Cluster 1: Key Ideas and Details

General Information
Number: LAFS.K.RI.1
Title: Key Ideas and Details
Type: Cluster
Subject: English Language Arts
Grade: K
Strand: Reading Standards for Informational Text

Related Standards

This cluster includes the following benchmarks.

Related Access Points

This cluster includes the following access points.

Access Points

LAFS.K.RI.1.AP.1a
With prompting and support, answer questions about key details in a text.
LAFS.K.RI.1.AP.1b
With prompting and support, ask questions about key details in a text.
LAFS.K.RI.1.AP.2a
Discuss key details and main topic of a preferred text.
LAFS.K.RI.1.AP.2b
With prompting and support, identify the main topic.
LAFS.K.RI.1.AP.2c
With prompting and support, retell/identify key details in a text.
LAFS.K.RI.1.AP.3a
With prompting and support, describe the connection between two individuals, events, ideas or pieces of information.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this topic.

Lesson Plans

Rectangles Rock!:

Using the book Mouse Shapes as a springboard text, students will identify the main idea of the story and locate specific details to support the story. They will then use information in the story, attribute blocks, and discussion to identify a rectangle, its name, and its attributes.

Type: Lesson Plan

Colors All Around Us: Using Colors to Describe Our World:

In this lesson, students will use the beautiful text Green by Laura Vaccaro Seeger to explore how an author uses color words and illustrations to describe various real-world objects. They will identify and explain how the descriptive words provide meaning and how the illustrations support the text. Students will brainstorm real-life objects that can be described and classified using color words and write an expository piece to describe those objects.

Type: Lesson Plan

Bear Necessities - Lesson 1 of 3:

In this lesson, students focus on learning about brown bears by asking and answering questions. Students will be able to listen for key details in a text, as well as ask and answer questions about the text to help improve their comprehension.

Type: Lesson Plan

Bear Necessities - Lesson 2 of 3:

In the first lesson in this unit, students learned about brown bears by asking and answering questions. They learned how to listen for key details in a text as well as ask and answer questions about the text to help improve their comprehension. This lesson will continue with the same concept as students are guided through asking and answering questions about polar bears.

Type: Lesson Plan

I Can Change It: Working with Paper and Clay:

This lesson focuses on the words Who, What, When, and Where to learn about details in nonfiction text related to the science topic of Changing Matter.
In order to organize the information found in the text, a 3-column Graphic Organizer is used with the following headings: Answered, Questions, and Not Answered.

Type: Lesson Plan

Vegetables…in Cupcakes?!:

In teams, students will make decisions about how to select the best bakery based on various cupcake characteristics (e.g., taste, smell).

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Taking Care of Business:

"Taking Care of Business" is a Kindergarten level lesson plan that allows students to investigate the world of jobs. In this lesson, the students will read Everybody Works by Shelley Rotner and Ken Kreisler. Then, the students will work together in small groups to show what they have learned. Your superstar students will understand more about jobs, job duties, and job settings by the end of this lesson.

Type: Lesson Plan

Forces: Pushing and Pulling:

This lesson demonstrates how students can use cause and effect to describe how objects move using a push or pull (forces). The students will understand that forces put objects in motion and that a strong force could change the direction and speed of an object.

Type: Lesson Plan

All This Talk about Weather is Making Me Hungry!:

This lesson uses When a Storm Comes Up by Allan Fowler and Cloudy With a Chance of Meatballs by Judi and Ron Barrett to introduce four major weather patterns (rain showers, blizzards, tornadoes and hurricanes). The students will apply what they have learned to identify, describe, and illustrate the weather patterns using white liquid glue and oil pastels. It is recommended that this lesson be broken into two parts, with at least twelve hours in-between each lesson so the white liquid glue has time to dry.

Type: Lesson Plan

Could a Wolf Really Blow a Pig’s House Down?:

In this lesson, students will be animal investigators on a mission to learn all about pigs and wolves. With prompting and support from the teacher, students will read an informational text about pigs (Pigs by Robin Nelson) and wolves (Wolves by Michael Dahl). They will use information gathered to contribute to a class discussion about the characteristics of real pigs and wolves. Then, the teacher will read The Three Little Pigs (written by Anne Walters and Daniel Postgate) to the students and help them complete a Venn diagram comparing what they observed in The Three Little Pigs to what they know to be true of real pigs and wolves. In order to determine mastery of the concept, the students will complete a picture sort of Real and Imaginary Pigs and Wolves. At the end of the lesson, students will be able to explain how they make an informed decision about whether an animal is real or imaginary.

Type: Lesson Plan

It's All in the Details:

In this multi-day lesson, students will learn about American holidays as they analyze grade-appropriate informational text. Students will learn to identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book and their text features. They will also learn how to use the text features (title, headings, and illustrations) to predict the topic of the book. As the teacher reads the book, students will confirm the topic and identify important details, recording them on a graphic organizer. Finally, students will use details from the graphic organizer to draw, dictate, and/or write an expository piece about the topic of the text. 

