Cluster 1: Text Types and Purposes

General Information
Number: LAFS.K.W.1
Title: Text Types and Purposes
Type: Cluster
Subject: English Language Arts
Grade: K
Strand: Writing Standards

Related Standards

This cluster includes the following benchmarks.

Related Access Points

This cluster includes the following access points.

Access Points

LAFS.K.W.1.AP.1a
Draw, dictate or write an idea about a topic or text.
LAFS.K.W.1.AP.1b
State an opinion or preference about the topic.
LAFS.K.W.1.AP.1c
Write, draw or dictate an opinion statement about a topic or book of interest.
LAFS.K.W.1.AP.2a
With prompting and support, create a permanent product (e.g., select/generate responses to form paragraph/essay) that contains a main topic and details about an informational topic.
LAFS.K.W.1.AP.2b
Use a combination of drawing, dictating and writing in response to a topic, text or stimulus (e.g., event, photo).
LAFS.K.W.1.AP.2c
Organize information on a topic that includes two pieces of relevant content.
LAFS.K.W.1.AP.3a
Use a combination of drawing, dictating and writing when generating story ideas in response to a topic, text or stimulus (e.g., event, photo, text, daily writing log).
LAFS.K.W.1.AP.3b
Write, dictate or draw about an event.
LAFS.K.W.1.AP.3c
Describe a single event or a series of events using drawings or simple sentences.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this topic.

Lesson Plans

Gr. K Lesson 2-Everglades Animals :

Students will revisit the Everglades discussing the similarities and differences between some of the animals that were presented in lesson one. They will continue to color and build their Everglades class book. Students will draw and write the similarities and differences using a Comparing Everglades Animals worksheet. Everglades Animals is lesson 2 out of 3.

Type: Lesson Plan

A Home for All:

This unit opens with a walking field trip to a local community pond. In this Project-Based Learning experience students explore their local environment and describe the different habitats for plants and animals. The class will create a KWL Chart and Word Web for habitats. Individually, students will write an informative report about a chosen animal and its habitat. As teams, students will sort and present animal/plant cards according to their given habitat/environment. Students will individually create and present a habitat using a diorama for a chosen plant/animal.

Type: Lesson Plan

Making Friends with Harry and Willy and Carrothead:

Through a story about three boys who become friends, children learn the importance of understanding that people who are different have strengths. This lesson focuses on friendship, self-confidence, and dealing with conflicts and teasing. This lesson addresses the following literacy skills: ask and answer questions about details and unknown words in text and write an opinion.

Type: Lesson Plan

Lights Out: An Investigation of Day and Night:

In this lesson, students explore the differences between day and night by creating a class mural, using Science Notebooks, and going outdoors to experience day and night with their senses!

Type: Lesson Plan

Monkey Business: A Problem:

In this close reading lesson, the teacher will read aloud Caps for Sale by Esphyr Slobodkina. Students will answer text-dependent questions and explain the meaning of new vocabulary. They will identify sight words and choral read repetitive parts of the text. Students will identify the setting, characters, and important events (including the problem and solution) and record these on a story map. They will retell the story and create a tri-fold book with illustrations and sentences explaining the beginning, middle, and end of the story. After analyzing the text, students will draw and dictate or write to explain the problem and solution in the text.

Type: Lesson Plan

Be a Star Writer!:

Students will practice writing sentences about a small moment that occurred in class. They will stretch their words, sound the words out and count the number of words in their sentences. After they have practiced writing their sentences, they will use the Star Writers Checklist to monitor their own writing about a personal small moment.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Kissing Hand and A Pocket Full of Kisses: Compare and Contrast:

In this close reading lesson, students will compare and contrast the actions of the characters in two of Audrey Penn's beloved books, The Kissing Hand and A Pocket Full of Kisses. They will answer text-dependent questions, and they will describe and sequence story elements as they analyze the two books. Students will truly enjoy interacting with these two delightful stories!

Type: Lesson Plan

Five Little Monkeys: Comparing and Contrasting:

In this close reading lesson, students will compare and contrast the actions of the characters in two of Eileen Christelow's beloved books, Five Little Monkeys Jumping on the Bed and Five Little Monkeys Sitting in a Tree. They will answer text-dependent questions and describe story elements as they analyze the two books. Students will truly enjoy interacting with these two delightful stories!

Type: Lesson Plan

If You Give a Mouse a Cookie and Take Him to School: Comparing and Contrasting:

In this close reading lesson, students will compare and contrast the actions of the characters in two of Laura Numeroff's beloved books, If You Give a Mouse a Cookie and If You Take a Mouse to School. They will answer text-dependent questions, and they will describe and sequence story elements as they analyze the two books. Students will truly enjoy interacting with these two delightful stories!

