## Course Standards

## General Course Information and Notes

### Version Description

This course supports students who need additional instruction in foundational mathematics skills as it relates to core instruction. Instruction will use explicit, systematic, and sequential approaches to mathematics instruction addressing all strands including number sense & operations, fractions, algebraic reasoning, geometric reasoning, measurement and data analysis & probability. Teachers will use the listed benchmarks that correspond to each students’ needs.

Effective instruction matches instruction to the need of the students in the group and provides multiple opportunities to practice the skill and receive feedback. The additional time allotted for this course is in addition to core instruction. The intervention includes materials and strategies designed to supplement core instruction.

### General Notes

**Florida’s Benchmarks for Excellent Student Thinking (B.E.S.T.) Standards**This course includes Florida’s B.E.S.T. ELA Expectations (EE) and Mathematical Thinking and Reasoning Standards (MTRs) for students. Florida educators should intentionally embed these standards within the content and their instruction as applicable. For guidance on the implementation of the EEs and MTRs, please visit https://www.cpalms.org/Standards/BEST_Standards.aspx and select the appropriate B.E.S.T. Standards package.

**English Language Development ELD Standards Special Notes Section:**

Teachers are required to provide listening, speaking, reading and writing instruction that allows English language learners (ELL) to communicate information, ideas and concepts for academic success in the content area of Mathematics. For the given level of English language proficiency and with visual, graphic, or interactive support, students will interact with grade level words, expressions, sentences and discourse to process or produce language necessary for academic success. The ELD standard should specify a relevant content area concept or topic of study chosen by curriculum developers and teachers which maximizes an ELL’s need for communication and social skills. To access an ELL supporting document which delineates performance definitions and descriptors, please click on the following link:

https://cpalmsmediaprod.blob.core.windows.net/uploads/docs/standards/eld/ma.pdf

### General Information

**Course Number:**5012005

**Course Path:**

**Abbreviated Title:**FDN SKILLS MATH K-2

**Course Length:**Multiple (M) - Course length can vary

**Course Attributes:**

- Class Size Core Required

**Course Type:**Elective Course

**Course Level:**1

**Course Status:**State Board Approved

**Grade Level(s):**K,1,2

## Educator Certifications

Section 1012.55(5), F.S., authorizes the issuance of a classical education teaching certificate, upon the request of a classical school, to any applicant who fulfills the requirements of s. 1012.56(2)(a)-(f) and (11), F.S., and Rule 6A-4.004, F.A.C. Classical schools must meet the requirements outlined in s. 1012.55(5), F.S., and be listed in the FLDOE Master School ID database, to request a restricted classical education teaching certificate on behalf of an applicant.

## Student Resources

## Original Student Tutorials

Explore the topic of Electricity including: how it is transformed into other types of energy, how a circuit works, and electrical conductors and insulators with this interactive research page.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Glimpse into the variety of animal adaptations on Earth and the reasons these adaptations allow different animals to survive in various environments with this interactive research page.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how plants are adapted to their environment, including their life cycles, responses, physical characteristics, and ability to survive harsh environments with this interactive research page.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn about organs and structures of the human body, including the senses, skin, muscles, and skeleton, with this interactive research page.

This is part 2 in a three-part series.

- Open Human Body: Part 1 (Heart, Lungs, Stomach, Brain, Reproductive)
- Open Human Body: Part 2 (Senses, Skin, Muscles, Skeleton)
- Open Human Body: Part 3 (Liver, Pancreas, Kidneys, Intestines, and Bladder)

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore forms of energy, including mechanical, electrical, heat, light, sound, and chemical, discover ways to investigate these forms of energy, and learn about related technology with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore the major climate zones on Earth and learn about the related weather patterns with this interactive research page.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn about the impact of the growth and development of space exploration on the culture and economy of Florida and how the inclusion of private partners helped reach new goals with this interactive tutorial.

This is part 3 in a three-part series. Click below to view the other tutorials in the series.

- Part 1: To the Moon - Space and the Florida Frontier
- Part 2: The Space Shuttle Era - Space and the Florida Frontier
- Part 3: Partners in Exploration - Space and the Florida Frontier

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn about organs and structures of the human body, including the Liver, pancreas, kidneys, intestines, and bladder in this interactive research page.

This is part 3 in a three-part series.

- Open Human Body: Part 1 (Heart, Lungs, Stomach, Brain, Reproductive)
- Open Human Body: Part 2 (Senses, Skin, Muscles, Skeleton)
- Open Human Body: Part 3 (Liver, Pancreas, Kidneys, Intestines, and Bladder)

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how the Space Shuttle program revived the area near Cape Canaveral, Florida, and how the possibility of living in space on the Space Station brought new jobs and excitement with this interactive tutorial.

This is part 2 in a three-part series. Click below to view the other tutorials in the series.

- Part 1: To the Moon - Space and the Florida Frontier
- Part 2: The Space Shuttle Era - Space and the Florida Frontier
- Part 3: Partners in Exploration - Space and the Florida Frontier

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn about the early days of NASA, the work at Cape Canaveral during the Moon missions, and how this work affected the people and economy of Florida with this interactive tutorial.

This is part 1 in a three-part series. Click below to view the other tutorials in the series.

- Part 1: To the Moon - Space and the Florida Frontier
- Part 2: The Space Shuttle Era - Space and the Florida Frontier
- Part 3: Partners in Exploration - Space and the Florida Frontier

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Scoopy compare the number of objects in two groups and describe the comparison using the term "equal to" at the ice cream shop with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn more about how to empower and enourage others with your leadership skills in this interactive resiliency tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Polly Parrot count to 7, recognize the numeral 7, and count 7 objects in a line with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to measure and compare the mass of solids as Devin helps Chef Kyle in the bakery with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn about the heart, lungs, stomach, brain, and reproductive organs in this interactive research page on the organs and structures of the human body.

This is part 1 in a three-part series.

- Open Human Body: Part 1 (Heart, Lungs, Stomach, Brain, Reproductive)
- Open Human Body: Part 2 (Senses, Skin, Muscles, Skeleton)
- Open Human Body: Part 3 (Liver, Pancreas, Kidneys, Intestines, and Bladder)

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn about the water cycle's major stages and the importance of the ocean in the water cycle with this Interactive Science Research Page.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Buddy count 6 objects in an array, group with 6 objects, and count out 6 objects as he builds his treehouse in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 2 in a two-part series. Click **HERE **to open part 1.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Buddy count to six, recognize the number 6, and count six objects in a line with this interactive tutorial,

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Astronaut Archimedes teach the alien students to show numbers using place value and equations in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to order and compare numbers from least to greatest using number lines and place value with the students in Mr. Rivera’s class in this interactive tutorial.