Type: Lesson Plan

All Aboard! Pushes and Pulls:

After completing performance tasks in science on pushing and pulling, students will have an opportunity to apply their new learning to reading informational text about vehicles that can push and pull. This lesson focuses specifically on pushing and pulling of trains by the engine.

Type: Lesson Plan

Giraffes and Zebras - oh my!:

For this lesson, students will be able to ask and answer questions about key details in a text. Additionally, students will also be able to identify, compare, and contrast characteristics between two different animals presented in two separate informational texts and demonstrate their understanding of the similarities and differences in a "T" chart and a Venn diagram.

Type: Lesson Plan

Identifying the Main Topic: Using Details to Create a Title:

In this resource, students will create a title for a book using textual details. The teacher modeling section uses a book about gorillas and the guided practice uses a passage about ants (passage included). The independent practice uses a book about leopards. With each text, students will practice creating a title based on what the text is mainly about. This is the third lesson in a three-part unit on identifying the main topic. The other lessons are attached as related resources.

Type: Lesson Plan

Main Topic: What is the Book Mainly About?:

In this resource, students will identify and describe what a book is mainly about using the title, text and pictures. The two featured texts that students will use are informational texts about tigers and ladybugs. This is the first lesson in a three-part unit on identifying main topic. The other lessons in the unit are attached as related resources.

Type: Lesson Plan

Polar Bear Polar Bear:

In this lesson, students will listen for key details in a nonfiction text about polar bears. They will work at completing a graphic organizer with the teacher to help organize their thinking and understanding of key details about a text. They will also complete an independent assignment where they will draw or write two things that they learned about the topic.

Type: Lesson Plan

Using Pictures to Support the Main Topic:

In this resource, students will identify pictures that describe what the book is mainly about. Throughout the teacher modeling section, guided practice, and independent practice, students will use books on tigers, farm animals, and whales. This is the second lesson in a three-part unit on identifying main topic. The other lessons are attached as related resources.

Type: Lesson Plan

What's the Big Idea?:

In this multi-day lesson, students will learn about American symbols as they analyze grade-appropriate informational text. Students will learn to identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book and their text features. They will also learn how to use the text features (title, headings, and illustrations) to predict the topic of the book. As the teacher reads the book, students will confirm the topic and identify important details, recording them on a graphic organizer. Finally, students will use details from the graphic organizer to draw, dictate, and/or write an expository piece about the topic of the text.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorials

Seashore of Details:

Identify key details as you answer questions about informational text in this interactive tutorial. Join Sam as he explores the seashore and answers who, what, where, and when questions about sea stars, sea urchins, hermit crabs, horseshoe crabs, and other sea-related topics.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Buzzing Details:

Answer questions about key details in nonfiction text with this interactive tutorial. Help Bobby the beekeeper answer who, what, and where questions while reading about buzzing bees.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Student Center Activities

Comprehension: Ask and Answer:

In this activity, students will generate and answer questions to comprehend text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Background Knowledge Warm-Up:

In this activity, students will monitor comprehension before, during, and after reading using a graphic organizer. 

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Cause and Effect Organizer:

In this activity, students will identify cause and effect relationships in text and record them on a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Cause and Effect Roll:

In this activity, students will identify the relationship between cause and effect. NOTE: This is an introductory level activity. It will need to be extended using grade-appropriate text to meet the complexity of the aligned standards.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Classifying Information:

In this activity, students will identify the topic and key details in a text and record them on a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Detail Delight:

In this activity, students will identify the topic and key details in informational text. As an extension, students may also compare and contrast the important details presented by two texts on the same topic.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Expository Fact Strip:

In this activity, students will identify the main topic and key details in a text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Expository Text Wheel:

In this activity, students will identify the main idea and supporting details in text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Just the Facts:

In this activity, students will identify the topic and details in text using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: K-W-L:

In this activity, students will monitor comprehension before, during, and after reading text using a K-W-L chart. 

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Make-and-Check-A-Prediction:

In this activity, students will make and check predictions about text. 

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Projected Paragraphs:

In this activity, students will identify the main idea and supporting details in text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Question Quest:

In this activity, students will answer questions while reading teacher-selected text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Strategic Strategies:

In this activity, students will use multiple strategies (e.g., prior knowledge, ask and answer questions, make and confirm predictions, summarize) to comprehend narrative or expository text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Sum It Up:

In this activity, students will summarize text using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Summarizing:

In this activity, students will identify the main idea and supporting details in an expository text, then summarize the text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this topic.

Original Student Tutorials

Seashore of Details:

Identify key details as you answer questions about informational text in this interactive tutorial. Join Sam as he explores the seashore and answers who, what, where, and when questions about sea stars, sea urchins, hermit crabs, horseshoe crabs, and other sea-related topics.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Buzzing Details:

Answer questions about key details in nonfiction text with this interactive tutorial. Help Bobby the beekeeper answer who, what, and where questions while reading about buzzing bees.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this topic.