Cluster 2: Craft and Structure

General Information
Number: LAFS.1.RL.2
Title: Craft and Structure
Type: Cluster
Subject: English Language Arts
Grade: 1
Strand: Reading Standards for Literature

Related Standards

This cluster includes the following benchmarks.

Related Access Points

This cluster includes the following access points.

Access Points

LAFS.1.RL.2.AP.4a
Ask questions to help determine or clarify the meaning of words in a text that suggest feelings or appeal to the senses.
LAFS.1.RL.2.AP.4b
Answer questions to help determine or clarify the meaning of words in a text that suggest feelings or appeal to the senses.
LAFS.1.RL.2.AP.4c
Ask questions to help determine or clarify the meaning of phrases in a text that suggest feelings or appeal to the senses.
LAFS.1.RL.2.AP.4d
Answer questions to help determine or clarify the meaning of phrases in a text that suggest feelings or appeal to the senses.
LAFS.1.RL.2.AP.5a
Read books to examine how certain genres are written (e.g., to tell stories or give information).
LAFS.1.RL.2.AP.5b
Identify the purpose of storybooks and informational text.
LAFS.1.RL.2.AP.6a
Identify different points of view of different characters in a story. (e.g., who thinks it is a bad idea to play a joke on a friend?)

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this topic.

Lesson Plans

A Chilly Feeling:

In this close reading lesson, the students will analyze the poem "It Fell in the City" by Eve Merriam. They will read the poem, identify words or phrases that show feelings or appeal to the senses, describe the place in the poem and add drawings to express their feelings. They will also write an opinion paragraph about how the poem made them feel after reading it.

Type: Lesson Plan

Flower Power Flower Company MEA & STEAM* Activity:

This STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, and Math) lesson has been designed around a Model-Eliciting Activity.

The Flower Power MEA provides students with an real world problem in which they must work as a team to design a plan to select the best flower arrangement for a special event. The resource was primarily designed as an MEA so the time and teacher instructions are based on the MEA format. The additional activities will take several hours of instruction but include watching and discussing a video about the parts of plants, reading a book, and discussing the art in the book as well as additional art by the book author/illustrator.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Close Reading Exemplar: The Wind:

The goal of this exemplar is to teach young students to read closely and critically in order to comprehend complex literary text. In this lesson sequence, the teacher uses a variety of strategies to actively engage students in searching for meaning in the figurative language and rich vocabulary of a poem. Students learn to test inferences against specific details of the text, to take three dimensional "notes" and to use those notes to more deeply understand the meaning of the poem. Discussion and a short writing exercise help students to synthesize what they have learned.

Type: Lesson Plan

First Day Jitters: A Close Reading Activity:

In this lesson, the teacher and students will read and reread the engaging book First Day Jitters by Julie Danneberg (210L). They will identify and describe the story elements in the illustrations and text and analyze the author's use of specific words to suggest the main character's feelings. Students will write an opinion paragraph in response to a prompt about the book using text to support their opinion.

Type: Lesson Plan

What's the "Hoop" on Fiction vs. Non-Fiction?:

Students will be able to explain the differences between fiction and nonfiction texts. The students will be able to use a text's features, organization, and content to identify whether it is a fiction or nonfiction text.

Type: Lesson Plan

Analyzing Characters - Jamaica and Brianna:

This lesson focuses on character development using the story, Jamaica and Brianna (390L). The students will work in groups to bring a character to life by describing what the character said, did, thought, and felt. Students will then utilize these sketches to write a paragraph about the character. This is the first lesson of a two-lesson unit.

Type: Lesson Plan

Feeling the Fall:

Feeling the Fall is a lesson that incorporates fluency, the five senses, and writing all in one. Students will work cooperatively to perform a play on fall, practicing fluency, accuracy, and expression. Then students will explore the fall season using their senses, integrating science standards into academic standards reading. Finally, students will have the opportunity to write about the fall season and publish their writing using technology.

Type: Lesson Plan

Reading with Our Eyes, Fingers, Toes, Ears and Nose:

In this lesson, students are learning to identify sensory words in their reading, specifically in poetry. Students will gain a perspective on how authors use sensory words to portray their ideas. They will learn to sort describing words based on the five senses. This lesson gives students a chance to write their own sensory poem.

Type: Lesson Plan

Falling Down?:

In the lesson Falling Down? students will explore why objects fall. They will explore the meaning of gravity and the invisible pull to the center of the Earth. They will also explore why objects don't fall.

Type: Lesson Plan

Student Center Activities

Comprehension: Fiction and Nonfiction Review:

In this activity, students will locate book titles, then sort them into fiction and nonfiction categories.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Fiction and Nonfiction Sort:

In this activity, students will locate book titles, then sort them into fiction and nonfiction categories.

Type: Student Center Activity

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this topic.

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this topic.