This is Part 3 of 3 in the tutorial series. Click below to open parts 1 and 3.

- Part 1: Number Lines
- Part 2: Using Number Lines or Order Numbers
- Part 3: Comparing Statements

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore and compare objects in the solar system, including planets, moons, the Sun, comets, and asteroids, with this interactive research page.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Amari, Sonia, and their friends compose and decompose 2-digit numbers in equivalent ways to compete in a base ten block building contest with this interactive tutorial.

This is part 3 of 3. Click below to view the other tutorials in this series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore how weathering and erosion may have affected Pnyx Hill, the ancient Greek democratic meeting place which influenced our modern government with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore ways to break apart 2-digit numbers into tens and ones to help Amari and Sonia build base ten block towers in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 2 of 3. Click below to view the other tutorials in this series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Amari and Sonia build base-ten block towers using their knowledge of 2-digit place value in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 1 of 3. Click below to view the other tutorials in this series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore the history of some counting systems and learn why rules are needed, even in math, with this video.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn about the American flag by identifying colors and shapes and sorting parts of flag designs into groups in this interactive S.T.E.M. and civics integrated tutorial.

This is part 1 of 2-part series, click HERE to view part 2.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn about the American flag by sorting flag designs and features into groups and counting the objects in a group in this interactive S.T.E.M. and civics integrated tutorial.

This is part 2 of 2-part series, click HERE to view part 1.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to order to compare numbers using >, <, and = symbols with Mr. Rivera’s class as they build and test racing cars in this interactive tutorial.

This is Part 3 of 3 in the tutorial series. Click below to open parts 1 and 2.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to plot numbers on number lines using data from race cars in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 1 of 3 in a series of tutorials on plotting and comparing numbers. Click below to open the other tutorials in the series.

- Part 2 (Coming soon)
- Part 3 (Coming soon)

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Astronaut Archimedes launches into space to teach the outside world all about place value and expanded form in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Join a class of students as they record and compare observations made during nature walks in the woods near their school. You will interpret data represented with tally marks and compare observations made by different groups in this interactive S.T.E.M. tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Join a class of students as they record and compare observations made during nature walks in the woods near their school. You will interpret data represented in tables and compare observations made by different groups in this interactive S.T.E.M. tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Join a class of students as they record and compare observations made during nature walks in the woods near their school. You will interpret data represented with tally marks and compare observations made by different groups in this interactive S.T.E.M. tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to record and compare observations a group of students made during nature walks in the woods near their school. You will interpret data represented in tables and compare observations made by different groups in this interactive S.T.E.M. tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Join a class of students as they record and compare observations made during nature walks in the woods near their school. You will interpret data represented as pictographs and compare observations made by different groups in this interactive S.T.E.M. tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Join a class of students as they record and compare observations made during nature walks in the woods near their school. You will interpret data represented as pictographs and compare observations made by different groups in this interactive S.T.E.M. tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Join Juliana for her 8th birthday party! Learn to solve addition problems within 20 using objects and creating drawings in this interactive student tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Join a class of students as they record and compare observations made during nature walks in the woods near their school. You will interpret data represented as bar graphs and compare observations made by different groups in this interactive S.T.E.M. tutorial.

This is part 2 of 2-part series, click HERE to view part 1.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore excerpts from the extraordinary autobiography *Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass*, as you examine the author's purpose for writing and his use of the problem and solution text structure. By the end of this interactive tutorial, you should be able to explain how Douglass uses the problem and solution text structure in these excerpts to convey his purpose for writing.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to interpret data represented as bar graphs and compare observations made by different groups of students during nature walks with this interactive S.T.E.M. tutorial.

This is part 1 of 2-part series, click HERE to view part 2.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Ms. Griffin's class use pictographs to answer questions about the data they collected on their class's favorite ice cream flavors in this interactive student tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Continue to study George Vest's "Eulogy of the Dog" speech and his use of rhetorical appeals. In Part Two of this two-part series, you'll identify his use of ethos and pathos throughout his speech.

Make sure to complete Part One *before* beginning Part Two. Click **HERE** to launch Part One.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Read George Vest's "Eulogy of the Dog" speech in this two-part interactive tutorial. In this series, you'll identify and examine Vest's use of ethos, pathos, and logos in his speech. In Part One, you'll identify Vest's use of logos in the first part of his speech. In Part Two, you'll identify his use of ethos and pathos throughout his speech.

Make sure to complete both part of this series! Click **HERE** to launch Part Two.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to organize collected data about ice cream to create your own pictographs in this interactive student tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Continue to study epic similes in excerpts from *The Iliad* in Part Two of this two-part series. In Part Two, you'll learn about mood and how the language of an epic simile produces a specified mood in excerpts from *The Iliad*.

Make sure to complete Part One before beginning Part Two. Click **HERE** to view "That's So Epic: How Epic Similes Contribute to Mood (Part One)."

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn about how epic similes create mood in a text, specifically in excerpts from *The Iliad*, in this two-part series.

In Part One, you'll define epic simile, identify epic similes based on defined characteristics, and explain the comparison created in an epic simile.

In Part Two, you'll learn about mood and how the language of an epic simile produces a specified mood in excerpts from *The Iliad*. Make sure to complete both parts!

Click **HERE **to view "That's So Epic: How Epic Similes Contribute to Mood (Part Two)."

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Continue to read the famous short story “The Bet” by Anton Chekhov and explore the impact of a fifteen-year bet made between a lawyer and a banker. In Part Two, you’ll cite textual evidence that supports an analysis of what the text states explicitly, or directly. You'll also make inferences, support them with textual evidence, and use them to explain how the bet transformed the lawyer and the banker by the end of the story.

Make sure to complete Part One *before* beginning Part Two. Click **HERE** to view Part One.

Make sure to complete Part Three *after *you finish Part Two. Click **HERE **to view "Risky Betting: Analyzing a Universal Theme (Part Three)."

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to create numbers that are 100 less as you wrap up the place value party in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 1 in five-part series. Click below to view the other tutorials in the series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Find 100 less and 100 more than a given 3-digit number by helping Kaylin and Quinten keep track of the place value party game points in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 1 in five-part series. Click below to view the other tutorials in the series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Read the famous short story “The Bet” by Anton Chekhov and explore the impact of a fifteen-year bet made between a lawyer and a banker in this three-part tutorial series.

In Part One, you’ll cite textual evidence that supports an analysis of what the text states explicitly, or directly, and make inferences and support them with textual evidence. By the end of Part One, you should be able to make three inferences about how the bet has transformed the lawyer by the middle of the story and support your inferences with textual evidence.

Make sure to complete all three parts!

Click **HERE** to launch "Risky Betting: Text Evidence and Inferences (Part Two)."

