Name 
Description 
Just Right Goldilocks’ Café: Temperature & Turbidity:  This is lesson 3 of 3 in the Goldilocks’ Café Just Right unit. This lesson focuses on systematic investigation on getting a cup of coffee to be the “just right” temperature and turbidity level. Students will use both the temperature probe and turbidity sensor and code using ScratchX during their investigation. 
Just Right Goldilocks’ Café: Turbidity:  This is lesson 2 of 3 in the Just Right Goldilocks’ Café unit. This lesson focuses on systematic investigation on getting a cup of coffee to be the “just right” level of turbidity. Students will use turbidity sensors and code using ScratchX during their investigation. 
Just Right Goldilocks’ Café: Temperature:  This is lesson 1 of 3 in the Just Right Goldilocks’ Café unit. This lesson focuses on systematic investigation on getting a cup of coffee to be the “just right” temperature. Students will use temperature probes and code using ScratchX during their investigation.

Marshmallow Missiles:  In this activity, students will learn the differences between kinetic and potential energy. To measure their understanding, they will complete a lab activity that will help them launch a projectile and compare how the kinetic and potential energy can differ the outcome of the launch. Students will need two 45minute days to complete this lesson. 
Introducing the Types of Energy:  The students will investigate how the various forms of energy are transferred into other forms of energy and will use graphic organizers and stations to describe how the energy is being transferred. 
STEMDesigning an Organ Transport Container:  This is a STEMEngineering Design Challenge lesson. Students will go through the process of creating an organ transport container using their knowledge of human body systems, heat flow, and volume. 
Investigating How Heat Flows:  Students will conduct an investigation in which they will infer the flow of heat between two containers of hot and cold water. 
It's Just a Phase You are Going Through:  This lesson is a handson activity that assists students in developing a deep understanding of how a substance is affected by the absorbing or release of thermal energy. 
States of Matter:  States of matter seems like a simple concept. Everyone knows that water has a solid phase, which is ice, a liquid phase, which is water, and a gaseous stage, which is water vapor. At this level, students are expected to understand the motion of particles at the molecular level. A thorough understanding of particle motion is necessary in preparation for chemistry in the eight grade standards. This activity is fun at Halloween because families may use dry ice in Halloween displays. 
Voltaic Pile Lab Activity:  Students will explore the Law of Conservation of Energy by reviewing common forms of energy and how they may be converted to other forms of energy. Students will be guided through this exploration by a PowerPoint presentation reviewing the basic forms of energy and how they may be converted.
The students will then conduct a lab activity where they build voltaic piles utilizing copper pennies, zinc plated washers, and salt water soaked cardboard. Students will use a voltmeter to record the voltage produced by their voltaic piles, and will experiment utilizing the voltaic piles to power small electronic devices such as LED lightbulbs or flashlights, calculators, piezo buzzers, etc.
Students will then complete five (5) Lab Journal Activities/Questions in their Lab Journals, and one Real World Challenge question on a separate sheet of paper. The Real World Challenge Question will challenge the students to apply the knowledge gained from the lesson to a life or death real world scenario. 
Building a Motor:  Students will be able to demonstrate the Law of Conservation of Energy by building a miniature motor. They will demonstrate that the chemical energy in the battery is converted to electromagnetic energy (with the electrons moving up the metal clips on the side), and then mechanical energy (with the copper enamel wire spinning in the center). 
CATAPULTS!:  After learning about Energy Transformations and the Law of Conservation of Energy, students will be tasked with building a catapult that is capable of demonstrating these relationships. In addition, students will be able to gather data of distance traveled for the projectiles (marble and large marsh mellow) to traverse the predetermined trajectory. Once data is tabulated, students will then graph, analyze, and report their results.

Energy Transformations at Santa's Enchanted Forest:  This activity allows students to demonstrate their knowledge and understanding on forms of energy and transformations in a fun way. This lesson is based on an annual carnival in the community during the Christmas season. After learning about different forms of energy, how the transform from one to another, and the Law of Conservation of Energy they apply that to some of their favorite and popular rides at the carnival. This lesson allows for the arts in S.T.E.A.M. to be addressed. 
