Curriculum Resource Guide: Reading Informational Texts

Resource ID#: 170329 Type: Teaching Idea

General Information

Subject(s): English Language Arts
Grade Level(s): K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
Intended Audience: Educators educators
Resource supports reading in content area:Yes
Keywords: Access Points, Informational Text
Instructional Design Framework(s): Direct Instruction
Resource Collection: Student Support Resources

Aligned Standards

This vetted resource aligns to concepts or skills in these benchmarks.

Aligned Access Points

This vetted resource aligns to concepts or skills in these access points.

LAFS.1.RI.1.AP.1a
Answer questions about key details in a text read, read aloud or viewed.

LAFS.1.RI.1.AP.1b
Ask questions about key details in a text read, read aloud or viewed.

LAFS.1.RI.1.AP.2a
Discuss key details and the main topic of a preferred text.

LAFS.1.RI.1.AP.2b
Identify the main topic of an informational text.

LAFS.1.RI.1.AP.2c
Retell/identify key details in an informational text.

LAFS.1.RI.1.AP.3a
Describe the connection between two individuals in a text.

LAFS.1.RI.1.AP.3b
Describe the connection between events in a text.

LAFS.1.RI.1.AP.3c
Describe the connection between pieces of information in a text.

LAFS.1.RI.2.AP.4a
Ask questions to help determine or clarify the meaning of words in a text.

LAFS.1.RI.2.AP.4b
Answer questions to help determine or clarify the meaning of words in a text.

LAFS.1.RI.2.AP.4c
Ask questions to help determine or clarify the meaning of phrases in a text.

LAFS.1.RI.2.AP.4d
Answer questions to help determine or clarify the meaning of phrases in a text.

LAFS.1.RI.2.AP.5a
Identify text features to aid comprehension.

LAFS.1.RI.2.AP.5b
Use text features to aid comprehension.

LAFS.1.RI.2.AP.5c
Identify and use various text features (e.g., bold text, titles) to locate key facts or information in a text.

LAFS.1.RI.2.AP.6a
Identify the information provided by pictures or other illustrations in a text.

LAFS.1.RI.2.AP.6b
Identify the information provided by words in a text.

LAFS.1.RI.2.AP.6c
Compare and contrast the information provided by pictures or other illustrations in a text.

LAFS.1.RI.2.AP.6d
Compare and contrast the information provided by words in a text.

LAFS.1.RI.3.AP.7a
Use the photos, diagrams or graphics in a text to describe or identify its key ideas.

LAFS.1.RI.3.AP.7b
Use the details in a text to describe its key ideas.

LAFS.1.RI.3.AP.8a
Identify the facts and details an author gives to support points in a text.

LAFS.1.RI.3.AP.9a
Identify basic similarities in two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions or procedures).

LAFS.1.RI.3.AP.9b
Identify basic differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions or procedures).

LAFS.1.RI.4.AP.10a
Choose text of increasing complexity to read and reread, listen to or view for informational purposes (e.g., to answer questions; understand the world around them).

LAFS.1112.RI.1.AP.1a
Use two or more pieces of evidence to support inferences, conclusions or summaries of text or an adapted grade-appropriate text.

LAFS.1112.RI.1.AP.1b
Determine which piece(s) of evidence provide the strongest support for inferences, conclusions or summaries in a text.

LAFS.1112.RI.1.AP.2a
Determine two or more central ideas of a text.

LAFS.1112.RI.1.AP.2b
Determine how the central ideas develop.

LAFS.1112.RI.1.AP.2c
Determine how key details support the development of the central idea of a text or an adapted grade-appropriate text.

LAFS.1112.RI.1.AP.2d
Provide/create an objective summary of a text.

LAFS.1112.RI.1.AP.3a
Analyze key points throughout a text to determine the organizational pattern or text structure.

LAFS.1112.RI.1.AP.3b
Analyze a complex set of ideas or sequence of events and explain how specific individuals, ideas or events interact and develop over the course of the text.

LAFS.1112.RI.2.AP.4a
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative (i.e., metaphors, similes and idioms) and connotative meanings.

LAFS.1112.RI.2.AP.5a
Analyze the structure an author uses in his or her exposition or argument.

LAFS.1112.RI.2.AP.5b
Evaluate the effectiveness of the structure an author uses in his or her exposition or argument, to determine whether the structure makes points clear and convincing.