Click **HERE** to launch "Risky Betting: Analyzing a Universal Theme (Part Three)."

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Find 10 more and 10 less than 3-digit numbers with regrouping to help Kaylin and Quinten keep score at the place value party in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 1 in five-part series. Click below to view the other tutorials in the series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

It's time for cake! Learn to partition cakes into thirds in this interactive student tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Mr. Mahoney challenges students to solve 10 less and 10 more problems in a place value party planning adventure in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 1 in five-part series. Click below to view the other tutorials in the series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to how to recognize and write the number 5 and count up to 5 objects using 10 frames and number lines as you help Lucy the dog plan a party in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Lucy the dog recognize and write number 4. She will also learn to count up to 4 objects using a ten frame and number line in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Identify rhyme, alliteration, and repetition in Edgar Allan Poe's "The Raven" and analyze how he used these sound devices to affect the poem in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to partition circular and rectangular pizzas into halves in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Compare seasonal precipitation patterns in Miami and Tallahassee, Florida by interpreting data on bar graphs in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 2 of a 2-part series, click HERE to view part 1, Patterns in Temperature.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Study excerpts from the classic American novel *Little Women* by Louisa May Alcott in this interactive English Language Arts tutorial. Using excerpts from chapter eight of *Little Women,* you'll identify key characters and their actions. You'll also explain how interactions between characters contributes to the development of the plot.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Examine how allusions contribute to meaning in excerpts from O. Henry's classic American short story “The Gift of the Magi." In this interactive tutorial, you'll determine how allusions in the text better develop the key story elements of setting, characters, and conflict and explain how the allusion to the Magi contributes to the story’s main message about what it means to give a gift.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Compare daily and seasonal temperature patterns in Miami and Tallahassee, Florida in this interactive science tutorial.

This is part 1 of 2-part series, click HERE to view part 2, Patterns in Precipitation.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to identify imagery in William Shakespeare's "Sonnet 18" and explain how that imagery contributes to the poem's meaning with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Study William Shakespeare's "Sonnet 18" to determine and compare two universal themes and how they are developed throughout the sonnet.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore the form and meaning of William Shakespeare's “Sonnet 18.” In this interactive tutorial, you’ll examine how specific words and phrases contribute to meaning in the sonnet, select the features of a Shakespearean sonnet in the poem, identify the solution to a problem, and explain how the form of a Shakespearean sonnet contributes to the meaning of "Sonnet 18."

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Analyze how O. Henry uses details to address the topics of value, sacrifice, and love in his famous short story, "The Gift of the Magi." In this interactive tutorial, you'll also determine two universal themes of the story.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore key story elements in more excerpts from the classic American short story “The Gift of the Magi” by O. Henry.

In Part Two of this two-part series, you'll analyze how important information about two main characters is revealed through the context of the story’s setting and events in the plot. By the end of this tutorial, you should be able to explain how character development, setting, and plot interact in "The Gift of the Magi."

Make sure to complete Part One before beginning Part Two. Click HERE to launch Part One.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore key story elements in the classic American short story “The Gift of the Magi” by O. Henry. Throughout this two-part tutorial, you'll analyze how important information about two main characters is revealed through the context of the story’s setting and events in the plot. By the end of this tutorial series, you should be able to explain how character development, setting, and plot interact in excerpts from this short story.

Make sure to complete both parts! Click HERE to view "How Story Elements Interact in 'The Gift of the Magi' -- Part Two."

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Count on beginning at any number within 11-20 in this playground-themed, interactive tutorial.

This is part 2 in a two-part series. Click to open Part 1, **Hopscotch Counting On: 1-10**.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Count on beginning at any number within 1-10 in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Lucy and Izzy learn to recognize and write the number 2. In this interactive tutorial, you'll also count two objects and use a 10 frame and a number line.

This is part 2 in a multi-part series. Click below to open the other tutorials.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Read more from the fantasy novel *The Princess and the Goblin* by George MacDonald in Part Two of this three-part series. By the end of this tutorial, you should be able to compare and contrast the archetypes of two characters in the novel.

Make sure to complete all three parts of this series in order to compare and contrast the use of archetypes in two texts.

Click **HERE **to view "Archetypes -- Part One: Examining an Archetype in *The Princess and the Goblin*."

Click **HERE **to view "Archetypes -- Part Three: Comparing and Contrasting Archetypes in Two Fantasy Stories."

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to determine the important traits of a main character named Princess Irene in excerpts from the fantasy novel *The Princess and the Goblin* by George MacDonald. In this interactive tutorial, you’ll also identify her archetype and explain how textual details about her character support her archetype.

Make sure to complete all three parts of this series in order to compare and contrast the use of archetypes in two texts.

Click **HERE **to view "Archetypes -- Part Two: Examining Archetypes in *The Princess and the Goblin.*"

Click **HERE **to view "Archetypes -- Part Three: Comparing and Contrasting Archetypes in Two Fantasy Stories."

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to identify aspects of setting and character as you analyze several excerpts from “The Yellow Wallpaper," a chilling short story by Charlotte Perkins Gilman that explores the impact on its narrator of being confined to mostly one room. You'll also determine how the narrator’s descriptions of the story’s setting better reveal her emotional and mental state.

This interactive tutorial is Part One in a two-part series. By the end of Part Two, you should be able to explain how the narrator changes through her interaction with the setting. Click below to launch Part Two.

**The Power to Cure or Impair: The Importance of Setting in 'The Yellow Wallpaper' -- Part Two **

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Continue to examine several excerpts from the chilling short story “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, which explores the impact on its narrator of being confined to mostly one room. In Part Two of this tutorial series, you'll determine how the narrator’s descriptions of the story’s setting reveal its impact on her emotional and mental state. By the end of this tutorial, you should be able to explain how the narrator changes through her interaction with the setting.

Make sure to complete Part One *before* beginning Part Two. Click HERE to launch "The Power to Cure or Impair: The Importance of Setting in 'The Yellow Wallpaper' -- Part One."

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore the mysterious poem “The House on the Hill” by Edwin Arlington Robinson in this interactive tutorial. As you explore the poem's message about the past, you’ll identify the features of a villanelle in the poem. By the end of this tutorial, you should be able to explain how the form of a villanelle contributes to the poem's meaning.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Lucy and Izzy explore the numbers 0 and 1 using writing, ten frames and number lines in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Continue to explore the significance of the famous poem “The New Colossus” by Emma Lazarus, lines from which are engraved on the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty.

In Part Two of this two-part series, you’ll identify the features of a sonnet in the poem "The New Colossus." By the end of this tutorial, you should be able to explain how the form of a sonnet contributes to the poem's meaning.

Make sure to complete Part One *before* beginning Part Two.