Transformation of energy at the level of microprocessors:  This is a lesson plan that will help students to understand that the Law of Conservation is applicable to all systems in nature, including their cell phone that they use regularly. It means that energy, though it might seem to have been created or destroyed, is actually conserved, but simply transformed from one form to another. 
Daring Dive:  This resource is designed for students to better understand energy. It is designed to teach students using a more engaging and handson approach by having students examine the energy transformations during a bungee jump (by building a model bungee cord with rubber bands). 
Who will have the hottest lunch?:  The scientific method has not only helped scientists but also helped engineers create a design process to solve problems. Within this lesson students will be introduced to the idea that there is not a single design process that is better or more useful that another. Although the process goes by many names, the essential elements are the same, and using a design process to solve problems helps us achieve an optimal solution. A design process should encourage the students to consider as many of the possible solutions. Students will evaluate design processes and will use them to guide their actions. 
Heat Transfer:  This lesson incorporates a power point and student activity sheets to teach heat flow. It is a 45 minute lesson. 
How is Energy Transferred?:  This lesson will differentiate the three forms of energy transfer. Students will learn about radiation, convection and conduction. Students will learn about different examples for each type of energy transfer. Students will create a foldable in their process of learning the information. Students will be assessed in small groups. 
Let's Heat it Up!:  This lesson is intended to teach students to recognize what happens when heat is added or removed from a system. This plan shows how heat flows in predictable ways, and helps students overcome their misconceptions. Teachers will gain insight into their students' understanding, and misunderstanding of heat and temperature. 
This Jar is TOO Difficult to Open!!:  In this lesson, students will review the basic ideas of heat, the direction it flows, and the results of this flow on the kinetic energy and expansion of the particles. Students will investigate this concept in a 5E lesson format using claim, evidence, reasoning in their conclusion. They will determine how different temperature water baths effects the ease/difficulty of opening jars with tight fitting lids and link these results to the knowledge that heat flows from warmer to cooler materials. Applying the knowledge that increasing the amount of heat of the matter will increase the kinetic energy of it's particles, will result in expansion of that matter. Because each type of matter has a different coefficient of expansion, the amount of expansion will vary in different materials. Students will realize that a jar with a tight fitting lid may loosen if hot water is applied. 
Heat Almighty!:  This lab experiment was designed to allow students a visual, handson and real life experience with the concept of the effects of heat transfer in a closed system. It will work very well as a unit or lesson introduction but can be used at any point during a unit on heat transfer. Students will be observing the behavior of water molecules as heat is added to a closed system. In addition, students will be predicting and estimating the amount of evaporation that occurs when water is heated in a sealed flask by measuring the amount of condensation that is collected in a second, connected flask. 
Solar Oven Bakery:  The students will investigate how radiation from the sun allows us to bake cookie dough. The students will also determine if the volume of the box determines the time it will take for the cookie dough to bake. The students will also create a graph of the data collected while the cookie dough is baking in the solar oven. 
The D'Fence Project:  This activity will help students with practicing critical thinking, calculating density, will reinforce Physical Properties of Matter and will lead them to understand the role of heat in the changes of the state of matter. Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are openended, interdisciplinary problemsolving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom. 
Spread the Sunshine MEA:  In this MEA, the sun is asking students to provide an advertisement explaining how the sun's energy is used to provide energy every second of every day. Students are asked to provide many examples of how solar energy is transformed into electrical, thermal, and other types of energy. Students are then asked to develop a presentation for the media outlet of their choosing. This MEA can be scaled down for differentiation, or used as is for a challenge to engage students in a rigorous fun activity. Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are openended, interdisciplinary problemsolving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom. 
Frozen Treats Storage Dilemma:  In this MEA, students must work as a team to design a procedure to select the best storage cooler for their frozen treats. The main focus of the MEA is to apply scientific knowledge and describe that heat flows in predictable ways. Students will analyze data in order to arrive at a scientifically sound solution to the problem. Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are openended, interdisciplinary problemsolving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom. 
Marble Run – Kinetic and Potential Energy:  Students investigate and explore kinetic and potential energy on a roller coaster and a marble run. 