LAFS.1112.RI.2.AP.6a
Determine the author’s point of view or purpose in a text.

LAFS.1112.RI.2.AP.6b
Determine what arguments the author makes.

LAFS.1112.RI.2.AP.6c
Determine/identify the specific language/words that the author uses that contribute to the power, persuasiveness or beauty of the text.

LAFS.1112.RI.3.AP.7a
Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in different media or formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively) as well as in words in order to address a question or solve a problem.

LAFS.1112.RI.3.AP.8a
Identify claims made by the author as being fact or opinion.

LAFS.1112.RI.3.AP.8b
Distinguish reliable sources from non-reliable.

LAFS.1112.RI.3.AP.8c
Evaluate the premises, purposes and argument that the author makes.

LAFS.1112.RI.3.AP.8d
Delineate the premises, purposes, argument and specific claims in two or more texts on related topics.

LAFS.1112.RI.3.AP.8e
Assess the validity of the premises, purposes and arguments across texts on related topics.

LAFS.1112.RI.3.AP.9a
Identify central ideas and concepts in seminal U.S. documents of historical and literary significance (e.g., Washington’s Farewell Address, the Gettysburg Address, Roosevelt’s Four Freedoms speech, King’s "Letter from Birmingham Jail").

LAFS.1112.RI.3.AP.9b
Analyze seminal U.S. documents of historical and literary significance (e.g., Washington’s Farewell Address, the Gettysburg Address, Roosevelt’s Four Freedoms speech, King’s "Letter from Birmingham Jail").

LAFS.1112.RI.4.AP.10a
Read or listen to a variety of texts, including biographies, essays, speeches, journals and news articles.

LAFS.1112.RI.4.AP.10b
Independently read challenging, grade-appropriate texts.

LAFS.1112.RI.4.AP.10c
Use a variety of strategies to derive meaning from a variety of print/non-print texts.

LAFS.2.RI.1.AP.1a
Answer who, what, where, when, why and how questions from informational text.

LAFS.2.RI.1.AP.2a
Identify the main topic of a multi-paragraph informational text.

LAFS.2.RI.1.AP.2b
Identify the focus of specific paragraphs within in an informational text.

LAFS.2.RI.1.AP.3a
Identify the connection between a series of historical events in an informational text.

LAFS.2.RI.1.AP.3b
Identify the steps in a process in an informational text and describe how they are connected.

LAFS.2.RI.1.AP.3c
Identify the connection between scientific ideas or concepts in an informational text.

LAFS.2.RI.2.AP.4a
Determine the meaning of words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 2 topic or subject area.

LAFS.2.RI.2.AP.5a
Identify and use various text features to locate key facts or information in a text efficiently.

LAFS.2.RI.2.AP.6a
Identify the main purpose of a text, including what question the author is answering, explaining or describing.

LAFS.2.RI.3.AP.7a
Explain or identify what specific images teach the reader to do or tell the reader.

LAFS.2.RI.3.AP.8a
Identify the facts and details an author gives to support points in a text.

LAFS.2.RI.3.AP.8b
Describe how facts and details support specific points the author makes in a text.

LAFS.2.RI.3.AP.9a
Compare the most important points presented by two texts on the same topic.

LAFS.2.RI.3.AP.9b
Contrast the most important points presented by two texts on the same topic.

LAFS.2.RI.4.AP.10a
Choose informational text to read and reread, listen to or view for understanding.

LAFS.2.RI.4.AP.10b
Choose text to read and reread, listen to or view for informational purposes (e.g., to answer questions; to understand the world around them).

LAFS.2.RI.4.AP.10c
Discuss key details and main topic of an informational text.

LAFS.3.RI.1.AP.1a
Answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.

LAFS.3.RI.1.AP.1b
Identify supporting details of an informational text read, read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively and orally.

LAFS.3.RI.1.AP.1c
Ask questions to demonstrate understanding.

LAFS.3.RI.1.AP.2a
Determine the main idea of text read, read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively and orally.

LAFS.3.RI.1.AP.2b
Determine the main idea of a text; recount the key details and explain how they support the main idea.

LAFS.3.RI.1.AP.2c
Identify facts that an author uses to support a specific point or opinion.

LAFS.3.RI.1.AP.3a
Identify the sequence of events in an informational text.