Click **HERE **to launch "A Giant of Size and Power -- Part One: Exploring the Significance of 'The New Colossus.'"

Type: Original Student Tutorial

It's time for pie! Learn to partition circular pies into fourths in this interactive student tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

It's Thanksgiving and time for pie! Learn to partition rectangular pies into fourths in this interactive student tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Continue to examine how setting influences characters in excerpts from *The Red Umbrella *by Christina Diaz Gonzalez with this interactive tutorial.

This is part 2 in a two-part series. Make sure to complete Part One first. Click **HERE** to launch "Analyzing the Beginning of *The Red Umbrella* -- Part One: How Setting Influences Events."

Type: Original Student Tutorial

In Part One, explore the significance of the famous poem “The New Colossus” by Emma Lazarus, lines from which are engraved on the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty.

This famous poem also happens to be in the form of a sonnet. In Part Two of this two-part series, you’ll identify the features of a sonnet in the poem. By the end of this tutorial series, you should be able to explain how the form of a sonnet contributes to the poem's meaning. Make sure to complete both parts!

Click **HERE **to launch "A Giant of Size and Power -- Part Two: How the Form of a Sonnet Contributes to Meaning in 'The New Colossus.'"

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore excerpts from the beginning of the historical fiction novel *The Red Umbrella *by Christina Diaz Gonzalez in this two-part series. In Part One, you'll examine how setting influences events. In Part Two, you'll examine how setting influences characters.

Make sure to complete both parts! Click **HERE** to launch Part Two.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to partition a rectangular chocolate bar into equally sized pieces by making rows and columns in this interactive tutorial.

Note: This tutorial extends beyond partitioning a rectangle into 4 equal sized shares and explores partitioning into higher numbers.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn read and write numbers in expanded form with the dolphins in this interactive tutorial.

This is Part 2 in a two-part series. Click **HERE **to open Part 1.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

This SaM-1 video provides the students with the optional "twist" for Lesson 17 and the Model Eliciting Activity (MEA) they have been working on in the Grade 3 Physical Science Unit: Water Beach Vacation.

To see all the lessons in the unit please visit https://www.cpalms.org/page818.aspx.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

This video introduces the students to a Model Eliciting Activity (MEA) and concepts related to conducting experiments so they can apply what they learned about the changes water undergoes when it changes state. This MEA provides students with an opportunity to develop a procedure based on evidence for selecting the most effective cooler.

This SaM-1 video is to be used with lesson 14 in the Grade 3 Physical Science Unit: Water Beach Vacation. To see all the lessons in the unit please visit https://www.cpalms.org/page818.aspx.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how many quarters, nickels, dimes and pennies are needed to make a dollar with this interactive tutorial.

This is part 5 of 5. Click below to open the other tutorials in the series.

**(Part 1) Let's Talk About Money****(Part 2) Let's Add Money: Using Similar Coins****(Part 3) Let's Add Money: Mixed Coins****(Part 4) Let's Add Money: Place Value**

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to read and write numbers to 1000 using base-ten numerals with the dolphins!

This interactive tutorial is part 1 of a two-part series. Click **HERE** to open Part 2.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Use place value and a tens and ones chart to add pennies, nickels, dimes, quarters in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 4 of 5. Click below to open the other tutorials in the series.

**(Part 1) Let's Talk About Money****(Part 2) Let's Add Money: Using Similar Coins****(Part 3) Let's Add Money: Mixed Coins****(Part 5) Let's Make a Dollar!**

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to add a combination of coins, such as quarters, dimes, nickels, and pennies using a number line, skip counting, and a hundred chart in this interactive tutorial.

This interactive tutorial is part 3 of 5. Click below to open the other tutorials in the series.

**(Part 1) Let's Talk About Money****(Part 2) Let's Add Money: Using Similar Coins****(Part 4) Let's Add Money: Place Value****(Part 5) Let's Make a Dollar!**

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to wash your hands and count to 20 in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to add the same type of coins together using skip counting and a number line in this interactive student tutorial.

This is part 2 of 5. Click below to open the other tutorials in the series.

**(Part 1) Let's Talk About Money****(Part 3) Let's Add Money: Mixed Coins****(Part 4) Let's Add Money: Place Value****(Part 5) Let's Make a Dollar!**

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Destinee use arrays and repeated addition to find how many donuts that she has in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Come tell time with Tomás in 5 minute intervals on a digital and analog clock in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to sort and identify two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes in this carnival-themed interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Add and subtract within 100 to solve word problems involving lengths in the same units to fix the construction mix-up at a school in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Practice sorting, counting, and comparing by visiting the Sorting Sweet Shop in this candy-themed, interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Tyler balance equations by finding the unknown number in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Kolby learn to identify coins by their characteristics and values in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 1 of 5. Click below to open the other tutorials in the series.

- (Part 2) Let's Add Money: Using Similar Coins
- (Part 3) Let's Add Money: Mixed Coins
- (Part 4) Let's Add Money: Place Value
- (Part 5) Let's Make a Dollar

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to recognize and draw triangles, pentagons and hexagons using the shapes' attributes in this space-themed, interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Relative positions include up and down, top and bottom, over, on, and under, and above and below. Learn different types of up and down positions to rescue eight chicks in this farm-themed, interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Come explore even and odd numbers of objects and learn to determine if a group of objects has an even or odd number in this beach-themed, interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Farmer Betsy! You'll use multiple strategies to make a ten and write equations in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help find clues to identify rectangles and squares and their defining attributes in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore Robert Frost's poem "Mending Wall" and examine words, phrases, and lines with multiple meanings. In this interactive tutorial, you'll analyze how these multiple meanings can affect a reader’s interpretation of the poem.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn the attributes, or characteristics, of a circle in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Examine the topics of transformation and perfection as you read excerpts from the “Myth of Pygmalion” by Ovid and the short story “The Birthmark” by Nathaniel Hawthorne. By the end of this two-part interactive tutorial series, you should be able to explain how the short story draws on and transforms source material from the original myth.

This tutorial is the second in a two-part series. **Click HERE to launch Part One.**

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Examine the topics of transformation and perfection as you read excerpts from the “Myth of Pygmalion” by Ovid and the short story “The Birthmark” by Nathaniel Hawthorne. By the end of this two-part interactive tutorial series, you should be able to explain how the short story draws on and transforms source material from the original myth.

This tutorial is the first in a two-part series. **Click HERE to launch Part Two.**

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Identify and name rectangles and squares based on their defining attributes, even if they have different sizes or positions. Join King Geo and his scout, Quad, as they search for rectangles and squares in this interactive tutorial.

This is part of a series on the defining attributes of shapes. Click the links below.