Type: Lesson Plan

Colors All Around Us: Using Colors to Describe Our World:

In this lesson, students will use the beautiful text Green by Laura Vaccaro Seeger to explore how an author uses color words and illustrations to describe various real-world objects. They will identify and explain how the descriptive words provide meaning and how the illustrations support the text. Students will brainstorm real-life objects that can be described and classified using color words and write an expository piece to describe those objects.

Type: Lesson Plan

Calling All Authors!:

In this lesson, students are engaged in a science project where the local library is hosting a book writing contest. Students will brainstorm ideas, work in rotating center stations, complete checklists and create a nonfiction book about how plant and animals are alike and different featuring what they learned about plants and animals during the lesson.

Type: Lesson Plan

Sequential Story Tellers:

In this lesson, students will become story sequencers as they participate in whole group, partner, and independent activities. Students will recall important events from the story The Little Red Hen and help generate a class story to demonstrate their understanding of beginning, middle, and end before completing their summative assessment. At the end of the lesson students will become authors of their own narrative when they write a sequential story of a special event. They will use suggestions and revisions from their peers and teacher to create a final draft of their narrative that will be shared with the class.

Type: Lesson Plan

Let's Be Scientists: Notebooking with a Purpose:

In this lesson, students learn about one of the jobs a scientist does: keeping a notebook or journal. The students will earn a procedure for completing an accurate Science Notebook entry. The teacher can follow this process throughout the year to develop students who are proficient in Science Notebooking.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Grouchy Ladybug and The Mixed-Up Chameleon:

In this multi-day lesson, students will engage in a variety of literacy activities while reading The Grouchy Ladybug and The Mixed-Up Chameleon by Eric Carle. Students will answer text-dependent questions as they describe the characters, setting, and important events in the story. They will complete a story map and story sequence organizer and use them to retell what happened at the beginning, middle, and end of each story. Finally, they will use the two graphic organizers to plan their own narrative about what happens next to one of the characters.

Type: Lesson Plan

Do You Like Green Eggs and Ham?:

In this 5-day lesson, students will engage in a variety of activities using the beloved Dr. Seuss books, Green Eggs and Ham and Wacky Wednesday. Students will explain the roles of the author and illustrator of a story. They will identify rhyming words in the stories and produce additional words that rhyme. Students will answer text-dependent questions to complete a story map and sequencing graphic organizer about each story. Using the graphic organizers, students will retell the stories. Finally, students will choose their favorite Dr. Seuss book and write an opinion statement telling why the book is their favorite.

Type: Lesson Plan

Going Camping:

In this lesson, students will learn about camping by reading stories about familiar characters that have gone camping, including Little Critter, Fred and Ted, and Curious George. Students will ask and answer questions about the stories and compare and contrast the experiences that the characters have on their camping trips. They will create a list of important items to take camping based on the items in the books and write an informative piece about what they would take camping and why.

Type: Lesson Plan

Gingerbread Boy or Gingerbread Girl?:

This is a fun lesson which requires students to compare the characters of two familiar texts, as well as form an opinion about the popular characters. Students will listen to each story and write an opinion about their favorite character.

Type: Lesson Plan

Supermarket Sorting:

In this lesson, in a hands-on activity, students will practice sorting food items from the grocery store into different categories. The teacher will read aloud Eating the Alphabet and students will work to add additional food items from that text into the different categories. Students will select their three favorite items from the lists and using a combination of writing, drawing, and dictating, describe why those items are their favorite foods. They will also sort pictures of food items into different categories by color.

Type: Lesson Plan

Beach Sort:

In this lesson, students will have hands-on experience with categorization skills, by sorting objects commonly taken on a beach trip. Students will practice describing objects, sorting objects into categories, and verbalizing category concepts. Students will also practice discussing opinions about objects by expressing their opinions in writing, in addition to practicing sorting letters and words.

Type: Lesson Plan

Is That How it Happened?:

In this lesson, students will participate in various sequencing activities. Using The Cat in the Hat (Lexile 260L) or another teacher selected title, students will describe the relationship between the illustrations and the written text. With a partner, students will recall key details from the text to complete a graphic organizer that outlines the beginning, middle, and end of the story being read. Students will independently sequence pre-selected pictures from the text and write sentences that describe the pictures.