LAFS.3.RI.1.AP.3b
Identify the steps in a process in an informational text.

LAFS.3.RI.1.AP.3c
Identify the cause and effect relationships in an informational text.

LAFS.3.RI.2.AP.4a
Determine the meaning of general academic words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 3 topic or subject area.

LAFS.3.RI.2.AP.4b
Determine the meaning of domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 3 topic or subject area.

LAFS.3.RI.2.AP.5a
Identify and explain the purpose of a variety of text features (table of contents, index, glossary, charts, subheadings).

LAFS.3.RI.2.AP.5b
Use text features (captions, maps, illustrations) to locate information relevant to a given topic or question.

LAFS.3.RI.2.AP.5c
Use search tools (e.g., sidebars, icons, glossary, hyperlinks) to locate information relevant to a given topic.

LAFS.3.RI.2.AP.6a
Identify the author’s point of view in an informational text.

LAFS.3.RI.2.AP.6b
Identify own point of view about a topic.

LAFS.3.RI.2.AP.6c
Compare their own point of view to that of the author.

LAFS.3.RI.3.AP.7a
Use illustrations (e.g., maps, photographs) in informational texts to answer questions.

LAFS.3.RI.3.AP.7b
Identify information learned from illustrations and information learned from the words in an informational text .

LAFS.3.RI.3.AP.7c
Use information gained from illustrations (e.g., maps, photographs) and the words in a text to demonstrate understanding of the text (e.g., where, when, why and how key events occur).

LAFS.3.RI.3.AP.7d
Within informational texts, locate or identify evidence in the text or graphics to support the central ideas.

LAFS.3.RI.3.AP.8a
Identify signal words that help determine the text structure in an informational text.

LAFS.3.RI.3.AP.8b
Describe the connection between sentences and paragraphs in a text (order, comparison, cause/effect).

LAFS.3.RI.3.AP.9a
Compare the similarities of two or more texts or adapted texts on the same topic or by the same author.

LAFS.3.RI.3.AP.9b
Contrast the differences of two texts or adapted texts on the same topic or by the same author.

LAFS.3.RI.3.AP.9c
When researching a topic, compare and contrast the most important points and key details presented in two informational texts on the same topic.

LAFS.3.RI.4.AP.10a
Read or listen to and recount self- selected informational articles, history/social studies, science and technical texts.

LAFS.4.RI.1.AP.1a
Refer to details and examples in a text that are relevant to explaining what the text says explicitly.

LAFS.4.RI.1.AP.1b
Refer to details and examples in a text that are relevant to drawing basic inferences from an informational text.

LAFS.4.RI.1.AP.2a
Determine the main idea of an informational text.

LAFS.4.RI.1.AP.2b
Identify supporting details of an informational text.

LAFS.4.RI.1.AP.2c
Identify how ideas are organized to summarize the text.

LAFS.4.RI.1.AP.3a
Identify events, procedures, ideas or concepts in a historical, scientific or technical text.

LAFS.4.RI.1.AP.3b
Identify specific causes and effects that relate to events, procedures, ideas or concepts in historical, scientific or technical text.

LAFS.4.RI.2.AP.4a
Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in increasingly complex texts over time.

LAFS.4.RI.2.AP.5a
Identify signal words that provide clues in determining the specific text structure of a short, informational text or text excerpt (e.g., description, problem/solution, time/order, compare/contrast, cause/effect, directions).

LAFS.4.RI.2.AP.5b
Identify the specific structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts or information in a text excerpt.

LAFS.4.RI.2.AP.5c
Identify the overall structure of a complete text.

LAFS.4.RI.2.AP.6a
Determine if information in a text is firsthand or secondhand.

LAFS.4.RI.2.AP.6b
Compare and contrast a firsthand and secondhand account of the same event or topic.

LAFS.4.RI.3.AP.7a
Identify relevant information presented visually, orally or quantitatively (e.g., in charts, graphs, diagrams, time lines, animations or interactive elements on Web pages) to answer questions.

LAFS.4.RI.3.AP.7b
Identify how the information presented visually, orally or quantitatively is relevant to the corresponding text information.

LAFS.4.RI.3.AP.7c
Summarize information presented visually, orally or quantitatively (e.g., in charts, graphs, diagrams, time lines, animations or interactive elements on Web pages) and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of the text in which it appears.