**"The Search for Shapes: Tracking Triangles"**- The Search for Shapes: Recognizing Rectangles and Squares"

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore strategies to add or subtract ten from a two-digit number in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help find hexagons based on their defining attributes for King Geo in this interactive tutorial. Learn what makes a hexagon a hexagon.

This is part of a series on the defining attributes of shapes. Click the links below.

**"The Search for Shapes: Tracking Triangles"****"The Search for Shapes: Recognizing Rectangles and Squares"**- "The Search for Shapes: Exploring Hexagons"

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Track down triangles based on their defining attributes for King Geo in this interactive tutorial. Learn what makes a triangle a triangle.

This is part of a series on the defining attributes of shapes. Click the links below.

- "The Search for Shapes: Tracking Triangles"
**The Search for Shapes: Recognizing Rectangles and Squares"**

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Change the order of the numbers in an addition sentence and use the counting on strategy to become quicker at your math facts in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn more about that dreaded word--*plagiarism*--in this interactive tutorial that's all about citing your sources, creating a Works Cited page, and avoiding academic dishonesty!

Type: Original Student Tutorial

A 6 foot bug? No way! Learn how to estimate length using inches, feet and yards by using objects around you in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn about the defining attributes of hexagons in this interactive tutorial series about shapes.

Click below to learn about other shapes.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn more about that dreaded word--*plagiarism*--in this interactive tutorial that's all about citing your sources and avoiding academic dishonesty!

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore excerpts from Ralph Waldo Emerson's essay "Self-Reliance" in this two-part series. This tutorial is Part Two. In this tutorial, you will continue to examine excerpts from Emerson's essay that focus on the topic of traveling. You'll examine word meanings and determine the connotations of specific words. You will also analyze the impact of specific word choices on the meaning of this portion of the essay.

Make sure to complete Part One first. Click **HERE** to launch Part One.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to compare three-digit numbers using place value models, number lines and place value charts in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore excerpts from Ralph Waldo Emerson's essay "Self-Reliance" in this two-part interactive tutorial series. You will examine word meanings, examine subtle differences between words with similar meanings, and think about the emotions or associations that are connected to specific words. Finally, you will analyze the impact of specific word choices on the meaning of these excerpts.

Make sure to complete both parts! Click **HERE** to launch Part Two.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore excerpts from Ralph Waldo Emerson's essay "Self-Reliance" in this interactive two-part tutorial. This tutorial is Part Two. In this two-part series, you will learn to enhance your experience of Emerson's essay by analyzing his use of the word "genius." You will analyze Emerson's figurative meaning of "genius" and how he develops and refines the meaning of this word over the course of the essay.

Make sure to complete Part One before beginning Part Two. Click **HERE** to view Part One.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore excerpts from Ralph Waldo Emerson's essay "Self-Reliance" in this interactive two-part tutorial. In Part One, you’ll learn to enhance your experience of a text by analyzing its use of a word’s figurative meaning. Specifically, you'll examine Emerson's figurative meaning of the key term "genius." In Part Two, you’ll learn how to track the development of a word’s figurative meaning over the course of a text.

Make sure to complete both parts of the tutorial! Click **HERE** to launch Part Two.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn about the defining attributes of triangles in this interactive tutorial series about shapes.

Click below to learn about other shapes.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to tell whether an equation is true or false based on what you know about the equal sign as you complete this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Practice analyzing word choices in "The Raven" by Edgar Allan Poe, including word meanings, subtle differences between words with similar meanings, and emotions connected to specific words. In this interactive tutorial, you will also analyze the impact of specific word choices on the meaning of the poem.

This is Part Two of a two-part series. Part One should be completed before beginning Part Two. Click **HERE **to open Part One.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Practice analyzing word choices in "The Raven" by Edgar Allan Poe in this interactive tutorial. In this tutorial, you will examine word meanings, examine subtle differences between words with similar meanings, and think about emotions connected to specific words. You will also analyze the impact of specific word choices on the meaning of the poem.

This tutorial is Part One of a two-part series on Poe's "The Raven." Click HERE to open Part Two.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to create a Poem in 2 Voices in this interactive tutorial. This tutorial is Part Three of a three-part series. In this tutorial, you will learn how to create a Poem in 2 Voices using evidence drawn from a literary text: *The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde *by Robert Louis Stevenson.

You should complete Part One and Part Two of this series before beginning Part Three.

Click **HERE **to launch Part One. Click **HERE **to launch Part Two.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Get ready to travel back in time to London, England during the Victorian era in this interactive tutorial that uses text excerpts from *The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde*. This tutorial is Part Two of a three-part series. You should complete Part One before beginning this tutorial. In Part Two, you will read excerpts from the last half of the story and practice citing evidence to support analysis of a literary text. In the third tutorial in this series, you’ll learn how to create a Poem in 2 Voices using evidence from this story.

Make sure to complete all three parts! Click to **HERE **launch Part One. Click **HERE** to launch Part Three.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how authors create mood in a story through this interactive tutorial. You'll read a science fiction short story by author Ray Bradbury and analyze how he uses images, sound, dialogue, setting, and characters' actions to create different moods. This tutorial is Part One in a two-part series. In Part Two, you'll use Bradbury's story to help you create a Found Poem that conveys multiple moods.

When you've completed Part One, click **HERE** to launch Part Two.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Practice writing different aspects of an expository essay about scientists using drones to research glaciers in Peru. This interactive tutorial is part four of a four-part series. In this final tutorial, you will learn about the elements of a body paragraph. You will also create a body paragraph with supporting evidence. Finally, you will learn about the elements of a conclusion and practice creating a “gift.”

This tutorial is part four of a four-part series. Click below to open the other tutorials in this series.

- Drones and Glaciers: Eyes in the Sky (Part 1)
- Drones and Glaciers: Eyes in the Sky (Part 2)
- Expository Writing: Eyes in the Sky (Part 3)
- Expository Writing: Eyes in the Sky (Part 4)

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Practice citing evidence to support analysis of a literary text as you read excerpts from one of the most famous works of horror fiction of all time, *The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. *

This tutorial is Part One of a three-part tutorial. In Part Two, you'll continue your analysis of the text. In Part Three, you'll learn how to create a Poem in 2 Voices using evidence from this story. Make sure to complete all three parts!

Click **HERE** to launch Part Two. Click **HERE **to launch Part Three.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to write an introduction for an expository essay in this interactive tutorial. This tutorial is the third part of a four-part series. In previous tutorials in this series, students analyzed an informational text and video about scientists using drones to explore glaciers in Peru. Students also determined the central idea and important details of the text and wrote an effective summary. In part three, you'll learn how to write an introduction for an expository essay about the scientists' research.

This tutorial is part three of a four-part series. Click below to open the other tutorials in this series.