Type: Lesson Plan

An Unlikey Friend or Foe:

In this lesson, students will listen to The Grouchy Ladybug by Eric Carle and The Story of Ferdinand by Munro Leaf, and will analyze the main character's actions and reactions to their adventures by comparing and contrasting using a Venn diagram, role playing using the Hot Seat activity, and finally by writing from one of the character's point of view to explain how they are alike or different from the other character.

Type: Lesson Plan

What’s So Great About Kevin Henkes?:

In this lesson students will serve as researchers of author/illustrator Kevin Henkes. With prompting and support from the teacher, students will read three books by Kevin Henkes. They will recall information from the text to contribute to the completion of a story elements graphic organizer and develop opinions about each book on their My Opinion Chart. At the end of the lesson students will be able to express their opinion orally, in writing, or in a drawing to inform others of their favorite Kevin Henkes books.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Fire Wheels:

The Fire Wheels MEA provides students with a problem in which they must work as a team to design a procedure to select the best toy car for a company to sell.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Vegetables…in Cupcakes?!:

In teams, students will make decisions about how to select the best bakery based on various cupcake characteristics (e.g., taste, smell).

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Fairy Tale Maps:

Students will begin to understand the concept of maps by describing the path that Little Red Riding Hood took on the way to Grandma's house.

Type: Lesson Plan

It's All in the Details:

In this multi-day lesson, students will learn about American holidays as they analyze grade-appropriate informational text. Students will learn to identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book and their text features. They will also learn how to use the text features (title, headings, and illustrations) to predict the topic of the book. As the teacher reads the book, students will confirm the topic and identify important details, recording them on a graphic organizer. Finally, students will use details from the graphic organizer to draw, dictate, and/or write an expository piece about the topic of the text. 

Type: Lesson Plan

Let's Get Moving!:

Students will move like their favorite animal and identify what the movement is called. Then they will interact with a read aloud as they search for synonyms for the word "move." Students will act out a variety of animal movements, comparing their intensity. Students will end the lesson by completing an opinion sentence about their favorite animal movement.

Type: Lesson Plan

Purpose and Particulars: Presidents:

In this lesson, students will become informative investigators through whole group and independent activities about presidents and Presidents' Day. Students will identify basic similarities and differences between multiple texts to contribute to a class-generated Venn Diagram as well as an independent Venn Diagram. Students will practice generating ideas and details for a class-created informative writing piece and by creating their own informative writing piece based on what they learned through the lessons' texts.

Type: Lesson Plan

Sorting Recycling:

In this MEA, students will sort recycling material based on the shape, name the shapes, and decide on what recycling bin would be the best for the city to choose. Students will write and draw a picture describing which recycling bin they chose.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Understanding Key Details by using Pancakes for Breakfast by Tomie DePaola:

In this lesson students will be read Pancakes for Breakfast by Tomie DePaola in order to understand and describe people, places, things and events in a text. They will create a book by drawing or writing key details in the text.

Type: Lesson Plan

What's the Big Idea?:

In this multi-day lesson, students will learn about American symbols as they analyze grade-appropriate informational text. Students will learn to identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book and their text features. They will also learn how to use the text features (title, headings, and illustrations) to predict the topic of the book. As the teacher reads the book, students will confirm the topic and identify important details, recording them on a graphic organizer. Finally, students will use details from the graphic organizer to draw, dictate, and/or write an expository piece about the topic of the text.

Type: Lesson Plan

Wild about Authors and Illustrators:

In this lesson, students learn about the roles of authors and illustrators through read-alouds, charades, and book-writing. Students will have an opportunity to act out the roles of illustrators and authors. They will learn how to describe the relationship between illustrations and the text in a story. Students will also identify the beginning, middle, and end in popular picture books and will write and illustrate a simple narrative with a partner.

Type: Lesson Plan

Teaching Ideas

The Natural Playscape Book:

In this teaching idea, kindergarten students studied nature through the creation of "small worlds." A book was created which included letters to the animals they observed, as well as observations, things they wondered, and invitations to the animals to come and visit.

Type: Teaching Idea

Why do animals look the way they do?:

This teaching idea describes a project for kindergarten students to create a nonfiction book. After studying animal adaptations, students learned about the adaptations of different local animals and created a nonfiction book with illustrations.

Type: Teaching Idea

Colorado Fish Jigsaw Puzzles:

This teaching idea describes a project completed by Kindergarten students after studying living things and the physical characteristics that make them special. Students created fish jigsaw puzzles that included written descriptions. This idea can be adapted to the study of fish in any state.

Type: Teaching Idea

Student Resources

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Parent Resources

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