Too Hot to Handle:  This activity brings heat to life. It is based on transferring of heat through conduction, convection, radiation. It is a 4day lesson with a PowerPoint, 2 labs, and a computer activity. Students have real word experiences with these and are now able to relate them to their daily lives. 
Family on the Go:  The main problem students will need to rank the best hybrid car for the family to buy which shows the most fuel efficient, highest safety rating, best price, and most comfortable car for a family of four. The family is interested in a hybrid. Students will then be asked to look over their finding and evaluation checklist and change the four passenger vehicle to an SUV in order to fit grandma and grandpa that will soon be moving in. The students will be given new data set that includes all SUV's currently on the market. They will use the ranking formula they devised to figure out the best SUV for the family. Next, they write a letter to the family explaining their findings and the reasons for their choice. Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are openended, interdisciplinary problemsolving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom. 
Thermal Energy Flow:  This MEA provides students with the opportunity to explore the basis of heat transfer. The formative assessment exposes students to a quick heat transfer demonstration. The reading passages and data sets further engage students in real life application of heat transfer and energy efficiency Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are openended, interdisciplinary problemsolving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom. 
Saving the Veggies!:  Students exploring how light travels, how heat moves and how it all affects temperature will find this activity fun and exciting. They will have to determine which type of panel to choose for a fictitious greenhouse  glass or plastic and how much light, heat and moisture is best to let in  determined by whether the material is opaque, translucent or transparent. This is a fun challenge but applicable also to the environmental demands we are currently facing. Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are openended, interdisciplinary problemsolving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom. 
Future Car  Energy and the Environment:  Students must choose which type of automotive power plant is the best choice for a car company to use in its upcoming ecofriendly model. The students must make this decision based on characteristics of each power plant, such as efficiency, production cost, and production energy. Students must decide what they feel makes the car most “ecological.” They may choose a very lowpolluting car that is very difficult and costly to produce, or one that has more emissions, but uses very limited resources to develop. This lesson could be used to either as an introduction or a followup to a lesson about ecology, energy use and conservation, or human environmental impacts. Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are openended, interdisciplinary problemsolving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom. 
Socks and Temperature  A Heat Transfer Activity:  In this lesson, students will predict if the temperature will rise inside of an empty sock compared to the air outside the sock then they will test their hypothesis. This lesson addresses heat transfer and variables. 
Let's Heat Things Up!:  How do things heat up? Help students relate thermal energy to their daily lives. This is a twoday entertaining lesson explaining thermal energy the transfer of energy between the phases of matter. It includes 2 activities for the students along with twoteacher demonstrations. Also included is a power point, and small quiz. 
How Fast can Dominoes Travel in a Chain Reaction?:  The students will complete an inquiry activity using dominoes to determine what variables affect the speed of the chain reaction. Students will have to consider and decide on the best spacing between dominoes to achieve the fastest travel time and ensure the spacing remains constant by carefully measuring the distance between each domino. They will set up 5 dominoes at a time to set off a chain reaction alongside another 5 dominoes space differently. Students can create a bar graph to show how the spacing affects the speed. Students can have fun while learning or reinforcing their understanding of potential and kinetic energy, measuring distance, measuring elapsed time, recording data, making and interpreting graphs and using the distance formula to calculate the rate of speed. 
The Power of Energy:  Have you ever wondered how energy changes from one form to another? How you can put food in microwave, and seconds later it is hot? What happens between the time you plug in a TV and you see a picture? Students will take a deeper look into energy. What are all of the kinds of energy that help an object work? This lesson is a fun way to involve kids in their learning and include technology to present. 
Hot Sand:  Students investigate how energy transfers and how motion affects temperature. 
Kickin' It Solar Style:  This investigation explores the effect of distance and albedo on energy absorption. 
Energy on the Move!:  This lesson is an activity to have students explore energy transformations. Students will use photovoltaic solar panels, batteries, hydrogen fuel cells, and a fan to model energy transformations to see how energy can be transformed from one form to another. If you do not have these items, see the Florida Solar Energy Center's for how to borrow them.

The Direction of Heat Flow:  Students will describe how heat flows from warmer objects to cooler ones until they reach the same temperature.
Content statement:
Heat flows from warmer objects to cooler objects until they are the same temperature. 