Cluster 2: Craft and Structure

General Information
Number: LAFS.K.RI.2
Title: Craft and Structure
Type: Cluster
Subject: English Language Arts
Grade: K
Strand: Reading Standards for Informational Text

Related Standards

This cluster includes the following benchmarks.

Related Access Points

This cluster includes the following access points.

Access Points

LAFS.K.RI.2.AP.4a
Ask questions about unknown words in a text.
LAFS.K.RI.2.AP.4b
Answer questions about unknown words in a text.
LAFS.K.RI.2.AP.5a
Distinguish the front of a book from the back of a book.
LAFS.K.RI.2.AP.5b
Identify the title of an informational text on the title page.
LAFS.K.RI.2.AP.5c
Identify the title of a story or poem on the title page.
LAFS.K.RI.2.AP.6a
Identify the author of an informational text.
LAFS.K.RI.2.AP.6b
Define the role of the author in presenting the ideas and information of an informational text.
LAFS.K.RI.2.AP.6c
Define the role of the illustrator in presenting an informational text.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this topic.

Lesson Plans

Calling All Authors!:

In this lesson, students are engaged in a science project where the local library is hosting a book writing contest. Students will brainstorm ideas, work in rotating center stations, complete checklists and create a nonfiction book about how plant and animals are alike and different featuring what they learned about plants and animals during the lesson.

Type: Lesson Plan

Investigator Eyes See the Big Picture:

Students will explore using illustrations to gather key details and summarize the key details into a main idea sentence or sentences. They will compare the details and main idea of the illustration to provided text to determine the relationship between the illustrations and text. They will also learn about the roles of the author and illustrator. Motivated by using magnifying glasses and working with partners, students will use a graphic organizer (web) to document the key details and, in conclusion, the main idea of illustrations.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Paper Change:

In this science-integrated reading lesson, kindergarten students will learn about physical changes to matter. Students will then create an informational text recording their observation of changing the physical properties of an object of their own choosing.

Type: Lesson Plan

Sort it Out!:

In this lesson, students will use a graphic organizer to record their observations on sorting matter from the read aloud book Sorting by Lynn Peppas.

Type: Lesson Plan

It's All in the Details:

In this multi-day lesson, students will learn about American holidays as they analyze grade-appropriate informational text. Students will learn to identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book and their text features. They will also learn how to use the text features (title, headings, and illustrations) to predict the topic of the book. As the teacher reads the book, students will confirm the topic and identify important details, recording them on a graphic organizer. Finally, students will use details from the graphic organizer to draw, dictate, and/or write an expository piece about the topic of the text. 

Type: Lesson Plan

The Sun is My Favorite Star Lesson Plan:

Book Summary: With simple text and beautiful illustrations, Frank Asch captures a young girl's fascination with the sun.

Objective: Children will read common high-frequency words on their own and engage in an art and writing activity to expand language and creative-thinking skills, and relate the story to real-life experiences.

Type: Lesson Plan

What's the Big Idea?:

In this multi-day lesson, students will learn about American symbols as they analyze grade-appropriate informational text. Students will learn to identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book and their text features. They will also learn how to use the text features (title, headings, and illustrations) to predict the topic of the book. As the teacher reads the book, students will confirm the topic and identify important details, recording them on a graphic organizer. Finally, students will use details from the graphic organizer to draw, dictate, and/or write an expository piece about the topic of the text.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorials

Parts with Purpose: Examining the Parts of a Book:

Identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book and examine each part's features in this interactive tutorial. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

What's the Topic? Part 1: Titles and Headings:

Use titles and headings to predict and confirm the topics of texts in this interactive tutorial. Join Jose' as he reviews the parts of a book and explores the text features of informational text in his search for new books on a variety of topics.

This is part 1 of a 2-part series. Click HERE to open What's the Topic? Part 2: Illustrations and Photographs.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Magical Library :

Help a wizard name the author and illustrator of a storybook or informational book with this interactive tutorial. You’ll also learn the jobs of the author and illustrator in telling the story and presenting ideas or information in a text.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Student Center Activities

Vocabulary: Semantic Map:

In this activity, students will brainstorm words related to a topic and use books and/or reference materials to answer questions about unknown words on a semantic map.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Four Square Vocabulary Map:

In this activity, students will describe a vocabulary word using a four square map.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Word Wizard:

In this activity, students will determine the meaning of words of interest in text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Word Wrap:

In this activity, students will describe a target word using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Word-O-Nary:

In this activity, students will write simple definitions, sentences, and synonyms of targeted words found in content-area text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this topic.

Original Student Tutorials

Parts with Purpose: Examining the Parts of a Book:

Identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book and examine each part's features in this interactive tutorial. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

What's the Topic? Part 1: Titles and Headings:

Use titles and headings to predict and confirm the topics of texts in this interactive tutorial. Join Jose' as he reviews the parts of a book and explores the text features of informational text in his search for new books on a variety of topics.

This is part 1 of a 2-part series. Click HERE to open What's the Topic? Part 2: Illustrations and Photographs.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Magical Library :

Help a wizard name the author and illustrator of a storybook or informational book with this interactive tutorial. You’ll also learn the jobs of the author and illustrator in telling the story and presenting ideas or information in a text.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this topic.