LAFS.4.RI.3.AP.8a
Identify facts and examples that an author uses to support a specific point or argument in an informational text.

LAFS.4.RI.3.AP.8b
Use two texts to gather different types of information relevant to a specific topic.

LAFS.4.RI.3.AP.8c
Identify and use the most relevant information from two texts to write or speak about various aspects of a specific topic.

LAFS.4.RI.3.AP.9a
Report out about two or more texts on the same self-selected topic.

LAFS.4.RI.3.AP.9b
Identify the most important information about a topic gathered from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.

LAFS.4.RI.4.AP.10a
Read or listen to and recount self-selected stories, dramas, poetry and other types of increasingly complex text over time.

LAFS.5.RI.1.AP.1a
Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly.

LAFS.5.RI.1.AP.1b
Quote accurately from a text to support inferences.

LAFS.5.RI.1.AP.2a
Determine the main ideas of a text.

LAFS.5.RI.1.AP.2b
Identify key details that support the main idea.

LAFS.5.RI.1.AP.2c
Summarize the text read, read aloud or presented in diverse media.

LAFS.5.RI.1.AP.3a
Identify the relationship between two or more individuals in a historical, scientific or technical text.

LAFS.5.RI.1.AP.3b
Identify the relationship between two or more events of concepts in a historical, scientific or technical text.

LAFS.5.RI.1.AP.3c
Explain the relationships or interactions between two or more individuals, events, ideas or concepts in a historical, scientific or technical text based on specific information in the text.

LAFS.5.RI.2.AP.4a
Determine the meaning of general academic words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 5 topic or subject area.

LAFS.5.RI.2.AP.4b
Determine the meaning of domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 5 topic or subject area.

LAFS.5.RI.2.AP.5a
Use signal words as a means of locating information (e.g., knowing that “because” or “as a result of” may help link a cause to a result).

LAFS.5.RI.2.AP.5b
Use signal word to identify common types of text structure.

LAFS.5.RI.2.AP.5c
Identify the structure of both texts (chronological order, compare/contrast, cause/effect, problem/solution).

LAFS.5.RI.2.AP.5d
Compare and contrast the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts or information in two or more texts.

LAFS.5.RI.2.AP.6a
Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic.

LAFS.5.RI.2.AP.6b
Note similarities and differences in the point of view of multiple accounts of the same event or topic.

LAFS.5.RI.3.AP.7a
Locate information from multiple print or digital sources on the same topic.

LAFS.5.RI.3.AP.7b
Refer to multiple print or digital sources to locate the answer to a question or solve a problem.

LAFS.5.RI.3.AP.7c
Refer to multiple print or digital sources as support for inferences (e.g., how did you know?).

LAFS.5.RI.3.AP.8a
Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text.

LAFS.5.RI.3.AP.8b
Identify reasons and evidence that support an author’s point(s) in a text.

LAFS.5.RI.3.AP.8c
Identify the author’s stated thesis/claim/opinion.

LAFS.5.RI.3.AP.8d
Identify evidence the author uses to support stated thesis/claim/opinion.

LAFS.5.RI.3.AP.9a
Identify key details from multiple sources on the same topic (e.g., what are the important things that you learned?).

LAFS.5.RI.3.AP.9b
Integrate information on a topic from multiple sources to answer a question or support a focus or opinion in writing or presentation.

LAFS.5.RI.4.AP.10a
Read or listen to a variety of texts including history/social studies, science and technical nonfiction texts.

LAFS.5.RI.4.AP.10b
Use a variety of strategies (e.g., use context, affixes and roots) to derive meaning from a variety of print/non-print texts.

LAFS.6.RI.1.AP.1a
Use textual evidence to support inferences.

LAFS.6.RI.1.AP.2a
Provide a summary of the text based on details from the text.

LAFS.6.RI.1.AP.3a
Identify key individuals, events or ideas in a text.

LAFS.6.RI.1.AP.3b
Determine how key individuals, events or ideas are introduced in a text.

LAFS.6.RI.1.AP.3c
Determine how key individuals, events or ideas are illustrated in a text.

LAFS.6.RI.1.AP.3d
Determine how key individuals, events or ideas are elaborated or expanded on in a text.

LAFS.6.RI.2.AP.4a
Identify phrases with figurative language.

LAFS.6.RI.2.AP.4b
Determine meaning of figurative phrases as used in text.

