Big Idea 14: Organization and Development of Living Organisms

A. All plants and animals, including humans, are alike in some ways and different in others.

B. All plants and animals, including humans, have internal parts and external structures that function to keep them alive and help them grow and reproduce.

C. Humans can better understand the natural world through careful observation.

General Information
Number: SC.1.L.14
Title: Organization and Development of Living Organisms
Type: Big Idea
Subject: Science
Grade: 1
Body of Knowledge: Life Science

Related Benchmarks

This cluster includes the following benchmarks.

Related Access Points

This cluster includes the following access points.

Independent

SC.1.L.14.In.1
Use sight, hearing, and smell to make observations.
SC.1.L.14.In.2
Identify the leaf, flower, and stem of a plant.
SC.1.L.14.In.3
Identify characteristics of living and nonliving things, including whether they need food or water.

Supported

SC.1.L.14.Su.1
Use sight and hearing to make observations.
SC.1.L.14.Su.2
Recognize the leaf and flower of a plant.
SC.1.L.14.Su.3
Distinguish common living and nonliving things in the environment.

Participatory

SC.1.L.14.Pa.1
Recognize and respond to different types of sensory stimuli.
SC.1.L.14.Pa.2
Recognize that plants have leaves.
SC.1.L.14.Pa.3
Recognize self and others as living things.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this topic.

Image/Photograph

Plant Cycle Graphic Organizer:

This resource provides two picture examples of a strategy for using a specific graphic organizer to help students learn the parts of a plant. This strategy can be used by students to represent a variety of concepts across subject areas.

Type: Image/Photograph

Lesson Plans

Gr. 1 Lesson 1-Everglades Animal Exploration:

Everglades Animal Hunt is lesson 1 of a 3 lesson unit. Students will learn that animals communicate through their senses. The students will use their knowledge and imagination to vocally and/or physically imitate wildlife of the Everglades.

Type: Lesson Plan

Tree Cookies:

One way to learn about tree growth is to look at annual rings. Tree rings show patterns of change in the tree's life as well as changes in the area where it grows. In this activity, students will trace environmental and historical changes using a cross section of a tree, or "tree cookie."

Type: Lesson Plan

To Be A Tree:

By making a tree costume, your students will gain an awareness of a tree's structure and functions.

Type: Lesson Plan

Flower Power Flower Company MEA & STEAM* Activity:

This STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, and Math) lesson has been designed around a Model-Eliciting Activity.

The Flower Power MEA provides students with an real world problem in which they must work as a team to design a plan to select the best flower arrangement for a special event. The resource was primarily designed as an MEA so the time and teacher instructions are based on the MEA format. The additional activities will take several hours of instruction but include watching and discussing a video about the parts of plants, reading a book, and discussing the art in the book as well as additional art by the book author/illustrator.

Type: Lesson Plan

Friendly Aquarium:

The Effects of Pollution: What are the effects that pollution has on living things? Students will learn that pollution is anything that makes air, land, or water dirty. They will become aware that human activities have a big impact on other living things in a number of different ecosystems.

Type: Lesson Plan

Planting Vegetables After a Storm:

In this open-ended question, students in teams will make decisions about how to rank vegetables to plant on a farm. The students' decisions will be based on various criteria, such as most liked, easier to grow, cost and quantity of vegetables per harvest.

Type: Lesson Plan

Feeling the Fall:

Feeling the Fall is a lesson that incorporates fluency, the five senses, and writing all in one. Students will work cooperatively to perform a play on fall, practicing fluency, accuracy, and expression. Then students will explore the fall season using their senses, integrating science standards into Florida Standards reading. Finally, students will have the opportunity to write about the fall season and publish their writing using technology.

Type: Lesson Plan

Butterfly Life Cycle: Biography of a Caterpillar :

Students observe and write about the life cycle of a caterpillar. A K-W-L chart is utilized to begin discussion, as well as Eric Carle's The Very Hungry Caterpillar.

Type: Lesson Plan

Learn About the Parts of a Plant:

This lesson supports students interacting with nature and provides them with a framework for their observations by offering them opportunities to explore, question, and document similarities and differences among plant parts.

Type: Lesson Plan

Investigating Local Ecosystems:

This lesson provides students with opportunities to investigate the habitats of local plants and animals and explore some of the ways animals depend on plants and each other.

