Cluster 1: Identify and describe shapes (squares, circles, triangles, rectangles, hexagons, cubes, cones, cylinders, and spheres). (Additional Cluster)Archived

Clusters should not be sorted from Major to Supporting and then taught in that order. To do so would strip the coherence of the mathematical ideas and miss the opportunity to enhance the major work of the grade with the supporting clusters.

General Information
Number: MAFS.K.G.1
Title: Identify and describe shapes (squares, circles, triangles, rectangles, hexagons, cubes, cones, cylinders, and spheres). (Additional Cluster)
Type: Cluster
Subject: Mathematics - Archived
Grade: K
Domain-Subdomain: Geometry

Related Standards

This cluster includes the following benchmarks.

Related Access Points

This cluster includes the following access points.

Access Points

MAFS.K.G.1.AP.1a
Use spatial language (e.g., above, below) to describe two-dimensional shapes.
MAFS.K.G.1.AP.2a

Recognize two-dimensional shapes (e.g., circle, square, triangle, rectangle), regardless of orientation or size.


MAFS.K.G.1.AP.3a
Identify shapes as two-dimensional (lying flat) or three-dimensional (“solid”).

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this topic.

Educational Games

Is it 2D or 3D?:

Score points by sorting 2D and 3D shapes into the correct basket as they fly by. Lose points if you answer incorrectly.

Type: Educational Game

Match the 2D Shape:

Play the concentration game. Match the 2D shape to the correct name.

Type: Educational Game

Shape & Solid Exploration:

In this game, learners use clues to identify mystery shapes. Use everyday objects (like from the pantry) as the shapes. It is important for learners to be able to describe a shape with correct math vocabulary and to be able to visualize a shape in their head.

Type: Educational Game

Formative Assessments

Is it Still a Triangle?:

Students are asked to identify a triangle shown in two different orientations.

Type: Formative Assessment

What Shape?:

Students name two-dimensional shapes given pictures on a worksheet.

Type: Formative Assessment

Find That Shape:

Students are given a variety of shapes and asked to find specific ones.

Type: Formative Assessment

Where is the Sphere?:

Students describe the position of a sphere in relationship to other objects.

Type: Formative Assessment

Squares and Cubes:

Students compare a cube to a square face of the cube.

Type: Formative Assessment

Spheres and Circles:

Students determine if a globe and a circle are two-dimensional or three-dimensional and explain their reasoning.

Type: Formative Assessment

Small and Large Spheres:

Students are asked to identify two spheres of different sizes.

Type: Formative Assessment

Shapes In A Classroom:

Students examine two photographs taken in a classroom and identify and name shapes they see.

Type: Formative Assessment

Name The Shape:

Students name two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes given manipulatives or pictures on a worksheet.

Type: Formative Assessment

Locations of Shapes:

Students examine two photographs taken in a classroom and identify and name shapes whose locations are described with words.

Type: Formative Assessment

Is it Plane or Solid?:

Students examine a rectangle and a rectangular prism to discuss the similarities and differences.

Type: Formative Assessment

Identify the Shapes:

Students determine whether a shape is a circle, triangle, rectangle or square.

Type: Formative Assessment

Comparing a Cylinder to a Circle:

Students compare the outline of the circular base of a cylinder to the cylinder itself.

Type: Formative Assessment

Changing Position:

Students move a linking cube to different positions based on teacher instructions.

Type: Formative Assessment

Lesson Plans

Rectangles Rock!:

Using the book Mouse Shapes as a springboard text, students will identify the main idea of the story and locate specific details to support the story. They will then use information in the story, attribute blocks, and discussion to identify a rectangle, its name, and its attributes.

Type: Lesson Plan

Eating Shapes (Exploring 3D Shapes):

This lesson is an introduction to 3-dimensional shapes. The lessons uses food to help students explore the attributes of those shapes. Then, of course, the students get to eat them!

