations that include missing factors and products with corresponding word problems. |

Apples, Oranges, and Bananas of Math? | In this lesson, the students will work in independently or in small groups to write equations to represent situations as well as their own math riddles around the concepts of multiplication. The teacher will use the book, |

Area Isn't Just for Squares | This lesson helps students make the connections between area and multiplication using square tiles. |

How Many Seeds in a Pumpkin? | In this hands-on math exploration, students will use knowledge of estimation and multiplication to develop strategies for estimating how many seeds are in a medium-sized pumpkin. |

Magnificent, Amazing Multiplication Arrays! | In this lesson students will be creating, describing, and analyzing arrays as they relate to multiplication. In addition, they will be working on hands on activities that allow them to justify their answers and prove their reasoning. |

Name |
Description |

Birthday at Home: Multiplication & Division Fluency Part 2 | Help Jaliah continue to plan her birthday party and be fluent in her math facts using helpful facts she already knows, and the relationship between multiplication and division in Part 2 of this interactive tutorial. This is part 2 of 2-part series, click HERE to view part 1. |

Birthday at Home: Multiplication & Division Fluency Part 1 | Jaliah is ready to celebrate her birthday and use strategies of doubling and halving and relating multiplication and division for building fluency with multiplication and division facts in this interactive tutorial. This is part 1 of 2-part series, click HERE to view part 2. |

Monkeying Around with Multiplication | Come play with Marty the monkey as he teaches you how to understand the concept of multiplication in this interactive tutorial. |

Be Fair When You Share | Allie learns to be fair when she shares and she learns more about division in this interactive tutorial. |

Name |
Description |

Birthday at Home: Multiplication & Division Fluency Part 2: | Help Jaliah continue to plan her birthday party and be fluent in her math facts using helpful facts she already knows, and the relationship between multiplication and division in Part 2 of this interactive tutorial. This is part 2 of 2-part series, click HERE to view part 1. |

Birthday at Home: Multiplication & Division Fluency Part 1: | Jaliah is ready to celebrate her birthday and use strategies of doubling and halving and relating multiplication and division for building fluency with multiplication and division facts in this interactive tutorial. This is part 1 of 2-part series, click HERE to view part 2. |

Monkeying Around with Multiplication : | Come play with Marty the monkey as he teaches you how to understand the concept of multiplication in this interactive tutorial. |

Be Fair When You Share: | Allie learns to be fair when she shares and she learns more about division in this interactive tutorial. |