- Drones and Glaciers: Eyes in the Sky (Part 1)
- Drones and Glaciers: Eyes in the Sky (Part 2)
- Expository Writing: Eyes in the Sky (Part 3)
- Expository Writing: Eyes in the Sky (Part 4)

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to identify the central idea and important details of a text, as well as how to write an effective summary in this interactive tutorial. This tutorial is the second tutorial in a four-part series that examines how scientists are using drones to explore glaciers in Peru.

This tutorial is part two of a four-part series. Click below to open the other tutorials in this series.

- Drones and Glaciers: Eyes in the Sky (Part 1)
- Drones and Glaciers: Eyes in the Sky (Part 2)
- Expository Writing: Eyes in the Sky (Part 3)
- Expository Writing: Eyes in the Sky (Part 4)

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn about how researchers are using drones, also called unmanned aerial vehicles or UAVs, to study glaciers in Peru. In this interactive tutorial, you will practice citing text evidence when answering questions about a text.

This tutorial is part one of a four-part series. Click below to open the other tutorials in this series.

- Drones and Glaciers: Eyes in the Sky (Part 1)
- Drones and Glaciers: Eyes in the Sky (Part 2)
- Expository Writing: Eyes in the Sky (Part 3)
- Expository Writing: Eyes in the Sky (Part 4)

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to avoid plagiarism in this interactive tutorial. You will also learn how to follow a standard format for citation and how to format your research paper using MLA style. Along the way, you will also learn about master magician Harry Houdini. This tutorial is Part Two of a two-part series on research writing.

Be sure to complete Part One first. Click to view Part One.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn about paraphrasing and the use of direct quotes in this interactive tutorial about research writing. Along the way, you'll also learn about master magician Harry Houdini. This tutorial is part one of a two-part series, so be sure to complete both parts.

Check out part two—*Avoiding Plaigiarism: It's Not Magic* here.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to create a Found Poem with changing moods in this interactive tutorial. This tutorial is Part Two of a two-part series. In Part One, students read “Zero Hour,” a science fiction short story by author Ray Bradbury and examined how he used various literary devices to create changing moods. In Part Two, students will use words and phrases from “Zero Hour” to create a Found Poem with two of the same moods from Bradbury's story.

Click **HERE **to launch Part One.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Cite text evidence and make inferences about the "real" history of Halloween in this spooky interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn more about that dreaded word--*plagiarism*--in this interactive tutorial that's all about citing your sources and avoiding academic dishonesty!

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to cite evidence and draw inferences in this interactive tutorial. Using an informational text about cyber attacks, you'll practice identifying text evidence and making inferences based on the text.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to define and identify claims being made within a text. This tutorial will also show you how evidence can be used effectively to support the claim being made. Lastly, this tutorial will help you write strong, convincing claims of your own.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to identify explicit textual evidence and make inferences based on the text. In this interactive tutorial, you'll sharpen your analysis skills while reading about the famed American explorers, Lewis and Clark, and their trusted companion, Sacagawea. You'll practice analyzing the explicit textual evidence wihtin the text, and you'll also make your own inferences based on the available evidence.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Practice counting on by ones from a given number zero through twenty, as you help Miranda and Jacob in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore the mystery of muscle cell metabolism and how cells are able to meet the need for a constant supply of energy. In this interactive tutorial, you'll identify the basic structure of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), explain how ATP’s structure is related it its job in the cell, and connect this role to energy transfers in living things.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to use place value to solve subtraction problems within 100 in this interactive, basketball-themed tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to identify and analyze extended metaphors using W.B. Yeats' poem, "The Stolen Child." In this interactive tutorial, we'll examine how Yeats uses figurative language to express the extended metaphor throughout this poem. We'll focus on his use of these seven types of imagery: visual, auditory, gustatory, olfactory, tactile, kinesthetic, and organic. Finally, we'll analyze how the poem's extended metaphor conveys a deeper meaning within the text.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to organize data in three categories as well as represent and interpret the data in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to identify and analyze the central idea of an informational text. In this interactive tutorial, you'll read several informational passages about the history of pirates. First, you'll learn the four-step process for pinpointing the central idea. Then you'll analyze each passage to see how the central idea is developed throughout the text.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Be a hero and partition circles and rectangles into four equal shares. Describe equal shares using the words "fourths" and "quarters" in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to combine simple shapes to compose larger shapes with Robbie the Robot in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to tell time to the hour on an analog clock and a digital clock as you complete this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to make inferences based on the information included in the text in this interactive tutorial. Using the short story "The Last Leaf" by O. Henry, you'll practice identifying both the explicit and implicit information in the story. You'll apply your own reasoning to make inferences based on what is stated both explicitly and implicitly in the text.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Join Baby Bear to answer questions about key details in his favorite stories with this interactive tutorial. Learn about characters, setting, and events as you answer who, where, and what questions.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Gabriella and Olivia count groups of objects from 0 to 5 in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn different strategies for adding two-digit numbers and solve problems involving lengths as you complete this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to count to 120 and fill in the missing number on a chart to 120 in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help the heroes separate circles and rectangles into equal shares and describe the equal shares as "halves" or "half of" as you complete this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

In this tutorial, you will practice identifying relevant evidence within a text as you read excerpts from Jack London's short story "To Build a Fire." Then, you'll practice your writing skills as you draft a short response using examples of relevant evidence from the story.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to make inferences using the novel *Hoot *in this interactive tutorial. You'll learn how to identify both explicit and implicit information in the story to make inferences about characters and events.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to make inferences when reading a fictional text using the textual evidence provided. In this tutorial, you'll read the short story "The Story of an Hour" by Kate Chopin. You'll practice identifying what is directly stated in the text and what requires the use of inference. You'll practice making your own inferences and supporting them with evidence from the text.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to identify the similarities and differences in the number of sides of two-dimensional shapes in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Join Thomas and count to twenty by ones in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore the zoo and learn how to order and compare objects by length and height in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to count to ten by ones with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore the Base 10 place value system with 3-digit numbers in Bianca's Bubble Gum Factory with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn the value and characteristics of dollar bills when you meet with a bank teller in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 6 of 6. Click below to open the other tutorials in the series.

(Part 1) Let's Talk About Money

(Part 2) Let's Add Money: Using Similar Coins

(Part 3) Let's Add Money: Mixed Coins

(Part 4) Let's Add Money: Place Value

(Part 5) Let's Make a Dollar

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Mario and Gretchen model and write equations for addition word problems, in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 1 in a 3-part series. Click below to explore the other tutorials in the series.

Part 1: Addition Word Problems Around the Zoo (this one)

Part 2: Subtraction Word Problems Around the Zoo

Part 3: Word Problems Around the Zoo

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Mario and Gretchen model and write equations for subtraction word problems in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 2 in a 3-part series. Click below to explore the other tutorials in the series.