Type: Lesson Plan

Hide and Seek those Shapes:

In this lesson, students will discover the names of different two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes and their attributes through activities such as singing shape songs, playing "Hide and Seek" with shapes, and playing "Hot and Cold" to find shapes in the classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Desktop Display:

Students are asked to help create a desktop out of attribute blocks. They must choose the shape they will use to make the desk first based on number of sides and price. Then they must also take into account the strength of the desk.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Shape Detective:

The students will identify and describe shapes (squares, circles, triangles, rectangles, and hexagons). The students will also be able to correctly name shapes regardless of their orientations or overall size by becoming detectives and going in a "hunt" to find the needed shapes.

Type: Lesson Plan

Shape Safari- 2-D and 3-D shapes:

This lesson uses an "I do, We do, You do" approach to identifying 2-D and 3-D shapes. The students will use sorting and searching to investigate the ways that shapes are alike and different. The students will also work whole group to collaborate and expand their understanding of the subject. This lesson is a great way to get students involved in their learning and to help foster a love of math. Included in the lesson is a Formative and Summative assessment to help monitor students' progress and understanding of the lesson.

Type: Lesson Plan

Where's that shape? Where am I?:

The lesson focus will be a kinesthetic approach to understanding relative positions in the environment. The lesson begins with a critical input experience, as students move around their surrounding, looking for shapes around them. Basic shapes include circle, square, triangle and rectangle. Students will learn the concept of "flat" and "solid" shapes in the real world setting. As the lesson progresses, students will learn the relative positions of their own bodies, including but not limited to above, below, beside, in front of, behind, between, and next to. The lesson will be followed by guided instruction portion using hands-on manipulatives and then paper and crayons to transfer learned skills. The learning sequence will conclude with an informal assessment of student understanding.

Type: Lesson Plan

Listen to a Shape:

The student identifies basic shapes (circle, square, rectangle, triangle) and describes the attributes of each shape.

Type: Lesson Plan

3D Shape Shifters:

This is a hands-on lesson that introduces and allows students to identify and build three-dimensional figures including rectangular prisms, square pyramids, and cubes. The students will also gain an understanding of what a vertex is, and how many vertices a given shape has.

Type: Lesson Plan

Going On a Shape Hunt: Integrating Math and Literacy :

Integrating mathematics and literacy allows students to develop an understanding of the place of mathematics in their world. Students are introduced to the idea of shapes through a read-aloud session with an appropriate book. They then use models to learn the names of shapes, work together and individually to locate shapes in their real-world environment, practice spelling out the names of shapes they locate, and reflect in writing on the process. This lesson provides opportunities to engage students using many different learning modalities.

Type: Lesson Plan

Shape Hunt:

Students will go on a shape hunt in the classroom or designated area. During the shape hunt, students will draw pictures of the shapes they find and the object that it is found by, in order to show the position of the shape. After the shape hunt, students will use Timed-Pair-Share to explain to peers what shapes they found and their relative positions.

Type: Lesson Plan

Sorting Recycling:

In this MEA, students will sort recycling material based on the shape, name the shapes, and decide on what recycling bin would be the best for the city to choose. Students will write and draw a picture describing which recycling bin they chose.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Sports Equipment Store:

Students will help Mr. Bob Fitness choose a piece of sports equipment for his new store. Students will work with three-dimensional shapes and determine a procedure in choosing the equipment.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Lesson Study Resource Kit

Geometry Lesson Study Resource Kit - Kindergarten:

This lesson study resource kit can be used to guide and support teams of kindergarten teachers as they engage in lesson study focused on the academic standards in the Geometry domain.

Type: Lesson Study Resource Kit

Original Student Tutorials

Sorting Shapes:

Learn to sort and identify two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes in this carnival-themed interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Farm Baby Rescue Part 1: Up and Down Positions:

Relative positions include up and down, top and bottom, over, on, and under, and above and below. Learn different types of up and down positions to rescue eight chicks in this farm-themed, interactive tutorial. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Search for Shapes: Recognizing Rectangles and Squares:

Identify and name rectangles and squares based on their defining attributes, even if they have different sizes or positions. Join King Geo and his scout, Quad, as they search for rectangles and squares in this interactive tutorial. 

This is part of a series on the defining attributes of shapes. Click the links below.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Search for Shapes: Exploring Hexagons:

Help find hexagons based on their defining attributes for King Geo in this interactive tutorial. Learn what makes a hexagon a hexagon.