Type: Lesson Plan

Animal Diversity:

This lesson will motivate and guide student observations of animal and plant similarities, diversity, and appropriateness to live in different environments; to demonstrate that stories sometimes give plants and animals attributes that they don't really have.

Type: Lesson Plan

Living VS nonliving:

In this lesson, students learn about the characteristics that distinguish living things from nonliving things. By examining video clips and still photographs of a variety of objects and organisms, students gather evidence and develop criteria to decide if something is living or nonliving.

Type: Lesson Plan

Exploring Plants:

Students will be introduced to the study of plants in this lesson. First they will sprout bean seeds on moistened paper towels, then make drawings and measurements of their growth. They will watch time-lapse videos that illustrate a plant's major growth stages. Another clip covers fruits and asks students to consider how their seeds are spread. They will gather seeds by walking outside with an old sock over one of their shoes, then plant their sock to observe the resulting plants.

Type: Lesson Plan

Animal Diversity:

This lesson exposes children to a range of animals and guides them through observation of animal similarities, differences, and environmental adaptations.

Type: Lesson Plan

Beautiful Butterfly, How do you Grow?:

In this lesson the teacher will read aloud Marc Learns to Fly by Alma Sanchez, and use an animated informational video to help students understand the life cycle of a butterfly. Students will use both a response to reading and a cloze activity to learn new vocabulary and demonstrate understanding.

Type: Lesson Plan

Lesson Study Resource Kit

Diversity and Evolution grades K-2:

This resource kit is designed to facilitate K-2 teachers in the development of a unit of instruction that is focused on diversity, adaptation, and classification of living things. Complete with background information for teachers as well as engaging activities and lessons for students, this kit contains exemplary materials that align with Florida's NGSSS for science and includes recommendations for informational texts that align with Florida Standards for English language arts.

Type: Lesson Study Resource Kit

Original Student Tutorials

Is A Tree House A Living Thing?:

Learn to differentiate between living and nonliving things and their characteristics in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Exploring Kangaroo Island Part 3: The Waters:

Make observations of the plants, animals and environment in the waters of Australia's Kangaroo Island.

This interactive tutorial is part 3 of 3. Click below to explore other habitats on Kangaroo Island.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Exploring Kangaroo Island Part 2: The Woodlands:

Make observations of the plants, animals and overall environment in the woodlands of Australia's Kangaroo Island.

This interactive tutorial is part 1 of 3. Click below to explore other habitats on Kangaroo Island.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Exploring Kangaroo Island Part 1: The Coast:

Make observations of the plants, animals and environment along the coastline of Australia's Kangaroo Island.

This interactive tutorial is part 1 of 3. Click below to explore other habitats on Kangaroo Island.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Parts of a Plant:

Look at a plant and what each part does as you complete this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Resource Collection

BioEd Online K-2 Educational Resources for Educators, Students, and Parents:

Biology lesson plans for a Living Things Unit of study.

Type: Resource Collection

Teaching Ideas

Fruit and Vegetable Mystery:

This teaching idea describes a project called Fruit and Vegetable Mystery, which is a set of note cards created by first grade students. The cards include a written description of a fruit or vegetable on one side and the name and illustration of the corresponding fruit or vegetable on the other. The cards were created as a final product for an expedition on plants and soil.

Type: Teaching Idea

Colorado Bird Project:

This teaching idea describes a project completed by students in Colorado after studying birds. Students wrote and illustrated informational texts that included information on the physical characteristics of a bird found in Colorado. The same teaching idea can be used with birds from any state.

Type: Teaching Idea

Rough Rubbin' Sharks-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

In this activity, students gain an understanding of sharks' rough, textured skin through artwork. They demonstrate knowledge of a shark's ecosystem. Students will also have the opportunity to measure/estimate different sharks using objects and rulers.

Type: Teaching Idea

A Shrimpy Home-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

In this activity, students will demonstrate how changes in an environment can affect the survival of an animal.

Type: Teaching Idea

Animal Sing Along-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

In this activity, students will be able to name warm- and cold-blooded animals through role play and song and demonstrate the behaviors used to dissipate excess body heat.

Type: Teaching Idea

Aiming For Action-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

In this activity, students will use hand-eye coordination and large muscle skills as they reinforce positive action choices that help endangered wildlife and habitats.