LAFS.6.RI.2.AP.4c
Identify meanings of connotations used in text.

LAFS.6.RI.2.AP.5a
Use signal words as a means of locating information.

LAFS.6.RI.2.AP.5b
Outline a given text to show how ideas build upon one another.

LAFS.6.RI.2.AP.5c
Determine the structure of a text (e.g., chronological order, cause/effect, compare/contrast, problem/solution).

LAFS.6.RI.2.AP.5d
Determine how the information in each section contributes to the whole or to the development of ideas.

LAFS.6.RI.2.AP.6a
Identify the author's point of view.

LAFS.6.RI.2.AP.6b
Identify the reason(s) the author wrote the text.

LAFS.6.RI.3.AP.7a
Identify what is learned from different media or formats compared to what is learned via written words or spoken words.

LAFS.6.RI.3.AP.7b
Summarize information gained from a variety of sources, including media or texts.

LAFS.6.RI.3.AP.7c
Identify relevant details from several texts on the same topic (e.g., what are the important things that you learned?).

LAFS.6.RI.3.AP.8a
Identify an argument or claim that the author makes.

LAFS.6.RI.3.AP.8b
Evaluate the claim or argument; determine if it is supported by evidence.

LAFS.6.RI.3.AP.8c
Distinguish claims or arguments from those that are supported by evidence from those that are not.

LAFS.6.RI.3.AP.9a
Compare two texts on the same topic or event.

LAFS.6.RI.3.AP.9b
Contrast two texts on the same topic or event.

LAFS.6.RI.4.AP.10a
Read or listen to a variety of nonfiction texts, including biographies, essays, speeches, journals, news articles and nonfiction novels.

LAFS.6.RI.4.AP.10b
Use a variety of strategies to derive meaning from a variety of print and non-print texts.

LAFS.910.RI.3.AP.9b
Analyze how seminal U.S. documents of historical and literary significance (e.g., Washington’s Farewell Address, the Gettysburg Address, Roosevelt’s Four Freedoms speech, King’s "Letter from Birmingham Jail") address similar central ideas.

LAFS.910.RI.4.AP.10c
Use a variety of strategies to derive meaning from a variety print/non-print texts.

LAFS.K.RI.1.AP.1a
With prompting and support, answer questions about key details in a text.

LAFS.K.RI.1.AP.1b
With prompting and support, ask questions about key details in a text.

LAFS.K.RI.1.AP.2a
Discuss key details and main topic of a preferred text.

LAFS.K.RI.1.AP.2b
With prompting and support, identify the main topic.

LAFS.K.RI.1.AP.2c
With prompting and support, retell/identify key details in a text.

LAFS.K.RI.1.AP.3a
With prompting and support, describe the connection between two individuals, events, ideas or pieces of information.

LAFS.K.RI.2.AP.4a
Ask questions about unknown words in a text.

LAFS.K.RI.2.AP.4b
Answer questions about unknown words in a text.

LAFS.K.RI.2.AP.5a
Distinguish the front of a book from the back of a book.

LAFS.K.RI.2.AP.5b
Identify the title of an informational text on the title page.

LAFS.K.RI.2.AP.5c
Identify the title of a story or poem on the title page.

LAFS.K.RI.2.AP.6a
Identify the author of an informational text.

LAFS.K.RI.2.AP.6b
Define the role of the author in presenting the ideas and information of an informational text.

LAFS.K.RI.2.AP.6c
Define the role of the illustrator in presenting an informational text.

LAFS.K.RI.3.AP.7a
Identify a labeled photo, diagram or graphic from within an informational text.

LAFS.K.RI.3.AP.7b
With prompting and support, interpret the information provided in photos, diagrams or graphics and the text in which they appear (e.g., what person, place, thing or idea in the text an illustration depicts).

LAFS.K.RI.3.AP.8a
With prompting and support, identify the facts an author gives to support points in a text.

LAFS.K.RI.3.AP.9a
With prompting and support, identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., imaginary or real bear; photo versus illustration of something not real).

LAFS.K.RI.4.AP.10a
Choose informational text to read and reread, listen to or view for leisure purposes.

LAFS.K.RI.4.AP.10b
Choose text to read and reread, listen to or view for informational purposes (e.g., to answer questions; to understand the world around them).

LAFS.K.RI.4.AP.10c
Engage in group reading of informational text by sharing something learned or something enjoyed.

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