This is part of a series on the defining attributes of shapes. Click the links below.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Search for Shapes: Tracking Triangles:

Track down triangles based on their defining attributes for King Geo in this interactive tutorial.  Learn what makes a triangle a triangle.

This is part of a series on the defining attributes of shapes. Click the links below.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Teaching Ideas

Shapes of Africa:

In this lesson plan, students learn how to find shapes in their world using the children's book, A Triangle for Adaora by Ifeoma Onyefulu.

Type: Teaching Idea

Polygons and Shapely Lines:

This activity gives students practice drawing straight lines with a ruler and looking for and categorizing shapes, for example, by the number of sides in polygons. The Teachers' Notes page includes suggestions for implementation, discussion questions and ideas for extension.

Type: Teaching Idea

Shape Hunt:

To give students opportunities to recognize, describe, build, and explore shapes in many different contexts.

Type: Teaching Idea

Video/Audio/Animations

3D Shapes Video:

This upbeat music video reviews 3D shapes including the sphere, cylinder, cube, cone, and pyramid. As each 3D shape is presented, examples of things we see every day that have the same shape are also shown for reinforcement.

(Length: 3:02)

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

The Shape Song:

This video features a sing-along song about shapes. The first half of this song is for preschoolers: circle, triangle, rectangle, square. The second half is for primary grade students: oval, diamond, heart, crescent, rhombus, trapezoid, pentagon, hexagon, heptagon, and octagon.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Virtual Manipulatives

Math Match - Concepts Review Game:

This interactive game allows students to review math concepts, including shapes, shape names, addition, multiplication, negative numbers, and equivalent expressions.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Shape Tool:

This virtual manipulative allows you to create, color, enlarge, shrink, rotate, reflect, slice, and glue geometric shapes, such as: squares, triangles, rhombi, trapezoids and hexagons.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this topic.

Original Student Tutorials

Sorting Shapes:

Learn to sort and identify two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes in this carnival-themed interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Farm Baby Rescue Part 1: Up and Down Positions:

Relative positions include up and down, top and bottom, over, on, and under, and above and below. Learn different types of up and down positions to rescue eight chicks in this farm-themed, interactive tutorial. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Search for Shapes: Recognizing Rectangles and Squares:

Identify and name rectangles and squares based on their defining attributes, even if they have different sizes or positions. Join King Geo and his scout, Quad, as they search for rectangles and squares in this interactive tutorial. 

This is part of a series on the defining attributes of shapes. Click the links below.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Search for Shapes: Exploring Hexagons:

Help find hexagons based on their defining attributes for King Geo in this interactive tutorial. Learn what makes a hexagon a hexagon.

This is part of a series on the defining attributes of shapes. Click the links below.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Search for Shapes: Tracking Triangles:

Track down triangles based on their defining attributes for King Geo in this interactive tutorial.  Learn what makes a triangle a triangle.

This is part of a series on the defining attributes of shapes. Click the links below.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Educational Games

Is it 2D or 3D?:

Score points by sorting 2D and 3D shapes into the correct basket as they fly by. Lose points if you answer incorrectly.

Type: Educational Game

Match the 2D Shape:

Play the concentration game. Match the 2D shape to the correct name.

Type: Educational Game

Virtual Manipulative

Shape Tool:

This virtual manipulative allows you to create, color, enlarge, shrink, rotate, reflect, slice, and glue geometric shapes, such as: squares, triangles, rhombi, trapezoids and hexagons.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this topic.

Video/Audio/Animations

3D Shapes Video:

This upbeat music video reviews 3D shapes including the sphere, cylinder, cube, cone, and pyramid. As each 3D shape is presented, examples of things we see every day that have the same shape are also shown for reinforcement.

(Length: 3:02)

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

The Shape Song:

This video features a sing-along song about shapes. The first half of this song is for preschoolers: circle, triangle, rectangle, square. The second half is for primary grade students: oval, diamond, heart, crescent, rhombus, trapezoid, pentagon, hexagon, heptagon, and octagon.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Virtual Manipulative

Shape Tool:

This virtual manipulative allows you to create, color, enlarge, shrink, rotate, reflect, slice, and glue geometric shapes, such as: squares, triangles, rhombi, trapezoids and hexagons.

Type: Virtual Manipulative