Part 1: Addition Word Problems Around the Zoo

Part 2: Subtraction Word Problems Around the Zoo (this one)

Part 3: Word Problems Around the Zoo

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Gretchen and Mario differentiate between addition and subtraction word problems during their field trip to the zoo in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 3 in a 3-part series. Click below to explore the other tutorials in the series.

Part 1: Addition Word Problems Around the Zoo

Part 2: Subtraction Word Problems Around the Zoo

Part 3: Word Problems Around the Zoo (this one)

Type: Original Student Tutorial

In Part Two of this two-part series, you'll continue to explore excerpts from the Romantic novel *Jane Eyre* by Charlotte Brontë. In this tutorial, you'll examine the author's use of juxtaposition, which is a technique of putting two or more elements side by side to invite comparison or contrast. By the end of this tutorial, you should be able to explain how the author’s use of juxtaposition in excerpts from the first two chapters of *Jane* *Eyre* defines Jane’s perspective regarding her treatment in the Reed household.

Make sure to complete Part One before beginning Part Two. Click **HERE** to view Part One.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Find the value of 3-digit numbers which are 10 less with regrouping as Kaylin and Quinten keep score at a place value party in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 1 in five-part series. Click below to view the other tutorials in the series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Dive deeper into the famous short story “The Bet” by Anton Chekhov and explore the impact of a fifteen-year bet made between a lawyer and a banker.

In Part Three, you’ll learn about universal themes and explain how a specific universal theme is developed throughout “The Bet.”

Make sure to complete the first two parts in the series *before *beginning Part three. Click **HERE **to view Part One. Click **HERE **to view Part Two.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

## Lesson Plan

In this lesson plan, students will explore the history and meaning behind various patriotic holidays and make personal connections with those holidays including, Constitution Day, Memorial Day, Veteran’s Day, Patriot Day, President’s Day, Independence Day, and Medal of Honor Day.

Type: Lesson Plan

## Problem-Solving Tasks

The purpose of this task is for students to see different ways of partitioning a figure into two or more equal shares, by which we mean decomposing the figure into "pieces" with equal area.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

This task is for assessment purposes, providing a context for indentifying different ways of representing half of an object, a rectangle in this case. The task may also be used for instructional purposes but if so the teacher may wish to introduce some other ways of showing one half of the rectangle, such as dividing along a diagonal (and shading in one piece) or dividing it into four equal pieces, shading in two pieces that only touch at a corner.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this instructional task is for students to help students understand the meaning of the equal sign and to use it appropriately. The idea is that students should be comparing the number of circles in each of the rectangles and to write an equation that reflects the fact there are an equal number in each of the boxes (when this is the case).

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task if for students to gain a better understanding of <,=,> with the help of number sentences.

</,=,>

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is to help students understand composing and decomposing ones, tens, and hundreds. This task is meant to be used in an instructional setting and would only be appropriate to use if students actually have base-ten blocks on hand.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is for students to use currency to help better understand place value.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is for students to relate addition and subtraction problems to money and to situations and goals related to saving money. This task is an instructional task that brings many aspects of the mathematical work that second graders will be doing together with an opportunity to learn about financial literacy concepts.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

This task is specifically written so that students have opportunities to use different strategies to determine whether a set has an even or odd number of objects.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

These problems explicitly describe one-to-one correspondences without using comparison language. Such problems are easier for students to solve than problems that use comparison language such as "How many more?" or "How many fewer."

Type: Problem-Solving Task

This tasks uses school supplies in a problem to help students gain a better understanding of place value.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

Students who are struggling to build an understanding of the relationship between digit placement and the value of the number may still need concrete manipulatives such as grid paper and Base Ten Blocks. As a classroom extension, after students have worked independently or in small groups to solve the problem, the teacher can ask students to share their numbers, until all six possibilities are listed. Then, independently or as a whole group, students can order the six numbers from smallest to largest (or largest to smallest).

Type: Problem-Solving Task

This task acts as a bridge between understanding place value and using strategies based on place value for addition and subtraction. Within the classroom context, this activity can be differentiated using numbers that are either simpler or more difficult to manipulate across tens and hundreds.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

This task serves as a bridge between understanding place-value and using strategies based on place-value structure for addition. Place-value notation leaves a lot of information implicit. The way that the numbers are represented in this task makes this information explicit, which can help students transition to adding standard base-ten numerals.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is for students to compare two options for a prize where the value of one is given $2 at a time, giving them an opportunity to "work with equal groups of objects to gain foundations for multiplication." This context also provides students with an introduction to the concept of delayed gratification, or resisting an immediate reward and waiting for a later reward, while working with money.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is to represent and solve problems involving addition and subtraction with the help of a bar diagram.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is to give students an opportunity to compose and decompose polygons to make rectangles. This is a challenging problem for first graders and it would be inappropriate to use it as an assessment.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is for students to measure something that interests them (namely themselves) by laying multiple copies of a shorter object that represents the length unit end to end. This task provides students an opportunity to discuss the need to be careful when measuring as it is very likely that some of them will get incorrect comparisons of their leg length with their partner's leg length.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is to help students learn how to take measurements.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is to give students an opportunity to compare numbers less than 100 to benchmark numbers. Even though a number line is not explicitly given in the task, it is useful for students to list the numbers in the order they would appear on the number line; this allows them to focus on the relative ordering without worrying about the exact placement on the number line.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

This task represents the Put Together/Take Apart with both addends unknown context for addition and subtraction. Once a student finds one correct answer, he/she can be encouraged to find another. Ask the student to use objects, pictures, or equations to represent each answer.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

Students may use either addition or subtraction to solve these types of word problems, with addition related to the action of putting together and subtraction related to the action of taking apart. Depending on how students think about these word problems, either is appropriate for the "addend unknown" problems. Seeing it both ways emphasizes the relationship between addition and subtraction.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

This task includes three different problem types using the "Add To" context with a discrete quantity.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

This task asks students to solve addition and subtraction equations with different structures so that they are able to see the connections between addition and subtraction more easily. Examples should be presented with the the sum or difference on either side of the equal sign in order to dispel the notion that = means "compute."