Type: Teaching Idea

A Body of Geography-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

In this activity, students will be able to demonstrate that all penguins live south of the equator and relate where various species of penguins live.

Type: Teaching Idea

Birdie on my Finger-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

In this activity, students will identify bird body parts and adaptations (feathers, wings, bill, tail) while creating paper finger puppets.

Type: Teaching Idea

Baby Shamu Suit-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

In this activity, students will be able to name whale body parts (flipper, flukes, fins) and describe the function of each. In addition, they will role-play whale behavior.

Type: Teaching Idea

Animal Disguises-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

In this activity, the students will be able to demonstrate how cryptic coloration helps ocean animals survive.

Type: Teaching Idea

Design a Fish-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

In this activity, the students will use a modeling compound to make fish-shaped refrigerator magnets. They will use observation skills to learn about different fish body types and replicate them with the modeling compound.

Type: Teaching Idea

Fingerprint Fish-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

In this activity, students explore how schooling behavior is an adaptation for avoiding predators.

Type: Teaching Idea

Living and Nonliving:

The students will think about what is alive. They will practice how scientists observe and record. Going outside they will record in their journal the things they observe under the heading they think it belongs in-living or nonliving.

Type: Teaching Idea

My Penguin Memory Book-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

In this activity, students will keep a daily journal, recording facts about penguins.

Type: Teaching Idea

Sharing What We Know About Organisms:

Students discuss living and nonliving organisms, including plants and animals.

Type: Teaching Idea

Sirenian Survival-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

In this activity, students will identify four reasons why manatees are endangered.

Type: Teaching Idea

Webcams: Animal Inquiry and Observation:

Observe animal habits and habitats using one of the many webcams broadcasting from zoos and aquariums around the United States and the world in this inquiry-based activity that focuses on observation logs, class discussion, questioning, and research.

Type: Teaching Idea

Wiggly Worms:

In this inquiry-based worms lesson, students will compare and contrast red worms and earthworms through exploration (magnifying glasses provided) and a read-aloud.

Type: Teaching Idea

Text Resource

Biology of Plants:

Younger students can learn about plant biology. Topics include characteristics of living things, germination and growth, the basic parts of plants, photosynthesis, reproduction, and ecological adaptations of plants. The information presented can also be ordered as a video.

Type: Text Resource

Unit/Lesson Sequence

What do Living Things Need?:

In this unit, teachers allow students to explain how they know something is living and to identify the needs of living things.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Video/Audio/Animation

What Do Animals Eat?:

This video segment samples the diversity of feeding habits among some of the world's creatures. Different animals eat different things through different mechanisms.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this topic.

Original Student Tutorials

Is A Tree House A Living Thing?:

Learn to differentiate between living and nonliving things and their characteristics in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Exploring Kangaroo Island Part 3: The Waters:

Make observations of the plants, animals and environment in the waters of Australia's Kangaroo Island.

This interactive tutorial is part 3 of 3. Click below to explore other habitats on Kangaroo Island.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Exploring Kangaroo Island Part 2: The Woodlands:

Make observations of the plants, animals and overall environment in the woodlands of Australia's Kangaroo Island.

This interactive tutorial is part 1 of 3. Click below to explore other habitats on Kangaroo Island.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Exploring Kangaroo Island Part 1: The Coast:

Make observations of the plants, animals and environment along the coastline of Australia's Kangaroo Island.

This interactive tutorial is part 1 of 3. Click below to explore other habitats on Kangaroo Island.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Parts of a Plant:

Look at a plant and what each part does as you complete this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Video/Audio/Animation

What Do Animals Eat?:

This video segment samples the diversity of feeding habits among some of the world's creatures. Different animals eat different things through different mechanisms.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this topic.

Resource Collection

BioEd Online K-2 Educational Resources for Educators, Students, and Parents:

Biology lesson plans for a Living Things Unit of study.

Type: Resource Collection

Teaching Idea

Rough Rubbin' Sharks-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

In this activity, students gain an understanding of sharks' rough, textured skin through artwork. They demonstrate knowledge of a shark's ecosystem. Students will also have the opportunity to measure/estimate different sharks using objects and rulers.

Type: Teaching Idea