Type: Problem-Solving Task

Students benefit from encountering one problem type limited to small numbers and to develop strategies for that type of problem before encountering mixed sets of problems and larger numbers that distract the student from the problem itself. Over time they will be able to distinguish between types of problems in mixed sets and apply the appropriate strategy to solve each.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The point of this task is to emphasize the grouping structure of the base-ten number system, and in particular the crucial fact that 10 tens make 1 hundred. Second graders should have been given opportunities to work with objects and pictures that represent the grouping structure of the base-ten number system, which would help prepare them for doing this task.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is for students to relate addition and subtraction problems to money and to situations and goals related to saving money. This task has students adding two 2-digit numbers that require regrouping and the solution shows a concrete approach to the solution. This problem can be adjusted based on where students are in their understanding of addition involving two-digit numbers.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

Students who work on this task will benefit in seeing that given a quantity, there is often more than one way to represent it, which is a precursor to understanding the concept of equivalent expressions. This particular question also lays a foundation for students to understand the commutative property of multiplication in third grade. This task would be much more valuable if included in an appropriate place in an instructional sequence than as an isolated task.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is for students to gain a better understanding of 3-digit numbers and their place value.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

Students determine the number of hundreds, tens and ones that are necessary to write equations when some digits are provided. Student must, in some cases, decompose hundreds to tens and tens to ones. The order of the summands does not always correspond to the place value, making these problems less routine than they might seem at first glance.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

This task requires students to compare numbers that are identified by word names and not just digits. The order of the numbers described in words are intentionally placed in a different order than their base-ten counterparts so that students need to think carefully about the value of the numbers. Some students might need to write the equivalent numeral as an intermediate step to solving the problem.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

This is an instructional task related to deepening place-value concepts. The important piece of knowledge upon which students need to draw is that 10 tens is 1 hundred. So each sheet contains 100 stamps. If students do not recall this fact readily, one way to review it is to have them draw a strip of ten stamps on graph paper (so they don't have to draw all the individual stamps) and then draw ten strips that are side-by-side to represent a sheet and ask how many stamps there are in one sheet.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of the task is to allow children an opportunity to subtract a three-digit number including a zero that requires regrouping. The solutions show how students can solve this problem before they have learned the traditional algorithm.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is to help broaden and deepen students' understanding of the equals sign and equality. This task helps students attend to precision by helping them explicitly attend to the meaning of mathematical notation and carefully analyze whether it is being used correctly.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is for students to gain a better understanding of measurements with the example being the growth of a pet snake.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

This task could be used for either instructional or assessment purposes, depending on where students are in their understanding of addition and how the teacher supports them. The solution shown is very terse; students' solution strategies are likely to be much more varied.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

These task types represent the Take From contexts for addition and subtraction. This task includes the three different problem types using the Take From context: result unknown, change unknown, and start unknown. Students need experience and practice with all three types.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is to give students an opportunity to compose and decompose squares. This is a challenging problem for first graders and it would be inappropriate to use it as an assessment. However, if presented as a brainteaser it can be useful for giving the students practice in recognizing squares and stimulate interest as students compete to try to find the most squares.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is to address the concept of opportunity cost through a real world context involving money. In economics, resources are limited, but our wants are unlimited. Therefore, choices must be made. Every choice involves a cost.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

## Text Resources

Using this case study students can discuss "How can an employee"s behaviors and actions drive their career stability and path?"

Type: Text Resource

Using this case study, students can answer the question, "What are the limits of fair use regarding copyright protection?"

Type: Text Resource

Using this case study, students can answer the question, "How does the composition of a scene influence how the viewer feels?"

Type: Text Resource

## Tutorials

In this tutorial, you will learn more about what the equals sign means and how to balance equations.

Type: Tutorial

Demonstrates how to tell time on unlabeled analog clocks to the nearest five minutes.

Type: Tutorial

Tell time on a labeled analog clock to the nearest five minutes.

Type: Tutorial

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, called, "Measuring a golden statue", we see an example of how to solve a problem in which we measure an object with same-size length units that span it with no gaps or overlaps.

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial you will learn how to solve a word problem by creating a chart and adding the same number many times.

Type: Tutorial

This Khan Academy tutorial, called, "sports on a die" explains the pitfalls of relying on key words in a word problem. Students solve a problem by writing a missing addend addition equation and solve with the standard algorithm for subtracting two digit numbers.

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial, you will learn to see 25 as 2 tens and 5 ones.

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, called "Using crayons", explore subtracting within 100 using the standard algorithm, as well as a bar diagram.

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial, you will learn how to add 7 + 6 using a number line and objects to count.

Type: Tutorial

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy called "losing tennis balls", explore solving a two-step subtraction word problem using the standard algorithm.

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, called "Fence posts for horses", explore adding a two digit number to a two digit number using the standard algorithm

Type: Tutorial

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, explore using a number line solve word problems involving more than two numbers.

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, a subtraction problem is solved which contains two numbers each with two-digits. The video demonstrates subtraction with regrouping using the standard algorithm, as well as a method using expanded form.

Type: Tutorial

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, explore subtracting two-digit numbers by using the standard algorithm. This video does not include regrouping.

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, explore adding two-digits numbers with base ten blocks and connect this to the standard algorithm. The examples do not include regrouping.

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, explore how making a ten can help to make thinking about addition easier. This video includes an example of adding a one-digit number to a two-digit number by decomposing the one-digit number.

Type: Tutorial

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, explore the connection between place value and subtraction. This video explains how to solve a subtraction problem with numbers less than one hundred using base ten blocks.

Type: Tutorial

Learn how to subtract 4 from 46 by thinking about place value.

Type: Tutorial

Learn how to add 23 + 30 by thinking about place value.

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, a word problem is solved with unit cubes, as well as with a missing addend addition equation and a subtraction equation.

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, explore place value relationships with tens and ones within 20.

Type: Tutorial

Using a ten-frame as a model, you will learn how to use equations to join two addends, one addend unknown, to make 10.

Type: Tutorial

Using a five-frame as a model, you will learn how to use equations to join two addends, to make 5.

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, place value patterns are explored in "teen" numbers.

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial, you will learn how to solve a result unknown word problems: 10 - 2 = ?.

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial, you will learn to find the unknown change in an equation with a sum of 10: 3 + ? = 10.

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial, you will learn to use symbols to record an unknown whole number in a subtraction equation relating to three whole numbers.

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial, you will learn to use symbols to record an unknown whole number in an addition equation relating to three whole numbers.

Type: Tutorial

In this video on using a chart to count numbers 0 to 99, you will start to see patterns in the numbers in each row and the numbers in each column.

Type: Tutorial

## Virtual Manipulative

This virtual manipulative will help the students to build fractions from shapes and numbers to earn stars in this fraction lab. To challenge the children there are multiple levels, where they can earn lots of stars.

Some of the sample learning goals can be:

- Build equivalent fractions using numbers and pictures.
- Compare fractions using numbers and patterns
- Recognize equivalent simplified and unsimplified fractions

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Section:Grades PreK to 12 Education Courses >Grade Group:Grades PreK to 5 Education Courses >Subject:Mathematics >SubSubject:General Mathematics >